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Negative Behaviour In Kids - Parenting Tips To Tackle Them!

Negative Behaviour In Kids - Parenting Tips To Tackle Them!

Most children develop certain repetitive behaviours at an early age, but it is the frequency, persistence or its effects on the overall well-being of the child which could qualify it as a ‘disorder’. These habits include

  1. Repetitive sucking of the thumb
  2. Biting of the nails
  3. Hitting his own self
  4. Pulling his/her own hair
  5. Holding on to his breath without any reason

This refers to the behavioural issues of your child which cause the child to misbehave more often; this can be due to a variety of reasons such as Improper Parenting, Persistent Family problems, Child Abuse or Neglect, or any other incident that has traumatised the child in the past, both Psychological problems or Medical illnesses, etc.

Diagnosis & Management of Behavioural Disorders in Children:

Disruptive behavioural disorders are complicated and may include many different factors working in combination. For example, a child who exhibits the delinquent behaviours of Conduct Disorder may also have ADHD, Anxiety, Depression, and difficult home life. 

Diagnosis methods may include:

  1. Diagnosis by a specialist: Paediatrician, Psychologist or Child Psychiatrist.
  2. In-depth interviews with the parents, child and teachers.
  3. Behaviour checklists or standardised questionnaires.
  4. A diagnosis is made if the child’s behaviour meets the criteria for disruptive behaviour disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders from the American Psychiatric Association.

It is important to rule out acute stressors that might be disrupting the child’s behaviour. For example, a sick parent or victimising by other children might be responsible for sudden changes in a child’s typical behaviour and these factors have to be considered initially.

Preventive Measures:

  1. Respect Others' Space - Your child may be very excited to tell you about some special event or happening in school, but teach him not to interrupt you when you are at work. He must learn to respect other people’s space and have patience while dealing with people. Otherwise, he would not be able to take rejections and thus, be inconsiderate in his attitude.
  2. Adjustment With Peers - Monitor how he behaves with his playmates. Stop him when he happens to fight with his playmates or fights with them aggressively and teach him how exactly to behave with people.
  3. Firm Discipline - You should deal with stubbornness with a bit of high-handedness. Look at your child right into the eye and tell him what is expected from him. Be tough, but not rude.
  4. Balance Independence - Monitor his use of PCs, laptops and mobiles. Well, that doesn’t mean you need to loom over everything he does on his gadget, but do try to watch over the content whether it is inappropriate or not. But remember to never really pry and barge into his privacy. Respect that and you can still humour him.

Treatment of behavioural disorders in children:

Untreated children with behavioural disorders may grow up to be dysfunctional adults. Generally, the earlier the intervention, the better the outcome is likely to be. Treatment is usually multifaceted and depends on the particular disorder and various factors contributing to it, which may include:

  1. Parental education – For example, teaching parents how to communicate with and manage their children.
  2. Family therapy The entire family is helped to improve communication and problem-solving skills.
  3. Cognitive behavioural therapy – To help the child to control their thoughts and behaviour.
  4. Social training – The child is taught important social skills, such as how to have a conversation or play cooperatively with others.
  5. Anger management The child is taught how to recognise the signs of their growing frustration and given a range of coping skills designed to defuse their anger and aggressive behaviour. Relaxation techniques and stress management skills are also taught.
  6. Support for associated problems – For example, a child with a learning difficulty will benefit from professional support.
  7. Use of Reinforcement – Many children with behavioural disorders experience repeated failures at school and in their interactions with others. Encouraging the child to excel in their particular talents (such as sport) can help to build self-esteem using positive reinforcements both verbal and non-verbal.
  8. Medication – To help control impulsive behaviours if required so.

The above discussed ways can help you keep your child away from behavioural disorders. 

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Iodine Deficiency - 11 Signs You are Suffering from it!

Iodine Deficiency - 11 Signs You are Suffering from it!

Iodine deficiency is a very common problem worldwide and is a major cause of thyroid disorders. The entire mechanism of how deficiency of iodine causes hypothyroidism is a complex explanation. So we will stick to layman terms and keep it simple. Deficiency of iodine causes a range of diseases which, altogether are termed as iodine deficiency diseases. When an individual does not receive enough iodine, the thyroid gland increases in size because the thyroid is unable to make enough hormones that are necessary for the body. This causes the development of a condition called goitre. Iodine deficiency in pregnant and lactating women is a serious concern because it is the most popular cause of preventable mental retardation.

There can be situations where a person might not be getting adequate iodine, but may not show any symptoms of iodine deficiency. The easiest way to know if a person has iodine deficiency is to get a urine test done or a blood test done to check the level of iodine in the body. Thyroid is a very important gland and is responsible for:

  1. Controlling the metabolic rate
  2. Boosting synthesis of proteins
  3. Regulating blood flow and heart rate
  4. Promoting brain development and linear growth in children
  5. Helping in normal reproductive functioning in adults

Here are the most common signs that can tell you that your thyroid is not functioning properly due to deficiency of iodine.

  1. You feel lethargic and tired most of the times and suffer from weakness constantly (due to reduced metabolic rates).
  2. You may start feeling cold, even when it is visibly warm for the others around you.
  3. You may have difficulty in concentrating and might have a poor memory (due to slowed down mental processes)
  4. You may experience unusual weight gain.
  5. You may become more prone to depressive periods.
  6. You may notice your skin becoming thick and puffy or your face becoming puffier than usual.
  7. You may suffer from hair loss.
  8. You may start having frequent problems of constipation.
  9. Your skin might feel really dry.
  10. You might feel your heart beating slower.
  11. Visible signs would include enlargement of the chin and neck area (caused due to enlargement of your thyroid gland).

Treatment For Iodine Deficiency

The best way to correct Iodine deficiency is by a healthy diet. But if diet alone cannot supply enough iodine, adding an iodine supplement may help. People who don't get enough iodine through food often include:

  • Vegetarians
  • Vegans
  • Pregnant Women

Iodine supplements contain potassium that readily absorbs in the body. Having supplements that contain potassium iodide and potassium iodate could be of help. But don’t take supplements in excess. This could cause an iodine overload, which is also harmful to the thyroid.

Changing diet and adding supplements can treat people with health concerns related to iodine deficiency.  

People with hypothyroidism due to insufficient iodine requires hospitalization. At the hospital, patients are provided with liquids to replace water, sugar and salt and other stabilizing treatments. Doctors will also administer thyroid hormones to correct the condition. After a person with hypothyroidism is stable, their thyroid function will be monitored and changes in diet are determined to ensure they are consuming enough iodine to keep their hormone levels stable.

With proper treatment and change in diet, iodine deficiency disorders can be prevented with ease. For a better diagnosis, you must consult an experienced medical practitioner and follow his suggestions for improving the iodine levels in your body.

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Missing Tooth - Why To Fill It?

 Missing Tooth - Why To Fill It?

A missing tooth can be responsible for causing different health issues. Along with these, a person loses his ability of chewing with missing teeth, develop problems related to speaking and his overall facial appearance also gets affected.

In case of a missing tooth or several missing teeth, it is best advised to get dentures fitted. Dentures are false teeth, which are fitted in the oral cavity in place of lost natural teeth.

Here are several reasons why it is important to fill up a missing tooth:

  1. Shifting of tooth: When a tooth is lost, the surrounding teeth start drifting or moving in the open gap where the lost tooth used to be. The surrounding teeth are shifted out of the alignment. This affects the appearance of your face, and your teeth seem crooked and misplaced. It is necessary to replace a missing tooth with dentures in order to restrict the shifting before it is too late.
  2. TMJ Syndrome: After a tooth is lost and the surrounding teeth start shifting, the alignment is changed. This gives rise to problems with biting and creates issues with the jaws. The upper jaw and the lower jaw fail to meet correctly, and this causes strain and damage to the jaw joint. This phenomenon is called TMJ syndrome.
  3. Decay of tooth and gum diseases: After the shifting of surrounding teeth when a tooth is lost, the teeth alignment changes. This makes it difficult for a person to reach several areas in the gum with a toothbrush or floss. This makes plaque and bacteria accumulate in that area and they cannot be reached or cleaned. Tooth decay and gum diseases or periodontal diseases that are likely to affect those spots. These diseases and disorders cause further tooth loss.
  4. Alteration in facial appearance: A missing tooth should be replaced properly and a dentist must make sure that the root of the missing tooth is removed. In case the root is not removed totally, bone deterioration is likely to occur. Bone loss occurs in the jaw area, and this may result in a change or alteration in your facial appearance. A timely replacement of a missing tooth will prohibit bone loss from the jaw area, and you will be saved from any kind of alteration in your facial appearance, which might affect your looks and self-esteem greatly.

A missing tooth should never be ignored and in case you lose a tooth, you should see a dentist as soon as possible. By filling up a missing tooth, you will be able to save yourself from several issues related to the mouth and gums.

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Can A BOTOX Injection Help You Attain Good Skin?

Can A BOTOX Injection Help You Attain Good Skin?
You should not take Blood Thinners after Botox. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
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I wear -5.00 spherical glasses for far vision. I want to ask that can I wear contact lenses. If yes, then how can I choose the right contact lenses suitable for me.

I wear -5.00 spherical glasses for far vision. I want to ask that can I wear contact lenses. If yes, then how can I c...
Yes, you can wear contact lenses and you can choose the right contact lenses suitable for you by seeing contact lens specialist.
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Sir, myself satya. My father is a diabetes patient. His fasting blood sugar is 76 & after food blood sugar is 190. He is taking glycomet trio 2 for 2 times before food istamet 50/500 for 3 times after food & basalog insulin 10 units for one time. Now his doctor prescribed t'glip m 500 instead of istamet 50/500. Sir, my father having moderate enlarged liver. I've heard that composition of t'glip m 500 is not good for liver problem. Sir, my question is whether this new medicine will be good or harmful for my father. Sir please just suggest me should my father go for it or not.

Sir, myself satya. My father is a diabetes patient. His fasting blood sugar is 76 & after food blood sugar is 190. He...
Mr Satyabrata, Thanks for the query. I have seen the details given. The glucose levels mentioned are quite well controlled. However, regarding the change of drugs (adding Tenelegliptin instead of Sitagliptin) may be due to cost. There is no worry about the safety of Tenelegliptin at all. It is quite good. In fact it helps in improvement of liver functions. So no need to worry. Thanks.
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Androgenetic Alopecia (Baldness) In Detail & Some Prevention Tips!

Androgenetic Alopecia (Baldness) In Detail & Some Prevention Tips!

Alopecia or hair loss is a very common problem for both men and women. Androgenetic alopecia refers to the male pattern or female pattern hair loss. In the case of some people, Androgenetic alopecia may be a hereditary problem.

In the case of androgenetic alopecia, hair starts falling usually from the crown region. Male pattern baldness is different from female pattern baldness. In the case of female pattern baldness, hair falls from all over the scalp region and not just the region above the temples.

Many causes are responsible for Androgenetic alopecia. Genetic reasons, hormonal disorders, increased production of DHT (Dihydrotestosterone) and also ageing can make conditions worse.

Androgenetic alopecia can be a very embarrassing problem. There are certain natural as well as medical ways to prevent androgenetic alopecia. Some of them are mentioned as follows: 

  1. Try to reduce stress: Stress can increase the secretion of 'cortisol' hormones in your body, leading to a hormonal imbalance, which may result in hair fall. So, reducing stress may help you to prevent excessive hair loss.
  2. Consider hair transplantation procedure: If you are losing your hair at an alarming rate, then you may consider clinical treatment. The treatment of hair transplantation can help you to prevent further hair loss.
  3. Change your diet: Include foods such as eggs, fish and walnuts. These foods are replete with protein and Omega-3 fatty acids, which provide your hair with the required nourishment and help you prevent Androgenetic Alopecia.
  4. PRP treatment. Platelet-rich plasma therapy helps in improving the thickness of the hair by releasing the growth factors needed for hair growth.

Since the primary causes responsible for androgenetic alopecia are hormonal imbalances and genetic reasons, you may consider seeking advice from a dermatologist in order to find the root cause of your problem and undergo the necessary treatments.

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I've got yellow flakes and red skin on my beard and mustaches. I want to ask whether it's a ringworm or a tinea barbae. And the most important question is whether or not it is contagious? I am sending some mobile pictures of beard and moustaches to diagnose.

I've got yellow flakes and red skin on my beard and mustaches. I want to ask whether it's a ringworm or a tinea barba...
Maintain proper hygiene. Avoid scratching as far as possible. Your mobile pictures will come to me ,if you send through text consultation. If I see the pictures, I will be able to prescribe correct remedies. Homeopathy offers long term solution for your skin problem . No side effects. For further comprehensive treatment, prescription and advice, consult me through Lybrate Rs 149/-
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Hello doctor, from past two days, my facial skin have become very dry and even have patches also. I tried desi ghee, coconut oil, vitamin e and moisturizers. But didn't find any solution. Kindly help.

Hello doctor, from past two days, my facial skin have become very dry and even have patches also. I tried desi ghee, ...
Hi lybrate-user, check if you are using correct face wash. Using mild face wash along with moisturiser is important.
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My grandma in bed for 20 years since she lost her eyesight. Recently she started getting red spots all over her body like a under skin blood clots. Clots look similar as we get when we got hit by something. What should we do?

My grandma in bed for 20 years since she lost her eyesight. Recently she started getting red spots all over her body ...
This called bed sore disease which treatment is very difficult. This due to long time is on bed. Because her body stop working proper so slowly it starts damage the skin tissue.
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I used trenaxa mf tables bleeding stop but the tablets complete after 24 hours bleeding continue.

I used trenaxa mf tables bleeding stop but the tablets complete after 24 hours bleeding continue.
Hi, Get the ultrasound gynae along with thyroid profile. Fasting blood sugar, s prolactin. Then medicine should be given after all test.
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Acne - How To Administer It In Monsoon?

Acne - How To Administer It In Monsoon?

Monsoon is no doubt a magical season, but with all the fun come several skin problems. The humid and sticky weather snatches the radiance of your otherwise flawless skin. The monsoon downpour act as a curse in your life. You lose the sheen of confidence and are left with ugly marks. Your skin develops a natural tendency of developing clogged pores during monsoons, which leads to pimples or acne later. On top of that, things may take the worst shape with the application of oily make-up products and stress. Your bad habit of picking the breakouts may also aggravate the situation.

But don't lose hope. There's nothing to get disheartened. Every problem has a solution to it. You may get back your flawless and healthy skin, if you follow certain simple tips. A little care and attention at home can bring back the lost beauty.

Here are certain home-based remedies to get rid of the breakouts:

  1. Neem relief: Acne vanishes with the application of neem paste on the affected areas. Take few neem leaves and grind them to make a smooth paste. Mix multani mitti or fuller's earth, turmeric powder and milk with the paste. Apply this face pack for over 10 minutes on your face and later rinse it off with water. After the pack is washed away, you are left with a soft and clean skin.
  2. Steam therapy: Our skin has multiple pores. These pores get clogged due to excess oil secretion during the monsoons. Dust particles and oily secretions leads to the clogging of these pores. This, in turn, leads to skin breakouts. If you steam your face religiously, these pores open and help you to get rid of the pimples.
  3. Sugar-honey pack: Take three teaspoons of brown sugar with one spoon of honey. Make a gentle face pack with this mixture. Put the face pack on your face for over 15 minutes and wash it off with water.
  4. Potato help: Not known to many, potatoes can be of great help for the acne victims. Cut thin slices of potatoes. Rub these potato slices over your face.
  5. Check your diet: Too much consumption of foods rich in fat can act as triggers for acne. Include green and leafy vegetables and fruits in your diet for sufficient intake of necessary vitamins and minerals.
  6. Wash your face and areas affected with acne: Exposure to dust and dirt leads to several skin diseases and acne is no exception. Thus it is important to wash your face and affected areas with water frequently. The moment you return home after staying long hours outdoors, don't hesitate to wash your face immediately. Washing of face is highly recommended even before going off to bed at night.
  7. Drink water: It is always advisable to drink plenty of water to keep your skin healthy. 

Following the above-mentioned steps to get a flawless and radiant looking skin.