We will always attempt to answer your questions thoroughly, so that you never have to worry needlessly, and we will explain complicated things clearly and simply....more
We will always attempt to answer your questions thoroughly, so that you never have to worry needlessly, and we will explain complicated things clearly and simply.
More about Dr.Ashok Jain
Dr.Ashok Jain is known for housing experienced Oncologists. Dr. Ashok Jain, a well-reputed Oncologist, practices in Mandsaur. Visit this medical health centre for Oncologists recommended by 93 patients.
09:00 AM - 01:00 PM
05:00 PM - 07:00 PM
Mandsaur, Madhya Pradesh - 458001
MS ( General Surgery)
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Patient Review Highlights
30 years old male asked
Dear Sir, 4 years back doctor found Breast cancer, removed left breast and took 4 cheamo therapy. Last month she was not able to feel her leg, so we took her to hospital. MRI report shown that she has brain metastases from lung cancer. Found 4 brain mets and multiple mets in the lungs. We have completed 10 Radiation cycles and took 1st chemo therapy. 3 Doctors mentioned that my mother's lifespan is 6-12 months. And incurable at this stage. Sir, my questions are. 1. Is it Curable? 2. What is her lifespan (Asking because I need to keep her happy). 3. Should I need to contact Allopathic and ayurvedic? 4. One Doc told that I need to stop cheamo therapy, because it will hurt and weaken more. Should I need cheamo? If I'm missing something please suggest me. Thank you,
1.chance of cure is remote possibility. 2.difficult to fore cast life span 3.if you feel that treatment by other pathys will help you can try but I can not suggest as I am trained in allopathic medicine only.
41 years old male from Mumbai asked
They're low in calories and fat and power-packed with phytochemicals and antioxidants that may help reduce your cancer risk.
0 year old male from Chennai asked
One my relative caused with blood cancer multiple myeloma. Is any preventive medicines available nowadays. Already we tried initial chemotherapy treatment.
There’s no cure for multiple myeloma. However, there are treatments that can help ease the pain, reduce complications, and slow the progression of the disease. Treatments are only used if the disease is getting worse. Your doctor is unlikely to suggest treatment if you aren’t experiencing any symptoms. Instead, your doctor will closely monitor your condition for signs that the disease is progressing. This often involves regular blood and urine tests. If you need treatment, common options include the following: Targeted Therapy Targeted therapy medications block a chemical in myeloma cells that destroys proteins, causing the cancer cells to die. The drugs that may be used during targeted therapy include bortezomib (Velcade) and carfilzomib (Kyprolis). Both are administered intravenously, or through a vein in your arm. Biological Therapy Biological therapy medications use your body’s immune system to attack myeloma cells. The pill form of thalidomide (Thalomid), lenalidomide (Revlimid), or pomalidomide (Pomalyst) is usually used to boost the immune system. Lenalidomide is similar to thalidomide, but it has fewer side effects. It also appears to be more potent. Chemotherapy Chemotherapy is an aggressive form of drug therapy that helps kill fast-growing cells, including myeloma cells. Chemotherapy drugs are often given in high doses, especially before a stem cell transplant. The medications may be given intravenously or taken in pill form. Corticosteroids Corticosteroids, such as prednisone and dexamethasone, are often used to treat myeloma. They can balance the immune system by reducing inflammation in the body, so they’re often effective in destroying myeloma cells. They can be taken in pill form or given intravenously. Radiation Therapy Radiation therapy uses strong beams of energy to damage myeloma cells and stop their growth. This type of treatment is sometimes used to kill myeloma cells quickly in a certain area of the body. For example, it may be done when a cluster of abnormal plasma cells form a tumor called a plasmacytoma that causes pain or destroys bone. Stem Cell Transplants Stem cell transplants involve replacing diseased bone marrow with healthy bone marrow from a donor. Before the procedure, blood-forming stem cells are collected from your blood. The multiple myeloma is then treated with radiation therapy or high doses of chemotherapy. Once the diseased tissue can be destroyed, the stem cells can be infused into your body, where they move into the bones and start rebuilding bone marrow. Alternative medicine has become a popular way to cope with the symptoms of multiple myeloma and the side effects of treatment for the condition. While they can’t treat multiple myeloma, you may want to talk to your doctor about: Acupuncture Aromatherapy Massage Meditation Relaxation methods You should discuss any alternative therapies with your doctor before trying them to ensure they’re safe for your health.
2 years old male asked
Sir, my mother have a lump in her Brest. We examine it and the result is fibro adenoma, sir is it became Brest cancer?
No it is not a cancer, but get it operated for histopathology examination to rule out any hidden cancer.
25 years old male from Jammu asked
Do cancers are somehow related to heredity as I have seen many cases where cancer patients parent or uncle / some family member was also affected by same disease.
Some types of cancer run in certain families, but most cancers are not clearly linked to the genes we inherit from our parents. In this section you can learn more about the complex links between genes and cancer, as well as genetic testing and how it is used.
31 years old male from Hyderabad asked
My farther suffered with multiple myeloma doctors said to me check you also. Is there any chance to son get this Cancer.
A familial predisposition to myeloma exists. Hyperphosphorylation of a number of proteins - the paratarg proteins - a tendency which is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner appears a common mechanism in these families. This tendency is more common in african american patients with myeloma and may contribute to the higher rates of myeloma in this group.
18 years old male from Jabalpur asked
Cancer is a complex group of diseases with many possible causes. In this section you can learn more about the known causes of cancer, including genetic factors; lifestyle factors such as tobacco use, diet, and physical activity; certain types of infections; and environmental exposures to different types of chemicals and radiation. Some types of cancer run in certain families, but most cancers are not clearly linked to the genes we inherit from our parents. In this section you can learn more about the complex links between genes and cancer, as well as genetic testing and how it is used. In this section you can get information on cigarette, cigar, and smokeless tobacco use, and learn how it affects different groups of people. Get the facts on how diet, physical activity, excess body weight, and alcohol use may affect your risk of cancer. In this section you can learn more about the link between too much sun exposure and cancer. Learn about the different types of radiation exposure and how it might affect cancer risk. Learn about some of the environmental causes of cancer that may lurk in our homes, at work, in pollution, and even in some medical tests and treatments. You can also learn how some types of infections are linked to cancer.
15 years old male from Lucknow asked
What is the basic feature s of Cancer. How we are recognize d it & how we can remove it. Consult for its remedies.
What is cancer? in the most basic terms, cancer refers to cells that grow out-of-control and invade other tissues. Cells become cancerous due to the accumulation of defects, or mutations, in their dna. Certain inherited genetic defects (for example, brca1 and brca2 mutations) and infections can increase the risk of cancer. Environmental factors (for example, air pollution) and poor lifestyle choices -- such as smoking and heavy alcohol use -- can also damage dna and lead to cancer. Most of the time, cells are able to detect and repair dna damage. If a cell is severely damaged and cannot repair itself it undergoes so-called programmed cell death or apoptosis. Cancer occurs when damaged cells grow, divide, and spread abnormally instead of self-destructing as they should. Cancer symptoms and signs there are more than 100 different types of cancer. Every cancer and every individual is unique. The symptoms and signs of cancer depend on the size and location of the cancer as well as the presence or absence of metastasis. Symptoms and signs such as fever, pain, fatigue, skin changes (redness, sores that won't heal, jaundice, darkening), and unintended weight loss or weight gain are not unique to cancer, but they often occur with cancer. More potential cancer signs and symptoms include the presence of a lump, difficulty swallowing, changes or difficulties with bowel or bladder function, persistent cough, hoarseness, and unexplained bleeding or discharge.
22 years old female from Mumbai asked
What is cervical cancer? Cervical cancer is cancer of the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus or womb. Persistent HPV infection, usually with certain high-risk types of HPV, can cause abnormal cells to develop on the cervix. Regular Pap tests can detect these abnormal cells at an early stage, when they can usually be treated quickly and easily. Without regular Pap tests the abnormal cells may remain undetected and could develop into cervical cancer, usually over many years. Treatments for cervical cancer can include surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The best way for women to protect themselves against cervical cancer is to have the HPV vaccine when aged 12–13 years, and then have regular Pap tests once they are 18, or 2 years after first sexual contact, whichever comes latest. So women who become sexually active at 21 should have a Pap test at 23. The incidence of cervical cancer is more than two times higher in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women than non-Indigenous women and the mortality rate is five times higher than in non-Indigenous women. Although cervical cancer is the most common type of cancer caused by HPV, the virus is also known to cause vulval, vaginal, anal and mouth/throat cancers in women. What are the risk factors of cervical cancer? Almost all cases of cervical cancers are caused by HPV; persistent HPV infection is the biggest risk factor for cervical cancer. For women, additional factors may contribute: Smoking: this can increase the likelihood that HPV will persist in the body. Sexual partners: the more sexual partners a person has, the higher their risk of contracting different and more types of HPV. However HPV exposure can occur the first time a person is sexually active, and in people who have only had one partner. Early age at first intercourse. Not having regular Pap tests: this means that abnormal cells caused by persistent HPV infection may remain undetected and untreated, and develop into cervical cancer – usually over many years. Other sexually transmitted infections: women with genital herpes or Chlamydia are more likely to develop cervical cancer. This may be due to the inflammation of the cervix associated with having these infections. This is another reason to practice safe sex, including always using condoms. Long term use of the Pill: being on the Pill for many years is associated with a higher risk of cervical cancer. The risk returns to normal after stopping the Pill. This might be due to the hormones in the Pill producing a favourable environment for the virus or because women on the Pill are more likely to be sexually active. Early age of childbirth. Weakened immune systems: People who are immunocompromised (for example, people with HIV or AIDS, organ transplant recipients, or people who are taking medication that suppresses the immune system) are at an increased risk of genital HPV infection. Condoms offer some, but not total, protection from HPV, as they don't cover all of the genital skin. They do offer protection from many other sexually transmitted infections though, and help prevent unwanted pregnancy. Search Main menu The HPV vaccine A vaccine called Gardasil has been developed which can significantly decrease your child's chances of developing HPV-related cancers and genital warts. Over 187 million doses of the vaccine have been safely given, in over 130 countries. The vaccine protects against the two high-risk HPV types (types 16 and 18) which cause 70% of cervical cancers in women and 90% of all HPV-related cancers in men. It also protects against the two low-risk HPV types (types 6 and 11) which cause 90% of genital warts in men and women. The vaccine is given in three doses over six months, as an injection in the upper arm. Go to the The HPV vaccine program section for much more information about the vaccine.
19 years old male from Kochi asked
Sir, what are the main causes of cancer. How can we defence it. What are the remedies. Can you help me.
Cancer Causes Certain genes control the life cycle – the growth, function, division, and death -- of a cell. When these genes are damaged, the balance between normal cell growth and death is lost. Cancer occurs due to DNA damage and out-of-control cell growth. The following is a partial list of factors known to damage DNA and increase the risk of cancer: Genetic mutations (for example, BRCA1 and BRCA2) Environmental exposure to UV radiation, air pollution Bacterial (H. Pylori) and viral infections (Epstein-Barr, HPV, hepatitis B and C) Lifestyle choices (poor diet, inactivity, obesity, heavy alcohol use, smoking cigarettes and tobacco use, exposure to chemicals and toxins) Treatment with chemotherapy, radiation, or immunosuppressive drugs Cancer Treatment Cancer treatment is highly variable depending on the type and stage of a cancer as well as the overall health of the patient. The most common treatments for cancer are surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. Other treatments include targeted/biological therapies, hematopoietic stem cell transplants, angiogenesis inhibitors, cryosurgery, and photodynamic therapy. Every cancer treatment has potential risks, benefits, and side effects. The patient and his or her care team, which may include an internist or other specialist, surgeon, oncologist, radiation oncologist, and others, will help determine the best and most appropriate course of treatment.
51 years old male from Mumbai asked
Is der chances of cancer to come back once treated or it is gone forever. If yes any precautions which could be taken.
yes cancer can recur, so regular check up is very important by your treating doctor. Few investigations will be done if your doctor suspect recurrence of cancer to treat immediately.
18 years old male from Vijayawada asked
Cancer Causes Certain genes control the life cycle – the growth, function, division, and death -- of a cell. When these genes are damaged, the balance between normal cell growth and death is lost. Cancer occurs due to DNA damage and out-of-control cell growth. The following is a partial list of factors known to damage DNA and increase the risk of cancer: Genetic mutations (for example, BRCA1 and BRCA2) Environmental exposure to UV radiation, air pollution Bacterial (H. pylori) and viral infections (Epstein-Barr, HPV, hepatitis B and C) Lifestyle choices (poor diet, inactivity, obesity, heavy alcohol use, smoking cigarettes and tobacco use, exposure to chemicals and toxins) Treatment with chemotherapy, radiation, or immunosuppressive drugs Cancer Treatment Cancer treatment is highly variable depending on the type and stage of a cancer as well as the overall health of the patient. The most common treatments for cancer are surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. Other treatments include targeted/biological therapies, hematopoietic stem cell transplants, angiogenesis inhibitors, cryosurgery, and photodynamic therapy. Every cancer treatment has potential risks, benefits, and side effects. The patient and his or her care team, which may include an internist or other specialist, surgeon, oncologist, radiation oncologist, and others, will help determine the best and most appropriate course of treatment.
44 years old male asked
Sir I am a tobacco and gutkha user, I use to chew 10 to 15 pouches of gutkha with tobacco daily. I have severe type of sub mucous fibrosis and leukoplakia all over in my mouth. Sir actually I want to know there is how much chance of getting the sub mucous fibrosis and leukoplakia transfer into cancer.
It is difficult to predict time period, in your case chances are definitely greater than non tobacco users
20 years old male from Mumbai asked
Normally three modalities are available for cancer treatment, 1. Cut and remove cancer, ie surgery 2. Burn the cancer, ie radiotherapy 3. Give poison to cancer, ie chemotherapy other types of treatment available are like, immunotherapy, gene therapy, bone marrow transplantation etc are developing modalities for cancer treatment more information you can get in lybrate site.
18 years old female from Jaipur asked
What is the main symptoms of breast cancer and which age It happen and which types of lady get this cancer.
Breast Cancer Symptoms Symptoms of breast cancer can include a lump or mass in the breast, breast swelling, breast pain, retracted nipple, nipple pain, changes in the skin, nipple discharge, and swollen lymph nodes. There may be other symptoms if the cancer has spread to other organs. Risk Factors Having a mother, sister, or daughter with breast cancer, being overweight, lack of exercise, excessive alcohol use, taking hormone replacement therapy, having had radiation therapy in the past, having a personal history of breast cancer
25 years old male from Jalandhar asked
Introduction Leukaemia is usually treated with chemotherapy. Chemotherapy uses various anti-cancer drugs that forestall the growth of cancerous cells and prevent cancer metastasis. Your oncologist may administer a combination of two or more chemotherapy drugs or a single drug over a period of a few weeks or months. These drugs can be given intravenously or orally
77 years old male from Mumbai asked
I have been taking Tamdura for prostate enlargement and my urologist suggested Dynapres 4 mg one at nite as he finds the prostate is steady. My PSA is 0.742 and I do not get up in night fort passing urine. I have slight irritation while passing urine and he has asked me to take syrup cital with water thrice a day. Please let me know the side effect of Dynapres. 4 mg.
Side effects headache, infection, asthenia, back pain, dizziness, insomnia, rhinitis, cough, sinusitis, nausea, abnormal ejaculation. Postural hypotension, vertigo, malaise, diarrhoea, prispism, blurred vision. Orthostatic hypotension. Caution when used in patients with sulfa allergy. May cause priapism (rare).
33 years old male from Varanasi asked
What are the basic symptoms of blood cancer and treatment and control of the blood cancer? If any person is suffering from blood cancer at that time what type of food is suitable for him?
Symptoms of Blood cancer The list of signs and symptoms mentioned in various sources for Blood cancer includes the 22 symptoms listed below: •Fatigue •Malaise •Breathlessness •Weakness •Excessive or easy bruising •Bleeding gums or frequent nose bleeds •Recurrent infections or fever •Sweating at night •Weight loss •Anorexia •Lymph node (gland) enlargement •Lumps or abdominal distension due to enlarged abdominal organs •Abdominal pain •Bone pain •Back pain •Bone fractures from minimal trauma •Confusion •Delirium •Headaches •Visual disturbance •Fluid retention •Decreased urination Blood Cancer Prevention Even after a lot of research scientists are not able to find ways to prevent most types of blood cancer. There are no absolute risk factors identified for this cancer but the key is to reduce the known ones. Also, doing some of these simple things will boost your immunity and can reduce the risk to some extent. •Avoid exposure to radiations If possible avoid exposure to high doses of radiation as during the certain treatment procedures patients are often exposed to high intensity radiation which increases their odds of succumbing to blood cancer. •Avoid exposure to chemicals Avoid getting exposed to certain harmful chemicals such as pesticides, as this may add up to increased risk of blood cancer. If your occupation forces you to stay in touch with these chemicals you must take proper safety measures. Exposure to benzene can also increase the chances of this cancer. •Avoid smoking or tobacco in every form Cigarette or tobacco consumption is a huge risk factor for not only cancers but several other diseases and should be completely avoided. By following few healthy lifestyle habits given below one can reduce the chances of getting affected with any type of cancer. •Regular exercise Regular exercise is essential to keep the body healthy. If you exercise daily for 30 minutes there are less chances of getting affected to the blood cancer, but still there is no evidence which supports it. •Eat healthy Healthy food consumption helps you to fight against diseases. Increasing consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables that contain fibers and a lot of nutrients reduces the risk of blood cancer to some exten •Don't ignore the symptoms Be watchful of your body and the signals it gives to you, especially when you are being exposed to one or few risk factor of blood cancer. Always consult your doctor when any kind of signs related to the cancer is seen. By having regular health checkups the blood cancer detection can be done at early stages. To live healthy & happy, one must keep a check on the body’s functioning by going for regular health checkups. This helps in assessing risk factors and diagnosing diseases at an early stage, which will result in effective treatment and better management of the condition. Blood cancer treatment & therapy options Treatment for blood cancer depends on the type of cancer, your age, how fast the cancer is progressing, where the cancer has spread and other factors. Some common blood cancer treatments include: •Stem cell transplantation: A stem cell transplant infuses healthy blood-forming stem cells into the body. Stem cells can be collected from the bone marrow, circulating (peripheral) blood and umbilical cord blood. •Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is the use of anticancer drugs designed to interfere with and halt the growth of cancer cells in the body. Chemotherapy for blood cancer sometimes consists of giving several drugs together in a set regimen. It may also be given before a stem cell transplant. •Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy may be used to destroy cancer cells or to relieve pain or discomfort. It may also be given before a stem cell transplant.
18 years old male asked
Oral cancer symptoms Some of the most common oral cancer symptoms and signs include: •Persistent mouth sore: A sore in the mouth that does not heal is the most common symptom of oral cancer •Pain: Persistent mouth pain is another common oral cancer sign •A lump or thickening in the cheek •A white or red patch on the gums, tongue, tonsil, or lining of the mouth •A sore throat or feeling that something is caught in the throat that does not go away •Difficulty swallowing or chewing •Difficulty moving the jaw or tongue •Numbness of the tongue or elsewhere in the mouth •Jaw swelling that makes dentures hurt or fit poorly •Loosening of the teeth •Pain in the teeth or jaw ••Voice changes •A lump in the neck •Weight loss •Persistent bad breath If any of these oral cancer symptoms or signs are present for days or weeks, your doctor may recommend tests to check for oral cancer. As with any cancer, having your cancer diagnosed as soon as possible will help ensure that any treatment is as effective as possible. Screening for oral cancer Although routine screening for oral cancer is not typically recommended, several tests can be done if any of the symptoms of this disease are present and do not go away. Oral cancer risk factors GENERAL •Gender: Oral cancer and oropharyngeal cancer are twice as common in men as in women. This difference may be related to the use of alcohol and tobacco, a major oral cancer risk factor that is seen more commonly in men than women. According to the American Cancer Society, the gender difference is decreasing among oral cancer patients as more women are using tobacco and drinking. •Age: The average age at diagnosis for oral cancer is 62, and two-thirds of individuals with this disease are over age 55. •Ultraviolet light: Cancers of the lip are more common among people who work outdoors or others with prolonged exposure to sunlight. Poor nutrition: Studies have found a link between diets low in fruits and vegetables and an increased oropharynx and oral cancer risk. GENETICS •Genetic syndromes: Some inherited genetic mutations, which cause different syndromes in the body, carry a high risk of oral and oropharyngeal cancer. These include: •Fanconi anemia: This blood condition is caused by inherited abnormalities in several genes. Problems can begin at an early age and often lead to leukemia or aplastic anemia. The risk of oral cancer among people with Fanconi anemia is up to 500 times higher than among the general population. •Dyskeratosis congenita: This genetically linked syndrome can also cause aplastic anemia, and carries a very high risk of mouth and throat cancer occurring at an early age. LIFESTYLE •Tobacco use: About 80% of people with oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancers use tobacco in the form of cigarettes, chewing tobacco or snuff. The risk of developing oral cancer depends on the duration and frequency of tobacco use. Smoking can lead to cancer in the mouth or throat, and oral tobacco products are associated with cancer in the cheeks, gums, and inner surface of the lips. •Alcohol: About 70% of people diagnosed with oral cancer are heavy drinkers. This risk is higher for people who use both alcohol and tobacco. For people who smoke and drink heavily, the risk of oral cancer may be as high as 100% more than the risk for people who do not smoke or drink. •Betel quid: Many people in Southeast Asia, South Asia, and others parts of the world chew betel quid, a leaf from the betel plant wrapped around areca nut and lime. Chewing gutka, a combination of betel quid and tobacco, is also common. Both of these substances are associated with an increased oral cancer risks. OTHER CONDITIONS •Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection: Human papilloma viruses, or HPV, include about 100 similar viruses. Many HPVs cause warts, but some are involved in cancer. Most noteworthy, HPV is tied to the development of cervical cancer. HPV is also a risk factor for oral and oropharyngeal cancers. About 25 percent of patients with these cancers are infected with the same HPVs as are seen in with cervical cancer. In particular, there is a strong link between HPV-16 and oropharyngeal cancer. HPV appears to be a more serious risk factor for oropharyngeal cancer than for oral cavity cancers. People with oral cancers linked to HPV tend to not be smokers or drinkers, and usually have a good prognosis. Typically, HPV infections in the mouth and throat do not produce any symptoms, and only a small percentage of these infections develop into cancer. Read about the recent increase in HPV-related cancers. •Immune system suppression: Taking drugs that suppress the immune system, such as those used to prevent rejection of a transplant organ or to treat certain immune diseases, may increase the risk of oral cancer. •Lichen planus: People with a severe case of this illness, which usually causes an itchy rash but sometimes appears as white lines or spots in the mouth and throat, may have a higher risk of oral cancer. Lichen planus usually affects middle-aged people. •Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD): This condition can occur after a stem-cell transplant, in which bone marrow is replaced following cancer occurrence or treatment. The new stem cells may have an immune response against the patient’s own cells, and tissues in the body may be destroyed as a result. GVHD increases the likelihood of oral cancer, which can develop as soon as 2 years later. UNPROVEN RISK FACTORS In recent years, concern has been raised about some products heightening the risk of oral cancer. These concerns are controversial and have not yet been proven in scientific studies. The products some believe to increase cancer risk factors include: Mouthwash: Some studies have shown a link between mouthwash that is high in alcohol content and the risk of oral and oropharyngeal cancer. However, other research has raised doubts about this concern. The frequent use of mouthwash by people who smoke and drink—two confirmed risk factors for oral cancer—makes it difficult to establish a clear link between mouthwash and oral cancer. •Irritation from dentures: Poorly fitting dentures that cause long-term irritation of the mouth lining have also been a point of concern regarding oral cancer risk. This link has not been confirmed in several studies. However, loose dentures may trap substances that are known to cause oral cancer, such as alcohol and tobacco. Individuals who wear dentures should be sure to have their fit checked by a dentist regularly, remove them at night, and clean and rinse them thoroughly each day.
24 years old male from Kolkata asked
1. Don't use tobacco Using any type of tobacco puts you on a collision course with cancer. Smoking has been linked to various types of cancer — including cancer of the lung, mouth, throat, larynx, pancreas, bladder, cervix and kidney. Xhewing tobacco has been linked to cancer of the oral cavity and pancreas. Even if you don't use tobacco, exposure to secondhand smoke might increase your risk of lung cancer. Avoiding tobacco — or deciding to stop using it — is one of the most important health decisions you can make. It's also an important part of cancer prevention. If you need help quitting tobacco, ask your doctor about stop-smoking products and other strategies for quitting. 2. Eat a healthy diet Although making healthy selections at the grocery store and at mealtime can't guarantee cancer prevention, it might help reduce your risk. Consider these guidelines: •Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. Base your diet on fruits, vegetables and other foods from plant sources — such as whole grains and beans. •Avoid obesity. Eat lighter and leaner by choosing fewer high-calorie foods, including refined sugars and fat from animal sources. •If you choose to drink alcohol, do so only in moderation. The risk of various types of cancer — including cancer of the breast, colon, lung, kidney and liver — increases with the amount of alcohol you drink and the length of time you've been drinking regularly. •Limit processed meats. A report from the International Agency for Research on Cancer, the cancer agency of the World Health Organization, concluded that eating large amounts of processed meat can slightly increase the risk of certain types of cancer. In addition, women who eat a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil and mixed nuts might have a reduced risk of breast cancer. The Mediterranean diet focuses on mostly on plant-based foods, such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes and nuts. People who follow the Mediterranean diet choose healthy fats, like olive oil, over butter and fish instead of red meat. 3. Maintain a healthy weight and be physically active Maintaining a healthy weight might lower the risk of various types of cancer, including cancer of the breast, prostate, lung, colon and kidney. Physical activity counts, too. In addition to helping you control your weight, physical activity on its own might lower the risk of breast cancer and colon cancer. Adults who participate in any amount of physical activity gain some health benefits. But for substantial health benefits, strive to get at least 150 minutes a week of moderate aerobic activity or 75 minutes a week of vigorous aerobic physical activity. You can also do a combination of moderate and vigorous activity. As a general goal, include at least 30 minutes of physical activity in your daily routine — and if you can do more, even better.
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