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Large breasts are not just aesthetically unappealing but can also lead to a lot of structural problems including neck and back pain. This condition, called macromastia, is when either breast weighs more than 500 g. Breast reduction, also known as reduction mammoplasty, is aimed at reducing the size of the breasts followed by reshaping them if required. This will not just produce an aesthetically appealing image for the person but also can help relieve problems like neck and back pain.
Indications - When should you have breast reduction?
- There is constant back, shoulder, head, and/or neck pain
- Constant irritation of skin under the breasts
- Breathing difficulty
- Grooves on the shoulders from bra straps
- Poor posture
- Numbness in parts of the breasts and upper chest due to excessive weight
- Unhappy with the overall appearance
While these are the problems that mandate breast reduction, the following is a pointer towards who can go for the surgery. Needless to say, not everybody is a candidate.
- The person should have overall good health
- No active diseases or pre-existing medical conditions.
- Skin has adequate elasticity and can resume a firm consistency after the surgery
- Emotional and mental stability with loads of patience
- Done with childbirth and breastfeeding
- Be practical and have realistic expectations from the surgery
Overview of the procedure:
It is most often a combination of liposuction and gland reduction. Liposuction forms a small part of the procedure and it is the gland reshaping that actually reduces the size. There are many ways to do it and different surgeons may prefer different techniques depending on the size of the breast, quality of the skin, expectation of the patient. The two most common ways are one in which the final scars lie around the areola and vertically downwards and the other in which the scar is anchor shaped with an additional horizontal limb along the breast crease under the breast.
To achieve the best desired results, the first step is to have a detailed discussion. A thorough physical examination followed by mammographic evaluation will help arrive at the best possible technique. Along with the desired results, also discuss side effects, limitations, risks, postoperative care, recovery, and of course costs. Other factors are also to be considered including age, gestational history, feeding history, medication allergies, and detailed medical history including bleeding disorders, lung diseases, cardiac issues, etc.
A decision is then finally made to go ahead with breast reduction, which will not just improve her looks but also her confidence and relieve her of problems that back ache and neck pain. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a cosmetic-plastic surgeon.
1. Green Tea Contains Various Bioactive Compounds That Can Improve Health
It is loaded with polyphenols like flavonoids and catechins, which function as powerful antioxidants (1).
These substances can reduce the formation of free radicals in the body, protecting cells and molecules from damage. These free radicals are known to play a role in aging and all sorts of diseases.
One of the more powerful compounds in green tea is the antioxidant Epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG), which has been studied to treat various diseases and may be one of the main reasons green tea has such powerful medicinal properties.
2. Compounds in Green Tea Can Improve Brain Function and Make You Smarter
The key active ingredient is caffeine, which is a known stimulant.
What caffeine does in the brain is to block an inhibitory neurotransmitter called Adenosine. This way, it actually increases the firing of neurons and the concentration of neurotransmitters like dopamine and norepinephrine (3, 4).
L-theanine increases the activity of the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA, which has anti-anxiety effects. It also increases dopamine and the production of alpha waves in the brain (7, 8, 9).
Studies show that caffeine and L-theanine can have synergistic effects. Thecombination of the two is particularly potent at improving brain function (10).
3. Green Tea Increases Fat Burning and Improves Physical Performance
This is because green tea has been shown to increase fat burning and boost the metabolic rate, in human controlled trials (11, 12).
In one study in 10 healthy men, green tea increased energy expenditure by 4% (13).
4. Antioxidants in Green Tea May Lower Your Risk of Various Types of Cancer
Cancer is caused by uncontrolled growth of cells. It is one of the world’s leading causes of death.
It is well known that oxidative damage contributes to the development of cancer and that antioxidants can have a protective effect (20).
Green tea is an excellent source of powerful antioxidants, so it makes perfect sense that it could reduce your risk of cancer, which it appears to do:
• Breast cancer: A meta-analysis of observational studies found that whomen who drank the most green tea had a 22% lower risk of developing breast cancer, the most common cancer in women (21).
• Prostate cancer: One study found that men drinking green tea had a 48% lower risk of developing prostate cancer, which is the most common cancer in men (22).
• Colorectal cancer: A study of 69,710 Chinese women found that green tea drinkers had a 57% lower risk of colorectal cancer (23).
5. Green Tea May Protect Your Brain in Old Age, Lowering Your Risk of Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s
Not only can green tea improve brain function in the short term, it may also protect your brain in old age.
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common neurodegenerative disease in humans and a leading cause of dementia.
Parkinson’s disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disease and involves the death of dopamine producing neurons in the brain.
6. Green Tea Can Kill Bacteria, Which Improves Dental Health and Lowers Your Risk of Infection
The catechins in green tea have other biological effects as well.
Streptococcus mutans is the primary harmful bacteria in the mouth. It causes plaque formation and is a leading contributor to cavities and tooth decay.
Studies show that the catechins in green tea can inhibit the growth of streptococcus mutans. Green tea consumption is associated with improved dental health and a lower risk of caries (35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40).
7. Green Tea May Lower Your Risk of Type II Diabetes
Type II diabetes is a disease that has reached epidemic proportions in the past few decades and now afflicts about 300 million people worldwide.
This disease involves having elevated blood sugar levels in the context of insulin resistance or an inability to produce insulin.
Studies show that green tea can improve insulin sensitivity and reduce blood sugar levels (43).
8. Green Tea May Reduce Your Risk of Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiovascular diseases, including heart disease and stroke, are the biggest causes of death in the world (46).
Studies show that green tea can improve some of the main risk factors for these diseases.
This includes total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides (47).
Green tea also dramatically increases the antioxidant capability of the blood, which protects the LDL cholesterol particles from oxidation, which is one part of the pathway towards heart disease (48, 49, 50).
9. Green Tea Can Help You Lose Weight and Lower Your Risk of Becoming Obese
Given that green tea can boost the metabolic rate in the short term, it makes sense that it could help you lose weight.
Several studies show that green tea leads to decreases in body fat, especially in the abdominal area (54, 55).
One of these studies was a randomized controlled trial in 240 men and women that went on for 12 weeks. In this study, the green tea group had significant decreases in body fat percentage, body weight, waist circumference and abdominal fat (56).
10. Green Tea May Decrease Your Risk of Dying and Help You Live Longer
Of course, we all have to die eventually. That is inevitable.
However, given that green tea drinkers are at a lower risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer, it makes sense that it could help you live longer.
In a study of 40,530 Japanese adults, those who drank the most green tea (5 or more cups per day) were significantly less likely to die during an 11 year period (58):
• Death of all causes: 23% lower in women, 12% lower in men.
• Death from heart disease: 31% lower in women, 22% lower in men.
• Death from stroke: 42% lower in women, 35% lower in men.
I am 37 years old, past two days I have itching on my palm and some small bumps are also coming on the fingers which are cause for itching, what might be the reason and what is the remedy, and also how to reduce fat bumps, I have one on the back and another below the arm.
अजमोद के फायदे की पहचान और इसकी सबसे पहली खेती भूमध्यसागरीय एवं उत्तर अफ़्रीकी क्षेत्रों में की गई थी. इसका वैज्ञानिक नाम एपियम ग्रोवेलोंस है. सब्जी के रूप में खाया जाने वाला अजमोद अब विश्वस्तर पर उगाया जाता है. अजमोद में पोटेशियम, मैग्नीशियम, सोडियम, कैल्शियम, ताम्बा, लोहा, जस्ता आदि खनिज पाए जाते हैं. विटामिन में फैटी एसिड, विटामिन ए, बी-6, बी-12, सी, डी, ई, और विटामिन के पाया जाता है. आइये अजमोद के फायदों से रूबरू होते हैं.
1. ह्रदय रोग और सीने के जलन
अजमोद की जड़ में विटामिन सी, फाइबर और कई ऐसे जैविक रसायन पाए जाते हैं जो आपके दिल को स्वस्थ रखने में मदद करते हैं.
2. अल्सर में
अजमोद में फ्लेवेनोइड प्रचुर मात्रा में पाया जाता है. जो कि अल्सर के लिए जिम्मेदार बैक्टीरिया एच-पाईलोरी के विकास को रोकता है. इसके अलावा ये अन्न्प्रणाली की दीवारों को नुकसान पहुँचाने में मदद करता है.
2. माइग्रेन में
माइग्रेन की उपचार में भी अजमोद लाभकारी है. इसमें मौजूद कुमेरिन माइग्रेन से राहत प्रदान करती है. ये आपको माइग्रेन के अलावा तेज सिदर्द से भी राहत दे सकती है.
3. गठिया में
गठिया पीड़ितों के लिए भी अजमोद काफी फायदेमंद साबित होता है. दरअसल अजमोद में सूजन को कम करने वाला गुण होता है. यह मुत्रवर्धक के रूप में भी काम करता है. इससे यूरिक एसिड क्रिस्टल निकल जाता है और जोड़ों के दर्द की सम्भावना में कमी आती है.
4. पाचन और कब्ज में
इसमें पाया जाने वाला फाइबर कब्ज का बेहतरीन इलाज है. यह आँतों में कार्य को भी आरामदायक बनाती है. इसमें मौजूद प्राकृतिक फाइबर की प्रचुरता इसे पाचनतंत्र को दुरुस्त करने में महत्वपूर्ण बनता है.
5. उच्च रक्तचाप में
अजमोद में मौजूद पैथालाइड नाम का कार्बनिक यौगिक रक्त में तनाव हारमोन का स्तर कम करता है. इससे रक्त में दबाव कम होता है और रक्तचाप कम हो जाता है. इसके अलावा ये सम्पूर्ण कार्डियोवस्कुलर प्रणाली पर दबाव कम करता है एथेरोस्केलेरोसिस के विकास को रोककर दिल के दौरे की सम्भावना या स्ट्रोक से बचाता है.
6. पिम्पल्स के उपचार में
अजमोद में मौजूद तमाम तरह के विटामिन्स और खनिज आपके चेहरे के मुंहासे और पिम्पल्स को ख़त्म करते हैं. ये त्वचा की गन्दगी को दूर करता है ताकि चेहरे से पिम्पल्स हटाया जा सके.
7. प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली में
अजमोद में विटामिन सी की प्रचुरता होती है. इसमें मौजूद एंटीऑक्सीडेंट इसकी क्षमता को और बढाता है. इसके परिणामस्वरूप आपके प्रतिरक्षातंत्र में जबरदस्त मजबूती आती है. आप कई अनावश्यक रोगों से बच जाते हैं.
8. शुक्राणु सुधार के लिए
अजमोद की सब्जी के नियमित सेवन से आप यौन समस्याओं से भी निजात पा सकते हैं. इसमें पाए जाने वाले तत्व आपकी उत्तेजना बढाते हैं. इसकी खुराक आपके शुक्राणुओं की संख्या में भी वृद्धि कर सकती है.
9. अस्थमा और कैंसर में
अजमोद पैथालाइड और फ्लोवोनाइड्स से भी भरपूर होता है. ये कैंसर से मुकाबला करने वाले कार्सिनोजेन को डिटोक्सीफाई करता है. इसके अलावा इसमें एंटीऑक्सीडेंट का गुण भी होता है. ये सब कैंसर से लड़ने में मददगार साबित होते हैं.
इसमें अस्थमा से भी लड़ने वाले गुण पाए जाते हैं. ये इसमें पाए जाने वाले एंटी-इनफ्लेमेटरी गुण के कारण होता है.
10. आँखों के लिए
आँखों के लिए इसमें मौजूद विटामिन ए महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका निभाता है. आपको बता दें कि विटामिन ए आँख के एक बड़े हिस्से का निर्माण करता है.
11. कोलेस्ट्राल कम करने में
अजमोद का नियमित सेवन आर्टरी क्लागिंग कोलेस्ट्राल को कम कर सकता है. दरअसल इसमें मौजूद पैथालाइड पित्त में से रस के स्त्राव को उत्तेजित करता है जिसकी सहायता से कोलेस्ट्राल का स्तर कम होता है.
12. वजन कम करने में
अजमोद आपका वजन भी कम कर सकती है. अजमोद के रस का नियमित सेवन आपको अपना वजन कम करने में सहायक है. दरअसल ये पेट भरने की प्रवृत्ति को कम करता है जिससे कि आदमी खाना कम खाता है.
I am 30 years old from vizag, after delivery I am suffering from oily skin and my skin was totally changed with too dark skin, I am working women and I have 10 months old baby girl I am not caring on my skin, so please suggest how to improve and how to get my fairness skin. Please suggest which soaps and which creams I have to purchase these two things I have easily buy it, due to my financial position.
There are many reasons leading to infertility, but one of the main causes is the inability of the sperm to travel all the way up to the uterus to fertilize an egg. This is caused by defective sperms and could be due to poor sperm quality, poor motility, etc. There are multiple reasons for this, and even smoking, obesity,diabetes, hypertension, etc. could be reasons.
Many technical advancements in fertility treatments are being done, and they try to keep the natural process of fertilization intact, at the same time improving the chances of success. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI, often used as a standalone term iksee) improves the rate of fertilization in that the sperm is directly injected into the egg. The environment of this artificial fertilization is completely controlled, and the fertilized egg is then placed into the womb for further growth. It is one of the recent methods of improving fertility, a part of ART (assisted reproductive technology).
Poor sperm perms motility
Semen where sperm concentration is low
Male infertility with unidentifiable cause
Poor sperm quality, with sluggish sperms
Ejaculation issues, such as retrograde ejaculation (semen is ejected into the bladder)
Useful in couples who have failed IVF.
What to expect?
The following outlines some of the steps for both male and female before and during the procedure.
Before the procedure - males:
First step is the sperm collection; a screening is first done
Sperms collection happens through either masturbation or directly from the testicles via a small incision
Sperms could be collected fresh or collected and frozen for later use
Before the procedure – women:
In the normal menstrual cycle, only a single egg is released. However, prior to ICSI, the woman is given ovulation drugs, which are high-dose hormone injections prior to ovulation. This ensures multiple eggs are released, which are then retrieved for fertilization in the external environment.
Blood and urine are monitored regularly to identify the ovulation time, and eggs are collected within 24 to 36 hours of release
During the procedure - How ICSI happens:
A healthy egg is chosen and placed in a glass tube, and a sperm is introduced to ensure fertilization
This could be repeated in multiple tubes, and the most healthy one could be chosen to be implanted into the uterus
Some of the fertilized ones could be frozen for later use, in case the implanted embryo fails to grow as expected
The success rate for this procedure is quite high as the fertilization rate is almost 80 - 85 %. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an IVF specialist.
Close your eyes. When you are ready, you and your partner can close your eyes and start the meditation. Then, try to remain aware of your surroundings at first. Pay attention to your body, your breath, and any sounds that you hear.
- Try to ignore intrusive thoughts and simply focus on the present moment. If a thought pops into your head, acknowledge the thought and then let it pass. For example, if you think of something that happened at work, then you might think to yourself, “yes, that happened,” and then picture the thought drifting away.
Focus on your space and breathing. As you meditate, focus on your space and breathing. Take deep, soothing breaths and pay attention to air entering and leaving your body. As you breathe in, pull the air down into your abdomen and imagine stress leaving your body as you exhale.
- Try to be aware of yourself and how you feel. Take stock of how the air feels around your body, how all your different body parts feel from your hands to your feet.
Visualize your body. As the meditation starts, visualize your own body. Think about how your body looks inside and out as well as how your body's energy looks. Think about the shapes, colors, and sounds of your current feelings. For example, you might imagine the desire that you are feeling for your partner looks like a red orb.
- Focus on your physical sensations. Try to be as aware of your own body and the sensations you're feeling as possible. The goal of sexual meditation is heightened awareness, which can lead to increased sexual arousal.
Focus on your partner. Once you're done visualizing yourself, shift focus to your partner. Try to think about your partner’s body and emotions at this moment.
- Look at your partner. You can open your eyes and look into your partner’s eyes. Make sure that you notice your partner's breathing as well. Glance at the movements of your partner’s body.
- For example, you might watch your partner’s stomach and chest as they fill with air and then deflate again.
- Communicate with your partner without speaking. Try to use your face, hands, and eyes to show your partner what you are feeling. Watch your partner's expressions as well. Try to see what he or she is feeling as well.
Move onto sexual intercourse. After about 20 minutes of sexual meditation, transition into sexual intercourse. If intercourse is more enjoyable after sexual meditation, talk to your partner about doing regular sexual meditations.