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Management of Abortion
Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
Well Woman Healthcheck
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) Treatment
Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
Gynecology Laparoscopy Procedures
Pap Smear Procedure
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My wife has vomit tendency due to pregnancy it will her first time pregnancy but from yesterday she goes to toilet she says it comes red lajjha from vagina and has got loose motion too what is this is it miscarriage or something else. Her last MC was 9th march.
Me and my boyfriend had unprotected sex on 2 and 5 of June those were my fertile days. I was supposed to get my periods on 17 but it's already 20 I am late with my periods for 4 days. I am feeling like it's about to start. I am worried can I be pregnant?
Hi doctor we get recanalisation done about 1 and half year back my wife is now 40 yrs we are trying to have a baby her periods are normal but not conceiving can I know the reson please.
Hi I am confuse for taking protein for my wife in pregnancy for 5-6 month please let me know if I taken amway protein which one is best.
Kidney disease also known as renal disease, is a progressive loss of renal function due to which the ability of kidney to remove wastes, concentrate urine and conserve electrolytes is failed over a period of months or years. The symptoms of worsening kidney function are unspecific, and might include feeling generally unwell and experiencing a reduced appetite. Often, chronic kidney disease is diagnosed as a result of screening of people known to be at risk of kidney problems, such as those with high blood pressure or diabetes and those with a blood relative with chronic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease may also be identified when it leads to one of its recognized complications, such as cardiovascular disease, anemia or pericarditis.
Chronic kidney disease is identified by a blood test for creatinine. Higher levels of creatinine indicate a falling glomerular filtration rate (rate at which the kidneys filter blood) and as a result a decreased capability of the kidneys to excrete waste products. Creatinine levels may be normal in the early stages of ckd, and the condition is discovered if urinalysis (testing of a urine sample) shows that the kidney is allowing the loss of protein or red blood cells into the urine. To fully investigate the underlying cause of kidney damage, various forms of medical imaging, blood tests and often renal biopsy (removing a small sample of kidney tissue) are employed to find out if there is a reversible cause for the kidney malfunction.
The most common causes of ckd are diabetic nephropathy, hypertension, and glomerulonephritis.
Recent professional guidelines classify the severity of chronic kidney disease in five stages, with stage 1 being the mildest and usually causing few symptoms and stage 5 being a severe illness with poor life expectancy if untreated. Stage 5 ckd is also called established chronic kidney disease and is synonymous with the now outdated terms end-stage renal disease (esrd), chronic kidney failure (ckf) or chronic renal failure (crf)
Kidney disease also classified according to the part of the renal anatomy that is involved, as:
-vascular, includes large vessel disease such as bilateral renal artery stenosis and small vessel disease such as ischemic nephropathy, hemolytic-uremic syndrome and vasculitis
-glomerular, comprising a diverse group and subclassified into
1. Primary glomerular disease such as focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and iga nephritis
2. Secondary glomerular disease such as diabetic nephropathy and lupus nephritis
-tubulointerstitial including polycystic kidney disease, drug and toxin-induced chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis and reflux nephropathy.
-obstructive such as with bilateral kidney stones and diseases of the prostate.
Initial symptoms may include the following:
-general ill feeling
-generalized itching (pruritus)
-unintentional weight loss.
-swelling of face.
Later symptoms may include the following:
-blood in the vomit or in stools
-decreased alertness, including drowsiness, confusion, delirium, orcoma
-decreased sensation in the hands, feet, or other areas
-easy bruising or bleeding
-increased or decreased urine output
-muscle twitching or cramps
-white crystals in and on the skin (uremic frost).
Additional symptoms that may be associated with this disease:
-abnormally dark or light skin
-excessive nighttime urination
-high blood pressure
-loss of appetite
-pain in chest.
-changes in blood sugar metabolism
-congestive heart failure
-decreased functioning of white blood cells
-decreased immune response
-decreased libido, impotence
-electrolyte abnormalities including hyperkalemia
-end-stage renal disease
-high blood pressure
-liver inflammation (hepatitis b or hepatitis c)
-loss of blood from the gastrointestinal tract
-menstrual irregularities, mscarriage, infertility
-skin dryness, itching /scratching with resultant skin infection
-weakening of the bones
3. Ars alb
5. Aurum met
8. Kali chlor
9. Cuprum met
10. Plumbum met
I am 23 weeks pregnant, and my SGPT Levels - Alanine Transaminase have come high this time - 39.4 U/L. Whereas the normal range is 10-28. Kindly advise what could be the reason and what should I do about it?
Hello Dr. I am drinking warm water with mix honey. Is it good for me. Iska koie side effect toh nahi hoga N aaa meri body par.
Vaginal cysts are closed packets of fluid, air or pus which develop along the vaginal lining. Vaginal cysts are of many types, and they are usually caused by accumulation of fluids, childbirth-related injuries or non-malignant tumors in the vagina. Usually these cysts do not yield many symptoms, but may cause a little discomfort.
Treatment might not be needed in case of cysts which are tiny. However, larger cysts would definitely warrant medical attention.
Types of Cysts
The commonly occurring cysts are:
Gartner’s Duct Cysts: This duct forms around a woman’s reproductive canal during pregnancy and it disappears post childbirth. If the duct remains even after the delivery, it may lead to fluid accumulation, thus resulting in a cyst.
Vaginal Inclusion Cysts: Any injury to the vaginal walls, especially during childbirth or surgery, can lead to vaginal inclusion cysts.
Bartholin’s Cyst: Bartholin’s gland is situated near the vaginal opening. A flap of skin covering this gland may lead to accumulation of fluid. This fluid accumulation usually leads to a cyst which is called a Bartholin’s cyst.
Usually, cysts in the vagina do not require any treatment. Most of the cysts do not grow in size and thus do not cause major problems. A biopsy of the cyst may require in order to rule out chances of cancer. A common treatment for vaginal cysts would be to sit inside a bathtub filled with warm water so that the cyst is allowed to soak in the water. If there are symptoms of infection in the vagina, then antibiotics are required.
If the size of the cyst is large and filled with fluids, then a catheter needs to be inserted into it to drain out the cyst. Usually, the catheter is kept in place for a few weeks before it is removed. A surgical procedure called marsupialization is used in some cases, wherein an incision is made around the affected area and into the cyst in order to drain out its contents.
Surgery to remove the entire cyst may also be recommended to prevent its recurrence. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.