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Dr. Prabir Bijoy Kar

Oncologist, Kolkata

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Dr. Prabir Bijoy Kar Oncologist, Kolkata
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I believe in health care that is based on a personal commitment to meet patient needs with compassion and care....more
I believe in health care that is based on a personal commitment to meet patient needs with compassion and care.
More about Dr. Prabir Bijoy Kar
Dr. Prabir Bijoy Kar is a renowned Oncologist in Phool Bagan, Kolkata. You can consult Dr. Prabir Bijoy Kar at Suraksha Poly Clinic in Phool Bagan, Kolkata. Book an appointment online with Dr. Prabir Bijoy Kar and consult privately on Lybrate.com.

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Hindi

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Suraksha Poly Clinic

P-345 C.I.T.Road, Scheme - VIM, Phoolbagan, KolkataKolkata Get Directions
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What You Should Know About Breast Lump Detection

MD - Radio Diagnosis/Radiology, MBBS, FNVIR
Radiologist, Mumbai
What You Should Know About Breast Lump Detection

A breast lump is a restricted swelling, projection, lump or knot in the breast that doesn't feel like a breast tissue. There are diverse reasons why breast lumps occur.

Not all lumps are cancer. These can also be breast conditions that are not harmful and which can be easily curable.Knots that feel harder or are not the same as the rest of the breast need to be checked. This kind of irregularity might be an indication of breast cancer.

A self-examination should be your starting point. This is how you can detect a lump on your own:

Step 1: Begin by taking a look at your breast in the mirror. Keep your shoulders straight and your arms on your hips.

This is what you need to search for:

  1. Breasts that are their typical size, shape, and shading
  2. Breasts that are uniformly formed without distortion or swelling

In the event that you see any of the changes mentioned below, convey them to your doctor:

  1. Dimpling, puckering, or protruding of the skin
  2. A nipple that is not in its initial position
  3. Redness, rash or swelling

Step 2: Now, raise your arms and look for the changes mentioned above.

Step 3: While you're in front of the mirror, search for any indications of liquid or blood discharge from the nipples.

Step 4: Next, examine your breasts while resting.Use Your right hand to feel your left breast and use your left hand to feel your right breast. Cover the whole breast from your collarbone to the highest point of your mid-region, and from your armpit to your cleavage to search for any lumps.

Step 5:Examine your breasts while either standing or sitting. Many women find that the easiest approach to examine their breasts is when their skin is wet, so this step could be done while taking a bath as well.

Diagnosis:

  • Mammogram: Mammography is a technique using X-rays to diagnose and locate tumours of the breasts.
  • Breast ultrasound: Breast ultrasound utilises sound waves to create pictures of the breasts from the inside.
  • Breast MRI:This involves using an effective and attractive field, and radio frequency pulses to create photos of the insides of the breasts.
  • Ultrasound-guided biopsy: During this sort of biopsy, utilising ultrasound imaging to discover the bump, a radiologist will give you anesthesia and afterward insert a needle into the lump to evacuate some tissue for assessment under a magnifying lens. Stereotactic biopsy and an X-ray-guided biopsy may also be used.

Possible treatments:

  1. In case the knot turns out to be cancerous, surgery is typically performed.
  2. You may have a few discussions with different doctors for additional treatment, including radiation treatment and chemotherapy or hormone treatment.
3370 people found this helpful

Sir, My mother is suffering from cervix cancer (IIIB).She already took 25 250c gy radiation with weekly chemo(cisplatin)& 3 brachytherapy treatment ,now some symptoms like mucus black stool has been seeing for 5 to 6 times per day for which she is taking the OFLOMAC OZ medicine.Sir i heard about graviola flowers (soursop) which is used as juice to kill the cancer cells directly,but providing some of the side effects such as parkinson's disease and damage to nerve cell.So then what should i do? (my question is whether i should give it or not? )if is it okay to give then what should be the dosage?

MBBS (Gold Medalist, Hons), MS (Obst and Gynae- Gold Medalist), DNB (Obst and Gynae), Fellow- Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility (ACOG, USA), FIAOG, MRCOG (London, UK)
Gynaecologist, Kolkata
The drug you mentioned is still experimental. We can't advise this at this moment. Diarrhoea is a common side effect after radiation. Majority of my patients with Ca cervix after radiation, complain this. It may persist for long time. It's distressing but not worrisome. So, don't worry.
1 person found this helpful
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Corn Helps Fight Cancer

DIABETES EDUCATOR, PGDND, RMP -ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE, MEDICAL TRANSCRITPTINIST, M.SC, Msc nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Bangalore

Studies found that corn is a rich source of antioxidants which fight cancer causing free radicals. Unlike other foods, cooking actually increases its usable antioxidants.

I am 65 years old male who has been informed as having the following problems. 1. Enlarged prostrate (informed that tis is due to age) 2. Obstruction in urinary bladdere outlet obstruction. I would like to have your considered advise regarding medication/surgery.

Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), MS - Urology, MBBS
Urologist, Ahmedabad
Dear , for better advice you got to give me more details of your complaints. Bladder outlet obstruction is caused by enlarged prostate gland which is usually due to age. Give me urine report and sonography reports with full bladder volume, bladder wall thickness and post void residual urine. Do you have some delay in starting urination? how many times do you pass urine in a day and also at night? is the flow weak? do you feel that you are emptying bladder or do you feel some urine is left behind? please post the results with pictures and the answers of the questions.
2 people found this helpful
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Is this normal to get blood from saliva in Blood cancer? It's is normal or some serious problems?

DNB (Oncology), M.B.B.S
Oncologist, Chennai
Hi Lybrate user, Spitting of blood in saliva is a presenting symptom in many disorders. Blood in saliva commonly come from the mouth, the nose, and other parts of the gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts problems. Finally comes the cancerous condition. The detailed history like when it started, frequency, quantity, consistency and investigations helps us to tell you what is the real cause. Get checked with your family physician once for a healthy life. Take care.
16 people found this helpful
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Sir I am a cancer patient. And received chemotherapy after 21 days. Many time I feel depression. How I depression free.

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist, Faridabad
Sir what kind of cancer you are suffering from. Please do not worry and take the treatment patiently. There is a large group of cancer survivors and winners who have fought and defeated the disease. You must have faith in yourself and it's like any other tests god puts us through and I'm sure you will fight bravely.
2 people found this helpful
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Symptoms Of Skin Cancer, Treatment - स्किन कैंसर के लक्षण, उपचार

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Symptoms Of Skin Cancer, Treatment - स्किन कैंसर के लक्षण, उपचार

बढ़ना स्किन कैंसर अक्सर धूप के संपर्क में रहने वाली त्वचा में होता लेकिन कई बार ये त्वचा के उन हिस्सों में भी हो जाता है, जो सामान्य रूप से धूप के संपर्क में नहीं आते या कम आते हैं. इसके मुख्यतः तीन प्रकार हैं - बेसल सेल कार्सिनोमा, स्कवैमस सेल कार्सिनोमा और मेलेनोमा. आप पराबैंगनी विकिरणों से बचाव करके स्किन कैंसर के जोखिम को कम कर सकते हैं. इसके साथ ही साथ त्वचा में संदेहजनक बदलावों की जांच करके शुरूआती चरणों में ही स्किन कैंसर की पहचान की जा सकती है, जिससे इसके सफल इलाज का एक बेहतरीन मौका मिल सकता है.
स्किन कैंसर के लक्षण
जैसा की ऊपर बताया गया, स्किन कैंसर मुख्य रूप से सूरज के संपर्क में आनी वाली त्वचा पर ही होता है, जैसे खोपड़ी, चेहरा, होंठ, कान, गर्दन, छाती, भुजाएं और हाथ इत्यादि. इसके अलावा महिलाओं में टांगों पर भी यह विकसित हो सकता है. शरीर के उपरोक्त स्थानों के साथ ही साथ स्किन कैंसर शरीर के उन हिस्सों में भी हो जाता है जो सूरज़ के संपर्क में बहुत ही कम आते हैं, जैसे हथेलियां, हाथों और पैरों की उंगलियों के नीचे का भाग और जननांग आदि. स्किन कैंसर हर प्रकार के रंग वाले व्यक्तियों को प्रभावित कर सकता है. ‘मेलेनोमा’ जब आमतौर पर सांवले रंग के लोगों को होता है, तो ज्यादातर उनके उन स्थानों पर होने की संभावना होती है, जो सूरज के संपर्क में नहीं आते.
स्किन कैंसर का उपचार
स्किन कैंसर या कैंसर से पहले बनने वाले घाव के उपचार उसके आकार-प्रकार, गहराई और जगह पर निर्भर करते हैं. छोटे स्किन कैंसर जो त्वचा की सतह पर सीमित होते हैं, उनको स्किन बायोप्सी के बाद अन्य उपचार की जरूरत नहीं पड़ती. स्किन बायोप्सी की मदद से कैंसर कोशिकाओं के हिस्सों को बाहर निकाल दिया जाता है. उपरोक्त के बाद भी अगर अतिरिक्त उपचार की जरूरत पड़ती है, तो उसमें निम्नलिखित विकल्प शामिल हो सकते हैं –
फ्रीजिंग
इस प्रक्रिया में डॉक्टर एक्टिनिक केराटोस और कुछ छोटे, प्रारंभिक कैंसर के हिस्सों को तरल नाइट्रोजन से फ्रीज़ करके नष्ट कर देते हैं. नष्ट हो चुके त्वचा के ऊतक गलने के बाद बाहर निकल जाते हैं.
एक्सिज्नल सर्जरी
यह हर प्रकार के स्किन कैंसर के लिए एक उचित उपचार होता है. इसमें डॉक्टर कैंसर ग्रस्त हिस्सों को स्वस्थ त्वचा के आस-पास से काट कर बाहर निकाल देते हैं. कुछ मामलों में गंभीर स्थिति होने पर घाव के आस-पास की कुछ स्वस्थ त्वचा को भी निकालना पड़ सकता है.
मोह्स सर्जरी
इस प्रक्रिया का इस्तेमाल अत्याधिक बड़े एवं बार-बार होने वाले स्किन कैंसर या जिनका इलाज करना कठिन हो, आदि के लिए किया जाता है, जैसे ‘बेसल’ और ‘स्क्वैमस कार्सिनोमा’. अक्सर इसका इस्तेमाल शरीर के उन भागों के लिए किया जाता है, जिनका संभव रूप से जितना हो सके संरक्षण करना जरूरी होता है, जैसे की नाक.
क्योराटेज और इलैक्ट्रोडेसिकेश्न या क्रायोथेरेपी
स्किन कैंसर के ज्यादातर हिस्से सर्जरी की मदद से निकाल दिए जाते हैं. उसके बाद डॉक्टर एक ब्लेड वाले उपकरण की मदद से कैंसर कोशिकाओं की परत को खुरच कर उन्हें साफ कर देते हैं. एक इलेक्ट्रिक सुई की मदद से बची हुई कैंसर कोशिकाओं को भी नष्ट कर दिया जाता है. इसी प्रक्रिया के एक भिन्नरूप में तरल नाइट्रोजन का प्रयोग भी किया जा सकता है. इसकी मदद से उपचार किए गए क्षेत्रों के आधार और किनारों को फ्रीज करके उन्हें स्थिर कर दिया जाता है.
विकिरण थेरेपी
कैंसर कोशिकाओं को मारने के लिए विकिरण थेरेपी में ‘एक्स-रे’ जैसे हाई-पावर वाले एनर्जी बीम का इस्तेमाल किया जाता है. सर्जरी के दौरान अगर कैंसर कोशिकाएं पूरी तरह से नष्ट ना हो पाएं तब भी विकिरण थेरेपी का विकल्प बचता है.
किमोथेरेपी
इस प्रक्रिया में कैंसर कोशिकाओं को मारने के लिए दवाओं का प्रयोग किया जाता है और जो कैंसर कोशिकाएं त्वचा की ऊपरी परत तक ही सीमित होते हैं, उनके लिए क्रीम और लोशन का इस्तेमाल किया जाता है. इनमें एंटी-कैंसर एजेंट्स होते हैं और इनको सीधे प्रभावित त्वचा पर लगाया जा सकता है. इसके साथ ही साथ शरीर के दूसरे भागों में फैल सकने वाले स्किन कैंसर के लिए ‘सिस्टेमिक कीमोथेरेपी’ का उपयोग किया जाता है.
फोटोडायनेमिक थेरेपी
इस थेरेपी में लेजर लाइट और दवाएं दोनो का संयोजन होता है. इसमें दवाओं की मदद से कैंसर कोशिकाओं को लेजर लाइट के प्रति संवेदनशील बनाया जाता है और लेजर लाइट की मदद से उन्हें नष्ट किया जाता है.
बायोलोजिकल थेरेपी
यह थेरेपी कैंसर कोशिकाओं को नष्ट करने के लिए शरीर की प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली को उत्तेजित करती है.

I have pain in my both breasts. Actually it is very tight from inside feel like stones and its very painful. please help what can I do.

BHMS
Homeopath,
I have pain in my both breasts. Actually it is very tight from inside feel like stones and its very painful. please h...
Swelling tenderness pain in breast are related to hormonal reasons. Homeopathic treatment can prevent recurrence and improves completely. Consult at the earliest to prevent chronicity. 2-4 weeks treatment will fully cure you.
1 person found this helpful

My father is suffering with oral cancer & infection thanks n throat also, small gath in throat please Suggest operation is required for this? Pl. Tell, any alternative treatment my father age is 70, can operation will successful.

BDS
Dentist, Patna
Difficult to say on besis of information you have given, indication and success of cancer surgery depends on stage of cancer, how much it is spreading to surrounding, For 70 year old patient surgery is successful if it is in early stage. Please consult higher cancer hospital in Mumbai like tata cancer hospital.
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Hi All, Hope you are doing well. I have been suffering from breast cancer. Taking medicine and check up regularly. Can you please suggest which type of food or fruits need to take and exercise as well. Thanks in advance. Have a great weekend!

MBBS, MD - Medicine, MD - Oncology, Fellow of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (FRSTM & H)
Oncologist, Delhi
Dear, if you have been treated for breast cancer and are cured you can take any type of fruit you like the most. Do active exercises, eat balanced diet, avoid obesity and you will do well.
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