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Dr. Partha Pratim Chowdhury

Gynaecologist, Kolkata

Dr. Partha Pratim Chowdhury Gynaecologist, Kolkata
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I pride myself in attending local and statewide seminars to stay current with the latest techniques, and treatment planning....more
I pride myself in attending local and statewide seminars to stay current with the latest techniques, and treatment planning.
More about Dr. Partha Pratim Chowdhury
Dr. Partha Pratim Chowdhury is a renowned Gynaecologist in Park Circus, Kolkata. You can visit her at Calcutta National medical college in Park Circus, Kolkata. Save your time and book an appointment online with Dr. Partha Pratim Chowdhury on Lybrate.com.

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#24,Gorachand Lane,Park Circus, KolkataKolkata Get Directions
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Vitamin and Trace Element Deficiencies

Homeopath,
Vitamin and Trace Element Deficiencies

Vitamin and trace element deficiencies 

Fat soluble vitamins 

Vitamin a (retinol)

• Found in dairy produce, eggs, fish oils, and liver.

• Deficiency causes night blindness, xerophthalmia, keratomalacia (corneal thickening) and follicular hyperkeratosis.


Vitamin d (cholecalciferol)

• Found in fish liver oils, dairy produce, and undergoes metabolism at the kidneys and the skin using uv light.

• Deficiency causes rickets (in children) and osteomalacia (in adults). Proximal muscle weakness may be evident. 


Vitamin e (alpha-tocopherol)

• Widely distributed, green vegetables, and vegetable oils.

• Deficiency causes hemolytic anemia (premature infants) and gross ataxia. 

Vitamin k (k 1 = phylloquinine k 2 = menaquinone)

• Widely distributed but particularly in green vegetables. Synthesized by intestinal bacteria.

• Deficiency causes coagulation defects seen as easy bruising and hemorrhage.


Water soluble vitamins 
Vitamin b 1 (thiamine)

• Found in cereals, peas, beans, yeast, and whole-wheat fl our. It is an essential factor in carbohydrate metabolism and transketolation reactions.

• Deficiency causes dry beri-beri (sensory and motor peripheral neuropathy), wet beri-beri (high output cardiac failure and edema), wernicke–korsakoff syndrome. 


Vitamin b 2 (ribofl avin)

• Found in whole-wheat flour, meat, fish, and dairy produce. It is a coenzyme in reversible electron carriage in oxidation–reduction reactions.

• Deficiency gives angular stomatitis (fissuring and inflammation at the corners of the mouth), inflamed oral mucous membranes, seborrhoeic dermatitis, and peripheral neuropatmhy. Drugs (e. G, isoniazid, hydralazine, penicillamine) and is also seen in alcoholism and pregnancy. 

Vitamin b 12 (cyanocobalamin)

• Causes of a deficiency are numerous and include partial or total gastrectomy, crohn’s disease, ileal resection, jejunal diverticulae, blind loop syndrome, and tapeworm.

• Deficiency causes megaloblastic anemia, peripheral neuropathy, subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord depression, psychosis, and opticatrophy. 

Vitamin b 9 (folic acid)

• Deficiency can be caused by poor diet, malabsorption states, coeliac disease, crohn’s disease, gastrectomy, drugs (e. G, methotrexate, phenytoin), excessive utilization (E.G, leukemia, malignancy, inflammatory disease).

• Consequences of deficiency include megaloblastic anemia, and glossitis. 

Vitamin c (ascorbic acid) 

Deficiency causes scurvy (perifoillicular haemorrhage, bleeding swollen gums, spontaneous bruising, corkscrew hair, failure of wound healing), anemia, and osteoporosis. Trace elements Copper

• Deficiency results in hypochromic and microcytic anemia, wilson’s disease, impaired bone mineralization, menks’ kinky hair syndrome (growth failure, mental defi ciency, bone lesions, brittle hair, anemia).

• Usually caused by copper malabsorption. 

Zinc deficiency causes achondromatosis enterpathica (infants develop growth retardation, hair loss, severe diarrhea, candida and bacterial infections), impaired wound healing, skin ulcers, alopecia, night blindness, confusion, apathy, and depression. 

 Magnesium severe deficiency can cause cardiac arrhythmias, paraesthesia and tetany. Iodine severe deficiency can cause cretinism (children), hypothyroidism, and goiter. 

Vitamin b 3 (niacin)

• Found in fish, liver, nuts, and whole-wheat flour.

• Deficiency causes pellagra): dermatitis, diarrhea, dementia. 

Vitamin b 6 (pyridoxine)

• Widespread distribution, also synthesized from tryptophan.

• Deficiency causes peripheral neuropathy, convulsions, and sideroblastic anemia. Deficiency may be provoked by a number of commonly used.

9 people found this helpful

Dear mam, Is it possible for a girl to regenerate back its hymen if it once broken? Is it necessary that a girl should bleed when she is having the sex with his life partner?

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
No the girl cannot regenerate her hymen. If hymen is intact the girl will bleed with first intercourse. There r lots of reasons for hymen to break without intercourse eg rigourous exercise, cycling and masturbation.
2 people found this helpful
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Hi, My periods are late by 3 months and more in consulted the doctor she gave me the tablet delivery 10 mg after that I just got spotting than I consulted with another doctor than she also gave me same tablet and in between taking that tablet I have unprotected sex and my period is late and now this morning I have got spotting just. What is it? I am suffering from pcos. Does this spotting is due to pcos or else I am pregnant.

MBBS, DGO, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Gynaecologist, Chennai
Please do a pregnancy test to rule out pregnancy. If it is negative take it as periods. Your periods are only scanty because uterus lining is not growing. Deviry is only progesterone and it will again thin the endoetriumI. If your pregnancy test is negative you have to take both estrogen and progesterone combined pill which is the oral contraceptives pill to build up your endometrium and get a freelowHere contraceptive is given to build uterus lining since it contains estrogen.
7 people found this helpful
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I did not have periods for last one year. Is it safe to do sex without condoms? I have very dry vagina. What should I do? Is there any medicine for menopause.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
Dryness of vagian is due to appracohing menopause and you can use vagianal creams for wetness .Menopause cannot be stopped and taking hormones is risky
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Hi, I am 23 year old two weeks ago I had sex wid ma partner and took ipill after 2 days and after taking pill by mistakenly he sperm out inside again .on next two days so I took another pill. So is der any chances of pregnancy or any affect on my body. I am in trouble do not know what to do right now. I think I am pregnant.

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Hello lybrate-user, I pill should be taken once in a while. Kindly visit nearest doctor for confirming your pregnancy. Thanks.
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My vagina is itching real bad. Im keeping good health and hygiene and using a soap with proper pH as well. But it troubles me very bad in the night. I need the cause and remedy for this.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
You are suffering from fungal infection inside the vagina and around. You can apply candid-b cream at the opening and use clingen vaginal pessary vaginally for 3 days.
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My due date is on 19 th on 18 the I did home pregnancy test it is negative but still I dint get my periods. Do you think I am pregnant?

MBBS
Sexologist, Gurgaon
After 26 you test your urine again morning urine then conferm, due to some Harmon's medicine or your Harmon distribution you periods late don't worry, you take good diet and physical exercise daily good sleep 7 to 8 hours ok.
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My wife is 21 year old she is pregnant last 4 month can I make physical relation with her.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Yes sex can be practice during pregnancy. After 5 months of pregnancy one needs to change the position of male partner. Intercourse can be practiced in male standing position or sideways position. Male partner should not lie on the tummy or growing fetus.
2 people found this helpful
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From past 5yr im not conceiving pregnancy. Before 3yrs back I got cyst operations.

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS
Gynaecologist, Noida
Hello, Primary infertilty for last 5 years needs to be evaluated in detail. Firstly it is important that you should get your partner's semen analysis done to ascertain sperm viability and adequate count and post its normalcy you can be evaluated for both organic and hormonal causes. Please follow up with your menstrual details and any investigations already done. regards
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The breast size one of my breast is small as compared to the other one. And there is a pain during mc in my breast? Please help.

M. Ch. (Plastic Surgery), MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Noida
It's not abnormal to have little asymmetry in size and shape of both the breast. But if this is bothering and obvious with clothes on, than plastic surgery can help you.
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1) what is the medication to get periods a week early? It will be falling on my wedding day, so I want to prepare it, I don't want to postpone it or else it will fall on my honeymoon. 2) I have a regular cycle of 30 to 33 days. 3) I took primolut n to postpone my period by 4 days in June 2016. 4) I have my recent periods on 27th Aug and 27th september.

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS
Gynaecologist, Noida
Hello, PREPONEMENT is always risky as it can fire back and you may have continued bleeding daily for long so postponement is possible but preponement is not advisable.
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How To Cure Infertility In Men And Women With Homeopathy?

B.H.M.S., Senior Homeopath Consultant
Homeopath, Delhi
How To Cure Infertility In Men And Women With Homeopathy?

If you are looking for an effective treatment procedure for infertility, you should consider homeopathy. Infertility refers to the inability to conceive after having sex. The biological inability of a man or a woman to conceive and have a full term pregnancy can also be referred to as infertility. Homeopathy is the most natural cure for infertility and there are several types of homeopathic medicines which treat infertility in both men and women.

Homeopathic Medicines for Infertility in Men

The top homeopathic medicines used for treating infertility in men are as follows:

Homeopathic medicines for infertility in men with erectile dysfunction

Agnus Castus is used when a man’s sexual desire and physical ability are reduced. The genitals stay relaxed, cold and flaccid. Caladium is used when infertility or impotency results because of mental depression. The genitals stay relaxed and weak erections are likely. Selenium is used for erectile dysfunction featured by slow and weak erections. Involuntary semen discharge may also be indicated as a symptom.

Homeopathic medicines for infertility in men with low sperm count

The homeopathic medicine X-Ray is very effective in treating low sperm count in men. Sperm count gets increased, enhancing both the quantity and quality of sperm.

Homeopathic medicines for infertility in men with orchitis

Conium is used for treating infertility in men, which occurs due to orchitis. The testicles get swollen, enlarged and hardened. Conium also helps patients with a history of suppressed sexual desire.

Homeopathic Medicines For Infertility In Women

The top homeopathic medicines for treating infertility in women are as follows:

Homeopathic medicines for infertility because of acid vaginal charges

Borax and Natrum Phos are effective homeopathic medicines used for treating infertility in women, which occurs because of acid vaginal charges. These medicines are prescribed when the vaginal discharges are destructive, acrid and sperm killing in nature. Borax is used when the discharge is like egg white, copious and warm. Natrum Phos is used in the case of acrid, creamy and honey coloured discharge.

Homeopathic medicines for infertility because of prolonged and profuse periods

Calcarea Carb and Aletris Farionosa are ideal homeopathic medicines which are used in case of prolonged and profuse menstrual periods, and in the case of periods appearing before the usual time. Experiencing early menses is likely. The patient may experience anemia, leucorrhea, fatigue, tiredness and weakness along with menorrhagia.

Homeopathic treatment does not utilize the use of any kind of chemicals, and hence there are no side effects on the body. You should consult a homeopathic practitioner before starting to take homeopathic medicines for infertility.

3304 people found this helpful

Safed Daag Ka ilaj - सफेद दाग का इलाज

MBBS, M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Safed Daag Ka ilaj - सफेद दाग का इलाज

वैद्यक-शास्र में, त्वचा पर होने वाले सफेद पैच को विटिलिगो के रूप में जाना जाता है। ये निशान हाथ, पैर, बाह, टांग, चेहरे, होंठ, और आँखें और मुंह के आसपास, विभिन्न अंगों पर दिखाई दे सकते हैं। हालांकि, यह स्थिति आमतौर पर हानिरहित और गैर-संक्रामक होती है, परंतु यह मानसिक तनाव पैदा कर सकती है। जब एक पिंपल जैसी छोटी सी चीज़ के पीछे भी मन खराब हो जाता है, तो सोचिए यह स्थिति व्यक्ति के आत्मविश्वास को कितना गिरा सकती है। 

सफेद रंग या विरंजनता मेलेनिन उत्पादन की कमी के कारण होता है। जबकि विटिलिगो सफेद स्पॉट का एक कारण है, यह अन्य कारण से भी हो सकते हैं। उच्च रक्तचाप, अतिगलग्रंथिता, विटामिन बी 12 की कमी, सूरज की किरणों का अतिरिक्त एक्सपोजर आदि भी त्वचा पर सफेद धब्बे पैदा कर सकते हैं। त्वचा पर सफेद पैच सतही फंगल संक्रमण जैसे टीनेया वेर्सिकलर, एक्जिमा, छालरोग, या अन्य त्वचा की स्थिति के कारण भी हो सकते है।

गृह उपचार सफेद धब्बों से छुटकारा पाने के लिए:
निम्नलिखित प्राकृतिक उपचार आपको विटिलिगो या सफेद स्पॉट को ठीक करने में मदद कर सकते हैं:

1. नारियल का तेल:
नारियल का तेल त्वचा को शांत कर, जीर्ण सूजन को ठीक करता है। यह प्रकृति में जीवाणुरोधी और एंटिफंगल भी है। इसके अलावा, यह त्वचा को नमी देता है और रक्त परिसंचरण में सुधार लाता है। यह विटिलिगो के उपचार में मदद करता है क्योंकि यह त्वचा के रंजकता को बढ़ावा देता है।
बस सफेद पैच पर नारियल के तेल को एक दिन में दो से तीन बार लागू करें। 

2. अदरक:
अदरक, शोथ रोधक होने के अलावा एंटीऑक्सिडेंट से भरा हुए हैं। अदरक रक्त परिसंचरण को बढ़ाने और मेलेनिन उत्पादन में भी मदद करता है। प्रभावित क्षेत्र पर अदरक के रस को लागू करें और लगभग 20 मिनट के लिए इसे छोड़ दें। इसे पानी से धो लें।

3. तांबा:
माना जाता है कि तांबा मेलेनिन के उत्पादन में मदद करता है। बस कमरे के तापमान पर एक तांबे के पोत में रात भर पानी जमा करें, और सुबह इसे पी लें। जब तांबे के पोत में रात भर पानी रखा जाता है, तो यह तांबे के आयनों के साथ जुड़ जाता है। जो शरीर में मेलेनिन उत्पादन के साथ मदद करता है। 

4. नीम:
नीम सभी प्रकार की त्वचा समस्याओं के उपचार के लिए एक बहुत अच्छा प्राकृतिक उपाय है। नीम के पत्ते सफेद धब्बे के इलाज में और त्वचा का मूल रंग पुनः प्राप्त करने में मदद कर सकते हैं। एक मुट्ठी नीम के पत्तों को पीस कर पेस्ट बनायें और इसमें 1 चम्मच शहद जोड़ें। सफेद धब्बे पर लागू करें और इसे लगभग 10-15 मिनट तक सूखने दें। फिर इसे पानी से धो लें।

5. लाल मिट्टी:
लाल मिट्टी में उच्च तांबे की सामग्री होती है जो त्वचा रंगद्रव्य को लौटाने में और सफेद पैच से छुटकारा पाने में मदद करती है। 2 चम्मच लाल मिट्टी में 1 बड़ा चमचा अदरक का रस मिलाकर पेस्ट बनाएं। पेस्ट को प्रभावित क्षेत्रों पर धीरे से रगड़ें। इसे लगभग 10 मिनट के लिए छोड़ दें और फिर इसे धो लें। 

6. मूली के बीज:
मेलेनिन पुनर्जन्मा करने में मूली के बीज बहुत प्रभावी हैं। लगभग 25 ग्राम मूली के बीज को एक मोटे पाउडर में पीस लें। इसमें सिरका के दो चम्मच डालें और एक पेस्ट बनायें। प्रभावित क्षेत्रों पर पेस्ट को लागू कर 15 मिनट के लिए छोड़ दें और फिर इसे धो लें।

7. हल्दी:
एक पेस्ट बनाने के लिए 5 चम्मच हल्दी पाउडर के साथ लगभग 250 मिलीलीटर सरसों का तेल मिलाएं। इसे सफेद स्पॉट पर लागू करें और कुछ घंटों तक छोड़ दें। हल्दी और सरसों के तेल का सामयिक उपयोग विटिलिगो के इलाज के लिए अद्भुत काम करता है।

I have received a family regrouping visa from my husband to enter Spain. Next procedure what I have to do nd where I have to do for my medical. Let me know that procedure.

BHMS
Sexologist, Noida
Whether we are assessing a sprained knee, wrist, ankle, or any other. Bryonia alba: This homeopathic medicine is best suited to injuries that.
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I am 25 years old and have had irregular periods since january. I took diuloton for 21 days and my cycle is regular now. But I need to get myself checked for std if any for my own safety. What should I do?

International Academy of Classical Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath,
take sepia 200 one dose puls 30 one dos per dy for wk kali br 12c one dos a day for 10 days aur mur na. 12c sam abov apis 12c sam abov conium 3c 3tims aday for 5 days diet for u cruciferous vegetables, such as broccoli, cauliflower, and Brussels sprouts
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I'm 24 years. I had taken unwanted 72 on 3rd October around 3 hours of sex. My last period was on 15 th September and I was expecting periods on 13th October. Still I didn't get periods. How long periods can be delayed and am I pregnant?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MS - Counselling and Psychotherapy
Ayurveda, Jammu
Hello lybrate-user wait for at least 5 days for the periods then you can go for UPT (urine pregnancy test)
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Taking Medicines during Pregnancy: Safe and Unsafe Medications

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Taking Medicines during Pregnancy: Safe and Unsafe Medications

Normal pregnancy lasts for 38 to 42 weeks. However, there may be times during these weeks that you may have some physical issues such as vomiting, backache, and loose stools etc which require treatment with medicines.

Therefore, monitoring and managing these physical conditions becomes necessary to ensure a normal delivery. Management consists of both medicines and rehabilitation. Medicines are considered to be the first line of treatment; however, the health care provider needs to take care while prescribing medicines during pregnancy taking into consideration the harmful effects they can have on both – the mother and the foetus.  Medicines pass on via the placenta from the mother to the foetus. Hence, before prescribing any medicine the provider should check the possibilities of the medicine causing any congenital defect. You should avoid medicines from the time of conception till the first 10 weeks, as this is the time when the foetus is most prone to the get permanent congenital deformities. Medicines given in the later stages (after 10 weeks) may cause systemic damage. For example NSAIDs (Non Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) may lead to problems during labour or organ defects in the foetus.

Therefore, medicines should always be avoided during pregnancy. Still there are certain medicines, which can be taken but after consulting your physician. Let’s discuss the medicines that are safe during pregnancy.

The following is a list of medicines and their effects during pregnancy:

1. Analgesic Medicines

Paracetamol Safe
NSAIDs, such as aspirin May cause heart abnormalities in the third trimester

2. Opiates 

Codeine Effective in low doses
Hydrocodone Effective in low doses
Hydromorphone Effective in low doses

3. Anaesthetics 

Etomidate Unknown always ask your provider
Ketamine Avoid during the last trimester
Lorazepam Avoid for severe conditions, safe for short periods

4. Thrombolytics - The possible advantages of this class may balance the risk during pregnancy. Common medicines used are: Alteplase, Reteplase, Streptokinase, Urokinase.

5. Antidotes

Hydroxycobalamin antidote: cyanide Safe
Methylene blue antidote: methemoglobinemia Has a potential risk to the mother and foetus

6. Penicillins

First generation: penicillin G, benzathine penicillin, Bicillin, penicillin VK Safe
Second generation: oxacillin, dicloxacillin, nafcillin Safe

7. Cardiac agents

Adenosine Safe
Digoxin Not advised in third trimester
Lidocaine Safe

8. Diabetes: Insulin is safe to use during diabetes.

9. Antacids

Famotidine Low risk
Ranitidine Safe

10. Corticosteroids: Advised for short term use

Cetirizine Almost safe
Chlorpheniramine Safe

Always talk to your physician in case of any complication and before taking any medicine given above.

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Muje pregnancy k sath brown discharge bhi ho rha hai. Is se meri pregnancy me koi dikkat to nhi hogi?

MD-Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Sexologist, Haldwani
Hello- brown discharge is not a good sign for pregnancy, go visit a nearby obstetrician as soon as possible.
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I am getting irregular periods and less bleeding. Is that leads to gain weight? What is solution to get periods regularly?

BAMS
Ayurveda, Ambala
For making regular your period these are some instructions given below: • Take proper diet full of nutrition. Eat green leafy vegetables and seasonal fruits and a glass of milk daily. Eat a fruit daily. • Do Not take stress because stress causes imbalance in hormones of female and make your menstrual cycle disturb and make your ovulation disturb. Do some meditation for maintain hormonal balance. • Do jogging and running exercise daily. If you are obese lose some weight this is also a cause of irregular periods. • Do skipping regularly for 2 to 3 minutes daily. • you can take these medicines for regular periods. Syrup Dashmolarishtha or, syrup EVECARE of himalya. 2 tsf daily once in a day after meal but only under the guidance of ayurvedic doctor. • Check out Thyroid hormone level & if your T3, T4, TSH hormone are abnormal then get treatment of it to make your periods regular.
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We are willing to have baby kindly suggest proper position & time for making my wife pregnant. Also my wife's uterus is smal in size - is this matter in any condition. Pls help.

MBBS, DGO, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Gynaecologist, Chennai
How small is the uterine size is the matter. Please post the ultrasound report. If she has regular cycles once in a month from D11to D17 try to have contact. Chances for pregnancy is more. Position does not matter.
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