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Dr. Mazhar Alam

General Surgeon, Kolkata

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Dr. Mazhar Alam General Surgeon, Kolkata
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Our team includes experienced and caring professionals who share the belief that our care should be comprehensive and courteous - responding fully to your individual needs and preferences....more
Our team includes experienced and caring professionals who share the belief that our care should be comprehensive and courteous - responding fully to your individual needs and preferences.
More about Dr. Mazhar Alam
Dr. Mazhar Alam is a trusted General Surgeon in Tiretta Bazar, Kolkata. You can meet Dr. Mazhar Alam personally at Dr. mazhar's Clinic in Tiretta Bazar, Kolkata. Book an appointment online with Dr. Mazhar Alam and consult privately on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has top trusted General Surgeons from across India. You will find General Surgeons with more than 32 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find General Surgeons online in Kolkata and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Christmas & New Year Offers - Skin Whitening Treatment

Dermatologist
Dermatologist, Delhi
Christmas & New Year Offers - Skin Whitening Treatment

Christmas & new year offers - skin whitening treatment

Visit our clinic & avail festive special offers with free consultation!
For details http://bit. Ly/2hzfg8m or call on +919555122 122 

Skin whitening

Skin whitening is the practice of using substances, mixtures, or physical treatments to lighten skin color. Skin whitening treatments work by reducing the content of melanin of the skin. Many agents have been shown to be effective in skin whitening.

Uses 

Specific zones of abnormally high pigmentation such as lentigo spots, moles and birthmarks may be de-pigmented to match to the surrounding skin. In cases of vitiligo, unaffected skin may be lightened to achieve a more uniform appearance.

Discovery and design

Melanogenesis inhibitors have been discovered and developed through several methods, including: screening of synthetic chemical libraries (high-throughput screening is occasionally used), screening of plant extracts, computational (in silico) search, found as a side effect of previously known drugs and exploration of structural analogues of previously known tyrosinase inhibitors based on knowledge (in varying degrees) of their structure-activity relationship. Thus, the development and discovery of melanogenesis inhibitors illustrates many of the methods used in drug design. Some of the most potent competitive reversible tyrosinase inhibitors are synthetic compounds with a potency hundreds of times that of kojic acid.

Mechanisms of action

Melanin is the main substance responsible for the color of the skin. Melanin is class of dark polymers generated by the body through the process of melanogenesis. Among the melanin pigmenting the skin and hair, 2 types can be distinguished based on its chemical composition and biological route of synthesis: the black/brown eumelanin and the red/yellow pheomelanin. The variation of skin color among individuals is mostly because of variation of the content of melanin in the skin. Skin with little or no melanin is almost white. Other factors influence skin color in a lesser degree, including the amount of blood in blood vessels (because of the color of blood), skin thickness and content of carotenoids in skin.

Melanin in synthesized in melanosomes which are organelles produced in melanocytes. Melanocytes are cells dedicated to this function that are present in the skin, hair follicles, and other structures of the body. The synthesis of melanin (also called" melanogenesis" and" melanization") involves a chain of enzyme-catalyzed chemical reactions and non-enzyme-catalyzed reactions. The main precursor to melanin is l-tyrosine. The first step of melanogenesis is the conversion of l-tyrosine to l-dopa; this is the first and rate-limiting step and is catalized by the enzyme tyrosinase. Other enzymes involved in the synthesis include tyrosinase-related protein 1 (trp1) and tyrosinase-related protein 2 (trp2); trp2 is also known as" dopachorome tautomerase" (dct). L-tyrosine is taken by the melanocytes from the intercellular medium, then transported to the melanosomes. L-tyrosine is also synthesized within the melanocytes from l-phenylalanine by the enzyme phenylalanine-hydroxylas (pah)

Melanosomes are transferred to keratinocytes (the most abundant cell type in the skin). Most of the melanin of skin is found in keratinocytes. Additionally, melanocytes interact with keratinocytes through chemical signaling.

trp
3 people found this helpful

I have very rashes on my private part and it is very painful in Summer when I apply cream and later on it again it get damage in some day.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Dermatologist, Delhi
I have very rashes on my private part and it is very painful in Summer when I apply cream and later on it again it ge...
It may be fungal infection due to humid and wet climate. Wear loose and cotton clothes. Keep the private parts dry. Change underclothes regularly use ironed cloths, apply oil after bath. Take anti fungal treatment.
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MY SISTER DID A FACIAL FOR ME BUT AFTER FINISHING I FOUND OUT THAT MY FACE WAS SCRATCH BADLY I THOUGHT THAT IT'S JUST A WOUND AND WILL GO AWAY AFTER TWO TO THREE DAYS BUT NOW ITS HAS BECOME WORST IT HAS TURN BLACK WHEN I WASH MY FACE THE BLACK spot turns red ANY SUGGESTIONS WHICH LOTION SHOULD I USED.

MBBS, MD - MD- Skin & VD
Dermatologist, Ahmedabad
MY SISTER DID A FACIAL FOR ME BUT AFTER FINISHING I FOUND OUT THAT MY FACE WAS SCRATCH BADLY I THOUGHT THAT IT'S JUST...
Put hh fudic cream on the areas. And please tell your sister to try the mixture on a small area for testing, before applying it on the face.
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I don't know, excess sweat comes from my face in just light work everytym. Is this make my face more black? I am so worried about it, How I cure this. please help me.

B.H.M.S, M.D in Homoeopathy
Homeopath, Anand
I don't know, excess sweat comes from my face in just light work everytym. Is this make my face more black? I am so w...
No sweat will not change your skin colour. Sweat shows that the pores of skin are open. Excretion of unwanted materials through sweat glands is apart of excretory functions. Moreover you can apply a good sun screen lotion half an hour before going in directly into sun.
3 people found this helpful
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Hello sir/ madam, i'm white in color. I use to wear t-shirts and I recently have noticed that, the color of my arms become dull due to sun light. So please tell me what precautions I have to take?

Advanced Aesthetics
Ayurveda, Gulbarga
When you go to out in the day time apply the sunscreen spf30+ regularly. In 15 -20 days skin come normal colours.
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I am 23 year old male. I have scars on my face. What can I do to overcome the same?

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
I am 23 year old male. I have scars on my face. What can I do to overcome the same?
Use peroduo gel along with the following medicine. Please send photos for accurate diagnosis and treatment.
63 people found this helpful
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I am having dark circles under my eyes, how can I remove the dark circles, please tell me.

BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
I am having  dark  circles  under my eyes,  how can I remove  the  dark circles,  please  tell  me.
Hi. Dark circles can be temporary (means happens after any recent or chronic diseases or underlying medical condition, allergies, sinus infections and nasal congestions, lower eyelid laxity, fluid retention, hormonal imbalances, hyperpigmentation, aging, sun-exposure, insufficient sleep, worm-infestation, nutritional deificiency, working long hrs. on computer, lack of rest, stress/ tension, etc.) which can be improved by fixing the underlying cause or the problem or can be inherited from your parent's genes which can't be treated or cured! Management: Eat healthy and on time. Avoid junk. Drink plenty of water (as dehydration can cause dull or patchy skin). Sleep well. Wear anti-glare spectacles while working on computer. The area under your eyes has very sensitive skin, so never use chemical bleach. Reduce your stress/ tension through yoga, meditation or any other exercises (it not only improves your blood circulation, but also reduces the production of stress hormones by the body as well as increases happy hormones in the body). Use sunglasses regularly when you are in the sun and not to forget to apply a thick layer of Bakson's Suncare Sunscreen liberally, 20-30 minutes before stepping out in the sun and apply the same again after 3-4 hours if you have exposure to sunlight for long hours. Medication: Take homoeopathic medicines - Cina 1M/ one dose daily at night for 10 days. Schwabe's Alfalafa Tonic/ 1 tsp thrice a day daily for 20 days and revert me back about the condition. Apply Bakson's Under Eye Cream twice daily (in morning and at night) and Medicynth's Whitch Hazel cream and Bakson's Under Eye cream twice - in morning and at night daily.
1 person found this helpful
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I had a fungal infection on my face and read on Internet that to cure it I have to apply garlic paste on the infected region. I did so and my face started burning and I was feeling immense pain but I beard it and didn't remove the paste. The next day I saw my face and it was burnt. The region was black and small alsars immersed. The next day the dark alsars changed into black cloths. When I removed the cloths pink skin emerged from it. What should I do to prevent permanent spots on my face? Please tell me. Thank you.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Zirakpur
I had a fungal infection on my face and read on Internet that to cure it I have to apply garlic paste on the infected...
Please keep it clean with normal water for the time being. In the meantime take some turmeric in milk at least twice or thrice a day. 1/2 to 1 tsp in a glass of warm milk (or water). For pmt spots you ll require herbal exfoliation which will be done after initial lesions are cured.
1 person found this helpful
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I am 18 years old boy from South india. I want to know that how to cure hyperpigmentation and bowel movement? Is there any relation between these two disease?

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
I am 18 years old boy from South india. I want to know that how to cure hyperpigmentation and bowel movement? Is ther...
There is no relationship between hyper pigmentation and bowel movement and I will suggest you to apply aloevera gel twice a day for six months over the hyper pigmented lesion and follow up on completion and avoid spicy food in your diet and also avoid peanuts and potatoes in your diet.
1 person found this helpful
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I HAVE PIMPLE MARKS ON MY FACE It looks shiny like skin is covered over the marks Recommend me some good home remedies to reduce pimple marks. I had poped my pimples before with a sterilized needle. please help me how to remove pimple marks.

BHMS
Homeopath, Chennai
I HAVE PIMPLE MARKS ON MY FACE
It looks shiny like skin is covered over the marks Recommend me some good home remedie...
Acne or pimples is a chronic disease involving the pilosebaceous follicles. Sebaceous glands are found most abundantly on the face and scalp, though they are present on every part of the skin except the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. Though the sebaceous gland is a mini organ, it is anatomically and functionally related to the hair follicle. Cutaneous disorders attributed to the sebaceous gland are really disorders of the entire pilosebaceous unit. The areas most commonly involved in acne are the face, upper chest, and back. Other less common areas include the upper arms, buttocks, and upper thighs. Acne arises from the interaction of 4 factors 1. Excess sebum production caused by androgenic stimulation of sebaceous glands; 2. Outlet obstruction of the sebaceous follicle arising from excess production of keratinocytes (the basic cell of the epidermis); 3. Increased proliferation of the bacteriaPropionibacterium acnes that normally live in the sebaceous follicle; and 4. Inflammation caused by sebum escaping into the surrounding skin. Excessive manipulation by the patient, causing the primary lesions to disappear and leaving excoriated, raw-looking marks. This is called acne excoriée and can cause scar formation. For removal of black marks you can apply pure coconut oil daily before sleeping, don't apply while going out in sun together with this constitutional homoeopathic treatment will give you best results.
1 person found this helpful
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Hi doctor, I am 22 years and my problem is with my skin my hands, face and my neck looks more darker then my unexposed body ares. I use some face creams but no use. So please how can I get my natural glow back?

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Ludhiana
Hi doctor, I am 22 years and my problem is with my skin my hands, face and my neck looks more darker then my unexpose...
Homoeopathic treatment whitening cream (biovalley) apply in circular fashion in morning and at night whitening soap (biovalley) wash face with this face wash before applying whitening cream suncare cream (bakson) apply 30 minutes before going outside and again reapply after 3-4 hrs after washing with whitening soap papaya pack (bakson) daily apply on face directly in evening when you think you r not going outside now and wash face after it is dry. Ferrum sip syrup (sbl) 2 spoons twice daily diet daily cucumber in salad 1 apple /200 gm papaya/500 gm watermelon daily consume lots of water daily 2 glass milk daily home remedy prepare a paste of multani mitti + 1 spoon turmeric powder +10 drops lime nd add raw milk to prepare a paste and apply this paste twice in a week.
3 people found this helpful
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Dear Doctor, I am 35 years old man and I have black spot on my face not full face but only on particular area like nose. Cheek etc. I have used many cream for it but the result is always negative. So please help me and tell me good solution.

MBBS
General Physician, Jalgaon
Dear Doctor,
I am 35 years old man and I have black spot on my face not full face but only on particular area like no...
Please Avoid oily spicy and fast food, non veg food, processed food, rice for few months Apply milk and turmeric regularly Take Tab purim by Himalaya 22 for 3 mths Lohasav 10 ml Twice a day for 3 months Mahamnjishtadi kadha 20 ml Twice a day for 3 months.
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Suffering with anal pain from last one year. Whenever I had non-veg getting this problem. Please let me know the solution for this.

M.Ch - Urology
Urologist, Dehradun
Must be fissure. Avoid spicy foods. Eat lots of vegetables fresh cleaned salads. Sit in tub of warm water daily for 10 min for pain.
16 people found this helpful

Sir cheeks was so lean and my face was not looking good. Pls suggest me some natural ways to get fleshy and chubby cheeks.

MBBS, MD - MD- Skin & VD
Dermatologist, Ahmedabad
Sir cheeks was so lean and my face was not looking good. Pls suggest me some natural ways to get fleshy and chubby ch...
You should eat fats and foods high in calories. Work out (lift weights) at the same time to not gain weight on the body. Do not smoke cigarettes/hookah/consume much alcohol. Drink milk with cream, eat parathas, ice cream, you will your face getting chubby.
1 person found this helpful
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Can I remove freckles permanently from my face using baking soda or any other natural remedy?

BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
Can I remove freckles permanently from my face using baking soda or any other natural remedy?
Hello, take homoeopathic medicine - sepia 200/ once daily for 20 days and apply a thick layer of good sunscreen with spf-25 or 30 that too 20-30minutes before stepping out in the sunlight.
1 person found this helpful
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My face skin is very oily and always pimples comes on my face and also blood comes from pimples. What should I do?

BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
My face skin is very oily and always pimples comes on my face and also blood comes from pimples. What should I do?
Hi. There are four main factors which causes acne: Oil production Dead skin cells Clogged pores Bacteria Factors that may worsen the acne: Androgen hormones, certain medications (drugs containing corticosteroids, androgens or lithium can worsen acne), dietary factors, including dairy products and carbohydrate-rich foods — such as bread, bagels and chips — may trigger acne and Stress can make acne worse. Management: Wash your face with Bakson's Facewash (wash your face with warm water only) and followed by CTMP, i.e., cleansing, toning, moisturising and protection (apply liberally Sunscreen Gel with SPF-30) after washing your face daily. Home-made remedies: - Take 1 tbsp of fuller's earth (multani mitti) + a dash of lime + bit of rosewater – apply this on your face till it gets dried up, then rinse it off. - Take 1 tsp of Alum (or fitkari), make it slightly wet with water and apply this on your wet face, spread it well; let it dry and rinse it off. Alum remove your excessive moisture or oil and it also tightens the skin's tonicity. Medication: You can take homoeopathic medicines – Berberis Aquefolium Q/ 10 drops in 1/2 cup of water/ thrice a day (and for local application as well) and Kali Brom. 200/ thrice a day – for 20 days. Use Bakson's Apricot scrub at least once a week.
2 people found this helpful
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Hi this is Tanu my problem is my skin. I am 28 years old I have sensitive skin n the big problem is pigmentation on my face pls help me this.

BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
Hi this is Tanu my problem is my skin. I am 28 years old I have sensitive skin n the big problem is pigmentation on m...
Hi, melasma is often associated with the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. It is especially common in pregnant women, women who are taking oral contraceptives pills, and women taking hormone replacement therapy during menopause. It is thought that estrogen contributes to its development in predisposed persons, but estrogen is not essential to the development of melasma, however, as men may also be affected. Sun exposure is also a strong risk factor for melasma. It is particularly common in tropical climates. Melasma develops due to a combination of genetic, hormonal and sun related factors. Deficiency of folic acid during pregnancy can also lead to development of melasma. Medication: take homoeopathic medicine - sepia 30/ 3 times a day daily for 3 months initially. Revert. (not to be taken if you have conceived or else planning a child).
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Prostate Cancer - Does It Have Psychological Impact?

MCh, MBBS
Urologist, Visakhapatnam
Prostate Cancer - Does It Have Psychological Impact?

Prostate cancer is a very painful disease to go through. However, what some people do not realize is that prostate cancer is equally disturbing from a psychological view point, both for the patient and the family. Here are some psychological impacts of prostate cancer:

1. Shock, fear or anger
These are immediate reactions and you could feel any or all of these feelings when the disease is first reported to you. These feelings may continue for some time but if the patient is unable to come out of the state of the anger for a long time, then he may need psychological help.

2. Denial
Sometimes you may feel well and deny the fact that you have prostate cancer or not realize you really do. Accept it. This is the first step to curing it.

3. Frustration and disappointment
Try to avoid these types of feelings and if you do, then go to a psychiatrist as well, as these are signs of depression.

4. Stress
This is also a natural feeling and will haunt you till this disease is gone. However, there are many ways to help reduce it.

5. Worrying
This is usually related to the side-effects in the early stages of prostate cancer. Trust your doctor. Finding a support group or talking to people in similar conditions may help.

6. Mood swings
This is one of the side effects of the hormone therapy used to treat prostate cancer. It may cause you to get angry and anxious and then tearful and depressed.

7. Anxiety
Some men are overly worried about their prostate-specific antigen or PSA test results. The anxiety may continue even after the PSA test is over.

8. Sense of loss
Hormone therapy causes many physical changes in your body, including weight gain, changes in your sex life as well as reduced physical strength. Few things will be the same after prostate cancer in all honesty. Talking to the people around you can help more than you know.

While prostate cancer can cause all sorts of negative emotions, it is crucial that you use your family to stay strong and do not slip into depression. There are also a few patients who accept this diagnosis well, if properly counselled. In the majority of cases, prostate cancer grows slowly. In those cases, new drugs are available which help the patient lead a near normal life.

1 person found this helpful

A mark on my forehead. I have started to use the scar removal cream but there is no change in that mark. So what can I do?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Navi Mumbai
A mark on my forehead. I have started to use the scar removal cream but there is no change in that mark. So what can ...
there is in ayurveda mention pinda swed ..it is a type of swedan karma [phomentation] but it do some another manner .. 1.boiled a rice in milk then take this rice in one white cloth then tied it properly and warmly it rub on your face every morning for 15 days then stop it and do next month again 2.apply almond oil on your face and massage for 3-5 min at night .. by doing above thing you will get good result
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I want to increase my skin complexion. I am basically dark. Please suggest me a remedy.

B.Sc. - Dietitics / Nutrition, Nutrition Certification,Registered Dietitian
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
I want to increase my skin complexion. I am basically dark. Please suggest me a remedy.
Soak 4-5 almonds in milk overnight. In the morning make a paste of them and apply it on your face and rinse it off after an hour or two. You will definitely feel the glow on your face in less then 15 days. (you can add honey, oats and yogurt for quicker results)
2 people found this helpful
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