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Dr. Karnadhan Saha

Radiologist, Kolkata

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Dr. Karnadhan Saha Radiologist, Kolkata
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I'm a caring, skilled professional, dedicated to simplifying what is often a very complicated and confusing area of health care....more
I'm a caring, skilled professional, dedicated to simplifying what is often a very complicated and confusing area of health care.
More about Dr. Karnadhan Saha
Dr. Karnadhan Saha is a trusted Radiologist in 24 Parganas, Kolkata. He is currently associated with Dr. Karnadhan Saha's Clinic in 24 Parganas, Kolkata. Book an appointment online with Dr. Karnadhan Saha and consult privately on Lybrate.com.

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Neck Pain - Health Tip

Master of Physical Therapy MPT CARDIO, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Rajkot
Neck Pain - Health Tip
Herniated disks or bone spurts in the vertebrae of the neck may become the reason behind severe neck pain. They sometimes take too much space and compress the nerves branching out from the spinal cord.
10 people found this helpful

Stages Of Kidney Cancer - How They Can Be Managed?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology
Nephrologist, Ahmedabad
Stages Of Kidney Cancer - How They Can Be Managed?

Kidney cancer or renal cancer is when kidney cells grow uncontrollably and form a tumour. Kidney cancer often begins in the tubules (tiny tubes in the kidneys). The prognosis may depend on the stage of the kidney cancer.

Different Stages of Kidney Cancer
The TNM system helps to categorize each stage of the kidney cancer.
Tumour (T) – Describes the size and location of the tumour.
Node (N) – Describes the spread of cancer to lymph nodes.
Metastatis (M) – Describes the spread of cancer to other body parts.

These results combined with the five stages (0 and 1 to 4) can help to identify the right treatment option for every patient. Zero stage describes no cancer presence. For instance –
Stage 1 – Here the tumour is confined to kidneys and its size is smaller than 7 centimetres. (T1 or T1, N0, M0)
Stage 2 – Here the tumour is confined to kidneys and its size is more than 7 centimetres. (T2)
Stage 3 – Here the tumour is in kidneys or blood vessels or fatty tissues but also a lymph node; cancer spreads to major veins but doesn’t extend beyond renal or Gerota’s fascia (connective tissues surrounding adrenal glands and kidneys). (T3)
Stage 4 – Here the cancer is in the fatty tissues surrounding kidneys and adjacent lymph nodes; has spread to other nearby organs and beyond renal fascia. (T4)

Treatment and management of kidney cancer
Once your doctor has determined the staging of your kidney cancer, a treatment plan can be formulated for you.

  1. Surgery
    • Simple nephrectomy removes the affected kidney.
    • Radical nephrectomy is a common surgery for kidney cancer. It removes all affected parts such as the kidneys, adrenal gland, lymph nodes and surrounding tissues.
    • Partial nephrectomy is for small tumours and removes the kidneys and the surrounding tissues.
  2. Interventional radiology: This is a surgery aided by real-time images. An advanced surgery using a nano knife is minimally-invasive and is effective for inoperable kidney tumours.
  3. Targeted therapy: Drugs target specific tumour cells and destroy them.
  4. Immunotherapy: Used for kidney cancer that has spread to other organs, this therapy may use different types of drugs to either help immune cells find cancer growth or regulate the immune system activity to stop or slow cancer growth.
  5. Arterial embolization: It is a procedure to stop blood supply to the kidney tumour, in order to shrink it in size prior to surgery.
  6. Cryotherapy: This procedure involves using extreme cold to kill cancer cells.

Chemotherapy is not very effective for treating kidney cancer. Talk to your doctor about all possible treatment options for your cancer. You can lower your risk of kidney cancer by eating healthy, maintaining your ideal body weight and managing your blood pressure. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2233 people found this helpful

Brain Surgery - What Should You Know About It?

IFAANS, DNB (Neurosurgery), MBBS
Neurosurgeon, Ghaziabad
Brain Surgery - What Should You Know About It?

Brain surgery involves several medical procedures, which incorporate fixing issues with the brain, including changes in the tissues of the brain, cerebrospinal fluid and brain blood flow. Brain surgery is quite a complicated method of surgery and the type of surgery to be conducted depends on the underlying conditions.

Reasons for Brain Surgery:
Brain surgery is performed for the correction of physical brain abnormalities. These abnormalities could occur because of diseases, birth defects and injuries. A brain surgery is required when the following conditions arise in the brain:

  1. Abnormal blood vessels
  2. Aneurysm
  3. Bleeding
  4. Blood clots in the brain
  5. When the protective tissue or dura is damaged
  6. Epilepsy
  7. Due to nerve damage
  8. Parkinson's disease
  9. Any kind of pressure after an injury
  10. Abscesses
  11. Skull fractures
  12. In case of stroke and tumors

A surgery may not be required for all the above mentioned conditions, but in case of many, a brain surgery is very important as the conditions may worsen health problems.

Types of brain surgeries:

  1. Craniotomy: During this open brain surgery, an incision is made in the scalp, and a hole is created in the skull, near the area, which is being treated. After this process is complete, the hole or bone flap is secured in its place using plates or wires.
  2. Biopsy: This form of brain surgery helps in the removal of a small amount of brain tissues or tumors. After removal, the tissues or tumors are examined under a microscope. The creation of a small incision and a hole in the skull is indicated as a part of this process.
  3. Minimally invasive endonasal endoscopic surgery: This form of brain surgery enables the removal or lesions and tumors via the nose and sinuses. Private parts of the brain can be accessed without creating an incision. An endoscope is utilized in the process which is used to examine tumors all across the brain.
  4. Minimally Invasive neuroendoscopy: This process is similar to the minimally invasive endonasal endoscopic surgery. This method also involves the use of an endoscope for removal of brain tumors. Small, dime sized holes may be made in the skull to access some brain parts.

Risks:
Brain surgeries may be associated with several risks. They may be:

  1. Allergic reactions to anesthesia
  2. Bleeding
  3. Blood clot formations
  4. Swelling of the brain
  5. A state of coma
  6. Impairment in speech, coordination and vision.
  7. Problems in memory
  8. Strokes and seizures
  9. Infections in the brain

A brain surgery is a serious and very complex surgery. There are different kinds of brain surgeries, which are conducted depending on the condition and severity of the disease. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Neurosurgeon.

1862 people found this helpful

5 Easy Ways to Decrease Your Breast Cancer Risk

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Noida
5 Easy Ways to Decrease Your Breast Cancer Risk

Breast cancer is the form of cancer that occurs from breast tissues in women. Signs of breast cancer may include a lump in the breast, changes in the shape of the breast, dimpling of the breast skin, a fluid coming out of the nipples or development of red scaly patches on the skin. There might be pain in the bones, swollen lymph nodes, shortness of breath, or the skin turning yellow and pale.

Breast cancer is a fatal mode of cancer in women, and one must try to abstain from this cancer in all possible ways. Here are 5 ways you can decrease the risk of breast cancer.

  1. Keeping a check on your weight: Although the process is tough to maintain, keeping up a sound and healthy weight is a critical objective for everybody. Being overweight can expand the danger of a wide range of cancers, including breast cancer, particularly after menopause in women. Exercise is very important for maintaining a healthy body and lifestyle. Women who exert physically regularly are fitter than others and are at a much lower risk of acquiring diseases of any kind. Regular exercise decreases the chance of getting breast cancer and also keeps the body weight in check.
  2. Maintaining a healthy diet: Maintaining a healthy and balanced diet is a key for keeping away from any kind of cancer or major health problem. Include a sufficient amount of fresh fruits and green vegetables in your daily diet to ensure the supply of all vital nutrients to your body. This would increase your immunity.
  3. Avoid smoking and consume less alcohol: Smoking is a very unhealthy and harmful habit. Smoking lowers the quality of your life, and causes numerous diseases. Heart diseases, stroke and many kinds of cancer, including breast cancer can be caused from smoking. If you drink alcohol, you should moderate your drinking habits and drink less, as drinking in excess may lead to breast cancer.
  4. Practice breast feeding: Breast feeding your children for a span of one year or more is likely to reduce the risk of breast cancer.
  5. Avoid taking birth control pills: Birth control pills, in spite of having several benefits are associated with risk factors as well. Birth control pills have got worse effects in younger women than older aged women. Using birth control pills may cause breast cancer and these pills should be avoided.

There are many ways, adapting which you can lower the chances of getting breast cancer. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.

2944 people found this helpful

Kidney Failure Cure

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Indore
Kidney Failure Cure

Complete, permanent, easy, safe, fast & cost effective kidney failure
Health cure at aarogya super speciality modern homoeopathic clinic (computerised), Dr. Arpit chopra (md homoeopathy, 102, krishna tower, opposite curewell hospital, janjirwala chouraha, newpalasia, indore, you may check cured patients reports & feedbacks on website- www. Homoeopathycure. Com, email - arpitchopra23@gmail. Com, 9713092737, 9713037737, 9907527914 (whats up no, 0731-2532737, 0731-3961737.

8 people found this helpful

Garbhashay Ki Safai - गर्भाशय की सफाई

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Garbhashay Ki Safai - गर्भाशय की सफाई

गर्भाशय महिलाओं का एक विशिष्ट अंग है जिसमें कई तरह की नियमित प्रक्रियाएं चलती रहती हैं. यदि ठीक से इसकी देखभाल या रखरखाव नहीं किया जाए तो इसके बेहद गंभीर परिणाम हो सकते हैं. इसलिए ये आवश्यक है कि इस विषय में बात किया जाए और जागरूकता फैलाया जाए. यदि हमें गर्भाशय के सफाई के प्रति जागरूक होना है तो पहले हमें ये जानना होगा कि गर्भाशय क्या है? और कैसे काम करता है?
 

क्या है गर्भाशय?
गर्भाशय स्त्री जननांग है. यह 7.5 सेमी लम्बी, 5 सेमी चौड़ी तथा इसकी दीवार 2.5 सेमी मोटी होती है. इसका वजन लगभग 35 ग्राम तथा इसकी आकृति नाशपाती के आकार के जैसी होती है. जिसका चौड़ा भाग ऊपर फंडस तथा पतला भाग नीचे इस्थमस कहलाता है. महिलाओं में यह मूत्र की थैली और मलाशय के बीच में होती है तथा गर्भाशय का झुकाव आगे की ओर होने पर उसे एन्टीवर्टेड कहते है अथवा पीछे की तरफ होने पर रीट्रोवर्टेड कहते है. गर्भाशय के झुकाव से बच्चे के जन्म पर कोई प्रभाव नहीं पड़ता है. गर्भाशय का ऊपरी चौड़ा भाग बाडी तथा निचला भाग तंग भाग गर्दन या इस्थमस कहलाता है. इस्थमस नीचे योनि में जाकर खुलता है. इस क्षेत्र को औस कहते है. यह 1.5 से 2.5 सेमी बड़ा तथा ठोस मांसपेशियों से बना होता है. गर्भावस्था के विकास गर्भाशय का आकार बढ़कर स्त्री की पसलियों तक पहुंच जाता है. साथ ही गर्भाशय की दीवारे पतली हो जाती है.
 

कैसे होती है गरर्भाशय कि सफाई?
डायलेशन एंड क्यूरेटेज (डी एंड सी) एक सर्जिकल प्रक्रिया है जिसमें गर्भाशय ग्रीवा (गर्भाशय का निचला, संकीर्ण हिस्सा) को डाएलेट (फैलाते) करते हैं ताकि गर्भाशय की परत को क्युरेट के द्वारा क्यूरेटेज (खुरच कर निकालना) किया जा सके जिससे असामान्य ऊतकों को निकाला जा सके. प्रत्येक मासिक चक्र के साथ, एंडोमेट्रियम जो गर्भाशय की लाइनिंग है, भ्रूण का पोषण करने के लिए तैयार होती है. एस्ट्रोजन और प्रोजेस्टेरोन के बढ़ते स्तर इसकी इस लाइनिंग को मोटाई देने में मदद करते हैं. यदि निषेचित अंडे का आरोपण नहीं होता है, तो एंडोमेट्रियम लाइनिंग टूट जाती है. यह लाइनिंग योनि और गर्भाशय ग्रीवा से रक्त और म्यूकस के साथ मिलकर, मासिक की ब्लीडिंग के साथ निकाल दी जाती है. पोलिप, बॉडी सेल्स की असामान्य ग्रोथ को कहते हैं. जब पोलिप गर्भाशय की भीतरी दीवार से जुड़ा होता है तो, यह गर्भाशय के पॉलीव्स / यूट्रिन पोलिप या एंडोमेट्रियल पोलिप कहलाता है. यह गर्भाशय की कैविटी में लटकता है.
 

पोलिप कैसे हटाते हैं?
गर्भाशय के अस्तर में कोशिकाओं के अधिक बढ़ जाने पर यह पोलिप बनते हैं. यूट्रिन पोलिप का आकार एक तिल के दाने से छोटा से लाकर गोल्फ बॉल जितना बड़ा हो सकता है. पोलिप एक बड़े आधार या पतले तने से गर्भाशय की दीवार से जुड़े रहते हैं. बड़े पोलिप को हटाने के लिए बहुत बार डीएनसी के लिए कहा जाता है. कई बार गर्भाशय से एबनार्मल ब्लीडिंग होने लगती है. ऐसा गर्भाशय के अंदर पोलिप होने से, लाइनिंग बढ़ जाने, पूरी तरह से गर्भपात नहीं होने या डिलीवरी के बाद गर्भाशय की सफाई नहीं होने से हो सकता है. स्त्री रोग विशेषज्ञ को दिखाने पर वे पेल्विक की जांच के बाद गर्भाशय की सफाई या डी एंड सी के लिए कह सकती हैं. डायलेशन एंड क्यूरेटेज को सफाई के लिए, गर्भपात के लिए, पीरियड के असामान्य होने पर, या पूरे गर्भपात नहीं होने पर किया जाता है.
 

डी एंड सी इस प्रक्रिया के लिए:

  • आपको अस्पताल द्वारा दिया गया कपड़ा पहनने को दिया जायेगा. आपको मूत्राशय को खाली करने का निर्देश दिया जाएगा. आपको ऑपरेटिंग टेबल पर पोजीशन किया जाएगा. आपके बांह या हाथ में एक अंतःशिरा (IV) लाइन शुरू हो सकती है. एक मूत्र कैथेटर डाला जा सकता है. योनि की दीवारों को फैलाने के लिए गर्भाशय ग्रीवा को देखने के लिए अपनी योनि में एक स्पेकुलम नामक एक इंस्ट्रूमेंट डाला जाएगा.
  • सर्विक्स को एंटीसेप्टिक से साफ़ किया जाएगा. एनेस्थीसिया दिया जाएगा. टेनाकुलम नामक एक इंस्ट्रूमेंट से गर्भाशय ग्रीवा को स्थिर रखने के लिए किया जा सकता है. गर्भाशय की लंबाई निर्धारित करने के लिए गर्भाशय ग्रीवा के अंदर यूटेरिन साउंड डाला जा सकता है. सर्विक्स को पतली रोड्स से फैलया जाएगा.
  • क्यूरेट से गर्भाशय साफ़ किया जाएगा. प्रक्रिया के बाद कुछ दिनों तक ब्लीडिंग होना सामान्य है. डी एंड सी के बाद कुछ दिनों तक आपको ऐंठन का अनुभव हो सकता है. आपको निर्देश दिया जा सकता है कि डी एंड सी के दो से तीन सप्ताह बाद तक, आप डूश, टैम्पोन का इस्तेमाल न करें, सेक्स नहीं करें और योनि में कुछ न डालें, या जब तक ब्लीडिंग नहीं रुक जाए. 1-2 सप्ताह बाद तक क्रेम्पिंग हो सकती है. अगला पीरियड जल्दी या देर से आ सकता है. ऐंठन या पीड़ा के लिए एक दर्द निवारक के रूप में अपने चिकित्सक द्वारा सिफारिश की दवा ही लें. एस्पिरिन या कुछ अन्य दर्द नाशक दवाओं से रक्तस्राव की संभावना बढ़ सकती है.

1 person found this helpful

Can Liver Cancer Be Found Early?

MCh - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Noida
Can Liver Cancer Be Found Early?

Screening is used to look for cancer before you have any symptoms or signs.If you know you have  risk factors for liver cancer such as cirrhosis most commonly caused by alcohol abuse, other causes are Obesity, NAFLD, and diabetes, viral hepatitis (types B and C), too much iron in the liver from a disease called hemochromatosis, and some other rare types of chronic liver disease,then it is extremely important to talk with your doctor about whether you should be regularly screened for liver cancer.Finding a cancer before any symptoms have developed will increase the chance of successful treatment, Screening options include testing the blood for a substance called alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), which may be produced by cancer cells, or having imaging tests like an ultrasound.

 

Lupus Disease

MD - Bio-Chemistry, MF Homeo (London), DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata
Lupus Disease

This is a form of epithelial cancer and is a lose called eating cancer
Symptoms:- it first appears on the nose as a hard, dusky red sore and spreads in ulcerative form destroying the tissues till the bones are exposed. This affect women 10 time more than men. It usually appears in women between the age. Nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain may accompany. It is an ulcerative skin disease and requires a very long-term treatment. Sensitivity to sunlight is usually present. Lupus is caused by disruption of body waste disposal system from failure of special enzyme d nasil, which fails to remove wastes from the body.

Diagnostic tests
The disease is easily noticeable as it is outside the body on the the skin and biopsy is performed to confirm it.
If possible, the affected portion of the body is cut out.
I suggest homoeo doctor consult and homoeo treatment best.

4 people found this helpful

Can Arteries plaque and ECG level changes can be cleaned naturally with foods only and how much time it will take. Any natural food to advise.

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
No... It is not possible... And even not by a single medicine... You will need Treatment Yoga and . exercise...
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Lumbar Herniated Disc Pain - 3 Hamstring Stretches for it

MD, FIPP
Pain Management Specialist, Kolkata
Lumbar Herniated Disc Pain - 3 Hamstring Stretches for it

The sciatic pain caused due to a lumbar herniated disc can radiate down your legs and may make you immobile. It is quite common for a herniated disc to press against a nearby nerve and inflame, leading to pain radiating along the length of the affected sciatic nerve. For getting relief from lumbar herniated disc pain, you need to become active. Daily hamstring stretches are considered to be an effective way to tackle such pain if you do them regularly.

Here are three important hamstring stretches which will help you in strengthening your hamstring muscles:

  1. Seated chair stretches: This stretch is perfect for people whose mobility is limited or for those who have unusually tight hamstrings. It is carried out in a sitting position. While performing this stretch, you have to sit on a chair with another chair placed across. By resting one foot on the ground and the other on the second chair, you need to straighten your back and lean forward over the leg which is extended. Once you feel a stretch in the upper and rear thigh, you should be in that position for at least 30 seconds. You should switch legs and repeat the stretching exercise thrice for each leg.
  2. Towel hamstring stretch: If you like stretching while lying down, this stretch is an ideal option for you. For performing a towel hamstring stretch, you have to lie down on the floor and keep one leg flat. Tighten your abdominal muscles while you lift the other leg and keep it straight. You should wrap a belt around the elevated leg’s instep and use it for pulling back the leg towards you. Hold the position for around 30 seconds when you feel a stretch.
  3. Wall hamstring stretch: This stretch is for people who find the towel hamstring stretch hard to execute. For such people, extra stability can be attained by taking help of a solid surface such as a door jamb or a wall. You can rest the raised leg against the wall for support. You need to lie on the floor near a wall corner and leave one leg straight while placing the other against the wall. Your hips should be on the floor.

While you do stretches of any kind, you should only stretch as far as you are comfortable. You must not stretch to a point which causes pain. These hamstring stretches are quite safe, but you should avoid them in case of any sudden, acute pain. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2 people found this helpful
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