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Dr. Bikram Bhowmick  - General Physician, Kolkata

Dr. Bikram Bhowmick

86 (25 ratings)
MBBS

General Physician, Kolkata

1 Years Experience  ·  200 at clinic  ·  ₹200 online
Book appointment and get ₹125 LybrateCash (Lybrate Wallet) after your visit
Dr. Bikram Bhowmick 86% (25 ratings) MBBS General Physician, Kolkata
1 Years Experience  ·  200 at clinic  ·  ₹200 online
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Personal Statement

My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them....more
My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them.
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Education
MBBS - The West Bengal University of Health Sciences (WBUHS), Kolkata - 2017
Languages spoken
English
Hindi

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Bhowmick Clinic

No.100/9, Roy Bahadur Road, BehalaKolkata Get Directions
  4.3  (25 ratings)
200 at clinic
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HIV Infection - What Are The Stages And Symptoms Of It?

MBBS
General Physician, Kolkata
HIV Infection - What Are The Stages And Symptoms Of It?

HIV or the human immunodeficiency virus is the lentivirus which causes HIV infection and leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS.

The symptoms of HIV vary from person to person. There are three main stages of HIV infections, where each stage has different symptoms.

Here are some facts about the three stages of HIV infections along with the accompanying symptoms.

Acute HIV Infection Stage: This is the first stage of HIV infection and after three to four weeks of becoming HIV infected, people experience symptoms, which are similar to flu. This flu usually does not last more than two weeks.

Symptoms include:

  1. Fever
  2. Rashes on the body
  3. sore throat
  4. Swelling of different glands
  5. Headache
  6. Joint and muscle pain
  7. Improper digestion

These symptoms appear and indicate that the body is reacting to the HIV. Infected cells circulate throughout the blood, and the immune system produces HIV antibodies in order to attack the viruses. This process is termed as seroconversion, and it takes place within 45 days of getting infected. The levels of virus in your blood are quite high during this stage.

Clinical Latency Stage: This is the second stage of HIV infection, which follows the early stage. This stage is also known as chronic HIV stage. During this stage, HIV is active, but is reproduced at a very low level. People in this stage may not receive symptoms related to HIV or may get mild indications.

In case of people who do not take medicines for HIV treatment, this stage lasts for a long period. Some people, however, progress faster through this stage. Medicines should be taken to keep the virus in check. During this stage, people can transmit HIV to others very easily in spite of not experiencing any symptoms. People who are on medication stay suppressed virally and have a low level of HIV in their blood, and the risk of transmission is less.

Symptomic HIV infection or AIDS stage: This is the third stage of HIV infection, which is characterized by severe damage to the immune system of an HIV-virus affected person. A patient is likely to have serious infections and gets bacterial or fungal diseases. The infections are termed as opportunistic infections. The patient is now said to be having AIDS.

The symptoms of this stage are:

  1. Loss of weight
  2. Diarrhoea
  3. Sweating at night
  4. Fevers and persistent coughing
  5. Problems in the mouth and skin
  6. Infections on a regular basis
  7. Illness and development of other diseases.

HIV infection affects the body via three stages and leads to AIDS in the third stage. Each stage is accompanied by several symptoms.

1478 people found this helpful

Wounds VS Bruises - Understanding The Difference!

MBBS
General Physician, Kolkata
Wounds VS Bruises - Understanding The Difference!

Wounds and bruises are both injuries. However, they differ widely in terms of the causing factors, the nature of the injury, the pain they cause and the kind of treatment they require.

The following are a few of the myriad ways in which the two injuries differ from each other:

  1. A wound causes quick damage - the skin tissue is cut or punctured while a bruise (also called a closed wound) is where the skin is not torn.
  2. A wound is usually caused by a sharp object but bruises are the results of blunt force or trauma.
  3. A wound almost certainly bleeds due to ruptured tissue and blood vessels. Blunt injury also damages the blood capillaries of the skin and causes blood to accumulate under the skin tissue, creating a dark patch of skin. Blood vessels can also break due to lifting of heavy objects or overexertion of muscles.
  4. A wound carries the risk of infection because the skin is open but a bruise does not get infected.
  5. A wound has a burning or stinging sensation but a bruise is characterized by swelling and a blunt throbbing pain.
  6. A wound can be healed by antiseptic and antibiotic medication. Large wounds need to be closed by stitching them up to avoid severe infection. On the other hand, a bruise usually heals by itself. A cold compress and pain killers may be used to ease discomfort. Heat can be applied to the injured spot to normalize the blood flow and dissolve the blood clot.
  7. A wound can lead to complications like bacterial infections or the healing might be delayed by chronic diseases like diabetes. In case of a bruise, it usually does not cause complications but if there's a blunt injury to sensitive areas like the head, the tailbone or the eyes, medical attention is advised.
  8. Wounds and bruises can also be differentiated on the basis of their subtypes.

The different types of wounds are:

  • Incision (sharp objects cutting the dermis layer of skin)
  • Abrasion (the epithelial tissue is scraped off)
  • Avulsion (a body structure is torn off)
  • Penetration (a sharp object causes an entry and an exit wound)
  • Puncture (only an entry wound caused by a sharp object)

The different types of bruises are:

  • Hematoma (blood pools under the skin)
  • Purpura (tiny spots of blood on the inside of the mouth)
  • Contusion (similar to hematoma and caused by external trauma)
  • Crush injury (caused due to a large amount of force on the body part for a long time)
4905 people found this helpful

Sir ,I want to know best test that can prove the hiv +or- ,accurately.In Hyderabad can some one suggest please.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Kolkata
Sir ,I want to know best test that can prove the hiv +or- ,accurately.In Hyderabad can some one suggest please.
You can opt for ELISA based tests for HIV which is done normally. For confirmation, you can go for Immunofluorescent Antibody Assay, its expensive.
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