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Dr. A Sarkar

Cardiologist, Kolkata

Dr. A Sarkar Cardiologist, Kolkata
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I want all my patients to be informed and knowledgeable about their health care, from treatment plans and services, to insurance coverage....more
I want all my patients to be informed and knowledgeable about their health care, from treatment plans and services, to insurance coverage.
More about Dr. A Sarkar
Dr. A Sarkar is one of the best Cardiologists in Bow Bazar, Kolkata. He is currently practising at Economic Clinic in Bow Bazar, Kolkata. Book an appointment online with Dr. A Sarkar and consult privately on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has top trusted Cardiologists from across India. You will find Cardiologists with more than 35 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Cardiologists online in Kolkata and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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No. 8A Halder Lane Bow Bazar. Landmark: Landmark: Behind Kusum House, KolkataKolkata Get Directions
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Hypertension - All You Need to Know

MBBS, DMCH, DEM
General Physician, Jaipur
Hypertension - All You Need to Know

High blood pressure or hypertension is a condition where the long term force induced by blood on the artery walls may lead to health complications. In some cases high blood pressure can be a chronic condition without any visible symptoms. The normal value of blood pressure is 120/80 mm Hg. Even if high blood pressure doesn't have any obvious symptoms, it can cause significant damage to cardiovascular health and blood vessels. Uncontrolled hypertension exposes you to the risks of stroke and cardiac arrest. Following are the causes and complications of hypertension:

Causes of Hypertension
The causes of hypertension vary depending on the two types of the condition namely primary hypertension and secondary hypertension. In case of primary hypertension there are hardly any identifiable causes. 

Recently diagnosed high blood pressure with following signs may be due to secondary hypertension: 

  1. High blood pressure not responding to blood pressure medications (resistant hypertension) 
  2. Very high BP — systolic blood pressure over 180 (mm Hg) or diastolic blood pressure over 120 
  3. Sudden-onset high blood pressure before age 30 or after age 55 Risk factors includes- 
  4. High blood pressure tends to run in families. 
  5. Being overweight or obesity, physically inactivity. 
  6. Using tobacco/ smoking or chewing tobacco, too much salt (sodium) in your diet, Drinking too much alcohol
  7. Having more than two drinks a day for men and more than one drink a day for women may affect your blood pressure. 
  8. Stress. High levels of stress /family history of high BP

Certain medications like contraceptives, painkillers and some other drugs

  1. Sleep disorders
  2. Problems related to the kidney
  3. Tumors in the adrenal gland
  4. Thyroid issues
  5. Congenital heart defects from birth
  6. Drug abuse
  7. Excessive consumption of alcohol
  8. Complications of hypertension

Persistent high blood pressure can result in atherosclerosis that is hardening of the arteries. This can severely wreck cardiovascular health and cause stroke, heart attack or other complications. Hypertension can also result in a disorder called aneurysm in which the blood vessels tend to swell and weaken. Rupture of an aneurysm can be fatal.

Heart failure is one of the most serious complications associated with hypertension. It becomes increasingly difficult for the heart to pump blood along with the high pressure. Consequently, the heart muscle thickens and leads to cardiac arrest. It can also lead to kidney problems. Narrowing and weakening of certain blood vessels present in the kidney can cause organ failure. It can also lead to eye problems and sometimes even loss of vision due to narrowing or thickening of blood vessels in the eye.

Metabolic syndrome, which refers to a cluster of deficiencies in the metabolism of your body including high triglycerides, low levels of good cholesterol (High density lipoprotein) and high levels of insulin. These metabolic disorders increase the risk of developing diabetes and other complications. Uncontrolled high blood pressure and interference with your ability to remember and think. It can trigger memory loss and affect your understanding and deriving skills. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a general physician.

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Kindly suggest my husband having cholesterol n thyroid, levels r TSH 14.52, HDL 33, LDL 142, Cholesterol total 221, VLDL 45, Triglycerides225,Wat care shud I take, any precautions to take? His age is 30.

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Ludhiana
Kindly suggest my husband having cholesterol n thyroid, levels r TSH 14.52, HDL 33, LDL 142, Cholesterol total 221, V...
• Try to keep your consumption of saturated fats to a minimum. • Aim to replace saturated fats, with moderate amounts of ‘good’ fats also known as monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. • Grill, steam, boil and bake foods instead of frying and roasting. • Eat plenty of fibre-rich foods. • Enjoy healthy snacks such as fruit, nuts and seeds, olives etc. • Eat at least two portions of fish per week, one of which should be oily (Choose from salmon, mackerel, sardines, pilchards or herring). • Include foods enriched with plant stanols/sterols, which are clinically proven to lower ‘bad’ LDL cholesterol as part of a healthy diet and lifestyle. • Stay physically active. at least 30 minutes of moderate intensity exercise on five or more days of the week. • Avoid smoking. • Try and manage your stress levels.  Foods to avoid  Limit saturated fats and oils, such as butter, palm oil, and coconut oil. Instead, use soft vegetable oils, such as olive or canola oil.  Avoid trans fats or partially hydrogenated vegetable oils. These oils go through a process that makes them solid. They're found in some hard margarines, snack crackers, cookies,and chips.  Limit fatty meats such as corned beef, , ribs, steak, ground meat, hot dogs, sausage, bacon, and processed meats . Also limit organ meats like liver and kidney. Replace with skinless chicken or turkey, lean beef, pork, lamb, and fish. Try some meatless main dishes, like beans, peas, pasta, or rice.  Limit meat, poultry, and fish to no more than two servings, or 140 g, a day. Remember that a serving is about the size of a deck of playing cards.  Limit egg yolks.  Limit milk products that contain more than 1% milk fat. This includes cream, most cheeses, and nondairy coffee creamers or whipped topping (which often contain coconut or palm oils). Instead try fat-free or low-fat milk (0% to 1% fat) and low-fat cheeses.  Limit snack crackers, muffins, quick breads, croissants, and cakes made with saturated or hydrogenated fat, whole eggs, or whole milk. Try low-fat baked goods, and use any spreads or toppings lightly.  Instead of using butter or margarine on bread, try dipping it in olive oil.  Avoid fast foods like hamburgers, fries, fried chicken, and tacos. They are high in both total fat and saturated fat. When you eat out, choose broiled sandwiches or chicken without skin, salads with low-fat dressing, and foods that aren't fried. Ask the server to leave off the cheese and high-fat dressings like mayonnaise. Foods that decreasse CHOLESTROL 1. Oatmeal, oat bran and high-fiber foods Oatmeal contains soluble fiber, which reduces your low-density lipoprotein (LDL), the "bad," cholesterol. Soluble fiber is also found in such foods as kidney beans, apples, pears, barley and prunes.Soluble fiber can reduce the absorption of cholesterol into your bloodstream. Five to 10 grams or more of soluble fiber a day decreases your total and LDL cholesterol. Eating 1 1/2 cups of cooked oatmeal provides 6 grams of fiber. If you add fruit, such as bananas, you'll add about 4 more grams of fiber. To mix it up a little, try steel-cut oatmeal or cold cereal made with oatmeal or oat bran. 2. Fish and omega-3 fatty acids Eating fatty fish can be heart healthy because of its high levels of omega-3 fatty acids, which can reduce your blood pressure and risk of developing blood clots. In people who have already had heart attacks, fish oil — or omega-3 fatty acids — reduces the risk of sudden death. I recommend eating at least two servings of fish a week. The highest levels of omega-3 fatty acids are in: • Mackerel • Lake trout • Herring • Sardines • Albacore tuna • Salmon • Halibut You should bake or grill the fish to avoid adding unhealthy fats. If you don't like fish, you can also get small amounts of omega-3 fatty acids from foods like ground flaxseed or canola oil. You can take an omega-3 or fish oil supplement to get some of the benefits, but you won't get other nutrients in fish, such as selenium. If you decide to take a supplement, just remember to watch your diet and eat lean meat or vegetables in place of fish. 3. Walnuts, almonds and other nuts Walnuts, almonds and other nuts can reduce blood cholesterol. Rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids, walnuts also help keep blood vessels healthy. Eating about a handful (1.5 ounces, or 42.5 grams) a day of most nuts, such as almonds, hazelnuts, peanuts, pecans, some pine nuts, pistachio nuts and walnuts, may reduce your risk of heart disease. Just make sure the nuts you eat aren't salted or coated with sugar. All nuts are high in calories, so a handful will do. To avoid eating too many nuts and gaining weight, replace foods high in saturated fat with nuts. For example, instead of using cheese, meat or croutons in your salad, add a handful of walnuts or almonds. Homoeopathic medicines Homoeopathic medicine ALLIUM SATIVA Q ( Dr Reckeweg) Drink 10 drop in 20 ml freh water twice daily CHOLESTRINUM 3X ( Dr Reckeweg) Chew 2 tabs twice daily THYROIDINUM 3X ( DR Reckeweg) Chew 2 tab twice daily KAPALBHATI pranayam daily for 20 minutes If weight is more then take precautions to control weight.
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Sir my age is 23. I think I have anxiety disorder, I feel fear all the time, and my heartbeat is always fast, I do not know why I am feeling fear nd oll anxiety feelings. May be fear of sex and oll but I m. Always in tension and my heart beat is always beat fast whenever I feel fear or. anxiety. please help.

MBBS, MD Psychiatry, DNB Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Nagpur
Sir my age is 23. I think I have anxiety disorder, I feel fear all the time, and my heartbeat is always fast, I do no...
Uncontrolled anxiety with physical symptoms like raised heartbeat needs complete evaluation. You may have an anxiety disorder with accompanying metabolic problems leading to raised heart rates. You might need some investigations to rule out the possible anomalies.
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My father has 90% blockage in one vein. It is detected by angiography done 3 days ago. Now I am in doubt that which process should we adopt angioplasty or bypass. And second thing what are merit or demerit in both.

Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
My father has 90% blockage in one vein. It is detected by angiography done 3 days ago. Now I am in doubt that which p...
One blockage can be cleared by baloon therapy(angiography) Merits are that there is no need to do heart surgery + it serves as a warning for rest of life to take care of heart by eating well , exercise and taking stress in your stride with no negative feelings. Good Luck. Bypass surgery should be done if there are Diffuse Blockages all over the heart / blockages are more than 2 , because getting fitted with more stent is not beneficial in the long run compared to one time heart surgery , Aftercare after 2 months is same in both.
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My age is 47 years, I am working as Prof. In Operation Management in a Management College, My BP continuously remaining high despite consuming the medicine. Please advice some to reduce it. I consume the medicine named: Telma-80.

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Cardiac Device Specialist (CCDS - Physician )
Cardiologist, Delhi
My age is 47 years, I am working as Prof. In Operation Management in a Management College, My BP continuously remaini...
You have not mentioned your BP range and duration nor any other associated co-morbidities. It will be better if you get yourself evaluated in detail with blood test like lipid profile, RFT, LFT along with Echo and get your medications reviewed. Also quit smoking if you do, decrease your Tea and Caffeine intake, and avoid taking extra salt (the smount needed to cook food is normal) or salt rich food like papad, sauces, bhujia, pickles etc and exercise daily for 30-40 mins like brisk walking or yoga.
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My mother is having problem of high Blood pressure, asthma & she is also diabetic, she is taking medicines from past ten years but still sometimes she faces problems. Like weakness & anxiety.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
My mother is having problem of high Blood pressure, asthma & she is also diabetic, she is taking medicines from past ...
Mr Sanjay, All the three conditions need to be in proper control with appropriate drugs, then only the patient is in good health and shape.For diabetes and hypertension strict control of blood sugar and blood pressure is very essential. Unless all the details are made available like fasting and PP sugar levels, HbA1c%, BP readings, weight and height, drugs being taken with dosage and dietary pattern and amount of exercise done daily, it is difficult for me to give any specific suggestions. Anxious feeling is mainly due to improper control of the condition.. Apart from taking proper medications she should take a restricted diet, providing exact calories based on her ideal body weight, sugar levels, and extent of exercise. Should avoid sweets, deep fried foods, junk foods and pastries. Consume good deal of green leafy vegetables, salads and permitted fruits (100 g a day) . Her salt intake has to be restricted to 2.3 g a day. Avoid pickles and papad . Should walk for at least 45 minutes a day. This routine has to be continuously followed. If you want any specific advice then please come in a private conversation, where i can give specific suggestions.
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I have high blood pressure and varies among the two hands. Losing eye sight and perhaps memory.

PG Diploma in Emergency Medicine Services (PGDEMS), Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Alternate Medicine
Ayurveda, Ghaziabad
I have high blood pressure and varies among the two hands.
Losing eye sight and perhaps memory.
In ayurveda, Hypertension is referred to as Rakta Capa Vriddhi and it sees the vitiation of vata and pitta doshas as the main cause...take sarpgandha vati twice a day...yogendra ras...akik bhasm works very good in case of hypertension....avoid salty diet...oily food...lower your stress...do pranayama early morning....
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I am 19, i am experiencing a pain in the chest region when bending down. What might be the reason? is it serious to consult a doctor?

MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
At your age it might not be that much serious. It might be a muscular pain. Take tablet zerodol sos for pain and tablet rantac 150 empty stomach 5 days. Pls consult again if problem persist.
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I am 36 years old and my HDL report stands at 28 and triglycerides at 166. I would like to know how to improve this. Please help!

MD - Alternate Medicine, BHMS
Homeopath, Surat
I am 36 years old and my HDL report stands at 28 and triglycerides at 166. I would like to know how to improve this. ...
Have star fruit daily in morning empty stomach. This dissolve triglycerides and fatty tissues. For further proper plan of treatment...need to consult properly and show me reports... Treatment for it will last for 6-7 months.
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I lost somebody, who's so close too my heart. Now felling depressed please help me.

AUTLS, CCEDM, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
General Physician, Faridabad
I lost somebody, who's so close too my heart. Now felling depressed please help me.
U can't do anything about that which is not in ur control...realize this and engage urself in activities like morning walks, jogging ,exercise etc and join a friend's group instead of taking medicine for depression
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Doctor I feel my left hand heavy and my heart beats very faster and breathlessness I went to physiotherapist he gave few medicines and said I am frightened of something but I am not. My age is 23 and after completion of medicines I am suffering from the same what to do?

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Doctor I feel my left hand heavy and my heart beats very faster and breathlessness I went to physiotherapist he gave ...
Dear Lybrateuser, -Your problem may be due to anxiety & stress -do regular exercise like walking, jogging, swimming, cycling for 30 min daily, also do yoga, meditation & deep breathing for 5-10 min daily in the morning -also sleep well for 7-8 hrs in the night, keep your sleep & wake up time fixed, do not spend too much time watching tv & other gadgets before sleep as they may disturb your sleep -consult a doctor you may require to do investigations & also medication.
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Sir I have chest pain on the right side when I am breathing. What causes of this problem and what should I do for the treatment of this?

MBBS
General Physician,
Sir I have chest pain on the right side when I am breathing. What causes of this problem and what should I do for the...
mainly the pain in the chest on the right sides because of bronchitis or lung infection. may be associated with cough and cold.duebto some infection may be viral in nature. unless it referred pain from spondilytis .
1 person found this helpful

I am 60, Retd male. In June 2014 -Open Bypass operation done and Oct 2015 -one left kidney is removed and cystoscopy on Feb'2016 done. Cystoscopy revealed normal urethra and bladder neck. Multiple small papillary recurrence were seen in left lateral wall, right wall and dome. All lesions were respected complete hemostasis achieved 20 Ftr 3 way catheter placed irrigation and drainage. Multiple small papillary bladder tumour. Now I want know is there any danger and regular on my routine future check-up.

Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
I am 60, Retd male. In June 2014 -Open Bypass operation done and Oct 2015 -one left kidney is removed and cystoscopy ...
Bypass surgery was done 2 years ago and kidney was removed 1 year ago. Bit there seems to be small papillary bladder tumor which is not causing any symptoms 2 diseases are not related. People do donate 1 kidney and live for years rest of their life with only 1 kidney and they lead a healthy lifestyle. Get ultrasound done as a routine every 6 months or earlier if you have any symptoms. For aftercare bypass surgery we are sure that you are looking after food and exercise regime and keeping bp and blood sugar levels under control if high. Regular moderate exercise is advised to keep the blood flow smooth.
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I have black spots on my faces and I have also been told that just chest pain what are the precaution of this.

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine
Internal Medicine Specialist, Faridabad
I have black spots on my faces and I have also been told that just chest pain what are the precaution of this.
avoid spicy and oily food. for black spot use HQ 5% LOTION on face at night. take tab. skinergy once a day after meal for 3 months.
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I am a 54 years old working woman, I am suffering from high blood pressure for the last 10 years, lately I have developed thyroid. What should be the line of treatment.?

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine
Internal Medicine Specialist, Faridabad
I am a 54 years old working woman, I am suffering from high blood pressure for the last 10 years, lately I have devel...
continue medicines for high B.P. IN HYPOTHYROIDISM:--- where there is deficiency of thyroxine hormone leading to sluggishness, tired feeling, weight increase, slow heart beats, intolerance to cold, swelling of legs, feet and face, difficulty in concentrating and at times in speech. Treatment for hypothyroidism is giving thyroxine tablets. And dose are according to level of thyroid for life time. Avoid bad habits . Avoid stress. Some Relax during work. Go for walk, Take plenty of water, high-carbohydrate foods such as potatoes, rice, pasta and bread. Nutrient-rich foods that improve your health may also benefit your thyroid gland, antioxidant-rich fruits and vegetables more plenty of water: Blueberries, tomatoes, bell peppers, and other foods rich in antioxidants can improve overall health and benefit the thyroid gland. Eating foods high in B vitamins, like whole grains, may also help. flax oil, Selenium: Tiny amounts of selenium are needed for enzymes that make thyroid hormones to work properly. Eating selenium-rich foods, such as sunflower seeds or Brazil nuts, can be beneficial. Tyrosine: This amino acid is used by the thyroid gland to produce T3 and T4. Taking a supplement may help, avoid oily foods,junk foods, go for walk. Do Tests every 3 to 6 months. And consult doctor on time.
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I have just been detected with triglyceride of 308, HDL of 32, LDL of 115, VLDL of 61. My doctor has prescribed Rozavel F. I am also a diabetic patient. My question is whether Rozavel F or Nitrocontin 2.6 is better medicine to control triglycerides? Please advise.

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Cardiac Device Specialist (CCDS - Physician )
Cardiologist, Delhi
I have just been detected with triglyceride of 308, HDL of 32, LDL of 115, VLDL of 61. My doctor has prescribed Rozav...
Nitrocontin is not a cholesterol control agent, it is a anti-hypertensive and anti-anginal and has no impact on lipid profile. Rozavel F is the cholesterol control drug.
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I am 43 years old feeling heavyness in chest for 5 days and suffered from diarrhea along with high bp150/100, vomit once, now diarrhea cured bp 130/84 but feeling vomiting tendendenct and slight heavynes in chest. It seems like something going to happen wrong, what I will do?

Certified Diabetes Educator, Registered Dietitian (RD), PGDD, Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S), General Physician
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Seek prompt medical attention if nausea and vomiting are accompanied by other warning signs, such as: chest pain severe abdominal pain or cramping blurred vision fainting confusion cold, clammy, pale skin high fever and stiff neck fecal material or fecal (foul) odor in the vomit I am a doctor and registered dietitian who will prescribe a customized diet plan and medications to help in nausea. Do reply back for private consultation for a detailed treatment plan including dietary therapy.
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