Aplastic Anemia is a rare disease that occurs when the patient’s body ceases to produce new blood cells. The symptoms of this potentially fatal condition include persistent fatigue, breathlessness caused by the slightest physical activity, constant occurrence of infections, rashes on the skin, and dizzy spells. This condition usually takes time to progress.
HOW IS APLASTIC ANEMIA DIAGNOSED?
Hematologists may prescribe the following diagnostic tests for confirming aplastic anaemia: • Complete blood count • Peripheral blood smears • Biochemical profile • Kidney and liver function tests • Fluorescence-activated cell sorter profiling • Blood group testing and haemoglobin electrophoresis • Histocompatibility testing Apart from the above lab tests, biopsy of the bone marrow also may be performed.
HOW IS APLASTIC ANEMIA TREATED?
Treatments for aplastic anemia may include observation for mild cases, blood transfusions and medications for more-serious cases, and in severe cases, bone marrow transplantation. Severe aplastic anemia, in which your blood cell counts are extremely low, is life-threatening and requires immediate hospitalization for treatment.
DID YOU KNOW?
Untreated, severe aplastic anemia has a high risk of death