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Dr. Abhinav Kumar Gupta  - Endocrinologist, Jaipur

Dr. Abhinav Kumar Gupta

DM-ENDOCRINOLOGY, M.R.C.P.-ENDOCRINOLOGY AND DIABETES, MD-GENERAL MEDICINE, B...

Endocrinologist, Jaipur

12 Years Experience  ·  300 at clinic  ·  ₹400 online
Dr. Abhinav Kumar Gupta DM-ENDOCRINOLOGY, M.R.C.P.-ENDOCRINOLOGY AND DIABETES, MD... Endocrinologist, Jaipur
12 Years Experience  ·  300 at clinic  ·  ₹400 online
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Personal Statement

I believe in health care that is based on a personal commitment to meet patient needs with compassion and care....more
I believe in health care that is based on a personal commitment to meet patient needs with compassion and care.
More about Dr. Abhinav Kumar Gupta
He has been a successful Endocrinologist for the last 12 years. He has completed DM-ENDOCRINOLOGY, M.R.C.P.-ENDOCRINOLOGY AND DIABETES, MD-GENERAL MEDICINE, Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (M.B.B.S.), Medicine . Book an appointment online with Dr. Abhinav Kumar Gupta on Lybrate.com.

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Education
DM-ENDOCRINOLOGY - L.L.R.M. MEDICAL COLLEGE - 2014
M.R.C.P.-ENDOCRINOLOGY AND DIABETES - Royal College Of Physicians Of The United Kindom - 2017
MD-GENERAL MEDICINE - Dr. S.N. Medical College, Agra - 2011
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Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (M.B.B.S.), Medicine - Goa Medical College, Panaji - 2006

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Types Of Diabetes

M.D. Internal Medicine
Endocrinologist, Mumbai
Types Of Diabetes

Diabetes

It is a disorder of metabolism—the way the body uses digested food for energy. The digestive tract breaks down carbohydrates—sugars and starches found in many foods—into glucose, a form of sugar that enters the bloodstream. With the help of the hormone insulin, cells throughout the body absorb glucose and use it for energy.

If beta cells of the pancreas don’t produce enough insulin, or the body doesn’t respond to the insulin that is present, glucose builds up in the blood instead of being absorbed by cells in the body, leading to prediabetes or diabetes. Prediabetes is a condition in which blood glucose levels(fasting, post lunch) or A1C levels—are higher than normal ( HBA1C more than 5.7 %)but not(HBA1C more than 6.4%) high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. In diabetes, the body’s cells are starved of energy despite high blood glucose levels.

The two main types of diabetes are type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic illness characterized by the body’s inability to produce insulin due to the autoimmune destruction of the beta cells in the pancreas. Onset most often occurs in childhood, but the disease can also develop in adults in their late 30s and early 40s.

 Type 2 diabetes mellitus consists of an array of dysfunctions characterized by hyperglycemia and resulting from the combination of resistance to insulin action, inadequate insulin secretion, and excessive or inappropriate glucagon secretion produced by alfa cells of the pancreas.

The third type of diabetes is known as lean type or one and ½ syndrome – these people show signs of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

 A 4th type, gestational diabetes, develops only during pregnancy.

Other types of diabetes are caused by defects in specific genes, diseases of the pancreas, certain drugs or chemicals, infections,  malignancies and other conditions

1 person found this helpful

Mam I i checked my hb1ac report was 6.8 and I check lab blood test it was before food 79 after food 122 now what should i do?

PGDHHM, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
Mam I i checked my hb1ac report was 6.8 and I check lab blood test it was before food 79 after food 122 now what shou...
Blood sugar fasting and PP r normal. Hb A1c shows prediabetes. Repeat HbA1c after 3 months with fasting and pp blood sugar
1 person found this helpful
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How can human live fit without exercise. What are the remedies for diabetes? Please suggest

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
How can human live fit without exercise. What are the remedies for diabetes? Please suggest
Mr. lybrate-user, Thanks for the query. No one can be fit without daily physical exercise. For diabetes apart from necessary drugs (oral antidiabetics and Insulin Injections), regular exercise, maintaining normal weight and taking a restricted and balanced diet. Are the remedies. Thanks.
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What are the appropriate measures to be taken for a diabetic person in order to control his diabetes without having medicines.

MD - General Medicine, Diploma in Diabetology
General Physician,
What are the appropriate measures to be taken for a diabetic person in order to control his diabetes without having m...
Diet rich in fiber, like whole grains veg, fruits. Regular exercise, avoid stress. Yoga is very helpful.
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My father is 43 years old. He have high sugar. Since 1 year. To decrease what shall I do.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
My father is 43 years old. He have high sugar. Since 1 year. To decrease what shall I do.
To give any advise I should get some more information like - fasting and pp sugar levels, hba1c%, weight and height and level of physical activity daily and dietary habits. Since he has confirmed diabetes, treatment with anti diabetic drugs shoul be started immediately. In addition he should exercise for more than 1 h every day. He should avoid sweets, direct sugar, deep fried foods and fruits like mango, banana, chikkoos, and grapes. Try and maintain his weight near normal for his height. (ideal body weight = height in cms - 100 x 0.9 = kgs). Consume more green vegetables, salads and complex carbs. If you want any specific advise please come in a private conversation with all the details.
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My wife is having diabetes. We don't have children yet. She is already having small fibroid, cyst and right tubal block problem. We are trying children but 10 days onwards she is having diabetic problem. Sir/madam, is there any chances for us to conceive (pregnant). Sir/Madam, Kindly convey your opinion. Day by we are loosing confidence due to the above health problems. Her age is 35.

DGO, Diploma In Family planning (UK), MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
My wife is having diabetes. We don't have children yet. She is already having small fibroid, cyst and right tubal blo...
As she is diabetic and also has a tubal block .her chances of conceive are reduced .she will need proper help to track her eggs .keep her sugars in control. As only one tube us open .pregnancy chances drop by 50%.as she is 35 I would suggest to take help immediately.
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Health Conditions That Are Caused By Diabetes!

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
Health Conditions That Are Caused By Diabetes!

Diabetes is an acute ailment that can badly affect your heart, eyes, nerves, kidneys and feet. Therefore, it is important to understand how these organs and components are connected and how diabetes affects them. This will help you to follow your treatment procedure more thoroughly and improve your health condition more effectively.

Beginning of Health Ailments from Diabetes-

When diabetes in a person is not properly regulated and maintained, the blood-sugar levels rise up and this syndrome is called 'hyperglycaemia' or high blood sugar. The way sugar particles stick to each other when they are left uncovered for some time, blood vessels within human body also get stuck with sugar in the blood and make it difficult for blood circulation. Over time, this causes a severe damage to blood vessels connected to kidneys, heart, lungs, eyes and nerves.

Diabetes affecting all the major parts of the body-

Having uncontrolled blood sugar for a prolonged period of time can damage the tiny vessels around the eye causing vision troubles and eventual blindness. High levels of blood sugar in the blood vessels that supplies oxygen to the brain, and heart can develop a fat deposit around them leading to stroke and heart attack. Nerves in the human body serve the function of messengers that carry impulses from different body parts to the brain and vice versa. Having high blood sugar levels can damage blood vessels that carry oxygen and blood to all parts of the body. With the passage of time, nerves can get choked, and they may stop sending pain impulses to the brain.

Diabetes or high blood sugar levels can be detrimental for your feet as well. It mostly harms feet in two possible ways- firstly, it can damage the nerves and their functionality which, in turn would stand in the way of feeling pain as well as other problems occurring in your feet.

Secondly, diabetes leads to poor blood circulation, which makes it nearly impossible for sores and infection around the feet to heal. Once the healing process stops, it can even pave the way for amputation.

Lastly, diabetes is equally detrimental for kidneys, which are the filters of the human body. Kidneys are filled with miniature blood vessels, and high blood sugar can lead to clogged vessels, which disturb blood circulation. Once the kidney does not get ample oxygen and blood, lesser amounts of fluids are taken off the body that may subsequently lead to kidney failure.

Therefore, it is time to build awareness and lead a healthier lifestyle to keep diabetes under control, and a good physician will be able to guide you better on this.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

Sir I suffer from thyroid tsh 7.8. But I love to drink early morning warm water with lemon and honey. Whether like soya bean this is dangerous for me.

International Academy of Classical Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
Sir I suffer from thyroid tsh 7.8. But I love to drink early morning warm water with lemon and honey. Whether like so...
Eup-per tinct 2 tims day Bell 3c 3tims a day for 4 days Chin-s12c as abov fer phos 12c sam abov inform me progres Ask me in private so dat we can discuss in better manner and also u wil improve Also we can change d medicine
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What Is Diabetes?

Diploma In Gastroenterology, Diploma In Dermatology, BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
What Is Diabetes?

What is Diabetes?

Human body requires glucose as a source of energy for all the cells in muscles, tissues and brain. At any given time, the levels of glucose in the blood are controlled by a hormone called ‘insulin’, which is released by the pancreas. In people with diabetes, the insulin secreted by the pancreas is in inadequate quantity, or the body cells become resistant to insulin. This results in an increase in the blood glucose levels, commonly known as high blood sugar.

What are the types of diabetes?

    • Type 1 diabetes (total lack of insulin): Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin.

    • Type 2 diabetes (inadequate insulin and insulin resistance): In type 2 diabetes, the body does not use insulin properly which is called insulin resistance. At first, the pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it, but over time it is not able to keep up and can’t make enough insulin to maintain normal blood glucose.

    • Gestational diabetes (diabetes acquired during pregnancy):  Gestational diabetes is a condition in which a woman without diabetes develops high blood sugar levels during pregnancy, and usually reversible after giving birth. It can occur at any stage of pregnancy, but is more common in the second half of the gestation period.

Causes of Diabetes :

To understand diabetes, first you must understand how glucose is normally processed in the body.

How insulin works:

insulin is a hormone that comes from a gland situated behind and below the stomach (pancreas).

  • The pancreas secretes insulin into the bloodstream.

  • The insulin circulates, enabling sugar to enter your cells.

  • Insulin lowers the amount of sugar in your bloodstream.

  • As your blood sugar level drops, so does the secretion of insulin from your pancreas.

The role of glucose:

Glucose — a sugar — is a source of energy for the cells that make up muscles and other tissues.

  • Glucose comes from two major sources: food and your liver.

Type 1 diabetes causes :

Type 1 diabetes is caused by the immune system destroying the cells in the pancreas that make insulin. This causes diabetes by leaving the body without enough insulin to function normally.

This is called anSugar is absorbed into the bloodstream, where it enters cells with the help of insulin.

Your liver stores and makes glucose.

When your glucose levels are low, such as when you haven't eaten in a while, the liver breaks down stored glycogen into glucose to keep your glucose level within a normal range. autoimmune reaction, or autoimmune cause, because the body is attacking itself.

  • Viral or bacterial infection

  • Chemical toxins within food

  • Unidentified component causing autoimmune reaction

  • Severe stress

  • Mental anxiety

Underlying genetic disposition may also be a type 1 diabetes cause

Type 2 diabetes causes :

This is the most likely type 2 diabetes cause.

There are a variety of risk factors for type 2 diabetes, any or all of which increase the chances of developing the condition.

These include:

  • Obesity

  • Living a sedentary lifestyle

  • Increasing age

  • Bad diet

  • Severe stress

  • Mental anxiety

signs and symptoms of diabetes are the same in men and women?

Best Foods to Control Diabetes :

Figuring out the best foods to eat when you have diabetes can be tough.

The main goal is to keep blood sugar levels well-controlled.

However, it's also important to eat foods that help prevent diabetes complications like heart disease.

Here are the 16 best foods for diabetics, both type 1 and type 2.

1. Fatty Fish :

Fatty fish is one of the healthiest foods on the planet.

Salmon, sardines, herring, anchovies and mackerel are great sources of the omega-3 fatty acids DHA and EPA, which have major benefits for heart health.

Getting enough of these fats on a regular basis is especially important for diabetics, who have an increased risk of heart disease and stroke.

2. Leafy Greens :

Leafy green vegetables are extremely nutritious and low in calories.

They're also very low in digestible carbs, which raise your blood sugar levels.

Spinach, kale and other leafy greens are good sources of several vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C.

3. Cinnamon :

Cinnamon is a delicious spice with potent antioxidant activity.

Several controlled studies have shown that cinnamon can lower blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity.

Long-term diabetes control is typically determined by measuring hemoglobin A1c, which reflects your average blood sugar level over 2–3 months.

In one study, type 2 diabetes patients who took cinnamon for 90 days had more than a double reduction in hemoglobin A1c, compared those who only received standard care.

4. Eggs :

Eggs provide amazing health benefits.

In fact, they're one of the best foods for keeping you full for hours (28, 29, 30).

Regular egg consumption may also reduce your heart disease risk in several ways.

Eggs decrease inflammation, improve insulin sensitivity, increase your "good" HDL cholesterol levels and modify the size and shape of your "bad" LDL cholesterol.In one study, people with type 2 diabetes who consumed 2 eggs daily as part of a high-protein diet had improvements in cholesterol and blood sugar levels.

In addition, eggs are one of the best sources of lutein and zeaxanthin, antioxidants that protect the eyes from disease.

Just be sure to eat whole eggs. The benefits of eggs are primarily due to nutrients found in the yolk rather than the white.

5. Chia Seeds :

Chia seeds are a wonderful food for people with diabetes.

They're extremely high in fiber, yet low in digestible carbs.

In fact, 11 of the 12 grams of carbs in a 28-gram (1-oz) serving of chia seeds are fiber, which doesn't raise blood sugar.

The viscous fiber in chia seeds can actually lower your blood sugar levels by slowing down the rate at which food moves through your gut and is absorbed.

6. Turmeric :

Turmeric is a spice with powerful health benefits.

Its active ingredient, curcumin, can lower inflammation and blood sugar levels, while reducing heart disease risk.

What's more, curcumin appears to benefit kidney health in diabetics. This is important, as diabetes is one of the leading causes of kidney disease.

7. Greek Yogurt :

Greek yogurt is a great dairy choice for diabetics.

It's been shown to improve blood sugar control and reduce heart disease risk, perhaps partly due to the probiotics it contains

Studies have found that yogurt and other dairy foods may lead to weight loss and improved body composition in people with type 2 diabetes.

It's believed that dairy's high calcium and conjugated linolic acid (CLA) content may play a role.

What's more, Greek yogurt contains only 6–8 grams of carbs per serving, which is lower than conventional yogurt. It's also higher in protein, which promotes weight loss by reducing appetite and decreasing calorie intake.

8. Nuts :

Nuts are delicious and nutritious.

All types of nuts contain fiber and are low in digestible carbs, although some have more than others.

Here are the amounts of digestible carbs per 1-oz (28-gram) serving of nuts:

    Research on a variety of different nuts has shown that regular consumption may reduce inflammation and lower blood sugar, HbA1c and LDL levels.

9. Broccoli :

Studies in diabetics have found that broccoli may help lower insulin levels and protect cells from harmful free radicals produced during metabolismBroccoli is one of the most nutritious vegetables around.

A half cup of cooked broccoli contains only 27 calories and 3 grams of digestible carbs, along with important nutrients like vitamin C and magnesium.

10. Flaxseeds :

Flaxseeds are an incredibly healthy food.

A portion of their insoluble fiber is made up of lignans, which can decrease heart disease risk and improve blood sugar control .

type 2 diabetes who took flaxseed lignans for 12 weeks had a significant improvement in hemoglobin A1c.

Flaxseeds are very high in viscous fiber, which improves gut health, insulin sensitivity and feelings of fullness.

Your body can't absorb whole flaxseeds, so purchase ground seeds or grind them yourself. It's also important to keep flaxseeds tightly covered in the refrigerator to prevent them from going rancid.

11. Strawberries :

Strawberries are one of the most nutritious fruits you can eat.

They're high in antioxidants known as anthocyanins, which give them their red color.

Anthocyanins have been shown to reduce cholesterol and insulin levels after a meal. They also improve blood sugar and heart disease risk factors in type 2 diabetes.

A one-cup serving of strawberries contains 49 calories and 11 grams of carbs, three of which are fiber.

12. Garlic :

Garlic is a delicious herb with impressive health benefits.

It may also be very effective at reducing blood pressure.

In one study, people with uncontrolled high blood pressure who took aged garlic for 12 weeks averaged a 10-point decrease in blood pressure.

One clove of raw garlic contains only 4 calories and 1 gram of carbs.

I am 65 and my blood sugar at random is 125 .i take isryl-m 2 tablets after lunch and dinner one tab each. Is it ok ?

M B B S, M. D (Internal Medicine)
General Physician, Nellore
Your sugars are ok. But diabetic drugs are taken usually half an hour before taking food. You are saying you are taking after food.
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