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Dr Sangeeta Khatri

Mother and Child Care Clinic

HN 356/Sector-5,Agarwal Farms, Mansarowar jaipur
1 Doctor · ₹500
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Dr Sangeeta Khatri Mother and Child Care Clinic HN 356/Sector-5,Agarwal Farms, Mansarowar jaipur
1 Doctor · ₹500
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About

Customer service is provided by a highly trained, professional staff who look after your comfort and care and are considerate of your time. Their focus is you....more
Customer service is provided by a highly trained, professional staff who look after your comfort and care and are considerate of your time. Their focus is you.
More about Dr Sangeeta Khatri
Dr Sangeeta Khatri is known for housing experienced Mother and Child Cares. Mr. Sangeeta Khatri, a well-reputed Mother and Child Care, practices in jaipur. Visit this medical health centre for Mother and Child Cares recommended by 102 patients.

Timings

SAT-SUN
09:00 AM - 01:00 PM

Location

HN 356/Sector-5,Agarwal Farms, Mansarowar
jaipur, Rajasthan - 302020

Doctor

Mr. Sangeeta Khatri

MBBS
Mother and Child Care
32 Years experience
500 at clinic
Unavailable today
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Ayurvedic Remedies To Lose Weight!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Delhi
Ayurvedic Remedies To Lose Weight!

In India, especially the urban centers, obesity or even being overweight is becoming a new epidemic. The increases in consumption of fast foods, sedentary lifestyles and stress have increased the incidence of this problem. This has in turn, led to an exponential increase in the cases of diabetes, heart diseases and blood pressure among a host of other problems.

The Ayurvedic approach
Ayurveda is a discipline, which has been practiced over many millennia and contains the collective wisdom to effectively treat problems of obesity or being overweight without side effects. According to Ayurveda, the body is made up of 7 elements or Dhatus:

  1. Rasa (Lymph)
  2. Rakta (Blood)
  3. Maans (Muscle)
  4. Meda (Fat)
  5. Asthi (Bones)
  6. Majja (Nervous system)
  7. Shukra (Reproductive System)

However, if you are overweight then it means that due to an imbalance of the ‘Kapha’ dosha, you are accumulating more ‘meda’ or fat. Ayurveda has some very effective actions to prescribe through which you can lose weight very effectively. Some of these tips are mentioned below.

  1. Drink a mixture of lemon, honey and water first thing in the morning: Drinking a mix of lemon, honey and water helps to jump start your metabolism and boost your digestive system. Drinking this regularly over a period of a few months and would help reduce your weight very quickly.
  2. Meditate for at least 10 minutes a day: This is a very important step as meditation helps relax your mind, muscles and nerves and reduces stress. This enables you to take better decisions throughout the day. It also controls your appetite thus stopping you form binge eating. Meditation and relaxation have also been shown to contribute to weight loss by keeping the metabolism regulated.
  3. Do at least 30 minutes of exercise: It is important that you do at least 30 minutes of exercise daily as it would regulate your metabolism and help you to keep burning fat throughout the day. Incorporating light yoga along with a brisk walk is possibly the best way to safely and easily lose weight. Some of the easiest poses to lose weight would be
    • Dhanurasana or Bow pose
    • Setubandhasana or Bridge pose
    • Bhujangasana or Cobra pose
    • Vakrasana or Half spinal Twist pose among many others
  4. Consider your diet according to season: According to Ayurveda, you should be careful about what you eat during the various seasons as this will ensure maximum nutrient absorption without the deposition of fat.
  5. Eat three meals a day, not more: According to Ayurveda, you should have three meals a day without any snacks in between. Have a heavy breakfast as that tends to set the tone for the day, followed by a comparatively light lunch and an even lighter dinner. This is because your digestive system functions most effectively in the morning, fairly fast at noon, but it is the most sluggish at night.
  6. Go to bed early and rise early: This is often propagated as disturbances in the Circadian rhythm or the natural sleep and waking cycles are a big contributor to weight gain. Once this is properly regulated, it could result in weight loss because of your body metabolism being properly regulated.

Post Miscarriage Trauma - How To Deal With It?

Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology - Ireland, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, DGO, MBBS
IVF Specialist, Delhi
Post Miscarriage Trauma - How To Deal With It?

Pregnancy loss could be devastating. Not only does it affect a woman mentally, but it also often takes a huge toll on her confidence. Post miscarriage trauma is a common phenomenon in this case. The range of emotion a woman might go through include denial, guilt, anger, depression, envy and yearning. Although the process of grieving takes a lot of time, the first step towards post miscarriage trauma is to accept the inevitable and move on.

Here is a list of tips that will greatly help a woman to cope up with the loss:

  1. Take time: While listening to friends and family seems to be the best course of action around this time, your loved ones need not get priorities at this time. If you believe that clearing your baby’s belongings is causing pain to you, take the time to prepare yourself. Clear away the stuff only when you are emotionally ready to do so.
  2. Create memories: While a lot of people suggest to completely get rid of all the memories that are attached to the baby, it may not be a great thing to do. Studies have shown that creating a memory about your loss helps to heal faster. So go ahead and take a picture with your baby, plant a tree, take a footprint or christen the baby. Good memories attached to your baby will not haunt you about the loss.
  3. Take care: Do not neglect your personal health and well-being. Eat well, take enough rest, quit smoking and drinking and seek pleasure in your loved one's company. The more you embrace life, better are your chances to get back to the grooves. Following an old hobby or working out one hour per day goes a long way in the process of healing.
  4. Get your partner’s help: Being open about your emotions is a good thing to do. Express your feelings about the baby to your partner. The process of coping up can be entirely different from each other. What matters is to let each other’s feelings known. Your partner’s broad shoulder is your best bet to come out of your loss.
  5. Set the expectations right: Women often get cranky and irritated after a miscarriage. Speak to your loved ones and let them know about your feelings. This will help you to get your loved ones support you and let you heal quickly from your loss.
  6. Support group: It is very comforting to share your feelings with people who have already experienced the kind of loss you have faced. Sharing in person can reduce your pain a great deal. A spiritual healer or a professional psychiatrist can also play a crucial role in your recovery.

How Separation Impacts Our Everyday Life?

Masters in Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Navi Mumbai
How Separation Impacts Our Everyday Life?

Human beings are designed to relish contact and interaction with one another. After all, it is what makes us different from quite a few members of the animal kingdom. Having said that, sometimes, separation between people is a fact of life and it does have an impact on the lives of the people who get separated.

One of the interesting things about separation is when it occurs between couples is not only a feeling of sadness, but also a feeling of insecurity. It is to be kept in mind that the entire process of adjusting is not only one that is to be gone through by the couple, but also by their children. While it can prompt children to become independent and not overly reliant on their parents’ love, separation can also lead to a deficit or inadequate love being provided to them in the years that they are in the greatest need of it. This is quite an unfortunate aspect of separation.

There are a range of feelings which a person is likely to feel when separation occurs and there is a lot to be done by the way of working through these emotions. The mix can include resentment, disappointment, as well as a longing for the partner, even for quite some time after the divorce has taken place. In a number of cases, the most tormenting phase of separation is the time leading up to separation and the few days following it. Facing legal challenges, letting friends and family know about their decision and undergoing the entire role change leaves the couple as well as their children fatigued.

It may be ironic, but the fact of the matter remains that a person is not always rational after a divorce. Whimsically, it can be said that a separation of a marital bond does often affect the person’s ability of separation of rationality from irrationality!

While life as a single mother is quite tough, it is intriguing that women are the ones who initiate divorce twice as often as men do! After a divorce takes place, women are the custodians of the children they had in 90% of the cases; so it is true that women do have a high level of concern for their children. Often people in a separation emotionally act the same way children do when separated from their parents.

Causes And Symptoms Of Growth Hormone Deficiency!

MCH, MS- Surgery, MBBS
Endocrinologist, Guwahati
Causes And Symptoms Of Growth Hormone Deficiency!

The body produces a number of chemicals called hormones which are essential for the regulation of various functions including growth and metabolism. These hormones are produced by endocrine glands which are located in various parts of the body. One such important gland is the pituitary gland which produces the important growth hormone. This is essential for regulating optimal growth during the growing years and for maintaining proper amounts of body fat, muscles, and bones in the later years of life.

Causes: Deficiency of the growth hormones can occur due to a number of causes, some of which are listed below. It can be congenital (present at birth) or acquired later in life.
The congenital issue could be due to problem in the pituitary gland structure, leading to complete absence or reduced secretion of the hormone.
With age, there is a decrease in the amount of secretion. However, infections, injuries, brain tumors, surgery and radiation can also lead to altered amounts of secretion.

Symptoms: While growth hormone deficiency can occur at any age, symptoms differ depending on the age when the deficiency sets in.
In the early ages:

  • Lower rate of growth for a given age
  • Delayed developmental milestones
  • Delayed onset of puberty
  • Short stature/reduced height
  • Younger looking compared to other children their age
  • Fat deposition around the waist
  • Delayed dental development

When the deficiency sets in during the later years, there is

  • Low energy levels, constant tiredness
  • Decreased strength
  • Decreased exercise tolerance
  • Decreased overall muscle mass
  • Thin and dry skin
  • Increased fat deposition and weight gain around the waist
  • Changes in social behavior including alternate cycles of anxiety and depression
  • Lack of motivation
  • History of pituitary tumors
  • High levels of fat and cholesterol

 

The diagnosis depends on the age of the person

  • Blood tests are carried out to check the hormone levels in circulation
  • In children, in addition to the hormone levels, x-rays to see the status of growth plates is very helpful.
  • An insulin hypoglycemia test where insulin is given intravenously to see the levels of the growth hormone after 30 minutes.
  • Total cholesterol levels, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, apolipoprotein B, and triglyceride levels can be used to supplement the above tests.
  • CT scan and/or MRI of the brain may be needed if tumors are suspected.

Treatment: Once diagnosed, replacement therapy is given as shots a few times a week under the skin. This restores normal growth and helps in controlling the symptoms in adults too.
In cases of tumor, radiation or surgery may be required, but most cases are managed with hormone replacement.
Watch out for the symptoms if your child has delayed developmental milestones and early intervention can help restore growth and function to normal levels.

2 people found this helpful

Alcohol - When Is The Right Time To Consume It?

Bsc - Home Science, Msc - Home Science
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Bangalore
Alcohol - When Is The Right Time To Consume It?

Depending on various factors like time, quantity, age, sex, purpose, physical condition and health issues of the drinker, alcohol consumption can be harmless or can turn poisonous. While moderate and wise consumption can reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases, be good for circulatory system and may also prevent type2 diabetes and gallstones, heavy drinking and alcohol abuse may increase the risk of high blood pressure, liver disease (cirrhosis), pancreatitis, heart muscle damage (leading to heart failure) and even certain cancers.

To be a responsible drinker, the most vital point to be aware of is the right and the healthy time to have a drink, besides knowing how to control and prevent heavy drinking.

Times when cons outweigh the pros

Consuming alcohol during pregnancy, after being diagnosed with liver or pancreatic diseases, while taking medications or over-the-counter medications that can interact with alcohol, despite having a history of a haemorrhagic stroke are some of the times and situations when it should be avoided at any cost.

The right times:

Full stomach: If you wish to grab a drink, it is sensible and proper to have it after a full and hearty meal. The richer the pre-meal is with proteins, healthy fat, starch and other macronutrients, the more it will help slow down the rate at which alcohol gets absorbed into the bloodstream, thereby reducing the severity of nausea, dizziness, headaches and other alcohol-induced sicknesses. Eggs, fibre-rich cereals, nuts and salmons – source of vitamin B components, protein-rich chicken are some of the pre-game food items and delicacies that can greatly trim alcohol effects and hangover heaviness at the same time. Refined carbohydrates like chips and cookies don't slow down or prevent the effects of alcohol due to the fact that they can be digested comparatively quickly. Medical help regarding pre-alcohol meal should be sought in case of any health issues.

Hydrated body: Alcohol decreases the number of anti-diuretic hormones produced by our body, which helps us to stay hydrated. As a result, our body loses precious fluids fast and gets dehydrated at a faster pace. On top of that, increased urination and vomiting (if occurs) brought about by drinking further causes dehydration. Some of the signs of dehydration can be a dry and sticky mouth, decreased urination and headache. So it is really important to swallow a glass or two of water before so that you can start drinking with your body already hydrated with necessary fluid. In this context, it is also necessary to keep your body hydrated throughout. Maintaining a healthy alcoholic to non-alcoholic beverages ratio during the consumption process is always the best idea.

Sufficient sleep: Alcoholic drinks can interfere with our sleep. It disrupts the Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep and accelerates our metabolism. Hence our body becomes more alert than general and sleeping becomes difficult. It is advisable to avoid alcohol, if you had slept poorly the previous night and looking forward to a good night’s sleep.

2 people found this helpful

Female Infertility - 2 Treatment Procedures

Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (MRCOG)
Gynaecologist, Alwar
Female Infertility - 2 Treatment Procedures

Infertility is a condition wherein a woman does not get pregnant in spite of having unprotected sexual intercourse over a period of a year or even more. An abnormal menstrual cycle that is either too short or too long, irregular or even scanty can be an indication of a lack of ovulation, which in turn, is another factor behind female infertility.

Causes-

  1. Ovulation disorders are characterized by either a lack of ovulation or irregular and infrequent ovulation. These are a major cause of infertility. This may be due to defects in the regulation of the reproductive hormones by the pituitary gland or the hypothalamus (brain center responsible for producing some of the most essential hormones required by the body). Malfunctioning of the ovary is another cause in itself. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, premature failure of the ovaries (a condition wherein a woman’s ovaries fail to function properly even before she is 40 years old), hypothalamic dysfunction (a dysfunction of the hypothalamus) and excessive production of prolactin (a hormone that stimulates milk production among women after childbirth) by the pituitary gland are some of the factors responsible for the occurrence of such a disorder.

  2. Damaged fallopian tubes do not allow the sperms to fuse properly with the egg. They might also prevent the fertilized egg from entering into the uterus. This condition may be caused due to pelvic inflammatory diseases (a group of infections of the reproductive organs in women), an infection in the fallopian tubes or the uterus caused due to various Sexually Transmitted Diseases, any abdominal surgery or surgery of the pelvic region and pelvic tuberculosis.

  3. Endometriosis, wherein the tissue that usually grows in the uterus, starts growing outside it, is another factor responsible for infertility.

  4. Several cervical or uterine disorders, such as tumors, inflammation within the uterus, uterine abnormalities, a cervical narrowing or the inability of the cervix to produce mucous for the sperm to travel to the uterus, are likely to impact fertility by obstructing implantation or enhancing the chances of miscarriage.

Treatments-

  1. Reproductive assistance by Intrauterine insemination (a process that involves putting sperms inside a woman’s uterus in order to help her conceive) and Assisted reproductive technology consisting of IVF, which is the safest and the best.

  2. Fertility drugs can be used to regulate and induce ovulation. But they carry with them certain risks and therefore you should consult your physician prior to consumption. Few examples of these drugs are Clomiphene Citrate, Gonadotropins, Metformin, Letrozole and Bromocriptine.

  3. Surgical procedures can be recommended to correct reproductive abnormalities and restore fertility. A laparoscopic surgery or a tubal ligation reversal surgery (a surgery that unites one’s fallopian tubes again in order to enable the woman to have a baby) can be advised by the doctor.

3 people found this helpful

I am 26 years old and female. I have periods problem. From the date after the next month came I never had the cycle on the due time. Its start after 15 days from the date of previous months and the cycle stay for only 2 to 3 days.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda,
I am 26 years old and female. I have periods problem. From the date after the next month came I never had the cycle o...
Take Sukumaram Kasayam--2tsp+6tsp luke warm water-:(mrng & evng) before food for 7 days Take Asokarishta-:1 ounce (3 times/daily) after food for 3 months Include dates, raisins, pappaya,til ladoo/til Patti in your food.
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Tongue Diseases and Disorders Explained with Pictures

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Delhi
Tongue Diseases and Disorders Explained with Pictures

It can be very uncomfortable when you experience tongue problems.

For clues about problems in your mouth, stick out your tongue and look in the mirror.

A healthy tongue should be pink and covered with small nodules (papillae).

Any deviation from your tongue’s normal appearance, or any pain, may be cause for concern.

Most conditions are not serious, though some tongue problems can be a sign of oral cancer or other more serious problems.

Leukoplakia, thrush, and lichen planus are characterized by white patches on the tongue. A red tongue can be a sign of geographic tongue, scarlet fever, Kawasaki syndrome, or a vitamin deficiency.

Tongue movement problems are most often caused by nerve damage.

Rarely, problems moving the tongue may also be caused by a disorder where the band of tissue that attaches the tongue to the floor of the mouth is too short. This is called ankyloglossia.

Tests never show the reason behind the diseases it only shows the disease like increase in uric acid, increase in hemoglobin likewise. We should try to know the reasons behind the diseases not why these increased or decreased.

The types of tongue and the problems related to them will be shown in the video briefly.

  • Tongue (Human Sense Organ)
  • Normal Tongue
  • White patched Tongue
  • Rough Tongue
  • Flabby Tongue
  • Furrowed Tongue
  • Cut Chapped Tongue
  • Swollen Darkened Tongue
  • Centrally Cut Tongue
  • Dark Black Spotted Tongue
  • White Coated Chapped Tongue
  • Lime White Paste Tongue

Dr. R K Aggarwal is trying to opportune people by self examine themselves through Hatya Yoga (Ancient physical and mental strength building exercise).

Our aim is to let people self examine problems within their body and opportune them to cure themselves.

Honey Nutrition Facts

Dermatology and Hair Transplant Surgery Clinic
Dermatologist, Delhi
Honey Nutrition Facts

 

It includes vitamins, trace enzymes, amino acids, and minerals like calcium, iron, sodium chlorine, magnesium, phosphate, and potassium. Doctors advise taking Honey.​

Some benefits of Honey 

  • Because of its bend toward the acidic PH level (3.2 to 4.5), it helps reduce bacteria growth and the antioxidant properties help it wipe out some free radicals.
  • Because of its high carbohydrate load, honey is a wonderful source of unprocessed sugar energy.
  • Honey also helps the brain absorb calcium, which helps with memory as well.
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) gives credence to honey as a demulcent, which helps alleviate a cough due to the honey acting as a protective film over the throat.
10 people found this helpful

Natural Cycle IVF

DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Natural Cycle IVF

What is natural cycle IVF?

Natural cycle IVF involves collecting and fertilising the one egg that you release during your normal monthly cycle. No fertility drugs are used in this treatment.

Is natural cycle IVF for me?

It may be worth discussing this treatment option with your clinician if your periods are fairly regular and you are ovulating normally, but:

you are unable to take fertility drugs (for example, cancer patients or those whose clinician has suggested that they are at risk of OHSS – ovarian hyper-stimulation – a dangerous over-reaction to fertility drugs) because for personal or religious beliefs you do not wish to have surplus eggs or embryos destroyed or stored.

How does natural cycle IVF work?

The treatment is the same as conventional IVF, but without the fertility drugs that are used to stop natural egg production and hormones that boost the supply of eggs.

As your ovaries aren’t being artificially stimulated, you don’t need to rest as you would after conventional IVF.

If your treatment is unsuccessful, you can try again sooner if you wish.

Know More About Infertility

BAMS, MD Ayurveda
Sexologist, Lonavala
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Causes and home remedies for Infertility

Weight Loss - Homeopathic Remedies For It!

MD - Homeopathy, LCEH
Homeopath, Navi Mumbai
Weight Loss - Homeopathic Remedies For It!

Homeopathy has a number of uses. It is a popular form of medication since it has negligible side effects. Homeopathy can even be used to help reduce weight and maintain a healthy BMI or body mass index. However, do not expect a miracle. Homeopathic medicines act slowly and it can be quite a while before you notice physical changes.

As with any homeopathic medicine, no one cure fits all. When prescribing homeopathic medication for weight loss, a doctor will need to understand your detailed medical history, lifestyle and overall constitution. Homeopathic medication to lose weight works by stimulating metabolism. Thus, in order for the medication to be effective, it needs to be accompanied by regular exercise and a controlled diet.

  • Calcarea carbonica: This is prescribed in cases where weight gain is due to thyroid problems and when fatty tissue is accumulated in the abdomen. They also have a slow metabolism and often suffer from constipation. It can also be prescribed to women suffering from Polycystic Ovarian Disease to trigger weight loss.
  • Natrum mur: Patients who have been prescribed natrum mur for weight loss have usually put on weight due to chronic stress and depression. Their weight is often concentrated on the thighs and buttocks. They also often suffer from anemia.Natrum Mur can also be prescribed in combination with Ignatia when weight gain is triggered by depression.
  • Lycopodium; This is used mainly in cases where excess fat deposits are concentrated on the thighs and buttocks. These people often suffer from indigestion with common complaints of flatulence and constipation. They are also very irritable and prone to overeating.Lycopodium and calcarea carb are often prescribed together to trigger weight loss in patients suffering from hypothyroidism.
  • Nux vomica; A sedentary lifestyle is one of the most common causes for obesity and excessive weight. In such cases, nux vomica is an effective form of treatment. People who can be benefitted by nux vomica often also suffer from constipation and intolerance to cold drafts.Nux Vomica can also be prescribed in combination with Alumina.
  • Antimonium crudum: This is usually prescribed to obese children who have a tendency to overeat. These children also often suffer from indigestion alternating between diarrhea and constipation.
  • Graphites and Sepia: This is usually prescribed to women who may have put on excess weight due to menopause. They can be used on their own or in combination depending on the personality of the woman and the symptoms showcased. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a homeopath.
31 people found this helpful

How To Increase Your Child's Height With These Foods?

MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Jaipur
How To Increase Your Child's Height With These Foods?

Did you know that there are certain foods that increase your child's height naturally? Foods that are rich in essential nutrients such as Vitamins, Calcium, Zinc, Magnesium etc can prove to be highly instrumental in adding extra inches to your child's height. Read on...

1. Whole Grains - Whole grains are rich sources of Zinc, Magnesium and Vitamin B, which play a very vital role in promoting your child's growth during his/her budding years. Additionally, whole grains also contain calories and carbohydrates, which ensure the maintenance of proper weight in your child, imparting him/her with the requisite energy to go on throughout the day. Feed your child whole-grain breads, cereals and pastas to make him healthier and taller.

2. Milk - Milk contains calcium and vitamin D, which help in bone development during the growing years of a child, besides increasing his/her physical strength. Milk also helps in assimilating different proteins making it one of the best foods to be consumed by your child for attaining a good height. Three servings of milk, or milk products such as cheese or yoghurt, each day will suffice your child's Vitamin D and calcium requirement.

3. Fruits and Vegetables - Fruits are excellent sources of Vitamin A, which is instrumental in ensuring an enhanced rate of bone growth in your child, consequently making him/her taller. You can include carrots, mangoes, sweet potatoes, spinach etc. in your child's diet to aid his/her height growth. It's advisable to provide him/her with 3 to 5 servings of fruits and vegetables every day.

4. Eggs - To ensure that your child grows taller naturally, providing him/her with a protein rich diet is very crucial. Eggs contain ample amount of protein needed to keep your child energetic throughout the day and help him/her grow taller. One to two eggs per day is considered to be the ideal intake amount for a child.

5. Soybeans - Soybeans are rich sources of protein and help in enhancing the growth of bones and muscles of your child, which in turn adds to his/her height during the budding years. You can cook various soybean dishes or you can add ground soybean powder to the dough while making rotis to make soybean a part of your child's diet.

Although a child's height is also dependent on his/her genes, a well balanced diet containing these super-foods will increase your child's chances of growing to the fullest to attain a good height. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a pediatrician.

3 people found this helpful

Pregnancy Symptoms in Hindi - Pregnancy Ke Lakshan in Hindi - गर्भावस्था के लक्षण

B.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition, M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Pregnancy Symptoms in Hindi - Pregnancy Ke Lakshan in Hindi - गर्भावस्था के लक्षण

क्या आपको लग रहा है कि आप गर्भवती हैं? सुनिश्चित करने के लिए पता एकमात्र तरीका गर्भावस्था परीक्षण लेना है। लेकिन गर्भावस्था के प्रारंभिक लक्षण हैं जो आपको एक संकेत दे सकते हैं। आप अपना पीरियड मिस होने से भी पहले, गर्भावस्था के शुरुआती लक्षण देख सकते हैं। र्भावस्था के लक्षण महिला से महिला और गर्भावस्था से गर्भावस्था के लिए भिन्न होते हैं। 
इसके अलावा, हर महिला अलग है, और इसलिए उनके गर्भावस्था के अनुभव भी। लगभग 60% महिलाएं प्रारंभिक गर्भावस्था के लक्षणों को 6 सप्ताह गर्भवती होने पर देखती हैं, जबकि 90% महिलाएं लगभग आठ हफ्तों में देखती हैं। 
 

प्रेगनेंसी के लक्षण
गर्भावस्था के कुछ सबसे सामान्य प्रारंभिक लक्षण हैं:
1. पीरियड मिस होना:

पीरियड मिस होना सबसे आम गर्भावस्था का लक्षण है। यदि आप अपने प्रसव के वर्षों में हैं और एक हफ्ते या उससे अधिक की उम्मीद मासिक धर्म चक्र की शुरुआत के बिना पारित हो गए हैं, तो आप गर्भवती हो सकती हैं। हालांकि, यदि आपका अनियमित मासिक धर्म चक्र है तो यह लक्षण भ्रामक हो सकता है। 
2. मतली या सुबह की बीमारी:
मतली गर्भावस्था का दूसरा सबसे आम लक्षण है। सुबह की बीमारी, जो दिन या रात के किसी भी समय हड़ताल कर सकती है, अक्सर गर्भवती होने के एक महीने बाद शुरू होती है। मतली से अधिकतर गर्भवती महिलाएं दूसरे तिमाही की शुरुआत से पूरी राहत महसूस करती हैं। 
3. पीड़ादायक स्तन:
एक और आम गर्भावस्था के लक्षण हार्मोन के बढ़ते स्तरों के कारण संवेदनशील, सूजने वाले स्तन हैं। स्तन सूज, पीड़ादायक या सनसनाना हो सकता है, एक या दो सप्ताह बाद। आपके स्तन कोमल और भारी लग सकते हैं। निपल के आसपास का क्षेत्र, जिसे अरायला कहा जाता है, भी अंधेरा हो सकता है और आप अपनी सीने पर और अधिक स्पष्ट नसें देख सकते हैं।
आपका शरीर कुछ हफ्तों के बाद असुविधा को कम करेगा क्योंकि आपका शरीर हार्मोनल परिवर्तनों को समायोजित करता है।
4. थकान:
प्रारंभिक गर्भावस्था के दौरान, हार्मोन प्रोजेस्टेरोन का स्तर बढ़ता है, जिससे आप नींद महसूस कर सकते हैं। थकावट पहले त्रैमास के दौरान जारी रहती है, फिर दूसरे में कम हो जाती है। हालांकि, थकान आमतौर पर गर्भावस्था के बाद के चरणों में फिर बढ़ती है। बहुत अधिक वजन और गर्भावस्था के कुछ सामान्य असुविधाएं के कारण, जिससे रात की नींद प्राप्त करना अधिक मुश्किल होती है।
5. हल्का खून बहना:
गर्भाधान के बाद, निषेचित अंडे गर्भाशय की दीवार से जुड़ते है। इसे आरोपण कहा जाता है। मासिक धर्म की अवधि के दौरान प्रत्यारोपण खून बहता है। हालांकि, सभी महिलाओं के साथ ऐसा नहीं होता। 
6. योनि स्राव:
रक्तस्राव के अलावा, एक महिला को उसकी योनि से सफेद, दूधिया पदार्थ निकलता दिखाई पड़ सकता है। यह योनि की दीवारों की मोटाई से संबंधित है। यह गर्भावस्था के दौरान जारी रह सकता है, आमतौर पर हानिरहित है और इसके उपचार की आवश्यकता नहीं है।
7. पेशाब में वृद्धि:
अक्सर पेशाब एक और प्रारंभिक गर्भावस्था का लक्षण है। गर्भावस्था के दौरान आपके शरीर में अतिरिक्त तरल पदार्थ पैदा होते हैं, जिससे आप अधिक पेशाब करते हैं। आपके गर्भावस्था की प्रगति के दौरान लगातार पेशाब जारी रहेगा या तेज हो जाएगा। 
8. मूड में लगातार बदलाव:
गर्भावस्था के दौरान मूड-स्विंग होना सामान्य है, हार्मोनल परिवर्तनों के कारण जो न्यूरोट्रांसमीटर को प्रभावित करते हैं। कुछ लोग बढ़ा-चढ़ाकर भावनाओं का अनुभव करते हैं, दोनों अच्छे और बुरे, जबकि दूसरों को अधिक उदास या चिंतित लगता है। 
9. भोजन की तृष्णा:
जब आप गर्भवती हों, तो आप कुछ गंधों के प्रति अधिक संवेदनशील हो सकते हैं और आपके स्वाद की भावना बदल सकती है।

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Baby Growth During Pregnancy - गर्भावस्था में शिशु का विकास

B.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition, M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Baby Growth During Pregnancy - गर्भावस्था में शिशु का विकास

तो आप गर्भवती हो। बधाई हो! क्या आप उत्सुक नहीं हैं यह जानने के लिए कि आपका विकासशील बच्चा कितना बड़ा है, आपका बच्चा कैसा दिखता है और कब आप उसके कदम महसूस करेंगे?
आपका बच्चा कोशिकाओं के एक छोटे समूह के रूप में शुरू होता है, लेकिन नौ महीने की गर्भावस्था की प्रक्रिया के दौरान वह चेहरे की विशेषताओं, दिल की धड़कन और चलते पैरों के साथ एक अद्भुत बच्ची बन जाती है। प्रत्येक चरण में होने वाले अलग-अलग परिवर्तनों के कारण गर्भावस्था के विकास के चरणों को त्रिमितीय कहा जाता है (तीन महीने की अवधि)। जानना चाहते हैं कि उन तीन तिमाही के दौरान क्या होता है, आपका बच्चा सप्ताह से सप्ताह तक कैसे विकसित होता है?
आइए, देखते हैं कि बच्चे के विकास के दौरान क्या होता है:
सप्ताह 1:

आप वास्तव में अभी तक गर्भवती नहीं हैं। भले ही गर्भावस्था 40 हफ्तों तक हो, लेकिन आप केवल 38 सप्ताह तक अपने बच्चे को पालते है।
सप्ताह 2:
यह वह सप्ताह है जिसमें आप अंडोत्सर्ग करते हैं। आपकी अंडाशय आपके फैलोपियन ट्यूब में एक पका हुआ अंडा (डिंब) जारी करता है, जहां यह शुक्राणु की प्रतीक्षा करेगा। 
सप्ताह 3:
निषेचन के बाद, भ्रूण पोषण के लिए आपके गर्भाशय की दीवार पर चिपक जाएगा, एक प्रक्रिया जिसे आरोपण कहा जाता है। आपका बच्चा एक छोटी गेंद है, जिसे ब्लास्टोसिस्ट कहा जाता है, कई सौ कोशिकाओं से बना है जो तेज़ी से बढ़ रहे हैं।
सप्ताह 4:
आपके गर्भाशय की गहराई में, आपका बच्चा दो परतों से बना भ्रूण है, और आपके आदिम गर्भनाल का विकास हो रहा है। भ्रूण दो भागों में विभाजित होता है, एक आधा नाल बन जाता है और दूसरा आधा बढ़ना जारी रहता है।
सप्ताह 5:
भ्रूण के पास अब तीन अलग-अलग परत हैं: बाहरी एक्टोडर्म, जो तंत्रिका तंत्र, कान, आंख, आंतरिक कान और कई संयोजी ऊतकों का निर्माण करेगा; एंडोडर्म, या आंतरिक परत, जो फेफड़ों, आंतों और मूत्राशय की तरह आंतरिक अंगों में बढ़ेगा; और मध्य मेसोडर्म, जो अंततः दिल और संचार प्रणाली बना देगा।
सप्ताह 6:
इस हफ्ते, आपके बच्चे के मस्तिष्क गोलार्द्धों का निर्माण हो रहा है और मस्तिष्क तरंगों को अब रिकॉर्ड किया जा सकता है। आपके बच्चे के नाक, मुंह, और कान आकार लेने लगे हैं। आपको सुबह की बीमारी और स्पॉटिंग हो सकती है।
सप्ताह 7:
आपका बच्चा अभी भी एक छोटी पूंछ के साथ एक भ्रूण है और हाथ और पैर बना रहा है आपका गर्भाशय आकार में दोगुना हो गया है। 
सप्ताह 8:
आपके बच्चे के विकास में तेजी आ रही है। जैसे-जैसे वह बड़ा हो जाता है, उसके नाजुक चेहरे की विशेषताएं और अधिक परिष्कृत होते जा रहे हैं, उसके कान, ऊपरी होंठ, और उसकी नाक के नुकीले टिप सभी स्पष्ट रूप से दिखाई देते हैं। इस बीच, आप जन्म के पूर्व परीक्षणों के बारे में निर्णय ले सकते हैं।
सप्ताह 9:
अग्न्याशय और पित्ताशय जैसे कुछ अन्य प्रमुख अंगों के साथ, प्रजनन अंग अब बनने लगते हैं। 
सप्ताह 10:
आपके बच्चे ने विकास का सबसे महत्वपूर्ण हिस्सा समाप्त कर दिया है। 
सप्ताह 11:
इस हफ्ते, लगभग सभी अंगों के कामकाज शुरू होते हैं। 
सप्ताह 12:
आपके बच्चे की मांसपेशियों का विकस शुरू हो गया है। जब आप अपने पेट पर अपना हाथ रखते हैं, तो आपका बच्चा प्रतिक्रिया में शायद विचलित हो जाएगा क्योंकि उसकी प्रतिक्रियाएं विकसित होने लगती हैं। वह अपनी उंगलियों को खोलने और बंद करना शुरू कर देगा।
सप्ताह 13:
यह पहली तिमाही का अंतिम सप्ताह है! आपके बच्चे के पास अब अनूठे फिंगरप्रिंट हैं और लगभग 3 इंच लंबा है।
सप्ताह 14:
आप और अधिक ऊर्जा और कम मतली महसूस करते हैं।  
सप्ताह 15:
आपका बच्चा प्रकाश को अनुभव सकता है और स्वाद की कलियों को बना रहा है।
सप्ताह 16:
आपके बच्चे के नाजुक कंकाल कठोर हो रहे हैं। अगले कुछ हफ्तों में, आपका बच्चा अपने वजन को दोगुना कर देगा और अपनी लंबाई में कुछ इंच जोड़ देगा।
सप्ताह 17:
गर्भनाल मजबूत और मोटा हो रहा है।
सप्ताह 18:
अल्ट्रासाउंड पर देखने के लिए आपके बच्चे के गुप्तांग काफी विकसित होते हैं।
सप्ताह 19:
आपका बच्चा आपको सुन सकता है!
सप्ताह 20:
आप अपनी गर्भावस्था में आधे रास्ते पर पहुंच गए हैं!
सप्ताह 21:
अपने बचे को हिलता महसूस कर सकेंगे। 
सप्ताह 22:
इस हफ्ते वह अपने स्पर्श की भावना को ठीक कर रहा है।
सप्ताह 23:
सर्फैक्टेंट का उत्पादन किया जा रहा है, एक पदार्थ है जो वायु कोष को फूलने मे और फेफड़ों को पूरी तरह से विस्तारित करने में सक्षम बनाता है।
सप्ताह 24:
जब आप चलते हैं, तो आपका बच्चा गति महसूस कर सकता है।
सप्ताह 25:
आपका बच्चा कुछ वसा जोड़ने और अधिक बाल बढ़ाना शुरू कर रहा है।
सप्ताह 26:
आपके बच्चे का पहला मल त्याग बड़ी आंत में बना रहा है। मोटी, अंधेरी गंदगी को मेकोनिया कहा जाता है और यह आम तौर पर पैदा होने के तुरंत बाद उत्सर्जित होता है।
सप्ताह 27:
यदि आप एक गुदगुदी महसूस करते हैं, तो यह आपके बच्चे की हिचकी हो सकती है।
सप्ताह 28:
आपका बच्चा अपनी आँखों को खोलने और बंद करना शुरू कर देगा।
सप्ताह 29:
आपके बच्चे की मांसपेशियों और फेफड़े परिपक्व हो रहे हैं, और उसका सिर उसके विकासशील मस्तिष्क के लिए जगह बनाने के लिए बढ़ रहा है।
सप्ताह 30:
आपका बच्चा अब लगभग 3 पाउंड का हो गया है और इस बीच, मन बदलाव, भद्दापन और थकान से जूझ सकते हैं।
सप्ताह 31:
आपके बच्चे की मजबूत लातें, रात में आपको जगाए रख सकती है और आपको ब्रेक्सटन हिक्स के संकुचन भी महसूस होंगे।
सप्ताह 32:
इस समय तक उनके सभी प्रमुख अंग, फेफड़ों को छोड़कर, पूरी तरह से काम कर रहे हैं। लगभग सभी बच्चे जो इस स्तर पर या इसके बाद पैदा हुए, जीवित रहते हैं और स्वस्थ जीवन प्राप्त करते हैं।
सप्ताह 33:
क्योंकि आपके गर्भाशय में जगह कम पद रही है, गर्भावस्था में आपके बच्चे इस समय पर कम सक्रिय हो जाते हैं।
सप्ताह 34:
इस हफ्ते, सुरक्षात्मक वर्नेक्स केसोसा मोटा होना शुरू होता है।
सप्ताह 35:
इस समय, आपके बच्चे को उल्टा होना चाहिए, उसके सिर को योनि की तरफ आना चाहिए।
सप्ताह 36:
डिलीवरी की तैयारी में बच्चा आपके श्रोणि में जा सकता है।
सप्ताह 37:
नाभि गर्भनाल आपके डिलीवरी की तैयारी में, अपने बच्चे को एंटीबॉडी देने लगती है।
सप्ताह 38:
आपकी गर्भावस्था को अब पूर्णकालिक माना जाता है। बच्चे 38 और 42 सप्ताह के बीच कहीं बाहर आ जाते हैं।
सप्ताह 39:
इस समय तक, आपका बच्चा किसी भी समय बाहर आने के लिए तैयार है।
सप्ताह 40:
यदि आपने अभी तक डिलीवरी नहीं की है, तो आपका ओ.बी. आप पर अधिक बारीकी से नजर रखेगा। आपको सी सेक्शन के लिए जाना पड़ सकता है।

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Palliative Care

MD - Family Medicine, MBBS, Pain & Palliative Care Specialist
General Physician, Anand
Palliative Care

WHO Definition : An approach that improves the quality of life of patients and their families facing the problems associated with life-threatening illness, through the prevention and relief of suffering by means of early identification and impeccable assessment and treatment of pain and other problems, physical, psychosocial and spiritual.

I am a Palliative Care Physician, actively involved in relief of suffering of patients with Cancer, Chronic liver disease, Kidney failure, Paralysed patients, Bed ridden patients.

Pain relief is the most important in these patients. Currently, Palliative care is developing in India.

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Male Fertility Surgery

DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Male Fertility Surgery

Male fertility surgery

Microsurgery

Male microsurgery also involves specialised operative techniques for the repair of very small structures, such as the tubes that carry sperm (the vas deferens). It is commonly used where there is a low sperm count, or no sperm at all.

Microsurgery can be used to:

  • reverse a Vasectomy
  • bypass a blockage in the epididymis,
  • cure a Varicocele (swelling of the veins about the testis), which allows the testis to produce better sperm,
  • In the case of azoospermia (absence of sperm in the testes), microsurgery is also used to perform surgical sperm retrieval so it can be used for Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI). The genetic make up of the sperm is tested first, before fertility treatment.

Most microsurgery is done as a day surgery procedure, and you will need up to a week to recover after the procedure. Occasionally we can cure obstruction to sperm passage in the urinary tract.

Sun Therapy for Premature Ejaculation

Ph.D (Male Infertility), M.S (Infertility), D.G.L.S, D.R.C.O.G, C.Sc., D.M.R.D, M.B.B.S
Sexologist, Bangalore
Sun Therapy for Premature Ejaculation

Sun therapy for Premature ejaculation.
Exposure of glans penis to sun light is a standard therapy for premature ejaculation and may be even more effective than antidepressant medications in treating this condition. World famous sexologist Dr. C sharath kumar has done research and shown that sun therapy works by desensitisation of the glans penis. It makes glans mucosa rough and tough. 
Also it accumulates melonin pigment. 
Sun therapy also helps in reducing balano posthitis which is one of the cause of pe.
Early morning or evening walk in the sun may help fight the depression and anxiety that often accompany pe. You might also consider investing in a sun lamp or light box, which may help raise serotonin by mimicking the bright rays of the sun.

4 people found this helpful

Water Intake During Food

B.A.M.S.
Ayurveda,
Water Intake During Food

We can drink water before 40 min of food.

After meal, we can drink water minimum 1 hour after of intake food.

3 people found this helpful

My baby is 3.5 mnth old he is having loose motions and little bit fever from 4-5 days. What could be the reason?

MD - Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
My baby is 3.5 mnth old he is having loose motions and little bit fever from 4-5 days. What could be the reason?
Hello lybrate-user, first of all confirm that fever is present or not. Also loose motion can be due to recent change in dietary pattern or infection. Try exclusive breast feeding and if not possible sterlization of feeding utensils is very important. If fever and loose motion persists contact paediatrician immediatly.
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