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Patient Review Highlights
Dr. Arif Yunus provides answers that are very helpful. Sir I am taking montek LC under doctor observation my IGE level was (294) 10 months ago and I have been taking medication for last 10 months is it ok now my allergy is 170
I found the answers provided by the Dr. Arif Yunus to be very helpful and caring. okay Thankyou sir
Dr. Arif Yunus provides answers that are knowledgeable. thanks doctor
Alhamdulillah it was wonderful xperiance wid dr.arif...
I am suffering from nasal infections. Actually I have allergies with various things like dust, cold, perfume etc .Help me.
I am suffering from asthma. But it is not present from my birth. It happens from tension. How to get free from it? And what are the symptoms of Dengue? Can you please explain? Help me out.
Asthma is a chronic lung disease that causes inflammation and narrows the airways in the lungs. The problem of Asthma is often hereditary but there are cases where asthma develops due to certain environmental factors. In such a condition, the airways become swollen and the muscles around the airways tighten making it difficult to breathe. Sometimes it is called bronchial asthma or reactive airway disease. Asthma symptoms are experienced when the airways tighten, inflame or fill with mucus. Some of the common symptoms include:
- Coughing at night or early in the morning
- Shortness of breath
- Chest Tightness, pain or pressure
- A whistling sound in your chest when you breathe called wheezing
Severe asthma attacks can be life-threatening, therefore one needs to be very careful and take all the necessary precautions in order to avoid any kind of triggers. Asthma attacks occur only when something irritates your lungs.
There are two types of asthma
- Allergic asthma: Allergic asthma develops due to the continued exposure to an allergen.
- Non-Allergic Asthma: It usually caused by stress, exercise, irritants in the air or due to some illnesses like cold or flu.
Some of the triggers are:
- Extreme weather conditions such as extremely cold or extremely dry, wet or windy weather
- Strenuous exercise
- Irritants in the air such as smoke and strong odors.
- Indoor allergens such as dust
- Outdoor allergens such as pollens from grass, trees and weeds.
- If you are suffering from asthma, you should be aware of all the asthma triggers and avoid them at all costs. It can be very serious if asthma is misdiagnosed or left untreated. A person with asthma can lead a happy and productive life by taking proper treatment at the right time getting himself properly diagnosed by an allergist. Your allergist will give you a treatment plan.
- Once your asthma has been controlled, the patient can return to regular life immediately and no hospital stay or visit is required.
- The doctors usually use a combination of medication and breathing exercise to treat the problem of asthma effectually. It is, however, important to remember that asthma changes with time, which makes it essential to be in touch with your doctor to adjust treatment as needed. When properly managed with a good treatment plan and guidance of your doctor, you can live a perfectly normal life and do things that you enjoy.
The invention of biological vaccines has proven beneficial to mankind. Vaccination has helped save millions of lives in the last century and continue to form an effective barrier against a host of debilitating diseases. We may state that vaccines represent a miracle of modern science, but citizens need to follow a schedule devised by experts. The Indian Academy of Pediatrics indicates global trends in vaccination and analyzes their efficacy in fending off pathogens by strengthening bodily immunity in human beings. The association creates a list of recommended vaccines and changes in immunization schedules.
What is an immunization schedule?
First of all, it is important to understand what immunization is. It is a procedure that protects human beings and animals from specific diseases. The vaccine is a scientifically developed product which helps defend animal bodies from a range of conditions. This protection can be achieved in two ways; either the person naturally contracts and recovers from the disease or is injected with ‘shots’ for an artificially formulated and manufactured vaccine.
Immunization has played major role in controling infectious diseases. Small pox,a killer disease, has been wiped out. Immunization has changed health and practice of medicine for the better.
Here is the immunization schedule specified by the Indian Academy of Pediatrics for the prevention of diseases.
- BCG or Bacillus Calmette-Guerin: This vaccine offers protection from fatal diseases such as tuberculosis, and it is administered to newborn babies. In case the child has missed a dose, the vaccine may be administered till the child attains one year of age.
- DPT or Diphtheria, Pertussis, and Tetanus Toxoid: As the name suggests, this vaccine offers protection from diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus. There are five doses of the disease; the three primary treatments are given during the 6th, 10th, and 14th week of a newborn’s life. The first booster dosage is administered later at the age of 16 months and 24 months, while the second booster dose is given at the age of 5 years to 6 years.
- Hepatitis B: This immunization offers protection from Hepatitis B. A child is required to take four doses of this vaccination. The first dose needs to be taken at birth, and the subsequent doses follow in the 6th, 10th, and 14th week.
- Measles- Lyophilized: This protects newborns from measles. An individual needs to take two doses. The first dose must be taken between the ages of 9 months and 12 months. The second one is given at the age of 16 months to 24 months.
- Tetanus toxoid: It is important to take two doses of tetanus toxoid for protection against tetanus. A woman has to take this immunization during her pregnancy.
- Japanese Encephalitis: This vaccination provides relief from Japanese Encephalitis or brain fever. This virus is active in almost all parts of Asia. Two doses of this vaccine are administered, wherein the first one needs to be taken between 9 months and 12 months of age. The second dosage must be taken between 16 months and 24 months.
Thus, following the immunization schedule devised by your child’s pediatrician is crucial, and must be followed diligently.