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Our kidneys are responsible for filtering blood in order to remove all the toxic waste and then clear them out through urine. These tiny filters are known as glomeruli. Like any other organ, the functioning of the kidneys could be affected due to acute reasons, which can lead to accumulation of toxins in the body.
This can be due to either age, injury, infection, or other diseases. Acute infection of the kidneys causing glomerulonephritis is a very common condition. Read on to know more about its types, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
- Can be acute or chronic. Most acute cases follow an episode of viral or bacterial infection like skin or throat infection. Children are more likely to develop this compared to healthy adults. When presenting with reddish urine, it is always important to ask if there was a recent episode of throat or skin infection (bacterial or viral). A positive answer should lead to a suspicion for glomerulonephritis
- Can occur as a separate infection or as a part of other infections like a bladder infection, etc.
- Diabetics are more prone to develop chronic glomerulonephritis
- People with autoimmune diseases like lupus can also develop the chronic variety
- Vascular conditions like polyarteritis which affect multiple blood vessels also can lead to glomerulonephritis
One of the most common symptoms includes the release of blood into the urine, which gives it a cola colour. This red-tinged urine is one of the most obvious symptoms of glomerulonephritis
- Fluid retention can lead to swelling of the legs, hands, and face
- Higher levels of blood pressure
- Chemically, there could be increased amount of protein released into the urine, and urinalysis will reveal higher amounts of protein in the urine
As it can be asymptomatic, it can go untreated and can cause:
Diagnosis: The chronic condition can go unnoticed due to lack of symptoms.
- If the patient complains of red or foaming urine, a urinalysis should be done. This would indicate blood cells, increased protein levels, and increased creatinine levels.
- Blood tests would indicate higher creatinine and BUN levels
- Imaging studies (CT scan or x-rays) can be done in chronic cases to identify the extent of kidney damage
- In some cases, biopsy may be done
- Acute cases may subside on their own or may require a course of antibiotics
- Associated conditions like autoimmune disorders, diabetes, vasculitis, should be treated
- Long-term kidney failure patients may require dialysis or transplant to restore kidney function.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
What is the main reason for infections in human body and what are the remedies for urine infections and best method for reasons for infections.
My creatinine level in April was .9, in november creatinine level increase 1.0,is this any serious problem? Slight pain in legs since 6 days, no any problem ,uric acid level 6.1, talking skin and migraine treatment since 15 days,
The problem of an enlarged prostate or benign prostate hyperplasia is a very common occurrence as you grow older. It's known to strike men above the age of 50, with more than 50% of men after the age of 60, having this complaint.
Causes of enlarged prostate
A non-cancerous condition, enlarged prostate makes the passing of urine from the bladder through the urethra difficult. The multiplication of the prostate cells causes an enlargement of the gland, leading to a buildup of pressure on the urethra, affecting the discharge of urine from the body. The narrowing of the urethra, due to this benign condition, forces the bladder to contract more vigorously so as to push urine out of the body.
As time passes, the muscles of the bladder get significantly affected, causing them to become extremely sensitive, thicker and stronger. As a consequence, the bladder begins to contract, even if the amount of urine in the organ is negligible, causing episodes of frequent urination. Gradually, the bladder fails to completely empty itself of urine due to the constriction of the urethra. This can give rise to a number of health problems including the formation of bladder stones, urinary tract infections, blood in the urine and so on.
How can you identify the signs of the condition?
Signs of enlarged prostate are very easy to identify and include:
- A slow or weak urine flow
- Difficulty in initiating urination
- Instances of frequent urination
- A feeling of not completely emptying one's bladder
- Frequent urination during the night
- Exerting a lot to urinate
- Instances of dribbling
- Urgency to pass urine
- A feeling of urinating again minutes after doing so
- Urination that starts and stops. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a General Surgeon.