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My father is suffering from paralysis in right side. Due to which he is unable to speak although all other body parts are working but weakness is there. There are some blood clots in brain. Around 3 yrs have passed hv tried so many hospitals and doctors. But speech problem is not solving please help me is there any surgery or else so he can recover little bit.
With age, most body organs begin to deteriorate in their function. This happens to the brain also, thereby reducing the overall speed of functioning of most organs. While slowing of bodily movement is visible, the internal organs functioning also slows down, which is not that obvious. Memory loss or dementia is one of the main manifestations of this degeneration of the brain.
Alzheimer’s is the most common form of dementia, and the associated symptoms includes reduced reasoning abilities and cognitive defects. Though it is seen only in the elderly, not all elderly people will have Alzheimer’s. The overall quality of life of the affected person is reduced with difficulty remembering things that were recently learned. It is a progressive disease and as it gets more severe, a full-time caretaker may be required.
Causes: The brain cells are affected by protein masses known as plaques and tangles. These hamper the way communication between the brain cells happens as well as affect nutrition from reaching all parts of the brain. This leads to shrinking of the brain, eventually leading to memory loss and other problems. There is also a strong genetic linkage, as most people with Alzheimer’s have the lipoprotein A gene.
Symptoms: Though memory loss is the most common symptom, there are other symptoms:
- Being confused about places, people, and times
- Inability to find the right words during conversations
- Regular objects are misplaced
- Becoming irritable, (in someone who was not so previously)
- Mood swings
- Personality changes
- Inability to organise thoughts
- Not able to make the right decisions
- Repetitive talks and actions
- Forgetfulness (not something the person always does)
- Difficulty with numbers (again, not something calculations
- Difficulty managing everyday tasks and minor problems
- Suspicion of others (like immediate family members and friends)
Risk factors: While age is definitely a risk factor, the fact that not all aged people develop Alzheimer’s is to be borne in mind. Other risk factors include the history of stroke, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, obesity, and poor lifestyle choices.
Diagnosis: While there is no definitive way to diagnose Alzheimer’s, symptoms along with brain scans and neuropsychological function testing are useful ways to confirm the diagnosis.
Treatment: This is aimed at two things reducing the rate of disease progression and treat (or reverse) symptoms if possible.
Cholinesterase inhibitors improve cellular communication in the brain and also manage depression and agitation. Memantine is used to slow the pace of disease progression.
In people with the disease, small changes are useful to help them with the symptoms. These include keeping essential things like keys and wallet in the same place, keep a daily diary to help them remember things, keep pictures of friends and family within visible distance. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a psychiatrist.
I am having depression and anxiety from last 7 years. I am taking medicines for depression from last 7 years. I am IT teacher in a school. I feel lethargy and laziness daily. I am unable to follow my daily routine. I daily struggle to go to school. I feel low in energy. What is the reason for lethargy, laziness and low energy. I sometimes do meditation for 15 minutes. I want to be physically strong, energetic and active. What should I do?
I am alisha. 22 years old past one week I have some fear, and any time I am thing about my past problems. Why should I do?
I met love failure. Mind heart full of his thinking only. He loving someother girl. But iam not able to forget him. Wat he spoke with me everything iam getting rememberence and iam crying whole day and night. I want to come out from this pain and should think about me my future and all. Pl.Suggest me some ways to make myself happy like others.
Hi I am newly married I married on 11th may but I do not have sex with my wife because I am feeling very shy to be naked in front of her I want to do it tonight please advice what to do how should I ask for sex to her.
I'm 14 year old boy. I'm getting too tensed. And behaving aggressively with all. I'm totally confused why I'm doing this.
Hi I want to discuss this issue with real seriousness that my friend Rene has been suffering for quite a long, long time. It's actually very agonizing when you notice you are different from the others and yet you have to deal with it as you have been suggested by your elders that it will be okay when you are 18. But that okay never happened. Being his childhood friend, he shared everything with me and so I came to know that he has been suffering from micropenis syndrome all throughout his life. His hormonal changes were bit late too. His voice started breaking at 15 years while he started growing beard at late 17. Most importantly his penis never grew after 8 years or nine years. Is there any treatment for this type of medical problems. Now he is 19 and doing engineering and I feel it's high time to see a doctor. I would be highly grateful if you could provide with me some informations regarding this because its really a grave situation for me and my friend. Every one at his age is having girlfriends and he is scared of getting into any type of relationships. Sometimes a person need someone more than a friend but he is too scared and embarrassed with his own self. He have been bullied quite a lot in school. Recently it's hitting him really bad. He feels depressed whenever we, our friends start talking about our lives, our future. It's really hard for him to swim through the awkwardness of his own life. Please look into the matter. I would highly appreciate your views.
I am 24. I am facing depression for months and not able to concentrate on my studies. I am so disappointed. What to do ?
My younger son completed 2. 5 years and still not able to speak. Kindly advice for further action. Some times he not listing the our sound also.
I really do not know how to question my problem. But as I realize its something very serious. From last 2 year its had happened for 3 times although my guardians do not know about it and I really do not know how to speak them about it. So this is my problem whenever my friend smoke weed and if the smell it enters or I think much something happens to me. Like everything turns into slow motion and I feel like m dieing and its truth am know able to explain it but I really feel like am dieing but as soon as I have plenty of water it calm down. For the first time when it happened my friend took me to bed and beside me they were present and the next day they said that the whole night you were screaming and saying am dieing help help and all.
I am in deeply depression since 8 months. I am staying single & unmarried. My family is depending on me only. My earnings are not much saving but I can handle any kind criticalities. I am the decision maker in my family. Now I am afraid to make decisions & take action on which happenings on my family. Present situation is that I am not able to concentrate to my personality development. I don't trust people much & I don't like to dependent on anyone. If I trust, I always try to be with them only and I can do anything for them (if not possible by me also). But they feel like bored & casually. I tried to avoid loneliness. I used to play chess most with online users. So that I get some relax for while but how can I play whole day? I also did whole day for some days. I did reading stories now I feel like these all stories I read already. I used to listening songs with high volumes but it seems like ear can damage. Now a days I am getting angry on everyone with small reasons. I feel that I wanna cry loudly, I wanna laugh bigger, I wanna shout very loud voice, I wanna fight. But I can not do these all things. I have respect in society & my office. I did not used at least rubbish language & I did not rude also. If I share my problems with anyone, they says me like its time to start drink, get married, get dating kind of, go for outings, and so many. I don't tried to make nonsense of myself because if anything goes wrong with me, the effect will be on my entire family. That's why I am so careful myself.
When you think of bed, what comes to mind? If you’re like most people, sleep and sex are probably the first things you think of; however, your bed can be used for more than both. It can be a place where you and your partner can unwind and grow your relationship through talking.
Pillow talk, as many couples affectionately call it, is such an important part of a healthy relationship. Talking to your spouse before you both drift off to sleep can be extremely intimate, and there doesn’t have to be any intimate touching involved.
I am 37 love failure getting depressed. Every time unknowingly even I am busy I am unable to forget her . To forget her I make my self engage in work . Still no able to forget.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a range of complex neurodevelopment disorders, characterized by social impairments, communication difficulties, and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behaviour. Males are four times more likely to have an ASD than females. A recent study in US found 1 in 68 children suffering from autism.
What are some common signs of autism?
The hall feature of ASD is impaired social interaction. As early as infancy, a baby with ASD may be unresponsive to people or focus intently on one item to the exclusion of others for long periods of time. A child with ASD may appear to develop normally and then withdraw and become indifferent to social engagement.
Children with an ASD may fail to respond to their names and often avoid eye contact with other people. They have difficulty interpreting what others are thinking or feeling because they can’t understand social cues, such as tone of voice or facial expressions, and don’t watch other people’s faces for clues about appropriate behaviour. They lack empathy.
Many children with an ASD engage in repetitive movements such as rocking, or self-abusive behaviour such as biting or head-banging. They also tend to start speaking later than other children. Children with an ASD don’t know how to play interactively with other children. Some speak in a sing-song voice about a narrow range of favourite topics, with little regard for the interests of the person to whom they are speaking.
Children with characteristics of an ASD may have co-occurring conditions, including Fragile X syndrome (which causes mental retardation), tuberous sclerosis, epileptic seizures, Tourette syndrome, learning disabilities, and attention deficit disorder. About 20 to 30 percent of children with an ASD develop epilepsy by the time they reach adulthood.
How is autism diagnosed?
Very early indicators that require evaluation by an expert include:
• no babbling or pointing by age 1
• no single words by 16 months or two-word phrases by age 2
• no response to name
• loss of language or social skills
• poor eye contact
• excessive lining up of toys or objects
• No smiling or social responsiveness.
If you find any of these features in your child, please consult the local pediatrician or child neurologist if available who can assess your child in detail. There is no single blood test to diagnose autism. However, the doctor needs to look into certain disorders in which children have similar features or having features of autism in addition to other signs of that disorder. E.g. Tuber sclerosis, Landau-kleffner syndrome (a form of Epilpesy), other childhood epilepsies, some metabolic and genetic disease. So your doctor may do some blood test, hearing assessment, EEG, etc. depending upon the presenting features and assessment.
What role does inheritance play?
Twin and family studies strongly suggest that some people have a genetic predisposition to autism. Identical twin studies show that if one twin is affected, there is up to a 90 percent chance the other twin will be affected. In families with one child with ASD, the risk of having a second child with the disorder is approximately 5 percent, or one in 20. This is greater than the risk for the general population.
Do symptoms of autism change over time?
For many children, symptoms improve with treatment and with age. Children whose language skills regress early in life (before the age of 3) appear to have a higher than normal risk of developing epilepsy or seizure-like brain activity. During adolescence, some children with an ASD may become depressed or experience behavioural problems, and their treatment may need some modification as they transition to adulthood. People with an ASD usually continue to need services and supports as they get older, but many are able to work successfully and live independently or within a supportive environment.
How is autism managed?
There is no cure for ASDs. However, it is important to diagnose it early and look for associated conditions like ADHD (Attention deficit hyperactive disorder), Epilepsy, sleep disorders, etc. Earlier is intervention, better is the outcome. Therapies and behavioral interventions are designed to remedy specific symptoms and can bring about substantial improvement. The ideal treatment plan coordinates therapies and interventions that meet the specific needs of individual children.
Educational/behavioural interventions: Therapists use highly structured and intensive skill-oriented training sessions to help children develop social and language skills, such as Applied Behavioural Analysis. Family counselling for the parents and siblings of children with an ASD often helps families cope with the particular challenges of living with a child with an ASD.
Medications: Doctors may prescribe medications for treatment of specific autism-related symptoms, such as anxiety, depression, or obsessive-compulsive disorder. Antipsychotic medications are used to treat severe behavioural problems. Seizures can be treated with one or more anticonvulsant drugs. Medication used to treat people with attention deficit disorder can be used effectively to help decrease impulsivity and hyperactivity.
Other therapies: There are a number of controversial therapies or interventions available, but few, if any, are supported by scientific studies. Parents should use caution before adopting any unproven treatments. Although dietary interventions have been helpful in some children, parents should be careful that their child’s nutritional status is carefully followed.
Conclusion: Autism is seen commonly now a day. The main features are delayed speech, poor eye contact and social interaction and restricted interest with repetitive behaviour. Parents and physician should aware of its early symptoms so that early intervention can be started.