Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified Urologists in India. You will find Urologists with more than 28 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Urologists online in Hyderabad and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.
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Treatment Of Erectile Dysfunction
Treatment Of Male Sexual Problems
Treatment of H.I.V
Hydrocele Treatment (Surgical)
Urinary Incontinence (Ui) Treatment
Urology Minimally Invasive Surgery
Kidney Transplant Treatment
Blood In Urine (Hematuria) Treatment
Reconstructive Surgery Procedures
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Reconstructive Urology Surgery
Minimally Invasive Urology Surgery
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Simple renal cysts are often found even in normal kidneys. In fact, they are so common that they are rarely considered as a disease. Certain lifestyle traits or genetics can be the cause of renal cysts occurring in adults as well as children, though no conclusive reasons have yet been confirmed for the occurrence of the same. Medical imaging technology such as ultrasound, X-ray, and CT scanning are being extensively used to discover these lesions.
In various surveys of people undergoing ultrasound for evaluation of non-kidney-related problems, generally 15% men and 7% women over the age of 50 were detected with renal cysts. Once the radiologic imaging of the cyst is obtained, the doctor can determine what further examination will be required.
There are basically two types of renal cysts, simple and complex.
- Simple cysts are usually round, have a thin outer wall, are filled with fluid and are rarely required to be treated.
- Complex cysts, however, can have thicker walls with solidified mass or can also be a collection of small cysts. These are definitely required to be examined further as they can be cancerous.
With the latest radiological approach to renal cysts, i.e. the Bosniak classification, observation of lesions is preferred to biopsy. Even though biopsies nowadays are largely non-intrusive, they are still recommended under very specific circumstances.
This classification uses a complicated algorithm of CT scan features like size, density and perfusion and places cystic renal masses into one of the five different categories. Categories I and II are generally simple cysts, not requiring further analysis. Still, an ultrasound is repeated at intervals of 6-12 months to ensure that the cyst is not growing. However, Bosniak category IIF cysts indicate complex cysts which are required to be observed. Lack of change with time indicates that the mass is benign, while any increase indicates the possibility of cancer. Through observation, one can prevent unnecessary surgeries.
It is mostly recommended that lesions falling under Bosniak III category should be immediately surgically removed as 40-50% have the possibility of becoming cancerous. However, close follow-up with magnetic resonance imaging can be used to avoid unnecessary surgeries as it is useful for characterizing the internal content of a cyst which may be is indeterminate even after the ultrasound and CT scan. Category IV lesions necessarily require surgical removal of the kidney, as nearly 85-100% of these are cancerous. More than 90% of those diagnosed with renal cancer which is confined to the kidney can hope to become disease-free within five years after diagnosis.
Thus, complex renal cysts have a higher possibility of developing into cancer if they are found to be malignant during the period of observation and steps should be taken for immediate removal. Consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
I am having burning sensation while passing urine. Often n feel like going often. Is it infection or my ovulation time so it happens. Pl guide me. I am 35 years old thanks. Pl tell me any medicine name or liquid I can take. Thanks.
I see my urine cloudy often. Sometimes I have a burning sensation after I pee and it lasts for 30 minutes. I feel still some pee is left inside of me and I am unable to pee completely. Is it a serious problem? How can I get rid of it? Please help me.
Good evening, sir I am suffering pain due to some stones in both sides of my kidneys, can you please give me a suggestion to reduce pain and also give some precautions to reduce stones. Please sir.
My father 65 years old is a htn, type 2 diabetes and a CKD patient undergoing HD thrice a week. At this age if he undergoes a renal transplant is he likely to lead good life after the transplant?
My husband is 39 years old. He has a 5mm stone in his urinary pathway. Since one week he is taking medicins but lower abdomen pain is there his testis is seen to be buldged. What can we do. How long this would persist.
LIS surgery was done 1 year 7 months ago for anal fissure. Now again I got anal fissure. So, again I have to go for surgery to cure? As 4 days have gone but I could not get any relief by local ointment application and stool softener. My age is 24. I have heard it that for anus disease, again and again surgery can not be done as multiples surgery spoilt the sensitivity of internal sphincter muscle. So what I should do. I am vegetarian and I live in village so in our locality fast food and junk food are not available. Our financial condition is ver poor. So with only one curry and rice is my food.
Urinary Tract Infection or UTI is a common symptom that arises in pregnant women. If such is the case with you, then without much ado, you should take the advice of a medical practitioner. Urinary Tract Infections if left untreated for too long, may develop into serious kidney infections and may hamper many body metabolism processes.
What is cause of urinary tract infection?
Urinary tract infections are usually caused by bacteria which find their way through to the urine. They can present in different ways.
- Asymptomatic, wherein the bacteria present in the urine does not manifest any outward symptoms.
- In bladder infection, you may experience pain while passing urine, urinate quite often, there may be blood in urine or you may have high temperature.
- Urinary tract infection may also present in form of Kidney infection in pregnant women.
How does urinary tract infection affect pregnancy?
Urinary infection may affect pregnancy in different ways. If you are suffering from urinary tract infection which is left untreated, you may have an early delivery. A kidney infection is not uncommon in pregnant women and may develop following bladder infection. Regular check-ups, with your medical practitioner, is advisable during pregnancy for early detection of urinary tract infection. In case, you experience any of the symptoms of urinary tract infection, you must visit a doctor and they would advise you for a urine sample test. Based on the test, your diagnosis is made. Even if you do not feel any symptoms, doctors often ask pregnant women to give a sample for urine test periodically. This is because even if an asymptomatic infection develops, you need to be treated early for it.
Treatment of urinary tract infection during pregnancy:
- Drink enough water to flush out the bacteria. However many are also against it stating it would lead to an increased number of painful trips. But if you are suffering from fever due to infection it would help in keeping your body hydrated.
- Alkalisers and painkillers: These are prescribed whenever indicated.
- Antibiotic: These are the mainstay treatment for curing urinary tract infection. Care is taken that they do not harm the development and growth of the baby under any circumstance. Be aware of the facts of urinary tract infection during your pregnancy.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!