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We all have mood swings but not all mood swings have the same intensity. People who have extreme mood swings ranging from depression to manic highs are said to be suffering from bipolar disorder. These extreme moods are known as episodes and usually, last for a few days or even a few weeks. A person suffering from bipolar disorder could have an episode several times a year. This is a very common psychological problem and can affect both children and adults. Though it cannot be cured, this disease can be managed with medication.
There are no known causes for bipolar disorder but genetics may play an important role in triggering Bipolar Disorder. Hence, if a parent or sibling suffers from this condition, you have a risk of developing it as well. An imbalance in the neurotransmitters in the brain may also play a part in the development of this condition. Stress or traumatic events like the loss of a loved one can also increase your risk of suffering from this condition. Given that mood swings affect almost each one of us, bipolar disorder can be difficult to diagnose. Some of the things to look out for are:
- Change in self-esteem
- Unusual talkativeness or quietness
- Being increasingly prone to distractions
- Decreased need for sleep
- Recklessness in terms of spending decisions, relationships etc
It must be kept in mind that a person must display at least 4 of the above symptoms simultaneously to be diagnosed as bipolar. Also, none of these symptoms should be a result or side effect of any kind of medication, drugs, alcohol or other intoxicants.
There are four main types of bipolar disorder:
- Bipolar I: In such cases, the person has at least one episode of elevated moods and associated abnormal behaviour in his or her life. This may be preceded or followed by depressive episodes.
- Bipolar II: In these cases, the person must have suffered from at least one depressive episode. It is very similar to bipolar I except that in bipolar II the highs never reach the manic stage.
- Rapid Cycling: Some people can have 4 or more manic and depressive episodes a year. In such cases, they are said to be rapid cycling. This condition affects 10-20% of bipolar cases.
- Mixed Bipolar: Usually, bipolar patients show mood swings that alternate between manic and depressive moods. However, sometimes a person may experience both elation and depression simultaneously or in rapid succession of each other. These cases are known as mixed bipolar.
Once diagnosed, bipolar disorder can be managed with a combination of medication and psychotherapy. In some cases, electroconvulsive therapy may also be needed.
Sir I lives in hyderabad I am suffering from critical chest pain. It is happening when upper body portion moves or bends down. Why it is happening. I am also suffering from sinus infection and liver infection. Is this chest pain is due to these problems and sir please tell me, first kis problem ka treatment karaun. Thank you sir.
My friend used to masturbate on regular basis bcoz of not having sex with his partner is it harmful for future perspective regarding married life.
I have a drop like feeling in chest followed by dizziness for a second most likely it feel like heart is paused for a sec and it misses beating. And feeling tired after wards. Dizziness will be there for a second only. I have taken multiple ecg, echo,stress test and a holder monitor a year back all came normal. My life is destroyed by this .Kindly help.
I am having allergy and it looks like worm infection. How to know it is ringworm or yeast infection. It is in my penis too and around the penis between legs. Skin color changed to lite black due to allergy. In penis it is in the skin of penis not in the top. penis skin color getting white where allergy occurs. Please reply with treatment.
I am 18 years old and some kind of is occurred immediately in my stomach so give me some solution for this.
From last one month I am experiencing gas formation in my stomach. Due to which I am also facing lower back pain. In my past I never had such problems.
Hi I am 24 years old got recently married in the middle of sex my erection is getting stopped suddenly. Previously I used to masturbate. I don't have any other habits. Please suggest me this is killing me. Should I take pills.
I am not good in sex that much my dick is much harder before sex but when I insert into my girlfriend it gtng low not hard that much.
Pimple-like irritations or a rash
Intense itching, especially at night
Sores caused by scratching
The infected person's clothes, bedding and towels should be washed in hot water and dried in a hot dryer. Treatment is also recommended for household members and sexual partners. Several lotions are available to treat scabies.