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How to solve mucus problem of throat. It's very uncomfortable. It's happened over the year. I am vocalist, so it's very irritating.In the morning. Amount of mucus is more and my voice is getting low and heavy. What to do?
My bro is 23 years old and he has 1 knee pain since from 1 years he did all tests bone test all ok nerve test all ok muscle test all ok now we and even Doctors are unable to understand the pain cause and there is swelling also he can not even fold his leg properly since 5 months he is in medication still no effect all type of treatment has been performed please now you suggest us whats the problem?
I have a pain in my back and waist leg joint. Sometime it lock my movement. What l should and shouldn't?
I am 23 year old male, I got short beard and I was pulling beard hairs, suddenly saw some small hairs with its roots. Which never happened before. What is it? Is it beard hair fall? What should I do?
How I grow my height after eighteen and grow muscles without protien and supplement. Reply as soon as possible.
Heelo mam meri age 25 hai. Or mere forhead pr pimples ki problem rehti hai .ye thik ni hote. Please mrko kuch solution btao. Mere chin pr bhi pimles hote hai. Pimples mai se kbhi kbi kuch ni niklta bus pain krta rehta hai or nishan ho jate hai pimples khtm hone ke baD.
Till now I did not use cigarettes. But my lips are so dark. Every one is asking me that you will smoke or not. How can I glow my lips.
Hi sir, This is shashidhara from Bangalore and I have hair loss problem from two years and I loss very bold hair please tell me the solution and consultation fees.
I feel weakness from long time and can't done proper exercise in gym. If I do proper exercise or equivalent from my body weight then my head unconscious and not feeling comfortable. And can't done physically work and my body not to be strong. And stamina is very low as compare to my health, height (5'11') and weight (77.400)kg 90% of days I am not going gym for this reason.
I usually have weakness everyday. I can not stand now for 15 minutes at all I need some advise please provide me some.
I have stomach problem. I got problems regarding digestion. Please advice me something to overcome this.
What is CABG?
CABG or Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting is a surgery done to improve blood flow to the heart. In most instances there is a fatty plaque (CAD or Coronary Artery Disease) in the vessels of heart which reduces the blood flow required for normal function. The plaque may grow or harden with time and reduces oxygen-rich blood reaching the heart. Lowering of the amount of oxygen reaching the heart may result in Chest Pain - called Angina. The plaque may even rupture and form clots on its surface. The clot formed may mostly or even completely block the blood flow - leading to Heart Attack or Myocardial Infarction.
In CABG, a normal vein or artery from the patient's body is connected to the blocked coronary artery. Thereby bypassing the obstructing plaque and creates a new path along which blood can now reach the heart.
What are other options for Treatment of CAD?
Other than CABG options for treatment of CAD include - Lifestyle changes, Medications, PCI or Balloon Angioplasty.
PCI is a nonsurgical option where the blocked artery can be opened and generally a stent is placed at the point of blockage to keep the blood flowing.
Goals of CABG
CABG is done to achieve the following
1. Reduce the symptoms (Chest Pain, Breathlessness etc)
2. Improve quality of Life and helps to resume a more active Lifestyle
3. Improved pumping action of the heart
4. Reduce chances of Heart Attack
5. Improve chances of survival
Who needs CABG?
CABG is a surgical treatment for CAD.
Your doctor may recommend CABG if other treatments have not worked or he judges it good in his clinical opinion.
Decision will be based on factors such as -
1. Severity, Location and number of blockages
2. Response to other treatments
3. Your quality of Life and severity of symptoms
4. Other Medical conditions that you might have
5. Your Age and Medical History
Medical Tests that may be required to determine the need are -
3. Coronary Angiography
CABG is a relatively safe Surgery. The safety of the procedure will depend on your age, existing heart function, and experience of the Doctor.
What to expect before
You will need to undergo a few tests to prepare you for CABG such as - Blood tests, Chest X-Ray, ECG, Echocardiography or maybe Coronary Angiography. Doctors that perform CABG are Cardiothoracic Surgeons.
Things to ask your Doctor at this Stage -
1. What you can eat or drink
2. What activities are you allowed to do (e.g. smoking)
3. What medicines to take (Share all the medicines that you are taking for any other conditions)
4. As the outlook for surgery is heavily dependent on the number of procedures a Doctor has performed - it will be a good idea to get information about his clinical experience.
If you have already undergone all the tests - surgery may be done on the same or a day after the admission.
What to expect after
You will require admission into ICU typically for 1 or 2 days, to monitor your progress better after the surgery. You will be given oxygen therapy while hospitalized. You may also be asked to wear Compression Stockings while your movement is limited.
After you leave ICU you will require admission in the hospital for about 4 - 6 days.
Recovery at Home
Things to ask your doctor before leaving the hospital.
1. How to care for incision wounds and stitches.
2. How to identify signs of infection
3. How to identify conditions for which you need to call the Doctor right away.
4. When to make follow-up appointments
Common side effects of CABG wear off within 4 - 6 weeks but may include.
1. Discomfort in area from where the vein was taken
2. Itching and swelling at incision wounds
3. Fatigue, Loss of Sleep, Loss of Appetite
Full recovery from CABG takes 6 - 12 weeks.
Your doctor will advise you when you can resume specific activities. If your work is not too demanding physically, it is common to return to work after 6 weeks. You can resume sexual activities after 4 weeks and drive after 4 - 8 weeks.
At you follow up visits you will require to undergo tests such as ECG, Echocardiography etc. to see how much your heart has improved. CABG is not a cure for CAD. A complete Treatment will always involve Lifestyle changes, Reducing weight, Medications, and Cardiac Rehabilitation Exercises. Your doctor will prepare a treatment plan for you including these things. Be sure to pay attention to them as religiously as your Surgery.