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Dr. P.Sudha Rani

Oncologist, Hyderabad

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Dr. P.Sudha Rani Oncologist, Hyderabad
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I'm dedicated to providing optimal health care in a relaxed environment where I treat every patients as if they were my own family....more
I'm dedicated to providing optimal health care in a relaxed environment where I treat every patients as if they were my own family.
More about Dr. P.Sudha Rani
Dr. P.Sudha Rani is one of the best Oncologists in Khairatabad, Hyderabad. She is currently associated with Lazarus Hospital in Khairatabad, Hyderabad. Book an appointment online with Dr. P.Sudha Rani on Lybrate.com.

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Lazarus Hospital

#6-2-971, Oyester Square, , Lakdi Ka Pool-Khairatabad. Landmark:-Near Railway Station & Beside Nirankari Bhavan, HyderabadHyderabad Get Directions
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Lung Cancer: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

MD PULMONARY, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Lung Cancer: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Lung cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in one or both lungs. These abnormal cells do not carry out the functions of normal lung cells and do not develop into healthy lung tissue. As they grow, the abnormal cells can form tumors and interfere with the functioning of the lung, which provides oxygen to the body via the blood.

Lung cancer is the most common cause of death due to cancer in both men and women throughout the world. According to the U.S. National Cancer Institute, approximately one out of every 14 men and women in the U.S. is diagnosed with cancer of the lung at some point in their lifetime. Lung cancer is predominantly a disease of the elderly; almost 70% of people diagnosed with lung cancer are over 65 years of age, while less than 3% of lung cancers occur in people under 45 years of age.

What Causes Lung Cancer?

The development of lung cancer is strongly associated with cigarette smoking, approximately 90% of lung cancers are attributable to use of tobacco. Pipe and cigar smoking can also cause lung cancer, but the risk is not as high as with cigarette smoking. Tobacco smoke contains more than 4,000 chemical compounds, many of which are cancer causing (carcinogens). Passive smoking, i.e. the inhalation of tobacco smoke by non-smokers who live or work with smokers, is also an established risk factor for the development of lung cancer.

Genetic susceptibility (i.e. family history) may play a role in the development of lung cancer. Other causes of lung cancer include air pollution (from vehicles, industry, and power generation) and inhalation of asbestos fibres (usually in the workplace).

Lung Cancer Symptoms:

Early symptoms and signs of lung cancer:

There may be no symptoms at the onset of the disease. When present, common symptoms of lung cancer may include:

  1. Coughing: This includes a persistent cough that doesn't go away or changes to a chronic smoker's cough, such as more coughing or pain.
  2. Coughing up blood: Coughing up blood or rust-colored sputum (spit or phlegm) should always be discussed with your doctor.
  3. Breathing Difficulties: Shortness of breath, wheezing or noisy breathing (called stridor) may all be signs of lung cancer.
  4. Loss of Appetite: Many cancers cause changes in appetite, which may lead to unintended weight loss.
  5. Fatigue: It is common to feel weak or excessively tired.
  6. Recurring infections: Recurring infections, like bronchitis or pneumonia, may be one of the signs of lung cancer.

Signs of advanced stages of lung cancer: Advanced stages of lung cancer are often characterized by the spread of cancer to distant sites in the body. This may affect the bones, liver or brain. As other parts of the body are affected, new lung cancer symptoms may develop, including:

  1. Bone pain
  2. Swelling of the face, arms or neck
  3. Headaches, dizziness or limbs that become weak or numb
  4. Jaundice
  5. Lumps in the neck or collar-bone region

Treatment: Treatment for cancer involves a combination of surgery to remove cancer cells, chemotherapy and radiation therapy to kill cancer cells. Lung cancer is incurable unless complete surgical removal of the tumour cells can be achieved. Surgery is the most effective treatment for lung cancer, but only a few percentage of lung cancers are suitable for surgery i.e. Stage I and II NSCLC and cancer that has not spread beyond the lung.

Radiation therapy may be used for both NSCLC and SCLC and is a good option for people who are not suitable for surgery or who refuse surgery. Chemotherapy is used for both NSCLC and SCLC. Chemotherapy drugs may be given alone or in combination with surgery or radiation therapy. Chemotherapy is the treatment of first choice for SCLC since it has usually spread extensively in the body by the time it has been diagnosed.

Also used in the treatment of lung cancer are targeted therapies. These are drugs (gefitinib and erlotinib) or antibodies (cetuximab, bevacizumab) that block the growth and spread of cancer by interfering with specific molecules involved in tumor growth and progression. They are used in some patients with NSCLC that does not respond to standard chemotherapy.

3098 people found this helpful

My wife just found out that she has hpv. Does this mean I will get genital warts?

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist, Faridabad
Dear sir, It is not necessary that you may get genital warts as it depends on the hpv strain warts are usually associated with 6and 11. However since this is sexually transmitted disease you must be careful and use proper precautions like barrier methods or condoms while having sexual contact. Genital warts most often are self limiting and if they don't can be treated by local application or by ablation. If you suspect some lesions near your genital area, must see doctors dermatologist or venerologist.
10 people found this helpful
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I am 49 years old. I have 1.7 cm x 1.4 cm hemangioma on my leaver. What is the treatment for that?

MBBS, MS- Surgery , M.Ch - Surgical Oncology , FIAGES
Oncologist, Delhi
if it is sure on Triphasic CECT/ MRI as hemangioma and not causing any symptoms, than it can be observed without any intervention
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My father has cancer of 3 stage in eating pipe but we can't do operation any other solution do you all.

MBBS, MD, CCEPC, FISSP, OBS, NFPM
Oncologist, Delhi
Stage 3 cancer may require chemo - radiation. But All cancers can not be treated by chemo radiation. Chemo may not benefit in stage 4 cancer. Recent research tells that unnecessary chemo may reduce quality & life span too. Take Pain treatment from proper qualified Interventional pain specialist doctor. Pain definitely can be controlled / treated at any stage of cancer. Pain relief needs dedicated pain management treatment usually offered by Pain specialist doctors. ACCN is proud to have one of the best pain specialist doctors of India. Pain management and cancer treatment goes side by side. Demand a pain free cancer treatment. Can further discuss it in detail with me on phone or over internet.
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How do you remove the pesticides from broccoli which is very harmful and probably causes cancers?

Post Doctoral Research (Ph.D.) (A.M) (Oncology), Integrative Oncology for Physicians (MSKCC, N.Y, USA), Doctor of Natural Medicine (N.D/ N.M.D), Ayurveda (I) Cert., Advanced Strategic Management (APSM), B.E (Computer Sc. & Engg.), Clinically Relevant Herb-Drug Interactions (CME) - (Cine-Med Inc. USA)
Alternative Medicine Specialist, Bhubaneswar
Hi lybrate-user, I appreciate you seeking guidance. Well, you can wash it thoroughly with cold water 2 to 3 times that shall remove maximum of the pesticide residues. Also, washing with 2% salt solution will help remove the pesticides. Residues remaining, if any, shall get removed during the process of cooking. The above-mentioned risk of pesticide contamination is averted significantly/ totally, if one goes for organically cultivated fruits, vegetables and foods etc all.
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His in age of 62 and his prostate size is enlarged instantly and the result is urine is not come without stripe n he don't want to ready to operate. Can it diagnose with medicine please help me for thi.

MBBS, DNB (General Surgery), MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, Fellow of Indian association og gastro intestinal endo surgeons
General Surgeon, Ghaziabad
His in age of 62 and his prostate size is enlarged instantly and the result is urine is not come without stripe n he ...
Prostate symptoms can be managed by medicines but if medical treatment is not reliving surgery is the only option. But cause of prostatomegaly should be evaluated first. Psa levels should be checked, clinical examination of prostate should be done. Ultrasound prostate should be done. If these findings indicate chances of cancer then proatate biopsy has to be done before deciding the treatment direction as treatment of cancer and non cacerous conditions differ significantly.
1 person found this helpful
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From the past 2-3 days blood is coming along with bulgum from my nose! Is it sign of a cancer? I have stopped smoking 1 month ago and was a casual smoker not chain!

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist, Faridabad
Blood coming from nose may be due to many reasons like some local pathology, injury, high BP or even carcinoma. Get yourself checked by ENT surgeon for complete evaluation and complete blood counts checked.
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Inverted papilloma ESA surgery done on 16/12/2017  but after surgery_and biopsy report came. It said carcinoma cell found grade_2. I want to get recommendations further to do radiotherapy or what else. Or the conditions of mine now.

MD (Radiation Oncology), DNB (Radiotherapy)
Oncologist, Noida
Inverted Papilloma can bear cancer in 10 percent cases and that's why full clearance is needed regardless. For your case we need to evaluate the extent of residual disease by mri. It has to be correlated with the extent of Papilloma in the beginning. Depending upon the extent of the residual cancer and also the extent of resection WRT the baseline extent, we will advice for either radiation therapy or craniofacial resection. You need to consult.
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What are the symptoms of skin cancer. I heard that uv rays are also cause of skin cancer. Is it true?

Advanced Aesthetics
Ayurveda, Gulbarga
Not uv rays. Some ointment like steroid application of skin. That cause skin cancer. Any queries inform me.
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