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I am 38 years women weighing 78 kg height 5 ft with high cholesterol and high uric acid. I want to loose weight.
Can diabetes and cholesterol can be controlled with out taking medicines? if yes please tell me how?
Hi, I am 35 years, 65 Kg, height 5’6”, male from India. I am having sharp pain in chest slightly leftwards for last 10 years. Sometimes this pain is also felt simultaneously in left shoulder or left arm or left head. Duration of this pain is 1- 5 seconds, mostly while resting but its frequency and intensity is not certain. Sometimes it occurs while warming up or cooling down. Also noticed, that it is related to cold weather. Sometimes left part of head is numb and has pulsating pain. I do exercise, vegetarian except eggs, almost no dairy product, and no processed food. No tea coffee, no alcohol. Been smoker till 2008, quit. Had stomach acidity issue till 2012 but no more at all. There is no problem at all exercising in fact I feel great and energized doing it. None of my maternal or paternal relative have BP or cardiac issue except my younger brother who underwent dental’s procedure due to Aortic Dissection in march 2013, but he have a genetic condition called Marfan’s Syndrome, no other family member have this. I always thought it is muscular or gastro related, so it never bothered me until November 2015. Last November on two successive nights I woke up feeling my chest pounding hard. Checked my BP and Heart rate everything normal on both occasions, but was not able to sleep well those nights every time fall asleep it woke me up I can feel my heartbeat and whole body is shaking in rhythm with it but my heart rate was absolutely normal. On third day all this panicked me I checked my BP it was raised so went to physician, BP 150/90 he told me its anxiety or due to some food, gave medicines for BP, anxiety and antacids. It helped me sleep, symptoms are as it is but milder now. Next day went to see cardiologist, I was too worried, he checked my BP 170/100, and did ECG, Tropnin T and ECHO all normal. Gave medicines for BP, anxiety and five days later did TMT, also normal. My BP came normal next day of visiting cardiologist and never rose again. I also assumed it to be anxiety and stopped all medications, in 30-40 days everything was normal except that sharp occasional pinching which I was having for years but now more frequent. Summers of 2016 was ok not much issue. In july 2016 suddenly foul smell (like from dead bodies) started coming from my lower centre chest. This smell is totally different from my body odor and it continued after that till date. This November I felt some itching in centre chest on at least five different occasions while doing sudden exertion from rest like climbing a floor or getting up from chair or bed and rushing to open door. On night of 28-nov-2016, I felt sudden tightening in my left upper chest for 1 or 2 seconds, during sexual exertion, it felt like something had grabbed it tried to find the muscular nature by examining different chest and shoulder muscles but didn’t find anything wrong. Checked BP it was normal. On 1-dec consulted cardiologist, was nervous, BP 170/90, I denied testing this time but he said in the wake of new event we have to do all tests again. LIPID, HBAC, ECG, ECHO, Tropnin T, Na & K, TMT all normal. But this time ECG machine interpretation was “acute MI (inferior)” and Tropnin T level was 13.65 against normal value of 14. Does this is anything to worry about? What is that bad smell? As symptoms are intensifying year after year, what may be the cause? What further investigation can be recommended, if any? Cold weather increases it, why? Why pinching and heaviness is felt on left chest mostly while resting?
Why are the chances of heart attack increases during winter? Suggest precaution to be taken during winter for heart patient.
82 years my father suffer with backach and low backach since last 10 years and he takes number of medicines prescribed by expert doctors. Present now he can' t walk strightly, different parts legs and finger bones grown up (gouts) very fast, chest pain, serious pain in abdominal stomach. What to do?
The heart's electrical conduction system plays a very important role in cardiovascular functioning. Also known as the atrioventricular (AV) conduction system, it regulates and controls the timing of the heartbeat.
How does the heart's electrical conduction system work?
There is a collection of electrical cells in the upper right atrium of the heart known as the sinoatrial (SA) node which acts as a natural pacemaker and generates electrical signals. These signals travel through specialized electrical pathways and stimulate the muscular walls of the heart to contract in a rhythmic manner. This gives rise to the heartbeat that pulses at a specific frequency every minute.
What is the effect of fluctuations in electrical activity on the heart?
The standard heart rate in human being ranges from 60 to 100 beats per minute. It slows down when a person sleeps and speeds up when one experiences physical or emotional heightening. These fluctuations are triggered by the brain or other systems of the body and signal the SA node to generate charges more rapidly or slowly. This leads to spikes and drops in the heart rate, depending on the nature of the situation.
What happens when there is dysfunction in the heart's electrical activity?
When the heart's electrical conduction system does not function properly, it leads to the occurrence of a condition known as arrhythmia or abnormal heart rhythm. This happens when electrical impulses are generated in an irregular manner and causes tachycardia (rapid heartbeats) or bradycardia (slow heartbeats) which takes place in jarring infrequent tempos.
What causes fluctuations in the heart's electrical activity?
There are various kinds of triggers that cause the heart rate to fluctuate. The exact nature of fluctuation also depends on the type of trigger. A few everyday examples of these causes are as follows:
- Exercise and strenuous physical activity increases electrical activity as the heart is required to beat faster so as to increase the supply of blood and oxygen to the muscles.
- Sleep and rest reduce heart rate as the body is not needed to exert itself.
- Release of adrenaline into the bloodstream causes the heart rate to spike up. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a cardiologist.
If you are concerned about your heart’s health, it is important for you to make some dietary modifications. Simple changes in your everyday diet may offer benefits, which help in preventing future heart problems. If you suffer from high blood pressure or high cholesterol or have atrial fibrillation.
Here are some tips regarding the best diet for protecting your heart:
- Believe in the food hype: Having healthy meals is certainly beneficial and makes a big difference to your heart health. Consuming meals which contain vegetables, grains, low fat dairy and lean meat will allow you to live a longer and healthier life.
- Avoid crash diets: A crash diet may be effective, if you want to fit in a dress within one month. However, for improving your heart health, undertaking different fad diets is not useful. Meals in which a certain type of nutrients such as carbohydrates or fats are ruled out are not beneficial as well. You should have a sensible approach towards your diet and focus on food products such as vegetables, whole grains and lean meat.
- Do not overeat: Overeating will lead to weight gain and commonly, many people get heart attack after taking a big meal.
- Eat less salt: You should consume less amount of salt in your diet and do not eat more than one teaspoon of salt a day. Avoid any food item which contains high amounts of sodium. Salt is responsible for increasing blood pressure.
- Limit your intake of alcohol and caffeine: In case you suffer from atrial fibrillation, you should avoid caffeine and any other stimulant as they tend to trigger the symptoms. You must drink moderately as consuming more than one drink a day increases your risks of having heart problems.
- Choose meat wisely: You should avoid red meat, which contains large amount of saturated fats as these are not good for the heart. You should choose the leanest cuts of meats and trim all fat from it. You should opt for cuts such as flank, rump roast, tenderloin and sirloin. Pork tenderloin, chicken and turkey breast are other alternatives.
- Add fish to your diet: Fish is essential for improving your heart health. Try to avoid having deep fried fish and choose grilled fish or roasted fish, which are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids. Consume fishes like tuna, salmon, trout and sardines.
You should also add whole grains to your diet. They are effective in controlling blood sugar and lower the chances of diabetes. Hence, the risks of heart diseases are less if you do not have diabetes. Whole grains also help with weight loss, which is beneficial for the heart. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.