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Dr. Krishna Kanth Garlapati

Cardiologist, Hyderabad

500 at clinic
Dr. Krishna Kanth Garlapati Cardiologist, Hyderabad
500 at clinic
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I'm dedicated to providing optimal health care in a relaxed environment where I treat every patients as if they were my own family....more
I'm dedicated to providing optimal health care in a relaxed environment where I treat every patients as if they were my own family.
More about Dr. Krishna Kanth Garlapati
Dr. Krishna Kanth Garlapati is a renowned Cardiologist in Koti, Hyderabad. You can meet Dr. Krishna Kanth Garlapati personally at Kamineni Hospital - Koti in Koti, Hyderabad. You can book an instant appointment online with Dr. Krishna Kanth Garlapati on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has a nexus of the most experienced Cardiologists in India. You will find Cardiologists with more than 25 years of experience on Lybrate.com. Find the best Cardiologists online in Hyderabad. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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#4-1-1227, Abids Road, Bogulkunta, Koti. Landmark: Near To Taj Mahal Hotel, HyderabadHyderabad Get Directions
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I am 25 year old boy from India. Last week I had chest pain, it lasted few minutes. Yesterday I again felt it. Is it symptom of heart disease?

MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Nagpur
I am 25 year old boy from India. Last week I had chest pain, it lasted few minutes. Yesterday I again felt it. Is it ...
Generally chest pain at this age with disturb digestive system, such as acidity and gases problem may mimic heart disease. So take proper treatment, consult physician.
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Hi Doctor, Often I get nervous and afraid while interacting with group of people. I keep on thinking what I will say in front of some group of people. It is disturbing me a lot. It looks like I am suffering from social anxiety. sometime I even feel pain in my chest. Doctor, please suggest me how to treat this. Thanks a lot.

Masters in Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Lucknow
Hi Doctor,
Often I get nervous and afraid while interacting with group of people. I keep on thinking what I will say ...
Hi, you need medication as well as psychotherapy for this. Practice mindfulness: The primary goal of mindful breathing is simply a calm, nonjudging awareness, allowing thoughts and feelings to come and go without getting caught up in them. Sit comfortably, with your eyes closed and your spine reasonably straight. Bring your attention to your breathing. Imagine that you have a balloon in your tummy. Every time you breathe in, the balloon inflates. Each time you breathe out, the balloon deflates. Notice the sensations in your abdomen as the balloon inflates and deflates. Your abdomen rising with the in-breath, and falling with the out-breath. Thoughts will come into your mind, and that’s okay, because that’s just what the human mind does. Simply notice those thoughts, then bring your attention back to your breathing. Likewise, you can notice sounds, physical feelings, and emotions, and again, just bring your attention back to your breathing. You don’t have to follow those thoughts or feelings, don’t judge yourself for having them, or analyse them in any way. It’s okay for the thoughts to be there. Just notice those thoughts, and let them drift on by, bringing your attention back to your breathing. Whenever you notice that your attention has drifted off and is becoming caught up in thoughts or feelings, simply note that the attention has drifted, and then gently bring the attention back to your breathing. It's okay and natural for thoughts to enter into your awareness, and for your attention to follow them. No matter how many times this happens, just keep bringing your attention back to your breathing.
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Hello Dr. What should I eat to peek up my libido and treat ED? I m 22 years old. Body weight 80kg and height 5, 8" total cholesterol 100 triglycerides 160 Toal testosterone 412 Help me to become a real man in bed.

MBBS
General Physician, Chennai
Hello Dr. What should I eat to peek up my libido and treat ED? I m 22 years old. Body weight 80kg and height 5, 8" to...
Now lose some weight, exercise regularly eat few nuts everydaypomegranate also helps, try this first and let me know.
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I am suffering from chest pain like middle poking and chest anxiety and below the arm and coughing regularly about 2 years.

Masters in Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Lucknow
I am suffering from chest pain like middle poking and chest anxiety and below the arm and coughing regularly about 2 ...
Hi lybrate-user, If you have got all your tests done, and everything came out to be normal you are suffering from Anxiety disorder. Start with medication of Anxiety. It might help you to know that anxious people tend to breathe in faulty ways, hence the emphasis on breathing exercises as part of relaxation exercises. Examples of faulty breathing include mouth breathing, sighing and hyperventilating. This can cause chest discomfort, because it not only strains the accessory muscles (those between the ribs and at the top of the ribcage, between the shoulders and the neck), but also can irritate the cartilage between the ribs. Either of these things (or both together) can cause localized chest pain and tenderness as well as" crushing" “stabbing” or" stitches" - painful muscle spasms in the chest wall. The next time you get this chest pain, notice how you are breathing. If your breathing is faulty as described above, then close your mouth and breathe through your nose. Combine this with a mild analgesic such as Paracetamol and relaxation exercises or a relaxation CD. If you can tolerate a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine such as Ibuprofen, this will also help. Hopefully this will allow the muscles to rest and relax so that you experience much less discomfort in your chest or none at all. Remember that muscle spasm is very painful, and as you have had anxiety for some time it isn't surprising that your chest and neck muscles are affected. The other thing with breathing is to try shifting your focus to your belly. Remember that it's your diaphragm moving down, not your ribs moving out, that facilitates breathing. Your diaphragm moves, pulling air into your lungs, which expands your ribcage. Place your hands lightly on your belly and feel it move up and down. You can even expand your belly muscles as if to breathe down there. Let your ribs do what they like – just try not to think about them (easier said than done, I know). This sort of breathing is taught in yoga and can be very helpful. Please consult a psychologist for psychotherapy and anxiety management.
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Age 36 weight 70 all body parameters and usg of full abdomen normal with vitamin d and b deficiency Issue: diagnosed with panic attacks and depression related to work stress. Diagnosed with hyper stress stimulation and sympathetic overdrive. Undergoing psychiatric treatment with vilano 40 twice and etilaam pro 20 at night. 1 revital capsule per day also along with turmeric milk in morning After 3 months main complaint anxiety and depression improved a lot but chief complaint is I have constant adrenaline rushes and adrenaline related symptoms (such as chest tightness .buzzing in limbs. Burning sensations. Palpitations) even when I am not under stress. Constant discomfort due to adrenaline rushes. Also get hive attacks .Trying progressive muscle relaxation and deep breathing but not much improvement. Massage and cold bath gives temporary relief. Require advice.

MBBS
General Physician, Ahmednagar
Age 36 weight 70 all body parameters and usg of full abdomen normal with vitamin d and b deficiency
Issue: diagnosed ...
All symptoms are due to worry, anxiety and stress. Lifestyle changes will help u. Diet: it is always important to watch your diet. You are what you eat. Eat what your body needs, reduce refined foods, processed foods and increase the amount of whole grains and fruits and vegetables. Eating small frequent meals goes a long way. Reduce intake of saturated fats; include more lean meats. Choose grilling and steaming over frying and roasting. Recommended foods - Healthy carbohydrates, Fiber-rich foods, Heart-healthy fish and Good fats. Foods to avoid - Saturated fats, Trans fats, Cholesterol and Sodium Exercise: Every week, make sure about 2 hours is dedicated to physical activity. This could include any exercise of your choice, brisk walking, swimming, cycling, aerobics, hiking, jogging, skipping, gymnastics, or playing games like football or basketball. While in most cases, the person can do these on their own, in some people, supervision may be required. Watch your weight: controlling weight to a desirable level of BMI of 18 and 23 is very important. Smoking: Another risk factor for palpitation, sleeplessness. Quitting is the best option. If not feasible, reducing smoking and gradually quitting should be aimed at. The effects on overall health will be evident almost immediately after quitting. Stress management: there is no getting away from stress. Everybody has their stresses but the trick is to manage it well. Whether it is music or meditation or medication or counselling, make sure stress levels are managed.
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I have regularly pain my heart since last two month what should I do please suggest me.

MBBS, cc USG
General Physician, Noida
I have regularly pain my heart since last two month what should I do please suggest me.
Hello, CHEST PAIN in your case may be due to 1.acidity. 2. severe anxiety 3. muscular problem A. You can take Tablet Pantocid 40 mg (if no drug allergy) one tablet before food for 3 days B. Local application of Volini gel 1% twice a day for 2-3 day you should go for BP checked I am giving you some health tips to avoid acidity 1.Take small frequent meal kindly take 5-6 small meal in whole day 2.Take 6-8 glass of water in a day 4. Moderate physical activity regularly 5.avoid excessive tea, coffee 6. Do Not postpone Breakfast consult Physician/me for Further Management
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My mother's angioplasty has been done a month back, she had enlarged heart, can she eat ghee? We don't give her oil.

Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
My mother's angioplasty has been done a month back, she had enlarged heart, can she eat ghee? We don't give her oil.
A spoon of desi ghee or butter and a katori of assorted nuts everyday does boost the good cholesterol, this is heart friendly. No oils, no junk food either but lots of seasonal vegetables and fruits plus eating according to constitution. Take curds and boiled eggs plus proteins supplements.
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My blood cholesterol is high at 280 and hdl 54 ldl 186 calculated and trick s is 201 so what should be the treatment?

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine
Internal Medicine Specialist, Faridabad
My blood cholesterol is high at 280 and hdl 54 ldl 186 calculated and trick s is 201 so what should be the treatment?
High triglycerides and cholesterol can cause atherosclerotic heart disease or narrowed coronary arteries in the heart can cause the symptoms of angina, when theheart muscle is not provided with enough oxygen to function. Decreased blood supply to the brain may be due to narrowed small arteries in the brain or because the larger carotidarteries in the neck may become blocked. This can result in a transient ischmic attack or stroke. Peripheral artery disease describes gradual narrowing of the arteries that supply the legs. During exercise , if the legs do not get enough blood supply, they can develop pain , called claudication . Other arteries in the body may also be affected by plaque buildup causing them to narrow, including the mesenteric arteries to the intestine and the renal arteries to the kidney. Change life style .do meditation,yoga, Go walk daily, do any one physically activity daily i.e.play any game., Avoid fast foods,oily foods,junk foods,alcohol,smoking,fatty foods, non-veg.,avoid stress,take plenty of water in day time. And 1 glass of water before bed at night. use flax oil, omega-3 fatty meal or cap., take .green veg., whole grain. Garlic,. Cod liver oil. Take anti cholesterol medicines . Cap. Ecosprin gold-10 at night daily.
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Hi, I am a 25 year old male. My recent total cholesterol level shot up to 300. No family history of heart disease. Please suggest is there is a risk for heart attack and what precautions I need to take.

MD-siddha, bachelor of siddha medicine and surgery
Siddha Specialist,
Hi, I am a 25 year old male. My recent total cholesterol level shot up to 300. No family history of heart disease. Pl...
no need to worry. just keep cholesterol levels in control. avoid smoking, alcohol if present. take tab. Laguna daily. do regular exercise, avoid junk foods.
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Hi I am 42 years as i am suffering with chest pain. I want to rule out whether it is chest pain or muscular pain. Some time it is paining some times not. I am also a asthma patient. Please advise me what precautions should I take.

Certified Diabetes Educator, Registered Dietitian (RD), PGDD, Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S), General Physician
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
There is evidence that certain dietary supplements and vitamins can help with certain types of pain. Fish oil is often used to reduce pain associated with swelling. Topical capsaicin, derived from chili peppers, may help with arthritis, diabetic nerve pain, and other conditions. There's evidence that glucosamine can help relieve moderate to severe pain from osteoarthritis in the knee. Do reply back for private consultation. And detailed treatment plan.
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M.B.S.(HOMEO), MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Visakhapatnam
Eat Bananas

People whose diets are rich in potassium may be less prone to high blood pressure. Besides reducing sodium and taking other heart-healthy steps, eat potassium-packed picks such as bananas, cantaloupe, and oranges.
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Hello doctor mera naam ali hai mere heart beat khud hi bahut ho jaate hai or pura jism halka halka kaapta hai matlab vibrate hone lagta hai mujhe ye problem abhi 1 month se ho rahe hai please aap mujhe is problem ka elaaj batao.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
I will suggest you to take injection vitcofol 2cc intramuscularly every alternate days for five pricks and than revert back with your findings
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They are suffering from cough and cold for 1 week and they have severe chest pain, what I have to do for that?

PGDHHM, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
They are suffering from cough and cold for 1 week and they have severe chest pain, what I have to do for that?
Take antihistamine medication for cold. Syrp honitus 2tsf thrice daily. . Take steam inhalation twice daily. Eat healthy diet. Drink plenty of liquids. Take adequate rest. Antibiotics might be required in cases of bacterialinfection. If no relief, consult with details .
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I am 41 years male. I have high cholesterol. What should I do?

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Endocrinologist,
I am 41 years male. I have high cholesterol. What should I do?
Cholesterol level should be measured at least once every five years in everyone over age 20. The screening test that is usually performed is a blood test called a lipid profile. Experts recommend that men ages 35 and older and women ages 45 and older be more frequently screened for lipid disorders. The lipoprotein profile includes: Total cholesetrol LDL (low-density lipoprotein CHOLESETROL also called "bad"CHOLESTETROL HDL (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, also called "good" cholesterol) TRIGLYCERIDES (fats carried in the BLOOD from the food we eat. Excess calories, alcohol, or sugar in the body are converted into TRIGLYCERIDES and stored in fat cells throughout the body. High triglycerides and cholesterol can cause atherosclerotic heart disease or narrowed coronary arteries in the heart can cause the symptoms of angina, when theheart muscle is not provided with enough oxygen to function. Decreased blood supply to the brain may be due to narrowed small arteries in the brain or because the larger carotidarteries in the neck may become blocked. This can result in a transient ischmic attack or stroke. Peripheral artery disease describes gradual narrowing of the arteries that supply the legs. During exercise , if the legs do not get enough blood supply, they can develop pain , called claudication . Other arteries in the body may also be affected by plaque buildup causing them to narrow, including the mesenteric arteries to the intestine and the renal arteries to the kidney. Change life style .do meditation,yoga, Go walk daily, do any one physically activity daily i.e.play any game., Avoid fast foods,oily foods,junk foods,alcohol,smoking,fatty foods, non-veg.,avoid stress,take plenty of water in day time. And 1 glass of water before bed at night. use flax oil, omega-3 fatty meal or cap., take .green veg., whole grain. GARLIC,. Cod liver oil. Take anti cholesterol medicines . Cap. Ecosprin gold-10 at night daily.
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If one got high cholesterol issue then what precautions should be taken?

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Endocrinologist,
If one got high cholesterol issue then what precautions should be taken?
High cholesterol can cause atherosclerotic heart disease or narrowed coronary arteries in the heart can cause the symptoms of angina, when theheart muscle is not provided with enough oxygen to function. Decreased blood supply to the brain may be due to narrowed small arteries in the brain or because the larger carotidarteries in the neck may become blocked. This can result in a transient ischmic attack or stroke. Peripheral artery disease describes gradual narrowing of the arteries that supply the legs. During exercise , if the legs do not get enough blood supply, they can develop pain , called claudication . Other arteries in the body may also be affected by plaque buildup causing them to narrow, including the mesenteric arteries to the intestine and the renal arteries to the kidney. Avoid fast foods,oily foods,junk foods,alcohol,smoking,fatty foods, non-veg.,avoid stress, take green veg., whole grain.garlic,. Take anti cholesterol medicines .
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What happens if triglycerides level goes to 299.70 mg/dl?

MBBS
General Physician,
All the crystals get accumulated which reduces the flow of blood over a period of time and which might cause a stroke or an myocardial infarction
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A right breast surgery of my wife was done before 1 & half year ago. After the surgery, in the report, Doctor found benign. Now from some days, she is feeling pain and something in right breast. Can you guide what we should do now?

MD - Maternity & Child Health
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
You need to consult the doctor again as sometimes it might ve reappeared or it cud be just surgical site pain. But consultation at this time is appropriate.
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Mein 26 saal ka hu aaj mujhey chakkar aake kirgaya doctor ne bataiya blood pressure low hogaya. Mujhey kya karna chahiye please salah dijiye.

Ear-Nose-Throat (ENT) Specialist, Vijayawada
U have constitutional hypotendion, so timely food+don't stand at a long time+vertin 8 2/day if necessary
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C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
HEART ATTACK

A heart attack occurs when the flow of blood to the heart is blocked, most often by a build-up of fat, cholesterol and other substances, which form a plaque in the arteries that feed the heart (coronary arteries). The interrupted blood flow can damage or destroy part of the heart muscle.

A heart attack, also called a myocardial infarction, can be fatal, but treatment has improved dramatically over the years. It's crucial to call 911 or emergency medical help if you think you might be having a heart attack.
Common heart attack signs and symptoms include:

Pressure, tightness, pain, or a squeezing or aching sensation in your chest or arms that may spread to your neck, jaw or back
Nausea, indigestion, heartburn or abdominal pain
Shortness of breath
Cold sweat
Fatigue
Lightheadedness or sudden dizziness
Heart attack symptoms vary

Not all people who have heart attacks have the same symptoms or have the same severity of symptoms. Some people have mild pain; others have more severe pain. Some people have no symptoms, while for others, the first sign may be sudden cardiac arrest. However, the more signs and symptoms you have, the greater the likelihood you're having a heart attack.

Some heart attacks strike suddenly, but many people have warning signs and symptoms hours, days or weeks in advance. The earliest warning may be recurrent chest pain (angina) that's triggered by exertion and relieved by rest. Angina is caused by a temporary decrease in blood flow to the heart.

A heart attack differs from a condition in which your heart suddenly stops (sudden cardiac arrest, which occurs when an electrical disturbance disrupts your heart's pumping action and causes blood to stop flowing to the rest of your body). A heart attack can cause cardiac arrest, but it's not the only cause.

When to see a doctor

Act immediately. Some people wait too long because they don't recognize the important signs and symptoms. Take these steps:

Call for emergency medical help. If you suspect you're having a heart attack, don't hesitate. Immediately call 911 or your local emergency number. If you don't have access to emergency medical services, have someone drive you to the nearest hospital.

Drive yourself only if there are no other options. Because your condition can worsen, driving yourself puts you and others at risk.

Take nitroglycerin, if prescribed to you by a doctor. Take it as instructed while awaiting emergency help.
Take aspirin, if recommended. Taking aspirin during a heart attack could reduce heart damage by helping to keep your blood from clotting.

Aspirin can interact with other medications, however, so don't take an aspirin unless your doctor or emergency medical personnel recommend it. Don't delay calling 911 to take an aspirin. Call for emergency help first.

What to do if you see someone having a heart attack

If you encounter someone who is unconscious, first call for emergency medical help. Then begin CPR to keep blood flowing. Push hard and fast on the person's chest ? about 100 compressions a minute. It's not necessary to check the person's airway or deliver rescue breaths unless you've been trained in CPR.
A heart attack occurs when one or more of your coronary arteries become blocked. Over time, a coronary artery can narrow from the buildup of various substances, including cholesterol (atherosclerosis). This condition, known as coronary artery disease, causes most heart attacks.

During a heart attack, one of these plaques can rupture and spill cholesterol and other substances into the bloodstream. A blood clot forms at the site of the rupture. If large enough, the clot can completely block the flow of blood through the coronary artery.

Another cause of a heart attack is a spasm of a coronary artery that shuts down blood flow to part of the heart muscle. Use of tobacco and of illicit drugs, such as cocaine, can cause a life-threatening spasm. A heart attack can also occur due to a tear in the heart artery (spontaneous coronary artery dissection).
Certain factors contribute to the unwanted buildup of fatty deposits (atherosclerosis) that narrows arteries throughout your body. You can improve or eliminate many of these risk factors to reduce your chances of having a first or subsequent heart attack.

Heart attack risk factors include:

Age. Men age 45 or older and women age 55 or older are more likely to have a heart attack than are younger men and women.
Tobacco. Smoking and long-term exposure to secondhand smoke increase the risk of a heart attack.
High blood pressure. Over time, high blood pressure can damage arteries that feed your heart by accelerating atherosclerosis. High blood pressure that occurs with obesity, smoking, high cholesterol or diabetes increases your risk even more.
High blood cholesterol or triglyceride levels. A high level of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (the "bad" cholesterol) is most likely to narrow arteries. A high level of triglycerides, a type of blood fat related to your diet, also ups your risk of heart attack. However, a high level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (the "good" cholesterol) lowers your risk of heart attack.
Diabetes. Insulin, a hormone secreted by your pancreas, allows your body to use glucose, a form of sugar. Having diabetes ? not producing enough insulin or not responding to insulin properly ? causes your body's blood sugar levels to rise. Diabetes, especially uncontrolled, increases your risk of a heart attack.
Family history of heart attack. If your siblings, parents or grandparents have had early heart attacks (by age 55 for male relatives and by age 65 for female relatives), you may be at increased risk.
Lack of physical activity. An inactive lifestyle contributes to high blood cholesterol levels and obesity. People who get regular aerobic exercise have better cardiovascular fitness, which decreases their overall risk of heart attack. Exercise is also beneficial in lowering high blood pressure.
Obesity. Obesity is associated with high blood cholesterol levels, high triglyceride levels, high blood pressure and diabetes. Losing just 10 percent of your body weight can lower this risk, however.
Stress. You may respond to stress in ways that can increase your risk of a heart attack.
Illegal drug use. Using stimulant drugs, such as cocaine or amphetamines, can trigger a spasm of your coronary arteries that can cause a heart attack.
A history of preeclampsia. This condition causes high blood pressure during pregnancy and increases the lifetime risk of heart disease.
A history of an autoimmune condition, such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus. Conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and other autoimmune conditions can increase your risk of having a heart attack.
Complications

Heart attack complications are often related to the damage done to your heart during a heart attack. This damage can lead to the following conditions:

Abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias). If your heart muscle is damaged from a heart attack, electrical "short circuits" can develop, resulting in abnormal heart rhythms, some of which can be serious, even fatal.
Heart failure. The amount of damaged tissue in your heart may be so great that the remaining heart muscle can't do an adequate job of pumping blood out of your heart. Heart failure may be a temporary problem that goes away after your heart, which has been stunned by a heart attack, recovers. However, it can also be a chronic condition resulting from extensive and permanent damage to your heart following your heart attack.
Heart rupture. Areas of heart muscle weakened by a heart attack can rupture, leaving a hole in part of the heart. This rupture is often fatal.
Valve problems. Heart valves damaged during a heart attack may develop severe, life-threatening leakage problems.
TESTS & DIAGNOSIS
----------------------------
Ideally, your doctor should screen you during regular physical exams for risk factors that can lead to a heart attack.

If you're in an emergency setting for symptoms of a heart attack, you'll be asked to describe your symptoms and have your blood pressure, pulse and temperature checked. You'll be hooked up to a heart monitor and will almost immediately have tests to see if you're having a heart attack.

Tests will help check if your signs and symptoms, such as chest pain, indicate a heart attack or another condition. These tests include:

Electrocardiogram (ECG). This first test done to diagnose a heart attack records the electrical activity of your heart via electrodes attached to your skin. Impulses are recorded as waves displayed on a monitor or printed on paper. Because injured heart muscle doesn't conduct electrical impulses normally, the ECG may show that a heart attack has occurred or is in progress.
Blood tests. Certain heart enzymes slowly leak out into your blood if your heart has been damaged by a heart attack. Emergency room doctors will take samples of your blood to test for the presence of these enzymes.
Additional tests

If you've had a heart attack or one is occurring, doctors will take immediate steps to treat your condition. You may also undergo these additional tests:

Chest X-ray. An X-ray image of your chest allows your doctor to check the size of your heart and its blood vessels and to look for fluid in your lungs.
Echocardiogram. During this test, sound waves directed at your heart from a wand like device (transducer) held on your chest bounce off your heart and are processed electronically to provide video images of your heart. An echocardiogram can help identify whether an area of your heart has been damaged by a heart attack and isn't pumping normally or at peak capacity.
Coronary catheterization (angiogram). A liquid dye is injected into the arteries of your heart through a long, thin tube (catheter) that's fed through an artery, usually in your leg or groin, to the arteries in your heart. The dye makes the arteries visible on X-ray, revealing areas of blockage.
Exercise stress test. In the days or weeks after your heart attack, you may also undergo a stress test. Stress tests measure how your heart and blood vessels respond to exertion. You may walk on a treadmill or pedal a stationary bike while attached to an ECG machine. Or you may receive a drug intravenously that stimulates your heart similar to exercise.

Your doctor may also order a nuclear stress test, which is similar to an exercise stress test, but uses an injected dye and special imaging techniques to produce detailed images of your heart while you're exercising. These tests can help determine your long-term treatment.

Cardiac computerized tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These tests can be used to diagnose heart problems, including the extent of damage from heart attacks. In a cardiac CT scan, you lie on a table inside a doughnut-shaped machine. An X-ray tube inside the machine rotates around your body and collects images of your heart and chest.

In a cardiac MRI, you lie on a table inside a long tubelike machine that produces a magnetic field. The magnetic field aligns atomic particles in some of your cells. When radio waves are broadcast toward these aligned particles, they produce signals that vary according to the type of tissue they are. The signals create images of your heart.

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