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Dr. K. S Somasekhar Rao  - Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad

Dr. K. S Somasekhar Rao

DM - Gastroenterology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS

Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad

17 Years Experience  ·  1500 at clinic  ·  ₹400 online
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Dr. K. S Somasekhar Rao DM - Gastroenterology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad
17 Years Experience  ·  1500 at clinic  ·  ₹400 online
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Hello, I am Dr. Somasekhar Rao, gastroenterologist and hepatologist at the Apollo Hospitals, Jubi...

Hello, I am Dr. Somasekhar Rao, gastroenterologist and hepatologist at the Apollo Hospitals, Jubilee Hill, Hyderabad. I would like to talk about cirrhosis of liver and its complications and how to manage those things. Basically cirrhosis of liver is nothing but the liver get shrunken and it becomes nodular and hard so the functions of the liver comes down. The functions which are there are 600 vital functions that a liver does normally in a human being and all these functions are compromised in a patient with cirrhosis.

Most important cause for cirrhosis is always alcohol and next comes viruses called hepatitis B and hepatitis C. The evolving most increasing cause no is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Fatty liver disease which we see on ultrasound can cause cirrhosis. Any patient in early cirrhosis may not present with any symptoms. The initial symptoms of decompensations would be:-

  • There will be swelling in the fluid
  • Swollen feet
  • There will be distinction of abdomen because of accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity
  • Patients may have jaundice.
  • Sometimes they may present with a history of passing black color motion that means this patient is having bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract. It can be most common because of the swollen blood vessels called viruses in the esophagus.

So other presentations would be disorientation. Patient can have hepatic encephalopathy,  the functions of the liver because the liver acts as a filter to many toxins. All these toxins enter into your brain and cause disorientation this is called hepatic encephalopathy.

So now we will talk about the treatment of cirrhosis. Whenever we see a patient with cirrhosis, most important thing is we will try and evaluate the cause of cirrhosis. See if the patient is a chronic alcoholic. We are taking a history of all college. The first thing is to cut down and stop intake of alcohol when the patient is in early cirrhosis. It can reverse the cirrhosis to normal liver. Most important and nutritional aspects along with some supportive medication but when a patient presents with complications already, then we will be treating only the complications. Once the cirrhosis sets in and he is in CTP. By the time. you see that the patient eventually progresses most of the time. We are trying to treat the complications of cirrhosis. Then a patient presents to us with bleeding then we will find out whether it is very variceal bleeding and there is a procedure called endoscopic variceal ligation to decrease the pressure of the varices blood pressure in the esophageal varices.

We have some medications which decrease the pressure. We treat these patients and we control the bleeding and a patient presents with fluid in the stomach abdominal cavity or fluid in the legs. These patients are treated with so called restricted diet. Also we give some tablets called diuretics which increase the urine output and decrease the fluid in the legs and in the abdominal cavity and a patient presents with hepatic encephalopathy. We treat hepatic encephalopathy by medications and we try to decrease the ammonia level which is released by cleansing the gut and all those things. So all these things are managing complications of cirrhosis. Very  rarely we see a patient in early cirrhosis then we treat the host.

The cirrhosis can be reversible. It is very rare but eventually when we see a patient in complications, he would always be in a stage called CTPB where he will progress to CTBC. CTBC is the end stage of cirrhosis and at that point of time the patient is left only with option of liver transplant.

Liver transplantation is again transplantation. It can be a live donor transplantation or deceased donor transplantation. So Eventually when you see a patient in CTBC we have to plan for liver transplantation. In these patient he can wait maybe for 2 or 3 months meanwhile we will be managing for complications.

 

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Diagnosis and Treatment for Hepatitis B & C<br/><br/><br/>Hello. I am Dr. Somasekhar Rao, gastroe...

Diagnosis and Treatment for Hepatitis B & C


Hello. I am Dr. Somasekhar Rao, gastroenterologist, and hepatologist at Apollo Hospital, Hyderabad. I have been working as a a gastroenterologist for the last 8 years and the most common cause which I felt was that people are not aware was Hepatitis B and C. So, I thought I will talk to about these viruses in short. So, basically, there are two chronic Hepatitis viruses, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C. We can talk about them together because they have similar symptoms most of the times and similar modes of transmission. So, these viruses when they infect a given body they don’t harm any other organs of the body except the liver and these viruses are hepatotropic viruses and this damage the liver.

The damage caused by these viruses can be detrimental, can cause cirrhosis of the liver and cancer of the liver. So, all these things are avoidable when we can treat them adequately at the right time. Most of the time if you do a simple test called HBsAg, we will be able to detect the virus called Hepatitis B and if you do a test Anti-HCV, we will be able to detect a virus called Hepatitis C. So, when we detect these viruses based on the patients other parameters and the liver function test, we will decide if the patient needs treatment and If the patient needs treatment, then there are good drugs available for Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C, it can cure the disease. so, if we treat the virus then there is no chance of liver damage like Cirrhosis and cancer of the liver.

The mode of transmission of this virus is very important to know. Most of the times it is not only it is always intravenous. It can be transmitted by intravenous injections or needle sharing. It can be transmitted by blood products. It can be transmitted by sexual transmission. And, most of the time we see this IV drug abuser sharing needles. Therefore, these are the chances of transmission. The most important root of transmission is mother-child transmission which is another possibility of these viruses. So, we should be aware of these viruses and modes of transmission so that we can avoid the transmission of these viruses.

So, Hepatitis B is a treatable disease whenever there is a necessity. Whenever the liver function tests are high or the Hepatitis B viral load is high, we need to treat them. There are very good anti-viral tablets available for Hepatitis B and you are preventing the liver from going into Cirrhosis or cancer of the liver. Hepatitis C is a curable disease based on the Hepatitis C RNA count and Hepatitis C genotype. There are various drugs available in the markets which are newly available where the cure rates for Hepatitis C are more than 90%. So, I would suggest a simple blood test for Hepatitis B that is HBsAg and for Hepatitis C Anti-HCV can save your liver.

If you are positive, you need to consult your doctor and get treated. You can contact me through Lybrate or I am available at Apollo Hospital, Hyderabad.
 

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Personal Statement

I believe in health care that is based on a personal commitment to meet patient needs with compassion and care....more
I believe in health care that is based on a personal commitment to meet patient needs with compassion and care.
More about Dr. K. S Somasekhar Rao
A reputed hepatologist and medical gastroenterologist, Dr. KS Somashekhar Rao is associated with Apollo Hospitals and is based in Hyderabad. He specializes in pancreatitis, hepatitis, colon problems, gastric conditions and biliary diseases. After completing his MBBS degree from Andhra Medical College in Vishakhapatnam, he did his MD in general medicine from MR Medical College in Gulbarga, Karnataka and DM in Med Gastroenterology from Sri Rama Chandra Medical College in Chennai. Till date, Dr. KS Somashekhar Rao has successfully executed 5000 procedures and is known to have an exceptional skills and expertise in various endoscopic techniques like colonoscopy, upper endoscopy and ERCP. Most of his patients suffer from medical conditions related to disorders of biliary tree, pancreas and liver. As he is currently associated with Apollo Hospitals in Hyderabad, he is equipped with the most advanced and scientific techniques to treat his patients. His expertise and skills in the specific domains have made him extremely popular among his patients who are looking for specialized treatments. Dr. Rao has also served as an Assistant Professor in Pinnamaneni Siddhartha Institute of Medical Sciences in Gannavaram in Andhra Pradesh. He has also been educating students in the Gastroenterology department at Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences at Whitefield in Bangalore. Because of his academic interest, he has also published two research papers on validation of Siriraj and Allens score while comparing them with CT scan of brain. He has also conducted research on gastric emptying study by scintigraphy on non-ulcer dyspepsia.

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Specialty
Education
DM - Gastroenterology - SRMC - Chennai - 2012
MD - General Medicine - MRMC - Gulbarga - 2007
MBBS - Andhra Medical College, Vizag - 2002
Languages spoken
English

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Apollo Health City

FIlm Nagar, Jubilee HillsHyderabad Get Directions
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Dr. K. S Somasekhar Rao Feeds

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Functional Abdominal Pain - The Best Way To Manage It!
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Achalasia Disorder: Know The Causes and Symptoms

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Know The Types and Causes of Hepatitis

Know The Types and Causes of Hepatitis
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