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Dr. K.Lakshminarayana

Psychologist, Hyderabad

1000 at clinic
Dr. K.Lakshminarayana Psychologist, Hyderabad
1000 at clinic  ·  ₹ online
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My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them....more
My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them.
More about Dr. K.Lakshminarayana
Dr. K.Lakshminarayana is an experienced Psychologist in Secunderabad, Hyderabad. Doctor is currently practising at Mind Care Counselling Centre in Secunderabad, Hyderabad. You can book an instant appointment online with Dr. K.Lakshminarayana on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has a nexus of the most experienced Psychologists in India. You will find Psychologists with more than 29 years of experience on Lybrate.com. Find the best Psychologists online in Hyderabad. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Plot No.6, G-3, Srinivasa Enclave, Picket, Secunderabad. Landmark: Near To JBS Bustand, HyderabadHyderabad Get Directions
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C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician
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Weight gain after quitting smoking does not increase the risk of heart disease

In a study published in Journal of American Association, researchers from Switzerland have shown that in non?diabetics, weight gain after quitting smoking does not take away the cardiovascular benefits of quitting smoking.

There is a net cardiovascular benefit of smoking cessation despite subsequent weight gain. Smoking cessation is always beneficial for smokers.

People gain 6 to 8 pounds of weight after quitting smoking. In the study, quitting smoking was also linked with a decreased risk of heart attack or cardiac death compared to smokers.

How much hour should a student study in a day? I have my exam starting from March.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist
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Dear Abby. Any student can study any amount of time in a given day provide he gets enough sleep and mental rest. 7 hour sleep is ideal. One hour for entertainment. One hour for physical exercise. One hour for mental number games. That means a student can study upto 14 hours a day. Please consult a psychologist online or in person for advice, counseling and therapy. Take care.

Iam 25yrs old I daily smoke 8cigarettes. I want to reduce this smoking number how should I do?

MBBS
General Physician
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Replace smoking with higher taste like" transcendental meditation. When you get higher taste, the lower taste of intoxicants like nicotine would no longer be able to distract you.

Due to smoking unable get in sex. Any treatment and exercise. I want to quick smoking. Tried due to circumstances still on. We need kid pls help.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist
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Of course your sex life will be effected if you continue to smoke. So quitting and immediately and promptly is the best advice I can give you. You must do a lot of exercises: one of which is called kegel and you can find more if you google this name. There are too many harmful effects because of smoking. But here are a few to ruminate up on with the intention of either making you stop or to never start again. It has more than 7000 chemical substances most of which are harmful. It affects your stamina, breathing, forms skin wrinkles; Bad for your heart, bad for bad cholesterol, it can lead to strokes, dental problems, eye problems, cancer, brain cell death, vascular problems, throat problems, voice difficulties, etc. The list is quite endless. It is so bad that there is an international battle to dissuade smoking. Each cigarette you smoke has an effect on your erectile capacity: the nicotine in the cigarette is a vasoconstrictor i.e. it narrows the blood vessels to constrict the blood flow. The erection of the penis is caused by an extra flow of blood to the penis along with a shut down valve that facilitates its engorgement. This action will be compromised. Your BP rises with every cigarette you smoke. But to me the biggest danger is that, in time, dependence and tolerance will develop so that you will want more cigarettes in order to have the same effect as when you started smoking with only one or two. Now, the bluff that we all went through when we were teens was this belief (really a denial) that, if we want, we can stop at any time we choose. That unfortunately does not work: it is a deceptive bluff. The fortunate thing about giving up smoking is that you can reverse most of the damage by giving up at any time: the sooner the better, however.You should start vigorous exercises, gradually increasing it over a period of time. Do deep breathing exercises every time you feel like smoking (try Yoga), and replace the oral urge with some healthy food substitute to satiate the need. You may also take hard candy or chewing gum. If the urge is too strong, then use nicotine chewing gum or nicotine patches, for a little while until the smoking drive reduces substantially. You may also join Smokers Anonymous in your city where the support is really extraordinary for like-minded people who are also in the same situation. Keep yourself occupied or engaged with interesting activities during the times when it is most tempting. Keep the company of non-smokers for some time i.e. at least for the first 21 days. Above all announce it to everyone that you have quit smoking. Here’s a piece of very good advice: even if you accidentally/willfully take a cigarette, it is not the end of the world – you can start the cessation all over again. You must persevere with the best support until you defeat this addiction. Counseling is very useful in the initial stages and when temptations are at their highest. All the damage you incurred earlier because of the smoking can be reverted back to normal in quick time.

I am 28 yrs old has a smoking addiction and now a days dont feel like goin out of house, migraines and other health problems have started. Dont want to go work feels insecure and threatened. Deeply stressed out always.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist
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I am 28 yrs old has a smoking addiction and now a days dont feel like goin out of house, migraines and other health p...
You may be into an anger related depression or in the early stages of it. Meet with a counselor and work out your emotions with that person and follow all the instructions. When you internalize your feelings you will experience a lot of health complications. If you know of any reason, developmental or genetic that has contributed to this condition, take that to your counselor. So go out and meet with people, exercise regularly, sleep well and eat healthily. You must become active; stay upright during the daylight time; meet people; never sleep during the day, wake up by 6 am every day, play some active games, especially contact games, do physical exercises, talk to people and join some social clubs, attend Yoga classes etc. Watch sitcoms on TV or comedies and cheer yourself up. Go for excursions in groups, for outings, camps, conferences, and religious conventions. Get a pet dog and spend time training it, exercising it and relating to it. Expose yourself to some sunlight every day, at least 30 minutes but not in the scotching heat. Whatever happens, please incorporate these three important adaptations in your life: always be responsible, be respectful, and be functional. If you did these three, lots of things will go well in life. Please pray and have faith in God to alleviate your sufferings. Don?t wait for others to help. Use your own motivation, which might be at its lowest, but persevere and win this battle. Above all to be really happy, you need to live in love and for love: find someone to love and to love you back. A counselor is there only to facilitate you, all the hard word must come from you, and your cooperation with that person is very critical for your success. Be positive everyday and learn to be contended with what you have.

My aunt is very sweet and loving. But on the contrary she gets violent even at 60 and hardly can control her anger. At times she gets very depressed about life and actually it is increasing day by day and she keeps ruminating over the past and recalling the past unpleasant memories. She feels alienated but it is not so. It is in her thought process. Everyone in the family loves n cares for her but she feels insecure. And one thing lastly she gets panicky about petty matters.

M.S. Counselling and Psychotherapy
Psychologist
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My aunt is very sweet and loving. But on the contrary she gets violent even at 60 and hardly can control her anger. A...
Your aunt is becoming old now and life becomes more difficult at this age. It becomes difficult for a person, to see that the body and mind is getting older. Older people have lesser patience. Because of this she might be feeling frustrated and sad. She might be having some health issues, which may be making her insecure and angry. Encourage her to talk about her past life experiences and when she is ruminating over it, validate her feelings. Try to understand the situations from her view point. All she needs is more love and respect. Give her responsibilities that she can shoulder. Involve her in family decisions. Make her feel important. Talk to her about "letting go" of things so that she will not keep worrying unnecessarily. Encourage her to pursue some hobbies or activities she could not undertake till now. Encourage her to have her own social circle. She needs to understand that if she becomes more positive and flexible about life, she can still enjoy life to the fullest and ultimately her anger will reduce.

I am 24 year old. My problem is that. I saw any girl or aunty in bus .heavy traffic in bus. I totally disturbed. My mind totally sexy thinking about any ladies in front of me. Upto my destination only sexy thinking to touch her ass or bra. And if I go to any relatives or friends home. I think about my relatives aunty or girl about sex. So I unable to concentrate about my career and other things. Please help me resolve this problem. I am totally addicted to this. I thought many time to leave that but unable to do it. I visited to doctor. They said this problem is for sexual compulsive disorder. They had given me Flunil tablet. I have taken 2 month but after that same problem. I want to the proper solution. No tablet. Please help me.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist
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I am 24 year old. My problem is that. I saw any girl or aunty in bus .heavy traffic in bus. I totally disturbed. My m...
Dear lybrate user. I can understand. Sexual obsessive compulsive disorder is pretty common and don't worry about that. Worrying could worsen the problem and you will feel anxious. Usually cognitive behavior therapy is used for curing this. CBT needs to be applied over a period of three months. Take care.

I am 20 ,male am suffering from stress and mental pressure inducing night fall ,discharge. Urethral bleeding is there any severity. I becoming lean.Please tell.

BAMS, MD Ayurveda
Ayurveda
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I am 20 ,male am suffering from stress and mental pressure inducing night fall ,discharge. Urethral bleeding is there...
I am recommending you an following remedy which will surely help you 1. Take 2 tsp Indian asparagus powder 2. Add 1 cup milk 3. Boil the mixture for 10 min 4. Drink 2 times every day Causes: • Anxiety • Incorrect diet • Unhealthy lifestyle it will surely help you.

I take nexito 5mg. Usually I was taking 10mg now shifted to 5 but fdom the time I did this im getting mental tension and irritation. Need help.

Advance Course in Neuro linguistic Programming, Diploma In Dyslexic Studies, Masters In Psychological Counselling
Psychologist
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I take nexito 5mg. Usually I was taking 10mg now shifted to 5 but fdom the time I did this im getting mental tension ...
Nexito (5 mg) is an antidepressant in a group of drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (ssris). Nexito (5 mg) affects chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause depression or anxiety. Nexito (5 mg) is used to treat anxiety in adults. Since you have reduced the dosage to half depression and anxiety symptoms are resurfacing. Psychiatric medication must be backed by psychotherapy, any change in the dosage should be with the consent of your doctor only.

I'm suffering from very high depression. Should I take any medicine? Some time also headache and chest pain.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist
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I'm suffering from very high depression.
Should I take any medicine?
Some time also headache and chest pain.
Dear Kanhaiya, Welcome to lybrate. Clinical depression or depressive disorder is a neurochemical disorder. Clinical depression is usually treated with a combination of psychiatric medicines, psychotherapy, life style changes, meditation and exercise. I hope you are undergoing psychiatric treatment, otherwise, please approach a psychiatrist. Once you make the necessary amendments in your life with the help of the above said therapies and life style changes, learn how to manage the depressive episodes without medicines and learn to relax, the medicines can be weaned off over a period of one year. Please consult a psychologist online or in person for advise counseling and therapy. Take care.

Which kind of precaution should be taken when a person is suffering from fever along with diarrhea, vomiting, anxiety and pains in chest.

Masters in Clinical Psychology
Psychologist
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Which kind of precaution should be taken when a person is suffering from fever along with diarrhea, vomiting, anxiety...
Hi, If diarrhea and vomiting is because of anxiety you should get treatment. At home try the following, Breathe deep. Close your eyes and take a deep breath, then another. Let each breath out slowly. Repeat as needed. Light exercise. Walking and stretching can soothe a stressed-out body or an over-excited mind. Meditate. Focus on your breathing and what’s happening around you right now. Take a time out. Distract yourself with something you enjoy, like TV, gardening, playing with pets, or a visit with friends. Visualize. Picture yourself facing and conquering fears. For example, see yourself succeeding in that meeting. Get support. Call up a sympathetic friend or family member and talk. Make a plan. Just thinking about how you’ll handle a problem can help you begin to feel in control. Eat and drink right. Alcohol can make stress and anxiety worse. Overeating can pile guilt and nausea onto an already overwrought situation. Rest up. Whether it’s stress, anxiety, or excitement taking your body on a roller-coaster ride, the unchangeable fact is you need to rest and recharge. So daydream. Take naps. And, always get a good night’s sleep.

Hello doctor how r you. I am 15 years old girl now I am in 10th I always lose my concentration while studying pls suggest some home remedies to cure this plsss doctor.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist
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Dear Dhanya, You must be able to understand Concentration, attention span, recollection and distraction. If you are able to watch a movie for two hours continuously, if you are able to play a game for an hour, then you do not have any concentration problems. You can't be attentive towards your studies because you are not interested in it. You are able to watch movie and play game because you are interested in it. Human cannot be attentive towards anything for more than 10 minutes. If the task is boring, it is natural that that person will sleep or feel sleepy. Then you should study in such a way that your attention is continued and make the subjects are interesting to you. Effective learning techniques should help you. Recollection depends on anxiety, stress and other physical and circumstantial factors. Distractions while studying are plentiful. You should be able to overcome distractions or avoid distractions. Please understand the above. Change your study style and attitude accordingly. Please search internet for "effective learning" techniques or you may consult a psychologist. Take care.

Paraphilia and its Psychological Impact

MDEH, BUMS
Sexologist
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Compelling urge to get physical with your partner that is an aberration from what is expected of a person, that is to say usual genital arousal for a phenotypically normal, physically of age and consenting human counterpart, is referred to as Paraphilia or sexual perversion. This condition lives up to the standards of a disabling problem when it hampers the overall health of a person, leads to psychological setback or victimization of another individual.

Psychological impacts of going through such a condition

1. The perpetrator of the variation may or may not see this as a condition: The person suffering from this condition may or may not treat it as a problem. In both ways, it is harmful. Knowing it as a problem and not seeking treatment or assistance can be harmful for oneself and others. Not realizing that you are subject to a serious sexual condition might propel you to commit wrong to non- consensual partners while being confident about your ways.

2. Social ostracization kills them: Coming in the open with a sexual fantasy that is not acceptable to the society can leave you with varied reactions. People might be incited to attack you for being unusual or they might isolate you. The latter is a probable outcome. Rarely does society guide you towards betterment in such cases. Social ostracization can result in deep rooted hatred for the world at large.

3. Perpetual humiliation can push them more into Paraphilia: Humiliation for being different from the rest can make a person feel shame. Shame and constant regret cannot help an instance of sexual perversion. It can make a man or woman more obstinate. In such a situation a person would strongly cling to his or her condition feeling extremely dejected.

4. 'To be or not to be' haunts people suffering from Paraphilia: Many times a sufferer is not able to understand what is wrong in having objectionable sexual behavioral tendencies and fantasies. As long as your fantasies are limited to your own mental domain or are performed on a consensual partner, there are no complications. The minute an obnoxious sexual urge is performed leading to personal or public harm, a threatening hitch arises.

5. Problems in expressing oneself can make a person suicidal: To adhere to societal norms a person might keep his desires on a leash. This kind of compromising over a long span of time will make a person depressive and may also prompt him to commit suicide.
Paraphilia and its Psychological Impact

I have a headache every time. My eyes getting pain when I see any type of lights. I don't know what happened with me. I am in problem. Please give me any solution of this problem. My family also angry on me due to my this conditions.

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I have a headache every time. My eyes getting pain when I see any type of lights. I don't know what happened with me....
Are your eyesight weak, if not then once consult with the opthalmologist and get your eye checkup. If everything is fine and still it is there, then take a proper treatment and give your proper case history.

How can I improve my memory power?

BHARAT JYOTI, MRACGP, INCEPTOR, MD-PhD, FIPS, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE), DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist
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How to Improve Your Memory Tips and Exercises to Sharpen Your Mind and Boost Brainpower Improving Emotional Health A strong memory depends on the health and vitality of your brain. Whether you're a student studying for final exams, a working professional interested in doing all you can to stay mentally sharp, or a senior looking to preserve and enhance your grey matter as you age, there are lots of things you can do to improve your memory and mental performance. Harnessing the power of your brain They say that you can’t teach an old dog new tricks, but when it comes to the brain, scientists have discovered that this old adage simply isn’t true. The human brain has an astonishing ability to adapt and change—even into old age. This ability is known as neuroplasticity. With the right stimulation, your brain can form new neural pathways, alter existing connections, and adapt and react in ever-changing ways. The brain’s incredible ability to reshape itself holds true when it comes to learning and memory. You can harness the natural power of neuroplasticity to increase your cognitive abilities, enhance your ability to learn new information, and improve your memory. Improving memory tip 1: Don't skimp on exercise or sleep Just as an athlete relies on sleep and a nutrition-packed diet to perform his or her best, your ability to remember increases when you nurture your brain with a good diet and other healthy habits. When you exercise the body, you exercise the brain Treating your body well can enhance your ability to process and recall information. Physical exercise increases oxygen to your brain and reduces the risk for disorders that lead to memory loss, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Exercise may also enhance the effects of helpful brain chemicals and protect brain cells. Improve your memory by sleeping on it When you’re sleep deprived, your brain can’t operate at full capacity. Creativity, problem-solving abilities, and critical thinking skills are compromised. Whether you’re studying, working, or trying to juggle life’s many demands, sleep deprivation is a recipe for disaster. But sleep is critical to learning and memory in an even more fundamental way. Research shows that sleep is necessary for memory consolidation, with the key memory-enhancing activity occurring during the deepest stages of sleep. Improving memory tip 2: Make time for friends and fun When you think of ways to improve memory, do you think of “serious” activities such as wrestling with the New York Times crossword puzzle or mastering chess strategy, or do more lighthearted pastimes—hanging out with friends or enjoying a funny movie—come to mind? If you’re like most of us, it’s probably the former. But countless studies show that a life that’s full of friends and fun comes with cognitive benefits. Healthy relationships: the ultimate memory booster? Humans are highly social animals. We’re not meant to survive, let alone thrive, in isolation. Relationships stimulate our brains—in fact, interacting with others may be the best kind of brain exercise. Research shows that having meaningful relationships and a strong support system are vital not only to emotional health, but also to brain health. In one recent study from the Harvard School of Public Health, for example, researchers found that people with the most active social lives had the slowest rate of memory decline. There are many ways to start taking advantage of the brain and memory-boosting benefits of socializing. Volunteer, join a club, make it a point to see friends more often, or reach out over the phone. And if a human isn’t handy, don’t overlook the value of a pet—especially the highly-social dog. Laughter is good for your brain You’ve heard that laughter is the best medicine, and that holds true for the brain and the memory as well as the body. Unlike emotional responses, which are limited to specific areas of the brain, laughter engages multiple regions across the whole brain. Furthermore, listening to jokes and working out punch lines activates areas of the brain vital to learning and creativity. As psychologist Daniel Goleman notes in his book Emotional Intelligence, “laughter…seems to help people think more broadly and associate more freely.” Looking for ways to bring more laughter in your life? Start with these basics: Laugh at yourself. Share your embarrassing moments. The best way to take ourselves less seriously is to talk about the times when we took ourselves too seriously. When you hear laughter, move toward it. Most of the time, people are very happy to share something funny because it gives them an opportunity to laugh again and feed off the humor you find in it. When you hear laughter, seek it out and ask, “What’s funny?” Spend time with fun, playful people. These are people who laugh easily—both at themselves and at life’s absurdities—and who routinely find the humor in everyday events. Their playful point of view and laughter are contagious. Surround yourself with reminders to lighten up. Keep a toy on your desk or in your car. Put up a funny poster in your office. Choose a computer screensaver that makes you laugh. Frame photos of you and your family or friends having fun. Pay attention to children and emulate them. They are the experts on playing, taking life lightly, and laughing. Improving memory tip 3: Keep stress in check Stress is one of the brain’s worst enemies. Over time, if left unchecked, chronic stress destroys brain cells and damages the hippocampus, the region of the brain involved in the formation of new memories and the retrieval of old ones. The stress-busting, memory-boosting benefits of meditation The scientific evidence for the mental health benefits of meditation continues to pile up. Studies show that meditation helps improve many different types of conditions, including depression, anxiety, chronic pain, diabetes, and high blood pressure. Meditation also can improve focus, concentration, creativity, memory, and learning and reasoning skills. Meditation works its “magic” by changing the actual brain. Brain images show that regular meditators have more activity in the left prefrontal cortex, an area of the brain associated with feelings of joy and equanimity. Meditation also increases the thickness of the cerebral cortex and encourages more connections between brain cells—all of which increases mental sharpness and memory ability. Depression and anxiety can also affect memory In addition to stress, depression, anxiety, and chronic worrying can also take a heavy toll on the brain. In fact, some of the symptoms of depression and anxiety include difficulty concentrating, making decisions, and remembering things. If you are mentally sluggish because of depression or anxiety, dealing with the problem will make a big difference in your cognitive abilities, including memory. Improving memory tip 4: Eat a brain-boosting diet Just as the body needs fuel, so does the brain. You probably already know that a diet based on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, “healthy” fats (such as olive oil, nuts, fish) and lean protein will provide lots of health benefits, but such a diet can also improve memory. But for brain health, it’s not just what you eat—it’s also what you don’t eat. The following nutritional tips will help boost your brainpower and reduce your risk of dementia: Get your omega-3s. More and more evidence indicates that omega-3 fatty acids are particularly beneficial for brain health. Fish is a particularly rich source of omega-3, especially cold water “fatty fish” such as salmon, tuna, halibut, trout, mackerel, sardines, and herring. In addition to boosting brainpower, eating fish may also lower your risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. If you’re not a fan of seafood, consider non-fish sources of omega-3s such as walnuts, ground flaxseed, flaxseed oil, winter squash, kidney and pinto beans, spinach, broccoli, pumpkin seeds, and soybeans. Limit calories and saturated fat. Research shows that diets high in saturated fat (from sources such as red meat, whole milk, butter, cheese, cream, and ice cream) increase your risk of dementia and impair concentration and memory. Eating too many calories in later life can also increase your risk of cognitive impairment. Talk to your doctor or dietician about developing a healthy eating plan. Eat more fruit and vegetables. Produce is packed with antioxidants, substances that protect your brain cells from damage. Colorful fruits and vegetables are particularly good antioxidant "superfood" sources. Try leafy green vegetables such as spinach, kale, broccoli, romaine lettuce, chard, and arugula, and fruit such as bananas, apricots, mangoes, cantaloupe, and watermelon. Drink green tea. Green tea contains polyphenols, powerful antioxidants that protect against free radicals that can damage brain cells. Among many other benefits, regular consumption of green tea may enhance memory and mental alertness and slow brain aging. Drink wine (or grape juice) in moderation. Keeping your alcohol consumption in check is key, since alcohol kills brain cells. But in moderation (around 1 glass a day for women; 2 for men), alcohol may actually improve memory and cognition. Red wine appears to be the best option, as it is rich in resveratrol, a flavonoid that boosts blood flow in the brain and reduces the risk of Alzheimer’s disease. Other resveratrol-packed options include grape juice, cranberry juice, fresh grapes and berries, and peanuts. For mental energy, choose complex carbohydrates Just as a racecar needs gas, your brain needs fuel to perform at its best. When you need to be at the top of your mental game, carbohydrates can keep you going. But the type of carbs you choose makes all the difference. Carbohydrates fuel your brain, but simple carbs (sugar, white bread, refined grains) give a quick boost followed by an equally rapid crash. There is also evidence to suggest that diets high in simple carbs can greatly increase the risk for cognitive impairment in older adults. For healthy energy that lasts, choose complex carbohydrates such as whole-wheat bread, brown rice, oatmeal, high-fiber cereal, lentils, and whole beans. Avoid processed foods and limit starches (potato, pasta, rice) to no more than one quarter of your plate. Improving memory tip 5: Give your brain a workout By the time you’ve reached adulthood, your brain has developed millions of neural pathways that help you process and recall information quickly, solve familiar problems, and execute familiar tasks with a minimum of mental effort. But if you always stick to these well-worn paths, you aren’t giving your brain the stimulation it needs to keep growing and developing. You have to shake things up from time to time! Try taking a new route home from work or the grocery store, visiting new places at the weekend, or reading different kinds of books. Memory, like muscular strength, requires you to “use it or lose it.” The more you work out your brain, the better you’ll be able to process and remember information. The best brain exercises break your routine and challenge you to use and develop new brain pathways. Activities that require using your hands are a great way to exercise your brain. Playing a musical instrument, juggling, enjoying a game of ping pong (table tennis), making pottery, knitting, or needlework are activities that exercise the brain by challenging hand-eye coordination, spatial-temporal reasoning, and creativity. The brain exercise you choose can be virtually anything, so long as it meets the following three criteria: It’s new. No matter how intellectually demanding the activity, if it’s something you’re already good at, it’s not a good brain exercise. The activity needs to be something that’s unfamiliar and out of your comfort zone. It’s challenging. Anything that takes some mental effort and expands your knowledge will work. Examples include learning a new language, instrument, or sport, or tackling a challenging crossword or Sudoku puzzle. It’s fun. Physical and emotional enjoyment is important in the brain’s learning process. The more interested and engaged you are in the activity, the more likely you’ll be to continue doing it and the greater the benefits you’ll experience. The activity should be challenging, yes, it should also be something that is fun and enjoyable to you. Make an activity more pleasurable by appealing to your senses—playing music while you do it, or rewarding yourself afterwards with a favorite treat, for example. Use mnemonic devices to make memorization easier Mnemonics (the initial “m” is silent) are clues of any kind that help us remember something, usually by helping us associate the information we want to remember with a visual image, a sentence, or a word. Mnemonic device Example Visual image – Associate a visual image with a word or name to help you remember them better. Positive, pleasant images that are vivid, colorful, and three-dimensional will be easier to remember. To remember the name Rosa Parks and what she’s known for, picture a woman sitting on a park bench surrounded by roses, waiting as her bus pulls up. Acrostic (or sentence) - Make up a sentence in which the first letter of each word is part of or represents the initial of what you want to remember. The sentence “Every good boy does fine” to memorize the lines of the treble clef, representing the notes E, G, B, D, and F. Acronym – An acronym is a word that is made up by taking the first letters of all the key words or ideas you need to remember and creating a new word out of them. The word “HOMES” to remember the names of the Great Lakes: Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, and Superior. Rhymes and alliteration - Rhymes, alliteration (a repeating sound or syllable), and even jokes are a memorable way to remember more mundane facts and figures. The rhyme “Thirty days hath September, April, June, and November” to remember the months of the year with only 30 days in them. Chunking – Chunking breaks a long list of numbers or other types of information into smaller, more manageable chunks. Remembering a 10-digit phone number by breaking it down into three sets of numbers: 555-867-5309 (as opposed to5558675309). Method of loci – Imagine placing the items you want to remember along a route you know well or in specific locations in a familiar room or building. For a shopping list, imagine bananas in the entryway to your home, a puddle of milk in the middle of the sofa, eggs going up the stairs, and bread on your bed. Tips for enhancing memory and learning skills Pay attention. You can’t remember something if you never learned it, and you can’t learn something—that is, encode it into your brain—if you don’t pay enough attention to it. It takes about eight seconds of intense focus to process a piece of information into your memory. If you’re easily distracted, pick a quiet place where you won’t be interrupted. Involve as many senses as possible. Try to relate information to colors, textures, smells, and tastes. The physical act of rewriting information can help imprint it onto your brain. Even if you’re a visual learner, read out loud what you want to remember. If you can recite it rhythmically, even better. Relate information to what you already know. Connect new data to information you already remember, whether it’s new material that builds on previous knowledge, or something as simple as an address of someone who lives on a street where you already know someone. For more complex material, focus on understanding basic ideas rather than memorizing isolated details. Practice explaining the ideas to someone else in your own words. Rehearse information you’ve already learned. Review what you’ve learned the same day you learn it, and at intervals thereafter. This “spaced rehearsal” is more effective than cramming, especially for retaining what you’ve learned. 5 Simple Tricks to Sharpen Thinking and Memory Skills Using these memory-enhancing techniques can help improve your ability to learn new information and retain it over time. 1. Repeat One of the golden rules of learning and memory is repeat, repeat, repeat. The brain also responds to novelty so repeating something in a different way or at a different time will make the most of the novelty effect and allow you to build stronger memories. Examples of using repletion include: Taking notes. Repeating a name after you hear it for the first time. Repeating or paraphrasing what someone says to you. 2. Organize A day planner or smart phone calendar can help you keep track of appointments and activities and can also serve as a journal in which you write anything that you would like to remember. Writing down and organizing information reinforces learning. Try jotting down conversations, thoughts, experiences. Review current and previous day’s entries at breakfast and dinner. If you use a planner and not a smart phone, keep it in the same spot at home and take it with you whenever you leave. 3. Visualize Learning faces and names is a particularly hard task for most people. In addition to repeating a person’s name, you can also associate the name with an image. Visualization strengthens the association you are making between the face and the name. For example: Link the name Sandy with the image of a beach, and imagine Sandy on the beach. 4. Cue When you are having difficulty recalling a particular word or fact, you can cue yourself by giving related details or “talking around” the word, name, or fact. Other practical ways to cue include: Using alarms or a kitchen timer to remind you of tasks or appointments. Placing an object associated with the task you must do in a prominent place at home. For example, if you want to order tickets to a play, leave a newspaper ad for the play near your telephone or computer. 5. Group When you’re trying to remember a long list of items, it can help to group the items in sets of three to five, just as you would to remember a phone number. This strategy capitalizes on organization and building associations, and helps to extend the capacity of our short-term memory by chunking information together instead of trying to remember each piece of information independently. For example: If you have a list of 15 things on your grocery list, you can group the items by category, such as dairy, produce, canned goods, and frozen foods. Adapted with permission from Harvard Health Letter: July 2014, a special health report published by Harvard Health Publications. More help for memory Age-Related Memory Loss – How to Keep Your Memory Sharp as You Age Alzheimer's and Dementia Prevention – How To Reduce Your Risk and Protect Your Brain as You Age Understanding Dementia – Signs, Symptoms, Types, and Treatment What’s Causing Your Memory Loss? – It's Not Necessarily Alzheimer’s Healthy Lifestyles Easy Ways to Start Exercising – Making Exercise a Fun Part of Your Everyday Life How to Sleep Better – Tips for Getting a Good Night’s Sleep Stress Management – How to Reduce, Prevent, and Cope with Stress Relaxation Techniques for Stress Relief – Finding the Relaxation Exercises That Work for You Healthy Eating – Easy Tips for Planning a Healthy Diet and Sticking to It Staying Healthy As You Age – How to Feel Young and Live Life to the Fullest

I want to quick smoking but not happening. I am lacking in some where. Suggest what to do.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist
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You have certainly made a good decision and you can go about it in the following manner. The habit can be very difficult to halt because of the many conditions attached to smoking. In fact these conditions can exist all through the day unlike other addictions. But your desire to want to stop is the most important factor. It is important to find out about the ill-effects of smoking to have a reason that alarms you about continuing in the habit. The information is really scary. The nicotine in tobacco smoke stimulates the heart beat to raise the blood pressure in no time at all. So you must avoid it like the plague: it is just very bad medicine for you. In fact it is highly toxic too. You will need to stop smoking or consuming any tobacco related items with immediate effect. You should start vigorous exercises, gradually increasing it over a period of time. Do deep breathing exercises every time you feel like smoking (try Yoga), and replace the oral urge with some healthy food substitute to satiate the need. You may also take hard candy or chewing gum. If the urge is too strong, then use nicotine chewing gum or nicotine patches, for a little while until the smoking drive reduces substantially. You may also join Smokers Anonymous in your city where the support is really extraordinary for like-minded people who are also in the same situation. Keep yourself occupied or engaged with interesting activities during the times when it is most tempting. Keep the company of non-smokers for some time i.e. at least for the first 21 days. Above all announce it to everyone that you have quit smoking. Here’s a piece of very good advice: even if you accidentally/willfully take a cigarette, it is not the end of the world – you can start the cessation all over again. You must persevere with the best support until you defeat this addiction. Counseling is very useful in the initial stages and when temptations are at their highest. All the damage you incurred earlier because of the smoking can be reverted back to normal in quick time.

What is schizophrenia?

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
Pediatrician
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Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disorder that has affected people throughout history. People with the disorder may hear voices other people don't hear. They may believe other people are reading their minds, controlling their thoughts, or plotting to harm them. This can terrify people with the illness and make them withdrawn or extremely agitated. People with schizophrenia may not make sense when they talk. They may sit for hours without moving or talking. Sometimes people with schizophrenia seem perfectly fine until they talk about what they are really thinking. Families and society are affected by schizophrenia too. Many people with schizophrenia have difficulty holding a job or caring for themselves, so they rely on others for help. Ask privately for medicines with list of medicines you already take.

Hello doctor I am 25 years old and just now I am suffering from depression, please can you help me.

Advanced Skills in Counselling, BSIC, Advanced Trainee of Transactional Analysis, DCS, Hypnotherapist
Psychologist
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You will need a psychiatric assessment and counselling for the negative thoughts. Alternate sciences also help in depression. Yoga, meditation, exercise, eating healthy, sleeping well and not overthinking will help you to overcome depression. Please contact me on private chat to know more.

She lose her mind control she is doing crazy things like she gets angry very fast she talk alone she didn't listening any family member etc. what should she do ?

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist
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Dear Lybrate user, Anger and aggression are emotions. Anger comes when you become irritated. Irritation happens when you don't like something, or when something is repeated. As anger is an emotion, it should be vent out. You should be able to throw anger out instead of controlling it. But more perfect will be, know the frustrating situations and stop being emotional. If practiced properly, you will not get irritated at those circumstances at all. Those techniques are much easier to understand. Take care.

My friend has this strange disorder. His anger is out of control sometimes. He just does not listen to anyone. Keeps on abusing someone for hours without stopping, thinking of consequences or listening to anyone. Can this be treated somehow?

BHARAT JYOTI, MRACGP, INCEPTOR, MD-PhD, MD - Psychiatry, FIPS, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE), DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist
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My friend has this strange disorder. His anger is out of control sometimes. He just does not listen to anyone. Keeps ...
Could be epileptic furore or manic episode or excitement. Needs investigation eeg/ mri/cbc will review after results.
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