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Dr. Harika Tirungari provides answers that are knowledgeable. Thank you Dr.
Good and well experienced doctor
Please tell Dr. What is the side effect of Tips surgery fir liver cirrhosis and it also causes anesthesia? Please tell me in detail.
Types of Weight Loss Surgeries-
1. Gastric Band
A band is put around stomach tightly which divides the stomach into two sections, namely smaller upper and larger lower which is connected through a small tube by which emptying of the upper part becomes slow. Since less food is required to fill this pouch; there is no need to eat much. The band is connected to a device under the skin. It can be tightened after 4-6 weeks after surgery.
Merits: Simpler method. Recovery is faster leaving a small scar.
2. Sleeve Gastrectomy
In this procedure, a larger portion of the stomach is cut off, and the remaining smaller part is attached to the intestine. Smaller the stomach, lesser is the production of appetite-regulating hormone ghrelin. As a result, less food is taken in.
Merits: It is a simple method. As it does not involve intestines, the process of absorption takes place smoothly, and the patient does not fall short of nutrients.
Demerits: It is an irreversible process. It can cause infection and leaking of sleeve might take place.
3. Duodenal Switch with Biliopancreatic Diversion
In this procedure, a larger part (70%) of the stomach is cut off leaving the duodenum. The surgeon cuts the middle part of intestine attaches it to the duodenum. It is called duodenal switch. The leftover part of the intestine is again attached to the last part of intestine allowing pancreatic juices and bile to flow into that part. This is biliopancreatic division. Food passes directly into the small intestine limiting absorption of nutrients and calories, ultimately resulting in weight loss.
Merits: It is a fast method to lose weight, and the patient can eat large amounts of food.
Demerits: Nutritional deficiencies are seen.
4. Gastric Ballooning
A small balloon filled with salt and water is placed in the stomach through a thin tube via throat.Merits: The patient feels full and will not be able to eat much.
Demerits: It is a temporary method, which can last only for 6 months.
5. Gastric Bypass
In this procedure, the surgeon divides the stomach into two parts, namely upper and lower. Here, the upper part of the stomach is directly connected to the last part of the intestine.
Merits: More than 50% weight loss take place, as much weight gets reduced, and conditions, such as diabetes and blood pressure come under control.
Demerits: As less of nutrients are absorbed, the patient might land up into anemia and nutritional deficiency. The patient might need to take supplements after surgery to maintain balance. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Hi Sir, I am 27 years old and suffering to hydrocele But, I don't want to any type of surgery. Is it possible to remove fluid by needle? Please tell me a experienced doctor in NCR area.
I am suffering from pile but I am not sure i. E. Pile or something else. When I am going toilet that time pain start and sometimes kharish itching start. This issue persist last three week. Please suggest what should I do.
I am sustaining internal hemorrhoids for last 15 year, now am 33 year old Please tell me what I do to get rid.
Hello I am having two gallbladder stones of 12 mm each. But there is no pain. So should I do the surgery? My doctor advised as there is no pain, you don't need to do it now.
What is a lump?
A compact mass of tissue with an irregular shape, lumps are normal and can appear anywhere on the body. Lumps are soft, movable and size of a pea can be benign or malignant, cyst, abscess, or accumulation of fat called lipoma.
When to see a doctor
When the lump gets hard and immovable
When it gets bigger in size
When lump gets painful and red
When bloody discharge oozes
New growth can be seen after removal.
Lump in breast or testicle
Common locations of lump
Neck or throat
Back, shoulder, chest and armHand, wrist, fingers
When to consult for lump
Breast lumps: Breast lumps are common. It can be due to or can be because of some hormonal changes. However, if there are changes seen like redness of breast, blood oozing out from the breast, stony hardness and if symptoms last for a longer duration, you should visit the doctor.
Lump in neck /throat: Enlargement of the neck which can be due to enlargement of the thyroid gland with symptoms like irregular menses, increase weight, sleep disturbance, gastrointestinal disturbance, weakness, and lethargy. Thyroid nodules are hard to feel and can be seen in the lower portion of the neck. If you see these signs and symptoms you need to consult and get treated.
Lump in back, shoulder, chest, and arm: Mostly in these regions lump formation take place which can be due to fatty deposition called as lipomas. Mostly they are not a cause worry. It can be removed by simple surgical procedure, but chances of recurrence are high. They are best when left alone.
Lumps in hand, wrist, fingers: Mostly in these regions the tendency to form ganglion. Ganglion firm, spongy painless immovable cyst on top of the hand, wrist fingers. Ganglia tend to develops after the injury. However, it can be ignored if they are not causing any trouble. However, you need to consult if there is numbness or if the limitation of movement of joint takes place.
Lump in groin: Common cause of or enlarged lymph node. Normally enlargement of lymph node settles within 3 weeks and in an internal part of body pushes into a weak surrounding muscle or tissue wall. If the swelling doesn’t settle within 3 weeks you need to consult.
Lump in scrotum: When there is a lump in with torsion of testicle, pain, heaviness in scrotum consultation is a must.
Lump around anus: It can be due to . It is swelling developed in and around the canal.