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What are the causes?
Bladder cancer can be caused by environment-related factors and smoking. In fact, smoking tobacco is one of the major causes of bladder cancer around the world. The chemicals present in tobacco can irritate the bladder lining which ultimately leads to bladder cancer. It may also be caused by continuous exposure to chemicals such as dyes or leather dust and radiation. These chemicals tend to cause unusual changes in the cells of the bladder lining and causes cancer in the bladder.
It can also be caused by modifications in the dna in the cells of the bladder which may impair the functioning of the cells in the body. This can cause mutations in the bladder resulting in cancer.
What are the symptoms?
1. Presence of blood in the urine, often painless
2. Feeling of pain while passing urine
3. Back pain
4. Excessive urination
5. Infections in the urinary tract
6. Lower leg swelling
7. Pain in the bones, especially in the pelvic area
8. Weight loss
Treatments for bladder cancer depend on the stage of the cancer. The various treatment choices are:
Surgery - In some cases, these cancers are surgically removed by a surgeon. A type of surgery used is transurethral resection of bladder tumor (turbt) where the cancer cells are destroyed with laser by passing a thin fiber into the bladder.
Chemotherapy - In this method, medications are used to target and destroy cancer cells.
Immunotherapy - This treatment boosts the immune system of the body so that it attacks the cancerous cells in the bladder. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an urologist.
Hi, My husband aged 51. Diagnosed case of carcinoma Colon completed 12 cycles of chemotherapy (July 2017) with FOLFOX 6 Q2 post surgery (December 2016). Relapsed again in November PetCT (29november 2017) showed soft tissue deposits in perihepatic, perisplenic, omental, mesentery, pelvis and ascites are new findings. FNAC: s/o moderately diff adenocarcinoma. Doc planned 6 cycles of chemo with Folfiri n added Avastin targeted therapy during 2nd round of chemo completed today. Please advise me the effective course of treatment to be given The patient. Whether Immunotherapy will be helpful in this case?
I have listened that some american scientists invented the cure for cancers it true? Do you know any such cure for cancer?
Cancer is as much a psychological issue as it is a physical disease. When a person is diagnosed with cancer, it is not just the person who is affected but the entire family and friends too. There is a lot of research that has been carried out on cancer psychology, due to which, the doctors are currently in a much better state to manage the psychology of the patient and family compared to a couple of decades earlier.
So, when a person is diagnosed with cancer, known as the big C, there are stages that a person goes through.
The first one is of shock and disbelief, with most people unable to digest the fact. There is often the question of “why me?” The fact is that the risk factors for cancer are constantly evolving, and so it is difficult to answer this if there is no clear reason evident.
- Anxiety and depression: Given that there is still a lot of fear and uncertainty about a complete cure for cancer, patients get anxious and distressed. They slowly begin to come to terms and realize that they need to start working on the treatment plan, so the condition improves. There is also another angle, as there are various options, and the treatment they choose will determine the course of the disease. There may be periods of sadness, isolation, lack of interest in regular activities, appetite loss, and restlessness.
- Guilt: There is also an angle of guilt, especially when there is a definite cause associated with it, like alcohol, smoking, high-risk sexual behavior, etc.
- Coming to terms: It is within a couple of months that the patients come to terms with the situation and realize that there are things which are under their control, which can make a difference. They begin to focus on good food choices, meditation and staying positive. They also do financial planning in terms of insurance and sorting out legal issues in case of an eventuality. Many also are open to seeking support in terms of family and friends and social networks. This can help them give a feeling of inclusion and that they are not alone in what they are experiencing.
All said and done, cancer psychology is as unique as each individual. The response would depend on the patient’s personality, his support system, stage of identification of cancer, and how well it responds.
There is no prescription available readily to manage the person’s psychology once they are diagnosed with cancer. This can be managed via:
- Counseling with a close friend or family member, social worker, psychologist, social support groups, etc.
- Other things which can help include meditation, antidepressant medications, exercising, and spending time with family, etc.