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I have been seeing Doctor Prasad from past 15 years for various ailments of me and my family. I was always very impressed with his right diagnosis and the ability to make patients relax. He always explained the facts and used to advise us with right options. We are so impressed with his capability that we end up reaching to him even if the ailment is not in his specialized area, as we are sure he would guide us to the related specialty doctor as required. Dr. Prasad has an exceptional sense of responsibility and he always followed up on his treatment to make sure we are responding properly. My personal experience with him when my mom was taken ill with intestinal TB related problem is overwhelming and we will always be grateful for his help.
I found the answers provided by the Dr. C. E Prasad to be very helpful, knowledgeable and well-reasoned. We will definitely go ahead and consult
Dr. C. E Prasad provides answers that are sensible. Already using Nasivion before sleep at night
Dr. C. E Prasad provides answers that are very helpful. Where is my answer
Dr. C. E Prasad provides answers that are very helpful. Thank you
very good and polite and responsible treatment
Air pollution is known to take a toll on the lungs of even the healthiest adults. So it comes as no surprise that the effects of this pollution on the lungs of children is deemed as a grave situation, full of health hazards including the onset of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorders and conditions like asthma. Read on to find out more about the link between air pollution and its effect on the lungs of children.
- Children's Lungs: Mostly, all the organs of a child's body are considered delicate and not fully matured until the child reaches a certain age. The main and largest part of the child's lungs will usually grow only after the child has been born - much like the arms and legs. In fact, it is a medically proven fact that about 80% of the tiniest of air sacs grow after the child's birth. These are called the alveoli and they facilitate the transfer of the oxygen into the blood stream with a life sustaining function that is built into our lungs. These alveoli continue to grow until the child becomes an adult.
- Immunity and Infections: Like the lungs of the child, the immunity of the child is also still in its growth phase, and very much unlike the immunity that an adult enjoys. This makes the child more susceptible to infections that are usually carried by air pollution in today's day and age of urban living when myriad pollutants are sent into the air every single day. Also, since children play outdoors more often and spend more time breathing in this air, they are more prone to these infections and lung or respiratory ailments due to this reason. Various studies and tests have shown inflammation in the respiratory passages caused by deposits of carbon dioxide emissions in the lungs of children.
- Symptoms: Usually, the very first symptoms that show that air pollution is affecting the child's lungs can be seen when persistent coughing and wheezing sets in, without any proper reason. Also, when the child faces bronchial infections time and time again, then this points at the hazardous effects of air pollution as well.
- Respiratory problems: Apart from respiratory problems which can lead to asthmatic attacks, hay fever and allergies as well as other COPD ailments, there are other related dangers. These can happen when constant choking and obstruction of oxygen due to pollution become a regular affair. These include strokes and brain damage which can eventually also lead to a higher risk of dementia.
The government and citizens need to ensure that there is a drop in particle air pollution so as to ensure that children do not fall prey to such health problems.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
When man first started using tobacco, he probably did not know that it would grow to be an epidemic that could cause multiple health issues. Be it smoking or chewing, tobacco has severe negative effects on health. Take any of current lifestyle diseases from diabetes to infertility to obesity, the common risk factor is tobacco abuse. In addition, depending on the form of tobacco used, specific organs are affected. For instance, chewing tobacco leads to oral cancer while smoking causes lung cancer.
The statistics around tobacco abuse are extremely startling and can be read below:
- A total of about 90 trillion rupees are spent on various tobacco products.
- About 1.4 trillion is spent on healthcare related to conditions caused by tobacco abuse.
- India has about 120 million tobacco users.
- More than 7 million people die every year due to tobacco usage.
- The Government has levied a GST of 28% on cigarettes, making them unaffordable, which is one of the ways to promote quitting.
- For those who want to quit but are not able to, there is a quit-line setup, which is toll-free, 1800-11-2356 and is accessible from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.
Tobacco is a menace in all the strata of society. The lower economic classes are adversely affected both due to lack of knowledge and healthcare facilities. Therefore, the government uses the World No Tobacco Day (WNTD) that is observed by all members of the World Health Organization as an opportunity to drive this awareness.
This is celebrated on May 31st every year. Some measures that are taken to promote 'say no to tobacco' campaign are listed below.
- In 1975, the Cigarettes (Regulation of Production, Supply, and Distribution) Act was introduced, which made it mandatory for cigarette packs to have a warning stating “Smoking Kills” or “Smoking is injurious to health.”
- Marketing campaigns are shown in the movie theaters at the beginning of movies which depict the hazards of tobacco
- Smoking is banned in most public areas, and warnings are on display.
- Children below 18 are not sold tobacco products. If in doubt, the seller can ask for age identification.
- Schools and colleges do not have tobacco selling within 100 meters of the campus.
- The price increase ensures that not everybody has easy access to cigarettes.
- Celebrities promote quitting tobacco and smoking by talking about their personal stories.
- Restaurants have separate smoking sections where children are not allowed to sit
- Tobacco in form of beedi and gutkha also needs to be targeted, as the lower income groups often use these. Also, beedi is sold as single units, so cost is not a deterrent.
How can a healthcare professional help you?
A healthcare professional plays a vital role in a smokers life, as it the healthcare professional that can increase the odds of quitting with guidance, medication, and support.
What should a healthcare professional do?
- Identify people who smoke
- Motivate them to quit or think about quitting
- Refer a person who smokes for treatment and support
- Support ongoing abstinence
What is the right smoking cessation strategy?
- Ask: Every smoker to visit a healthcare professional
- Advise: Urge the smoker to leave smoking
- Assess: Assess whether the person is willing to quit in 30 days
- Assist: Plan and help Rx Quit
- Arrange: Arrange a follow-up through phone or sms or in person
What is that people who smoke need help with?
- First and the foremost challenge are the withdrawal symptoms
- Urge to smoke and borderline depression with a possibility of relapse
- People who have high pre-abstinence nicotine intake
How to get over the initial withdrawal discomfort?
- Behavioral support is of proven efficacy
- Can be delivered in different formats
- Can be delivered in different formats
- Nicotine replacement therapy and nortriptyline are of proven efficacy
Facts On Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT)
- There are no real contradictions related to NRT
- No drug interactions
- Side effects, if there are any are localized e.g.
- Taste of oral products
- Hiccups with the mouth spray
- Skin irritation with patch
Treatment for quitting Nicotine
- Medications: Medicines which are useful adjuncts in the determined but unsuccessful quitters are Varenicline and Bupropion.
- Electronic cigarette: Electronic cigarettes are not as effective as imagined and have few side effects
Though smoking out in the open has reduced, there are miles to cover when it comes to eradication of tobacco.