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Madhuri Hospital

General Physician Clinic

Plot No 1, H No 8-3-302/E/1, Pragathi Nagar, Ganapathi Complex Road,Street No 1, Yousufguda,Landmark:,Near Ratnadeep Supermarket, Hyderabad Hyderabad
1 Doctor · ₹300
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Madhuri Hospital General Physician Clinic Plot No 1, H No 8-3-302/E/1, Pragathi Nagar, Ganapathi Complex Road,Street No 1, Yousufguda,Landmark:,Near Ratnadeep Supermarket, Hyderabad Hyderabad
1 Doctor · ₹300
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About

We will always attempt to answer your questions thoroughly, so that you never have to worry needlessly, and we will explain complicated things clearly and simply....more
We will always attempt to answer your questions thoroughly, so that you never have to worry needlessly, and we will explain complicated things clearly and simply.
More about Madhuri Hospital
Madhuri Hospital is known for housing experienced General Physicians. Dr. Aravind, a well-reputed General Physician, practices in Hyderabad. Visit this medical health centre for General Physicians recommended by 61 patients.

Timings

MON-SAT
07:00 PM - 09:00 PM

Location

Plot No 1, H No 8-3-302/E/1, Pragathi Nagar, Ganapathi Complex Road,Street No 1, Yousufguda,Landmark:,Near Ratnadeep Supermarket, Hyderabad
Yousufguda Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh
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Dr. Aravind

General Physician
300 at clinic
Available today
07:00 PM - 09:00 PM
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Plantars Fasciitis - Ways To Deal With It!

Fellowship in Knee Replacement, D.N.B. (Orthopaedics) , MBBS
Orthopedist, Mumbai
Plantars Fasciitis - Ways To Deal With It!

Plantar fasciitis is an orthopedic problem that gives rise to pain in the foot and heel due to strain or pressure on the plantar fascia. This is a ligament or connective tissue which lies in a flat band, connecting your heel with the toes and effectively, providing a basis for the motion of the feet in general. Inflammation, swelling and bruising of this tissue or ligament can lead to excessive pain in the heel.

Let us look at ways that can help you deal with this pain:

  1. Rest: Taking rest and giving your feet a break from all kinds of strain inducing activities can help in relieving the pain. Also, you can keep your feet elevated to help in reducing the pain in the area.
  2. Supportive footwear: Using pads within your shoes with gel built into them, or using specific footwear that help in walking without feeling too much of pain is a good way of dealing with Plantar fasciitis. The shoe inserts must be rubber, felt or plastic so that they are soft for your feet. They also give your heel and its arch good support, while Orthotics pulls the ligament so that there is less stress on the same. You can also pull on a pair of night flints which will keep the foot and the ligament stretched while you enjoy a good night of sleep.
  3. Exercise: Indulging in mild muscle strengthening exercise that also involves stretching and heel hooks can help in alleviating chronic pain that you may be suffering from. Lie flat on your back and take a towel. Lift your leg and hook your foot into it. Now press against the towel and pull down the towel simultaneously. Repeat at least ten times per foot. This will give you flexibility and strength in the area.
  4. Painkillers: Use pain killers only when absolutely necessary and with due advice from the doctor or Orthopaedic specialist. The use of Ibuprofen and other pain relievers can help in numbing the pain inducing nerves in the brain and give you instant relief.
  5. Anti-inflammatory drugs: Your doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory medication that can bring down the swelling for more comfortable functioning when you are on your feet. Naproxen is one such drug that helps in bringing down the inflammation. Also, corticosteroid injections can relieve severe pain.
  6. Surgery: Heel spur removal or Plantar fascia release are some of the surgical options for chronic and severe cases.

Taking care of your feet is a matter of ensuring that you look into the slightest discomfort and report the same to a doctor.

Otoplasty - Risks Associated With The Surgery!

DNB (ENT)
ENT Specialist, Kota
Otoplasty - Risks Associated With The Surgery!

Otoplasty is a surgical procedure where modifications are made in the shape and size of the ear. This procedure can only be carried put after the ears are fully developed, that is after the age of 5. This surgery can be used to improve the functionality as well as the appearance of the ear.

The reasons why people opt for otoplasty are-

  • If the ears are relatively large in comparison to the face
  • When the ear sticks out excessively from the head
  • Problems caused by any previous surgery

Procedure

Incisions are either made through the back of the ear or through the inner creases of the ear. Once the incision is made, then the excess skin or cartilage is eliminated. After completion of the surgery, the incisions are closed by stitches. The entire process generally lasts for up to two hours.

After the stitching is done, the ears are covered with bandages. Once the bandages are removed from the ear, a loose headband is worn to provide support to the ears while sleeping.

Risks associated with the surgery

There are certain risks associated with this surgery, like:

  • Formation of the scars due to the surgery
  • An asymmetric appearance of the ears as the healing process may affect it
  • Decreased skin sensitivity in the adjoining area
  • The stitches in the ear can cause inflammation in the skin. It may also lead to an abnormal shape where the ears have a pulled back appearance
  • Like other surgeries, bleeding and infection may occur

Post procedural care

The following precautions should be taken after completion of otoplasty:

  • The headband should be used constantly after the surgery for about two months
  • Direct exposure to the sun should be avoided
  • If rash forms after the bandages are removed then consult a medical professional

Vitamin D Supplements - Are They Required During Pregnancy?

FICOG, FICMCH, FIMSA, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Vitamin D Supplements - Are They Required During Pregnancy?

Vitamin D and pregnancy hand in hand go together. Expecting mothers need ensure they get the recommended amounts of Vitamin D during pregnancy for the healthy development of the baby as well as their own well-being. 


Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin obtained mostly from consuming fortified milk or juice, fish oils, and dietary supplements. It also is produced in the skin by exposure to sunlight. Vitamin D which is ingested or produced in the skin must undergo hydroxylation in the liver and kidney to promote absorption of calcium from the gut to enable normal bone mineralization and growth. Severe maternal Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with congenital rickets and disordered skeletal homeostasis coupled with fractures in the new-born during pregnancy.  Vitamin D is necessary for the metabolism and absorption of phosphorus and calcium. Many studies are finding a connection between low serum vitamin D levels and an increased risk of certain types of autoimmune disease, cancers, insulin resistance, neurological disease and cardiovascular disease.

Latest studies have shown that Vitamin D deficiency is common during pregnancy especially among women residing in northern latitudes, living in cold climates or wear sun and winter protective clothing and ethnic minorities, especially those with darker skin. As the Vitamin D level of new-born is largely dependent on maternal Vitamin D status, the infants of mothers with vitamin D deficiency are also at risk of Vitamin D deficiency. Inadequate vitamin D can lead to abnormal bone growth, fractures, or rickets in new-borns.  Deficiency of vitamin D leads to a higher risk of pregnancy complications like gestational diabetes, premature birth and low birth weight.

The symptoms of a vitamin D deficiency include aching muscles, bone pain, and softened bones leading to fractures. Fish liver oil, fatty fish, and eggs are excellent food source for Vitamin D. It is difficult to get sufficient vitamin D from food, which makes it necessary to have Vitamin D supplements. Since the skin uses the sun's rays to produce vitamin D, limited sun exposure is recommended. Exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays intensifies the pigment changes causing skin darkening in pregnant women. Thus, most doctors endorse that pregnant women protect themselves from the sun and get their vitamin D from supplements. The average prenatal vitamin contains 400 IU of vitamin D, which makes it imperative that additional supplements should be taken. The significant compounds for human development are D2 and D3. The best way to really ensure adequate vitamin D is through simple supplementation. Ergocalciferol is the vegetarian form of vitamin D whereas cholecalciferol is the animal-sourced form, derived from fish liver oil or lanolin from sheep.

Ringworm - Causes And Treatment

MBBS, DNB (Dermatology)
Dermatologist, Ahmedabad
Ringworm - Causes And Treatment

Ringworm is a skin condition that is caused by certain kinds of fungi. It causes severe itching and is mainly found around the scalp and feet. This contagious skin condition can also occur as athlete's foot. The symptoms include red, itchy and scaly patches on the affected areas. These patches may also develop blisters and develop crusted red edges, giving it the appearance of a ring. These patches are usually raised or defined. There are many myths and facts surrounding ringworm. Let us find out more about them.

  • Causes: It is a common myth that this skin condition is caused by a worm. This is not true. This fungal skin infection is caused by fungi known as dermatophytes, which can cause a crusty and red patch on the skin. Ringworm is actually the name given to a class of skin ailments and infections caused on the scalp, feet and other parts of the body.
  • Treatment: Another common myth is that this skin infection will clear up on its own. This is not true either. One will have to start treatment of the condition with the help of proper diagnosis, which can be done by a skin specialist or dermatologist. Not treating this condition on time with topical ointments can lead to a spread of the condition where it can affect other parts of the body. This condition can also lead to other symptoms like hair loss. It can also become a permanent issue if not treated on time and with proper medical intervention.
  • Over the Counter Medication: Many people think that using over the counter antifungal creams can help in treating this condition effectively. This is part myth and part fact. One will have to visit the doctor in case the condition does not clear up on time with the use of such topical ointments. The creams should typically be prescribed by a skin specialist after due diagnosis of the problem so that it suits your individual symptoms and condition. Further, these creams should usually be prescribed for a period of at least four to six weeks so that the treatment is effective.
  • Contagious: It is a myth that ringworm is not a contagious skin disease. The fact is that this skin ailment is a highly contagious one, that can happen even when there is contact with an infected animal. There are 50% chances of contracting this condition with mere touch that can happen with an infected animal or person.
  • Barber's Itch: This is not a form of lice, as many people believe. This is a form of ringworm that can be found in the beard with symptoms like itching as well as swelling.

If you wish to discuss about any specific skin problem, you can consult a specilized dermatologist and ask a free question.

I have suffer a sexual problem. Wet dreams and premature ejaculation I am 23 years old man. Please help me.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Sexologist, Delhi
I have suffer a sexual problem. Wet dreams and premature ejaculation I am 23 years old man. Please help me.
To get rid of this problem permanently. To enjoy sexual activity completely for 30to40 minutes. Be stress free and take sleep of 8to9 hours. Eat healthy food and nuts. For further information consult me privately.
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Hair fall from five years. I masturbate weekly thrice. But my friends told that masturbating results in hair loss.

MBBS, MD - Dermatology, venereology & Leprology
Dermatologist, Kota
Hair fall from five years. I masturbate weekly thrice. But my friends told that masturbating results in hair loss.
Dear lybrate-user. Both are not exactly related to each other. But thrice a week masturbation is harmful for the body.
1 person found this helpful
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Hi I have one problem I am 28 year old boy unmarried now I am suffering from pre ejaculate problem wit in 30 second it will discharge so is their any treatment for this problem is this curable ?what type of food can I take please answer me.

MBBS, FASM (ANDROLOGY AND SEXUAL MEDICINE), DCE (EMBRYOLOGY), PHD ( REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE)
Sexologist, Chennai
Hi I have one problem I am 28 year old boy unmarried now I am suffering from pre ejaculate problem wit in 30 second i...
Eat healthy food rich in fruits and vegetables and trying exercising everyday for 30 mins and you will see a change in ejaculation time.
12 people found this helpful
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Hello. I want to increase sex time. Suggest me something which is helpful without side effects.

Sexologist, Mumbai
Hello. I want to increase sex time. Suggest me something which is helpful without side effects.
Exercise regularly. Learn kegel exercises n stop n start technique. Learn different ways of enjoying sex other than penetration for full satisfaction. Have more of foreplay. Do not indulge into such medicines.
1 person found this helpful
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I have been recently married 3 months back. While having inter course with my partner I ejected very early and loss my erection to continue again it take half an hour to get erection back.

Sexologist, Mumbai
I have been recently married 3 months back. While having inter course with my partner I ejected very early and loss m...
It is normal. It can b due to excitement. Have more of foreplay. Learn different ways of enjoying sex other than penetration for full satisfaction.
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Cold Sores - Know Everything About It!

MBBS, Diploma In Dermatology And Venerology And Leprosy (DDVL)
Dermatologist, Chennai
Cold Sores - Know Everything About It!

Cold sores alternatively known as fever blisters is a viral infection which usually occurs around the mouth.They occur in patches and heal within 2 to 4 weeks usually without leaving behind any scars. Cold sores are contagious and can be spread from person to person via close contact. Read on more to find all about them.

Symptoms
Usually cold sores passes through multiple stages.

  1. Tingling and itching: People usually experience a tingling, burning sensation around the lips prior to blisters which may appear within a day or two after such a sensation.
  2. Blisters: These blisters are small, filled with fluids and usually break out along the border of the skin and the lips. They can also occur around the nose or cheeks.
  3. Oozing and crusting: The blisters have a tendency to burst which leaves shallow open sores which then usually crust over.

Some other symptoms which accompany cold sores are fever, headache, sore throat, muscle aches and swollen lymph nodes.

Causes
Strands of the herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) typically cause cold sores. In some instances HSV-2 can also cause cold sores. Cold sores are most contagious when they are in the form of oozing blisters. It can spread by sharing the same utensils, kissing, sharing towels and razors and also oral sex. Cold sores can be triggered due to several factors such as stress, fatigue, fever, hormonal changes and changes in the immune system.

Risk Factors
About 90% of adults worldwide test positive for this virus. People who have a weakened immune system are more prone to be infected by the virus. For example people suffering from eczema, AIDSand severe burns have a higher chance of contracting cold sores.

Complications
In certain cases cold sores affect other parts of the body. Fingertips, hands, and some other parts of the body are affected by both HSV-1 and HSV-2 in some instances. It can also cause eye infections which can lead to blindness or may even spread to the spinal cord and the brain in people who have a very weak immune system.

Treatment
Cold sores have no treatment and they usually clear up without any medication within 2 to 4 weeks. However certain antiviral medications are present which speed up the healing process. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Dermatologist.

1 person found this helpful

Ways To Stop Nightfall!!

MD - Psychiatry, Diploma in Psychological Medicine, MBBS
Sexologist, Mumbai
Ways To Stop Nightfall!!

Nightfall or night discharge is a condition when some men ejaculate in sleep usually in the early hours of the morning or late night. This problem usually worsens due to the weakness in muscles and nerves of the penis due to past bad history of excessive masturbation, thinning of semen viscosity, fluctuation in hormones and a full bladder. Usually, men are able to hold the semen but when it excess then it is eliminated in the form of nightfall. or late night. This problem usually worsens due to the weakness in muscles and nerves of due to past bad history of excessive masturbation, thinning of semen viscosity, fluctuation in hormones and a full bladder. men are able to hold the semen but when it excess then it is eliminated in the form of nightfall.

In the case of excessive semen flow and nightfall, a person might experience insomnia, dizziness, weakness, loss of memory and sight, pain in knees, weaker sexual incapacity, infertility, erectile, dysfunction and not to forget stress. In rare cases, a person might pass urine along with semen. of excessive semen flow and nightfall, a person might experience insomnia, dizziness, weakness, loss of memory and sight, pain in knees, weaker sexual incapacity, infertility, erectile, dysfunction and not to forget stress. In a rare case, a person might pass urine along with semen.

Treatment for nightfall:

It is believed that the best way to stop nightfall is by changing the lifestyle and treating with guidance of doctor. This includes reducing the frequency of masturbation and avoiding porn and nude pictures. However, there are some ways to cure nightfall naturally by doing the following:

  1. Meditation increases concentration and inner feelings can be controlled. This helps distract men from indulging in unwanted activities and is very effective in controlling nightfall.
  2. Exercise and yoga allow a person to have full control of their mind, body and soul. By doing regular yoga and exercises sex-related activities which induce nightfall can be avoided.
  3. Bathing with essential oils before going to bed is helpful as it relaxes the body and mind and allows a good sleep.
  4. Change in diet can prevent nightfall. Men who suffer from this problem should avoid acidic food.

And if the nightfall persists you need to consult a sexologist and with proper treatment of the underlying cause you can cure your problem completely with your lost physical and sexual strength.

Curing nightfall is easy and should be recognized so that it does not hamper the sex life of a man.

Following home remedies can also be taken to control or prevent the situation:

  1. Bottle gourd has a cooling effect thereby cools the system which is responsible for nightfall. It can be used in two ways, either by drinking bottle gourd juice before bedtime or by mixing the juice with sesame oil and massaging it.
  2. Gooseberry or amla helps in increasing the immunity of the body. It is believed that drinking a glass of gooseberry juice can help get rid of nightfall.
  3. Onions and garlic are known to cure many health related conditions. 3-4 cloves of raw garlic and onions in the form of salads should be had to cure nightfall.
  4. Milk, when combined with pre-soaked almonds, banana, and ginger, helps to eliminate this problem. Banana has a cooling property which helps to control the problem. Also, eating curd is beneficial as it has healing properties which cool the system and increase immunity.
  5. Juice of celery and fenugreek are very helpful in nightfall as well as premature ejaculation. These juices can be mixed with honey in a ratio of 2:1. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Sexologist.
14 people found this helpful

I am a male aged 63 and suffering from COPD. Before the onset of the disease I weighed 60 Kgs. But today I weigh only 45 Kgs. Please help me to gain some weight.

Masters in Nutritional Therapy, N.E.T
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Kolkata
I am a male aged 63 and suffering from COPD. Before the onset of the disease I weighed 60 Kgs. But today I weigh only...
Hi Mr. lybrate-user, Try to include more of bland foods like alkaline vegetables-beet, carrot, potato. Eat more of rice based foods like sooji, porridge, oats, fruits. You can include sugar on a daily basis and try to have whole dairy foods like yoghurt, curds, etc.
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Suffering from fever and tonsils from 2 days .I taken paracetamol and moxikind625 .fever is gone but still suffering from tonsils and sore throat. I am also taking Gargle with warm salt water.

Doctor of Homeopathic Medicine (H.M.D.)
Homeopath, Dhanbad
Suffering from fever and tonsils from 2 days .I taken paracetamol and moxikind625 .fever is gone but still suffering ...
Brt. Carb.(if swalling can liquid) 1dose 3 times or Ignatia (if swalling can solid)-30, 1 dose 3 times a day for 7 days. & wait for 3 days. If feels improve then you take the medicine at morning only for a week.
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My mom have age 48, she bleeding since 15 days. Please give me a suggestion she have thyroid, no blood pressure ,no sugar.

DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
My mom have age 48, she bleeding since 15 days. Please give me a suggestion she have thyroid, no blood pressure ,no s...
Hello, She is running under menopausal stage to cause continous bleeding needs to follow the under noted natural norms. Tk, plenty of water to hydrate yourself ,to eliminate toxins diluting your blood to establish your flow.  Go for meditation to reduce your stress, anxiety to calm your nerve ,improving haemoglobin level. Your diet be simple, non- irritant, easily digestible on time to avoid gastritis  TK, Apple,carrots, cheese,milk, banana,papaya, pomegranate, spinach, to improve your haemoglobin to release your flow, timely. Tk, Homoeo medicine, being gentle, rapid & safe in administration. @ lachesis 200-6 pills, dly, morning. @ Sepia200 -6 pills at bed time, dly. Ensure, sound sleep in d night for at least 7 hrs. Avoid, caffiene,junkfood, dust,smoke, exertion Your feedback will highly b appreciated for further, follow up.•Tk, care,
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Hello Doctor. Main pahle smoking karta tha. To mere chest main pain hota tha. Aur ab maine karib 2 years se smoking karna chod diya hai. Phir bhi kabhi kabhi dard hota hai. Maine ek doctor ko dikhaya tha to doctor bol rhe hai ki lung problem hai. Kuch medicine diye the US se kuch bhi thik nahi hua. Pls suggest me some medicines for me. I am so depressed about my life.

CCEBDM, PG Diploma In Clinical cardiology, MBBS
General Physician, Ghaziabad
Hello Doctor. Main pahle smoking karta tha. To mere chest main pain hota tha. Aur ab maine karib 2 years se smoking k...
Do not be depressed. There is no big problem, get your blood cbc and Xray chest done and report results with details of medicine taken/taking good luck.
1 person found this helpful
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Mere Nabhi key left main upar side Ko Dard ho Raha hai Kafe din se ye Kaya ho Sakta hai jaise kuch chubhta hai. ultra sound main kuch nahin Aya hai.

MBBS
General Physician, Ahmedabad
Mere Nabhi key left main upar side Ko Dard ho Raha hai Kafe din se ye Kaya ho Sakta hai jaise kuch chubhta hai. ultra...
It can be muscle pain or due to indigestion. Details of symptoms like vomiting and diarrhea or fullness after meal duration of it and reports required for proper scientific suggestions. Feel free to ask privately with details for more scientific suggestions.
1 person found this helpful
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I am non-vegetarian. I am suffering from diabetes. I follow no rules when comes to food. I am presently 86 Kgs at this age of 40 years and height 5'6' Kindly suggest the correct diet in my concern to reduce my weight as per body mass index.

M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
I am non-vegetarian. I am suffering from diabetes. I follow no rules when comes to food. I am presently 86 Kgs at thi...
Take high fiber low fat diet. Drink lot of water everyday. Take small and frequent meals at regular intervals of 2-3 hrs. Avoid outside food completely. Ask me privately for customized diet plan for you.
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I have a problem of loose stools in morning and when I have something heavy in my breakfast or milk instantly I got a feeling of bloating. This condition is may be because I have eaten 9 raw eggs at a time. I don't have any weight loss. But I won't be able to drink milk that I want to. Anyggestions will be appreciated.

M. Sc. Foods, Nutrition & Dietetics, B.Sc-Home Science
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Visakhapatnam
I have a problem of loose stools in morning and when I have something heavy in my breakfast or milk instantly I got a...
I guess you have lactose intolerance or allergic to milk proteins. That's why you are not able to digest the milk consumed. Immediately consult a good physician and get it checked. But until you rule out your symptoms of abdominal bloating do avoid milk and milk products.
1 person found this helpful
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Hiv Aids Information in hindi - एचआईवी एड्स की जानकारी

MBBS, M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Hiv Aids Information in hindi -  एचआईवी एड्स की जानकारी

एड्स नाम अपने आपमें भयावह और दर्दनाक एहसास दिला देता है। बीमारियाँ वैसे तो बदनाम होती ही हैं पर एड्स को बिमारी नहीं बल्कि कई जानलेवा बीमारियों का जरिया कहना गलत नहीं होगा। यह एक ऐसी बीमारी है जिससे पीड़ित व्यक्ति जीने की उम्मीद खोकर मरने की राह देखने लगता है। इसलिए हम सभी को एड्स के बारे में पूरी जानकारी होनी ही चाहिए।

दरसल एड्स एचआईवी वायरस के कारण होने वाली एक बीमारी है। यह तब होता है जब व्यक्ति का इम्यून सिस्टम इंफेक्शन से लड़ने में कमज़ोर पड़ जाता है। और तब विकसित होता है, जब एचआईवी इंफेक्शन बहुत अधिक बढ़ जाता है। एड्स एचआईवी इंफेक्शन का अंतिम चरण होता है। जब शरीर स्वयं की रक्षा नहीं कर पाता और शरीर में कई प्रकार की बीमारियाँ, संक्रमण हो जाते हैं एचआईवी शरीर की रोग प्रतिरोधी क्षमता पर आक्रमण करता है। जिसका काम शरीर को संक्रामक बीमारियों, जो कि जीवाणु और विषाणु से होती हैं से बचाना होता है। एच.आई.वी. रक्त में उपस्थित प्रतिरोधी पदार्थ लसीका-कोशो पर हमला करता है। ये पदार्थ मानव को जीवाणु और विषाणु जनित बीमारियों से बचाते हैं और शरीर की रक्षा करते हैं। जब एच.आई.वी. द्वारा आक्रमण करने से शरीर की रोग प्रतिरोधक क्षमता क्षय होने लगती है तो इस सुरक्षा कवच के बिना एड्स पीड़ित लोग भयानक बीमारियों क्षय रोग और कैंसर आदि से पीड़ित हो जाते हैं। और शरीर को कई अवसरवादी संक्रमण यानि आम सर्दी जुकाम, फुफ्फुस प्रदाह इत्यादि घेर लेते हैं। जब क्षय और कर्क रोग शरीर को घेर लेते हैं तो उनका इलाज करना कठिन हो जाता है और मरीज की मृत्यु भी हो सकती है। 

अभी तक एचआईवी या एड्स के लिए कोई उपचार उपलब्ध नहीं है। हालाँकि सही उपचार और सहयोग से एचआईवी से ग्रसित व्यक्ति लम्बा और स्वस्थ जीवन जी सकता है। और ऐसा करने के लिए आवश्यक है, कि उचित उपचार लिया जाए और किसी भी संभावित दुष्परिणाम से निपटा जाए। 
  
एड्स कैसे फैलता है
अगर एक सामान्य व्यक्ति एचआईवी संक्रमित व्यक्ति के वीर्य, योनि स्राव अथवा रक्त के संपर्क में आता है, तो उसे एड्स हो सकता है। आमतौर पर लोग एच.आई.वी. पॉजिटिव होने को एड्स समझ लेते हैं, जो कि गलत है। बल्कि एचआईवी पॉजिटिव होने के 8-10 साल के अंदर जब संक्रमित व्यक्ति की रोग प्रतिरोधक क्षमता क्षीण हो जाती है तब उसे घातक रोग घेर लेते हैं और इस स्थिति को एड्स कहते हैं। 

एड्स होने के 4 अहम वजह 
(1) पीड़ित व्यक्ति के साथ असुरक्षित यौन सम्बन्ध स्थापित करने 
(2) दूषित रक्त से।
(3) संक्रमित सुई के उपयोग 
(4) एड्स संक्रमित माँ से उसके होने वाली संतान को। 
 
एड्स के लक्षण 
एच.आई.वी से संक्रमित लोगों में लम्बे समय तक एड्स के कोई लक्षण दिखाई नहीं देते। लंबे समय तक (3, 6 महीने या अधिक) एच.आई.वी. का भी औषधिक परीक्षण से पता नहीं लग पाता। अधिकतर एड्स के मरीजों को सर्दी, जुकाम या विषाणु बुखार हो जाता है पर इससे एड्स होने का पता नहीं लगाया जा सकता। एच.आई.वी. वायरस का संक्रमण होने के बाद उसका शरीर में धीरे धीरे फैलना शुरू होता है। जब वायरस का संक्रमण शरीर में ज्यादा बढ़ जाता है, उस समय बीमारी के लक्षण दिखाई देते हैं। एड्स के लक्षण दिखने में आठ से दस साल का समय भी लग सकता है। ऐसे व्यक्ति को, जिसके शरीर में एच.आई.वी. वायरस हों पर एड्स के लक्षण प्रकट न हुए हों, उसे एचआईवी पॉसिटिव कहा जाता है। पर ध्यान रहे ऐसे व्यक्ति भी एड्स फैला सकते हैं। 

एड्स के कुछ शुरूआती लक्षण 

  • वजन का काफी हद तक काम हो जाना
  • लगातार खांसी आना 
  • बार-बार जुकाम होना
  • बुखार
  • सिरदर्द
  • थकान
  • शरीर पर निशान बनना (फंगल इन्फेक्शन के कारण)
  • हैजा
  • भोजन से मन हटना 
  • लसीकाओं में सूजन

ध्यान रहे कि ऊपर दिए गए लक्षण अन्य सामान्य रोगों के भी हो सकते हैं। अतः एड्स की निश्चित रूप से पहचान केवल और केवल, औषधीय परीक्षण से ही की जा सकती है व की जानी चाहिये। एच.आई.वी. की उपस्थिति का पता लगाने हेतु मुख्यतः एंजाइम लिंक्ड इम्यूनोएब्जॉर्बेंट एसेस यानि एलिसा टेस्ट करवाना चाहिए।
 
एड्स का उपचार
एड्स के उपचार में एंटी रेट्रोवाईरल थेरपी दवाईयों का उपयोग किया जाता है। इन दवाइयों का मुख्य उद्देश्य एच.आई.वी. के प्रभाव को काम करना, शरीर की रोग प्रतिरोधक क्षमता को मजबूत करना और अवसरवादी रोगों को ठीक करना होता है। समय के साथ-साथ वैज्ञानिक एड्स की नई-नई दवाइयों की खोज कर रहे हैं। लेकिन सच कहा जाए तो एड्स से बचाव ही एड्स का सर्वोत्तम इलाज है।  
 
एड्स से बचाव 
एड्स से बचाव के लिए सामान्य व्यक्ति को एच.आई.वी. संक्रमित व्यक्ति के वीर्य, योनि स्राव अथवा रक्त के संपर्क में आने से बचें। साथ ही साथ एड्स से बचाव के लिए बताई गई कुछ सावधानियां भी बरतें।

  • पीड़ित साथी या व्यक्ति के साथ यौन सम्बन्ध न स्थापित करने से बचें और अगर करें भी तो सावधानीपूर्वक कंडोम का इस्तेमाल करें। लेकिन कई बार कंडोम इस्तेमाल करने में भी कंडोम के फटने का खतरा रहता है। इसलिए एक से अधिक व्यक्ति से यौन संबंध ना रखें।
  • खून को अच्छी तरह जांचकर ही चढ़ाएं। कई बार बिना जांच के खून मरीज को चढ़ा दिया जाता है जोकि खतरनाक है। इसलिए खून चढ़ाने से पहले पता करें कि कहीं खून एच.आई.वी. दूषित तो नहीं है। 
  • उपयोग की हुई सुईओं या इंजेक्शन का प्रयोग न करें क्योंकि ये एच.आई.वी. संक्रमित हो सकते हैं। 
  • दाढ़ी बनवाते समय हमेशा नाई से नया ब्लेड उपयोग करने के लिए कहें। 

एड्स की इन जानकारियों के साथ ही जरूरी हम एड्स के बारे में फैली हुई गलत्फहेमियों से वाकिफ रहें 
 
कई लोग समझते हैं कि एड्स पीड़ित व्यक्ति के साथ खाने, पीने, उठने, बैठने से एड्स हो जाता है। जो कि पूरी तरह गलत है। ऐसी भ्रांतियों से बचें। हकीक़त में रोजमर्रा के सामाजिक संपर्कों से एच.आई.वी. नहीं फैलता जैसे किः-

  • पीड़ित के साथ खाने-पीने से
  • बर्तनों कि साझीदारी से 
  • हाथ मिलाने या गले मिलने से 
  • एक ही टॉयलेट का प्रयोग करने से
  • मच्छर या अन्य कीड़ों के काटने से 
  • पशुओं के काटने से 
  • खांसी या छींकों से 
  • बताई गई बातों को समझकर सावधानी बरतें और पीड़ित व्यक्ति रेगुलर इलाज करवाएं।
     

My father is 59 years old, he suffers from diabetic and has sugar level more than 230. For past few days his food consumption level reduced. He gets tired, He says the is more pain on his legs, He gets wheezing problem when he talks continuously for 5 minutes. He gets fever feeling every evening. He goes urine every one hour. His water consumption are also less. Is these problem are abnormal for sugar patient or my father has some other problem. Please reply.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
My father is 59 years old, he suffers from diabetic and has sugar level more than 230. For past few days his food con...
Hello, Thanks for the query. Please answer following questions before I can suggest any treatment for him. 1) Since when is he having diabetes? 2) Has it been always been not under control or only recently has the control gone down? 3) What is his HbA1c%? 4) The evening rise of body temperature has been seen since how long? 5) Did have Tuberculosis infection any time earlier? 6) Similarly getting breathless has been noticed since when? Get following investigations: 1) Full diabetic profile (Fasting, PP, HbA1c%, creatinine, urea, uric acid,), lipid profile, sputum test for AFB, chest x-ray Come back with all these details, or consult your local physician. His diabetes needs to be controlled first effectively. Ideally FBG <100 mg, PP 160 to 170 mg & HbA1c% <7, these are the standards to be reached. I await your response. Thanks.
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