Treatment of Sleep Disturbance
Asthma Management Program
Management of Smoking Cessation
Oxygen Therapy Treatment
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treatment
Asthma Treatment & Management
Lower/Upper Respiratory Tract Infection Treatment
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I am suffering from khasi from 2 months I had done my x ray but it is normal please suggest me what should I do also I i suffered from fever 2 to 3 times in this duration.
For Ayurvedic doctor - I suffer from post nasal dripping. My ayurvedic doc has recommended 3 drops of shadbindu nasal drops in each nostril in the mornings. My sinus seems to have got aggravated (I started around 15 days back). Is this normal? How long does this medicine take to fully cure sinusitis? Should I add anything to this? Thanks.
Mucolite syrup suggested for coughing for 5 month old baby bybyoc. There are any benefits other than coughing. Kindly advise.
Sinusitis is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. The inflammation could be caused by a virus, bacteria, or fungus. The infection may also be the result of an allergic or autoimmune reaction - when the immune system attacks healthy cells.
Causative factors for Sinusitis:
- The common cold
- Allergic rhinitis
- Small growths in the lining of the nose called nasal polyps
- A deviated septum, which is a shift in the nasal cavity
Types of Sinusitis:-
- Acute sinusitis:Usually starts with cold like symptoms such as a runny, stuffy nose and facial pain. It may start suddenly and last 2-4 weeks.
- Subacute sinus:Inflammation usually lasts 4 to 12 weeks.
- Chronic inflammation: Symptoms last 12 weeks or longer.
- Recurrent sinusitis: Happens several times a year.
Symptoms of Acute Sinusitis:
- Facial pain or pressure
- Stuffy nose
- Runny nose
- Loss of smell
- Cough or congestion
- Bad breath
- Fatigue Dental pain
Symptoms of Chronic Sinusitis:
- You may have these symptoms for 12 weeks or more
- A feeling of congestion or fullness in face
- A nasal obstruction or nasal blockage
- Pus in the nasal cavity
- Runny nose or discolored postnasal drainage.
How Homoeopathy helps to cure for Sinusitis?
Homeopathic medicines can be of great help in the treatment of Sinusitis. The natural Homeopathic mode of treatment aims at rebuilding the body’s immunity to Sinusitis. The Homeopathic treatment for sinusitis can completely cure the chronicity and recurrence of Sinusitis. Chronic Sinusitis stands the best chance of being cured by Homeopathy. The Homeopathic treatment of sinusitis is far superior as it does not resort to any strong medicines or antibiotics. The homeopathic medicine for sinusitis is mild and has the additional benefit that it does not cause any side effect at all.
Commonly indicated Homoeopathic remedies:
Belladonna: Throbbing pains in the front part of the head that come on suddenly and tend to leave suddenly only to return are characteristic of children who need this medicine.
HEPARSulphur:Rarely indicated at the beginning of a sinusitis condition. Children begin sneezing and then develop sinusitis from the least exposure to cold air. Their nasal discharge is thick and yellow. The nostrils become very sore from the acrid discharge, and their nasal passages become sensitive to cold air.
Kali bich:The distinguishing feature of children with sinusitis who need this medicine is that they have a thick, stringy nasal discharge. They have extreme pain at the root of the nose that is better by applying pressure there. The bones and scalp feel sore. Dizziness and nausea when rising from sitting and the severe pain may lead to dimmed vision.
Mercurius:These children feel as though their head was in a vise. The pains are worse in open air, from sleeping, and after eating and drinking. The pains are also aggravated by extremes of hot and cold temperature. The scalp and the nose become very sensitive to the touch. Their teeth feel long and painful, and they may salivate excessively.
My wife is 27 years old and she is into 1st month of pregnancy, and same is not confirmed officially due to unavailability of our doctor. Now she has a dry cough which is creating abdominal pain while coughing. Please help.
Dear Dr. My dad age 65 years has asthma as season has changed he get allergic bronchitis. He take theoasthalin along with gp medc he get lot of coughing and white sputum cum. Yest he got coughing and than syncope. Need advice on what precaution he should take so his coughing stop n as he take lot of mediation want sum natural remedies.
I have my daughter and she was coughing last two days, please let me know what I can do. She was 3 Year 9 month old.
My 7 year old daughter had cold and fever last week. She could not breathe from her nose and she was breathing from her mouth. Nasal spray also did not work. Later I took her to ayurvedic doctor. She checked and said that my child has polyps in both her nostrils. She gave some powder and medicine. Later my child cold decreased and she started to breathe through nose. Now she's completely normal but medicines course still there. And she was admitted in hospital because of pneumonia 3 years back. Will polyps go completely in those medicines? Or is there any problem? Please answer.
I have cough problem in my throat. When I slept it will affect my sleep. Problem is occurring in breathing. I am just 22 years old. I have dust allergy. Is this asthma? I am worried. I have lot of tension of that. Can I drink milk during cough problem?
I have problem if dry cough. When I want to sleep during night it will come in my throat and wake up. Because of that I can sleep only 2-3 hour. And weakness comes. Also it will affect my breathing. Its not athama. But one doctor said it is cough in your throat. please suggest. And can I drink milk in this cough problem?
Tb is a disease which in humans is usually caused by bacteria called mycobacterium tuberculosis (m. Tuberculosis). Tb is an abbreviation of the word tuberculosis and is how people often refer to the disease.
Bovine tb is a disease caused by similar bacteria called mycobacterium bovis (m. Bovis). Bovine tb mainly affects cattle but can also affect humans.
Just a few years ago it was believed that tb was an old disease, and that it was no longer a problem in humans. But now because of such issues as drug resistance and hiv, it has become a major problem again.
- On march 24, 1882, Dr. Robert koch announced the discovery of mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacteria that cause tuberculosis (tb). During this time, tb killed one out of every seven people living in the united states and europe. Dr. Koch’s discovery was the most important step taken toward the control and elimination of this deadly disease.
- In 1982, a century after Dr. Koch’s announcement, the first world tb day was sponsored by the world health organization (who) and the international union against tuberculosis and lung disease (iuatld). The event was intended to educate the public about the devastating health and economic consequences of tb, its effect on developing countries, and its continued tragic impact on global health.
- Today, world tb day is commemorated across the globe with activities as diverse as the locations in which they are held. But more can be done to raise awareness about the effects of tb. Among infectious diseases, tb is now the leading killer of adults in the world, with 1.8 million tb-related deaths in 2015. In the united states, the overall number of tb cases increased over the previous year in 2015 after having declined yearly during 1993–2014.
- Until tb is eliminated, world tb day won’t be a celebration. But it is a valuable opportunity to educate the public about the devastation tb can spread and how it can be stopped.
Globally, more than 1 in 3 individuals is infected with tb. According to the who, there were 8.8 million incident cases of tb worldwide in 2010, with 1.1 million deaths from tb among hiv-negative persons and an additional 0.35 million deaths from hiv-associated tb. In 2009, almost 10 million children were orphaned as a result of parental deaths caused by tb.
Overall, the who noted the following:
- The absolute number of tb cases has been falling since 2006 (rather than rising slowly, as indicated in previous global reports)
- Tb incidence rates have been falling since 2002 (2 years earlier than previously suggested)
- Estimates of the number of deaths from tb each year have been revised downwards
- The 5 countries with the highest number of incident cases in 2010 were india, china, south africa, indonesia, and pakistan. India alone accounted for an estimated 26% of all tb cases worldwide, and china and india together accounted for 38%.
1. Active tb
Active tb is an illness in which the tb bacteria are rapidly multiplying and invading different organs of the body. The typical symptoms of active tb variably include cough, phlegm, chest pain, weakness, weight loss, fever, chills and sweating at night. A person with active pulmonary tb disease may spread tb to others by airborne transmission of infectious particles coughed into the air.
If you are diagnosed with an active tb disease, be prepared to give a careful, detailed history of every person with whom you have had contact. Since the active form may be contagious, these people will need to be tested, as well.
Multi-drug treatment is employed to treat active tb disease. Depending on state or local public health regulations, you may be asked to take your antibiotics under the supervision of your physician or other healthcare professional. This program is called “directly observed therapy” and is designed to prevent abandonment or erratic treatment, which may result in “failure” with continued risk of transmission or acquired resistance of the bacteria to the medications, including the infamous multi-drug resistant tb (mdr-tb).
2. Miliary tb
Miliary tb is a rare form of active disease that occurs when tb bacteria find their way into the bloodstream. In this form, the bacteria quickly spread all over the body in tiny nodules and affect multiple organs at once. This form of tb can be rapidly fatal.
￼Types of tb
1. Cavitary tb
Cavitary tb involves the upper lobes of the lung. The bacteria cause progressive lung destruction by forming cavities, or enlarged air spaces. This type of tb occurs in reactivation disease. The upper lobes of the lung are affected because they are highly oxygenated (an environment in which m. Tuberculosis thrives). Cavitary tb can, rarely, occur soon after primary infection.
Symptoms include productive cough, night sweats, fever, weight loss, and weakness. There may be hemoptysis (coughing up blood). Patients with cavitary tb are highly contagious. Occasionally, disease spreads into the pleural space and causes tb empyema (pus in the pleural fluid).
2. Latent tb infection
Latent tb occurs when a person has the tb bacteria within their body, but the bacteria are present in very small numbers. They are kept under control by the body’s immune system and do not cause any symptoms.
People with latent tb do not feel sick and are not infectious. They cannot pass the bacteria on to other people. In addition they will usually have a normal chest x-ray and a negative sputum test. It is often only known that someone has latent tb because they have had a test, such as the tb skin test.
You are at risk of tb infection if you are around people with active tb disease who are coughing, which releases bacteria into the air. The risk of infection increases for intravenous drug users, healthcare workers, and people who live or work in a homeless shelter, migrant farm camp, prison or jail, or nursing home.
Most people who are infected with the bacteria that cause tb do not develop active disease. The following factors increase the risk that latent disease will develop into active disease:
- Infection with hiv, the virus that causes aids and weakens the immune system
- Diabetes mellitus
- Low body weight
- Head or neck cancer, leukemia, or hodgkin’s disease
- Some medical treatments, including corticosteroids or certain medications used for autoimmune or vasculitic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus, which suppress the immune system.
- Silicosis, a respiratory condition caused by inhaling silica dust.
The mycobacterium tuberculosis bacterium causes tb. It is spread through the air when a person with tb (whose lungs are affected) coughs, sneezes, spits, laughs, or talks.
￼Causes of tuberculosis
- Tb is contagious, but it is not easy to catch. The chances of catching tb from someone you live or work with are much higher than from a stranger. Most people with active tb who have received appropriate treatment for at least 2 weeks are no longer contagious.
- Since antibiotics began to be used to fight tb, some strains have become resistant to drugs. Multidrug-resistant tb (mdr-tb) arises when an antibiotic fails to kill all of the bacteria, with the surviving bacteria developing resistance to that antibiotic and often others at the same time.
- Mdr-tb is treatable and curable only with the use of very specific anti-tb drugs, which are often limited or not readily available. In 2012, around 450, 000 people developed mdr-tb.
Although tuberculosis (tb) is most frequently associated with symptoms involving the lungs—because the disease most often affects the lungs—it can affect any organ of the body. The disease can cause a variety of symptoms. If you have symptoms, your doctor will want to know when they began.
People with latent tb infection (an infection without active disease) have no symptoms.
The usual symptoms of tb include:
- Night sweats
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Blood in the sputum (phlegm)
- Loss of energy
The symptoms may be mild and may not seem particularly worrisome to the patient. In other people, the symptoms become chronic and severe.
Other symptoms of active tb disease depend on where in the body the bacteria are growing. If active tb disease is in the lungs (pulmonary tb), the symptoms may include a bad cough, pain in the chest, and coughing up blood. If active tb is outside the lungs (for example, the kidney, spine, brain, or lymph nodes), it is called extrapulmonary tb and has other symptoms, depending on which organs are affected. For example, tuberculosis in the spine may cause back pain or stiffness.
Diagnosis and test
- During the physical exam, your doctor will check your lymph nodes for swelling and use a stethoscope to listen carefully to the sounds your lungs make while you breathe.
- The most commonly used diagnostic tool for tuberculosis is a simple skin test, though blood tests are becoming more commonplace. A small amount of a substance called ppd tuberculin is injected just below the skin of your inside forearm. You should feel only a slight needle prick.
- Within 48 to 72 hours, a health care professional will check your arm for swelling at the injection site. A hard, raised red bump means you’re likely to have tb infection. The size of the bump determines whether the test results are significant.
- If your gp suspects you may have tb, they will send you for testing. If you do have tb, it’s best to know as soon as possible. Delaying treatment makes it more likely you may develop long-term health problems and could put people close to you at risk.
Types of tb test
There are a range of tests to show if you have tb, such as a sputum test, a culture test and x-rays.
A chest x-ray can show damage in your lungs, but you might need further tests to prove you have tb, such as sputum and culture tests or scans.
A lab will use a microscope to look at any sputum (phlegm) that you cough up. If there are tb germs in your sputum, you have tuberculosis of the lungs or throat (pulmonary tb). This test also helps doctors to understand how infectious you may be.
If it is thought that you have tb, but not in your lungs or throat, the doctor may take a biopsy to test for tb. This is a small sample of tissue or fluid taken from the area where the tb is thought to be.
This test uses your sputum or tissue sample to grow any tb bacteria that may be there. It tells doctors how infectious you are and also whether your tb is resistant to any antibiotics. This helps ensure they put you on a combination of drugs that will cure you. As tb culture grows slowly, it may take up to eight weeks to get some of the results.
Treatment and medications
Treatment for active tb
If you have this form of the disease, you’ll need to take a number of antibiotics for 6 to 9 months. These four medications are most commonly used to treat it:
Your doctor may order a test that shows which antibiotics will kill the tb strain. Based on the results, you’ll take three or four medications for 2 months. Afterward, you’ll take two medications for 4 to 7 months.
You’ll probably start to feel better after a few weeks of treatment. But only a doctor can tell you if you’re still contagious. If you’re not, you may be able to go back to your daily routine.
Treatment of latent tb
The treatment of latent tb is considered by many people to be an important part of tb prevention.
It is not recommended that everyone with latent tb infection (ltbi) should have tb treatment. Rather it is recommended that certain “target” groups should receive treatment. The main “target” groups considered by the world health organisation (who) to be most at risk from progressing from latent to active tb include people in low tb burden countries:
- Who have had recent contact with an infectious patient;
- With silicosis (there is more about tb & mining);
- Infected with both tb and hiv;
- Who have been or who are in prison;
- Who are immigrants to a low burden country from a high burden country;
- Who are homeless;
- Who are an illicit drug user;
Who have certain clinical conditions, or conditions which compromise their immune system, such as people with diabetes, and people with chronic renal failure.
In high tb burden countries the populations that are most strongly recommended for the treatment of latent tb infection are people living with hiv, and children under five who are household contacts of pulmonary tb cases.
Treatment for miliary tb
- Sometimes surgery
- Generally, treatment of miliary tuberculosis is similar to thetreatment of pulmonary tuberculosis.
- Antibiotics are given usually given for 6 to 9 months, unless the meninges are affected. Then antibiotics are given for 9 to 12 months.
- Corticosteroids may help if the pericardium or meninges are affected.
- Tuberculosis bacteria can easily develop resistance to antibiotics, particularly when people do not take the drugs regularly or for as long as they are supposed to.
- Surgery is needed for some complications of military tuberculosis.
If you test positive for latent tb infection, your doctor may advise you to take medications to reduce your risk of developing active tuberculosis. The only type of tuberculosis that is contagious is the active variety, when it affects the lungs. So if you can prevent your latent tuberculosis from becoming active, you won’t transmit tuberculosis to anyone else.
Protect your family and friends
- If you have active tb, keep your germs to yourself. It generally takes a few weeks of treatment with tb medications before you’re not contagious anymore. Follow these tips to help keep your friends and family from getting sick:
- Stay home. Don’t go to work or school or sleep in a room with other people during the first few weeks of treatment for active tuberculosis.
- Ventilate the room. Tuberculosis germs spread more easily in small closed spaces where air doesn’t move. If it’s not too cold outdoors, open the windows and use a fan to blow indoor air outside.
- Cover your mouth. Use a tissue to cover your mouth anytime you laugh, sneeze or cough. Put the dirty tissue in a bag, seal it and throw it away.
- Wear a mask. Wearing a surgical mask when you’re around other people during the first three weeks of treatment may help lessen the risk of transmission.
- Finish your entire course of medication
- This is the most important step you can take to protect yourself and others from tuberculosis. When you stop treatment early or skip doses, tb bacteria have a chance to develop mutations that allow them to survive the most potent tb drugs. The resulting drug-resistant strains are much more deadly and difficult to treat.
In countries where tuberculosis is more common, infants often are vaccinated with bacillus calmette-guerin (bcg) vaccine because it can prevent severe tuberculosis in children. The bcg vaccine isn’t recommended for general use in the united states because it isn’t very effective in adults. Dozens of new tb vaccines are in various stages of development and testing.
I have continuous cough for past 1 week. Pricky feel in throat. No cold or fever or running nose. But observed tight mucous when spitted. Eye irate n feeling tired. Recently started.
My 5 n half months baby girl gets cold and cough frequently since she was 4 months. Once she gets this she can't sleep for days. Kindly recommend permanent solution and also a medicine to give so that it gets cured immediately.
Some blood with my cough comes .and also chest pain and bone marrow pain with back pain abdominal pain and bowel change. Have constipation. What should I do?
I am 22 years old and I am suffering from bronchitis please suggest me the best homeopathy medicine to cure it permanently Please
I have been suffering from asthma since my childhood .many doctors said it will go away when you are grown up but I'm still suffering from it.
My wife she get cold n headache. Regularly due to sinus problem. What can be the best to cure that permanently.
Are you suffering from chronic bronchitis and are looking for ideal treatment measures? Bronchitis occurs when your windpipe or trachea and your large and small bronchitis within your lungs get inflamed because of infections and several other causes. The condition is considered to be chronic when your cough with mucus is persistent for at least three months. Chronic bronchitis is a condition that falls under the group of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Smoking, inhaled irritants, secondhand smoke, inhaled fumes, and certain viruses are primary causes of chronic bronchitis.
The symptoms and characteristics of chronic bronchitis are as follows:
- Phlegm may be produced. The production of excess phlegm indicates that your lung and the lower respiratory tract are infected.
- The cough experienced is present on almost all days of the month, for over a period of three months.
- The forceful coughing because of chronic bronchitis is painful, and makes your abdominal and chest muscles sore. The coughing is likely to be very severe, and may injure your chest walls or make you faint.
- During exacerbations of chronic bronchitis, wheezing may be experienced because of inflammation in the airways and muscular tightness. This, in turn, leads to shortness of breath.
The treatment of chronic bronchitis depends on the cause. There is no specific cure for the condition, and its treatment aims at improving your lung function and reducing the symptoms.
- Several medicines are used for managing the cough, and for loosening and clearing secretions. In the case of uncontrollable coughing spells, cough suppressants might be prescribed.
- Broncho dilator inhalers are used for opening the airways and for the management of wheezing.
- Certain nebulizer treatments are also recommended in some cases.
- Corticosteroids are used for reducing the inflammation in the airways. These may be used in the form of inhaled corticosteroids, or may be taken orally.
- In some cases, antibiotic medications may be required for the treatment of chronic bronchitis. Antibiotics are usually used when there is a bacterial infection, and in people with chronic lung problems, who require antibiotics to be treated.
- Home oxygen might be required in extremely serious cases of chronic bronchitis.
- In very rare cases, a patient may have to be hospitalized in case of severe breathing difficulty that does not respond to treatment. This is necessary in cases of complications in chronic bronchitis, and in patients who suffer from underlying heart problems.
It is recommended for you to consult a doctor on experiencing any symptom of chronic bronchitis. This will ensure proper diagnosis and an early start to your treatment, which will prevent worsening of the condition.