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Apollo Health City, Hyderabad

Apollo Health City

  4.5  (102 ratings)

Orthopaedic Clinic

Room No - 962, Apollo Health City, Jubilee Hills, Landmark Near Balaji Temple Hyderabad
1 Doctor · ₹800 · 9 Reviews
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Apollo Health City   4.5  (102 ratings) Orthopaedic Clinic Room No - 962, Apollo Health City, Jubilee Hills, Landmark Near Balaji Temple Hyderabad
1 Doctor · ₹800 · 9 Reviews
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Apollo Health City is one of the best hospitals in South India. ...more
Apollo Health City is one of the best hospitals in South India.
More about Apollo Health City
Apollo Health City is known for housing experienced Orthopedists. Dr. P. Sharat Kumar, a well-reputed Orthopedist, practices in Hyderabad. Visit this medical health centre for Orthopedists recommended by 76 patients.


11:00 AM - 02:00 PM


Room No - 962, Apollo Health City, Jubilee Hills, Landmark Near Balaji Temple
Jubilee Hills Hyderabad, Telangana - 500033
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Doctor in Apollo Health City

Dr. P. Sharat Kumar

FFSEM, MFSEM, DIP - SEM GB & I, MCh - Orthopaedics, MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Get ₹125 cashback on this appointment (No Booking Fee)
90%  (102 ratings)
30 Years experience
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11:00 AM - 02:00 PM
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Knee Replacement Recovery: What to Expect?

FFSEM, MFSEM, DIP - SEM GB & I, MCh - Orthopaedics, MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
Knee Replacement Recovery: What to Expect?

If you are about to undergo a knee replacement surgery, it is important to know the extent of pain that it involves, and the recovery period that follows. A knee replacement surgery is a major surgery, and a patient needs a lot of time to adjust to the replacement of his knee. The time of recovery depends on the patient and form of surgery that has been undertaken. The steps of recovery after a knee replacement surgery are as follows:

After surgery

  • After the surgery, you will be given painkillers which you can self-administer using a switch. You may also require an oxygen mask or blood transfusion.
  • You may require crutches and should walk within a frame. The ability to get back to walking without any help depends on the patient.
  • You will be taught exercises for strengthening your knees in the hospital by a physiotherapist.
  • It is likely for you to experience some initial discomfort during exercising and walking, as your legs may become swollen.
  • Putting on a passive motion machine may be beneficial in restoring movement in your knees when you are lying in bed.
  • It is likely for you to spend a period of three to five days in the hospital, based on your condition and its progress.
  • An enhanced recovery program may be suggested by your surgeon in which you may start walking from the surgery day itself.

Recovery at home

  • It is normal for you to feel tired and fatigued at home in the beginning. A knee replacement surgery is a major surgery, and the tissues and muscles around your knees require time to heal properly.
  • You should arrange for a person who would help you while you go out for a few weeks after the surgery.
  • It is very important for you to practice the exercises prescribed by your physiotherapist. This is a vital part of speedy recovery and you should not avoid them.
  • You will be able to stop depending on crutches or walking frames and go back to your regular activities and schedule, six weeks after the surgery.
  • The swelling and pain associated with the surgery may take around three months to depart.

The recovery process usually continues for two years after undergoing the surgery. During this period, scar tissue heals and your muscles get restored through exercises. It is recommended for you to avoid any kind of extreme sports or movements in which there is a risk of falling, such as mountain biking, or skiing.

Dislocated Kneecap - Know About Its Symptoms!

FFSEM, MFSEM, DIP - SEM GB & I, MCh - Orthopaedics, MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
Dislocated Kneecap - Know About Its Symptoms!

Have you suffered from a dislocated kneecap and are looking for effective treatment options? A dislocated kneecap is a very common form of injury that takes around six weeks time to heal. It is generally caused by a blow or a change in direction when your leg is planted on the ground. Such injuries are common during sports and dancing. The patella or knee cap, which sits at the front of the knee, glides over a groove in your joint, on straightening or bending your leg. Dislocations make it come out of the groove, leading to the tearing of the supporting tissues.


  • When your kneecap gets dislocated, it is likely to look out of place, or the angle will seem odd.
  • Other symptoms include severe knee pain, inability to walk, swelling of the knee, inability to straighten the knee, and a popping sensation in the knee.


  • A dislocated knee cap is not something very serious and it pops back in place on its own in many cases. However, it is recommended for you to get it diagnosed and treated by a health professional.
  • In case your knee cap goes back into place on its own, you should visit a minor injuries unit or MIU, or an accident and emergency department.
  • If your kneecap does not go back into place by itself, you need to call an ambulance and avoid trying to put it back in place by yourself.
  • On the way to the hospital, or while you wait for the ambulance to arrive, you should sit, keeping your leg in a position that is most comfortable for you.
  • If your kneecap does not correct itself by the time you reach a hospital, it has to be manipulated back in place by a doctor. This process is called reduction.
  • You will be given medication to ensure that you keep relaxed and free from pain during the procedure.
  • After the knee cap is put back in place, an X-ray has to be undertaken to check out if your bones are in the right position. Signs of other damages are also analysed.
  • After the procedure, you will be prescribed painkillers. Your leg will be immobile and put in a removable splint for some time.
  • For effective recovery, you should undergo physiotherapy for several weeks.

A surgery for a dislocated kneecap may only be required to be undertaken in case of a fracture or associated injuries like a ligament tear. A surgery may also be required in case you had experienced a knee cap dislocation in the past.

1 person found this helpful

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury- Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

FFSEM, MFSEM, DIP - SEM GB & I, MCh - Orthopaedics, MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury- Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

The Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is an important ligament that gives stability to the knees. An injury to this ligament can result in a host of complications and discomfort. Children or adults who are into sports such as gymnastics, volleyball, tennis, basketball, soccer, football, often injure this ligament. As per various studies and surveys, ACL injury is more likely to affect female athletes as compared to their male counterparts.

Depending on the severity and extent of the damage, an Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury may be ranked on a grade of 3.

  1. Grade 1 sprains indicate a mild injury or stretching of the ligament, seldom affecting the stability of the knees.
  2. Grade 2 sprains are indicative of a partial ligament tear (the ligament loosen up). The damage is still under control.
  3. Grade 3 sprains are extensive and severe, indicating a complete ligament tear (the ligament often breaks in two pieces). With a complete ligament tear, the stability of the knee is also affected (the knee becomes highly unstable).

What causes Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury?
While a host of sports activities mentioned above increases the risk of the injury, a person may also suffer a partial or a complete anterior cruciate ligament tear under the following situations.

  • A jump down a ladder, a tree, or a wall. An incorrect jump or a landing may be equally responsible for the ligament tear.
  • A collision or a hit, especially on the knee (while playing football).
  • Slowing down suddenly while still in running motion. A person suddenly stopping or missing a step can also injure the ligament.

Symptoms associated with ACL injury

  • An excruciating pain (especially in the back and outside of the knee) is often seen in people with a complete ligament tear (the movement is yet not affected). However, within a few hours, there may a swelling around the knee, indicating the severity of the injury with internal bleeding within the knee joints.
  • There may be restricted knee movement. The knee also feels unstable, further limiting the movement.
  • Sometimes a pop in the knee can be heard just at the time of the ACL injury.
  • Prolonged ACL injury left unattended can result in a painful complication such as knee osteoarthritis.

To diagnose the extent of the damage, the doctor may suggest

  • Physical examination, including a quick brief about the case history.
  • Imaging tests such as X-rays and MRI can go a long way to analyze the ligament injury.
  • In the case of extensive swelling of the knees, the doctor may carry out an arthroscopy to have a closer look inside of the knee.

An accurate and timely diagnosis is important to avoid the aggravation of the injury. In the case of swelling and knee pain, consult a doctor, and get yourself thoroughly examined.

All About Rotator Cuff Injury

FFSEM, MFSEM, DIP - SEM GB & I, MCh - Orthopaedics, MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
All About Rotator Cuff Injury

A group of tendons and muscles that surround the shoulder joint are known as rotator cuff muscles. These muscles allow the tip of the upper arm to be fixated on the shoulder socket. Rotator cuff injuries tend to occur if you perform repetitive movements overhead with professional such as carpenters, tennis players and painters are at the highest risk of this injury.

The muscles that constitute the rotator cuff are:

  1. Teres minor
  2. Infraspinatus
  3. Supraspinatus
  4. Subscapularis

The primary function of the muscles mentioned above is to work together in stabilizing the shoulder joint. A rotator cuff injury leads to problems in these muscles and may lead to impaired functioning of the shoulder.

The symptoms of rotator cuff injury are:

  1. You may experience pain when you move your shoulder
  2. An inability to lift your arm overhead
  3. You may hear clicking sounds while moving your shoulder
  4. You may face difficulties in performing activities such as swimming and painting

Rotator cuff injury may result from the following causes

  1. Calcific tendonitis: This condition is characterized by accumulation of calcium in the rotator cuff tendon. It results in stressing the tendon which causes you to experience pain.
  2. Rotator cuff tears: Tears may occur in the rotator cuff muscles that may be complete or partial in nature. Lifting heavy weights while doing shoulder exercises may cause these tears.
  3. Subacromial impingement: Any activity that requires you to lift your arm up causes the humeral head (arm bone head) to be pushed down below the rotator cuff. If the humeral head is not in its position, then it may result in pain.

This condition is treated by using various methods, such as medications and physiotherapy. NSAIDs are prescribed to treat the pain along with various physiotherapeutic exercises to strengthen the joints. In severe cases, surgery may be required to fix the injury. It is recommended to balance the shoulder muscle strength by focusing on exercises that work the rotator cuff. Any external rotation movement helps in strengthening the rotator cuff.

4 people found this helpful

Causes and Symptoms of Avascular Necrosis of the Hip

FFSEM, MFSEM, DIP - SEM GB & I, MCh - Orthopaedics, MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
Causes and Symptoms of Avascular Necrosis of the Hip

Avascular Necrosis, also termed as Ischemic Bone Necrosis or Osteonecrosis is a medical condition characterized by the bone death on being deprived of blood. The condition is known to occur in the shoulder, ankles, and knees. However, the part of the body most affected by Avascular Necrosis is the hip. In this article, we will describe the conditions that contribute towards Avascular Necrosis of the hip along with the associated symptoms.

Factors that lead to Avascular Necrosis of the hip
The supply of blood to the bones may be interrupted by a myriad of factors some of which include

1. Certain medical conditions and health disorders such as

  • Gaucher's disease: A genetic disorder resulting from glucocerebrosidase enzyme deficiency. As a result, glucocerebroside gets deposited in the cells of the macrophage-monocyte system.
  • Sickle cell anemia: A genetic disorder which results in the RBC's appearing like a sickle cell instead of being round shaped.

Both of these conditions bring about a significant reduction in the supply of blood to the bones resulting in Avascular Necrosis.

Certain inflammatory conditions that may damage the arteries and trigger Avascular Necrosis of the hip include autoimmune diseases, pancreatitis or HIV infection.

2. Extensive and prolonged use of corticosteroids: Often used as non-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids can play a contributing role, resulting in Avascular Necrosis (non-traumatic). The fatty substances are usually broken down by the body. However, the use of corticosteroids may affect this breakdown as a result of which the fatty substances start piling up in the blood vessels, constricting their size. The constricted blood vessels, in turn, reduces the supply of blood to the bones to a great extent.

3. An injury or a fracture affecting the femur: A hip fracture or a dislocation that affects the upper half of the thigh bone or the femur acts as a potential threat, triggering a traumatic Avascular Necrosis (AVN) of the hip.

In some case, radiation therapy or chemotherapy for cancer can go a long way in interfering with the ability of the bone (weakens the bone) to receive blood, causing bone death.

People who are into heavy drinking stand a greater risk of suffering from AVN. An increased consumption of alcohol causing constriction and narrowing of the blood vessels interfering with the flow of blood to the bones.

Symptoms characteristic of AVN of the hip

  1. Unfortunately, the initial stages of AVN are asymptomatic. However, as the condition progresses into later stages, a person may experience pain and discomfort, particularly while exerting pressure on the bone affected by the condition.
  2. As the bone and the adjacent joints deteriorate and collapse further, a person may experience great difficulty in using the joint altogether.
  3. In some cases, the condition may progress and affect both the hips (Avascular Necrosis Bilateral).

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1931 people found this helpful

All About Ankle Instability

FFSEM, MFSEM, DIP - SEM GB & I, MCh - Orthopaedics, MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
All About Ankle Instability

Ankle instability is often caused by damage to the lateral ankle ligaments. This typically causes strain and in further severe forms results in injury to the ligaments. This may further cause a feeling of instability in the ankle and eventually predispose the individual to get recurrent ankle sprains even with very minimal twists.

Symptoms: The symptoms of ankle instability include weakness and wobbliness in the ankle or a continuous feeling of falling down while walking on uneven surfaces. People with ankle instability often experience the feeling of rolling outwards or giving way. Sometimes, after the initial injury that led to the condition of the unstable ankle, patients often feel that something has not been right ever since that injury causing them to frequently lose their balance. The condition may result in the swelling of the ankle and increased vulnerability towards twists or sprains resulting from the weakness in the ankle and its inability to support the body weight.

Treatment: More often than not, patients with ankle instability may be treated without surgery by merely supporting the muscles that control the hinge joint of the ankle. This is done using supportive braces or shoes to reduce the threat of frequent ankle sprains and by avoiding activities that involve higher risk.

The treatment for ankle instability involves a range of exercises that focus on the strengthening of muscles to account for the balance provided by the ligament formerly. If pain is encountered while performing specific activities, patients are advised to use a tape or special shoes while performing the activity. If the problem still persists and goes extreme, the individual is recommended to opt for a surgery.

The surgical intervention for ankle instability can be categorized under anatomic reconstruction and peroneal substitution ligament reconstruction. The former aims to allow the stretched or torn ligament to heal in a shortened position by using the individual's own tissue or a cadaver tendon. In the latter, the torn ligament is completely replaced by using another tendon from the patient's own ankle.

Both the methods have their own pros and cons and the choice of a particular method is dependent on the physician after careful examination of the individual case. In most cases, the patient is advised physiotherapy or exercise and surgery is, but rarely advised. Even after the surgery, patients are asked to undergo a variety of exercise techniques and therapy. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1 person found this helpful

Causes and Symptoms of Subacromial Impingement

FFSEM, MFSEM, DIP - SEM GB & I, MCh - Orthopaedics, MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
Causes and Symptoms of Subacromial Impingement

The rotator cuff is made up of four muscles and the tendons attached to them under the shoulder roof that lowers and raise the arm. Acromion is an extension of the shoulder blade. Subacromial bursa lies in the space between the acromion and the rotator cuff. Subacromial bursa is a sac filled with fluid that allows the rotator cuff beneath the acromion to glide smoothly when the shoulder is moved.

If the four tendons in the rotator cuff are injured, strained or a bone spur develops on the acromion, it can result in the swelling of tendons and also in the rubbing or pinching against the acromion as space between the tendons and acromion gets narrowed. The tendons get irritated when they pass through this acromial space. This is called subacromial impingement.

Subacromial impingement is also known as shoulder impingement syndrome, supraspinatus syndrome, painful arc syndrome, thrower's shoulder and swimmer's shoulder.
Repeated activity where the shoulders are moved overhead like in tennis, painting, swimming, lifting and abnormalities in bones and joints are the risk factors of subacromial impingement.

The exact cause of impingement is not explicitly known.

  1. Tendon may split if there is continuous wear and tear
  2. It may be caused by minor injuries. However, this injury may be triggered by repeated overhead activities as well.
  3. Age is another cause. As one grows older, bone spurs may develop on the acromion. Also the tendons are prone to tearing after the age of 40.
  4. Sometimes the acromion shape can make people prone to subacromial impingement.

Subacromial impingement presents itself with the following symptoms:

  1. Reaching above behind your back and reaching overhead with your arms gets difficult.
  2. Shoulder muscles weaken
  3. The tendons can actually tear in two if injuries persist for a considerable duration. This can result in rotator tear cuff. Elevating your arms gets very difficult.
  4. Bicep tears are common if impingement persists.
1 person found this helpful

All About Platelet Rich Plasma

FFSEM, MFSEM, DIP - SEM GB & I, MCh - Orthopaedics, MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
All About Platelet Rich Plasma

Blood plasma enriched with platelets is known as Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP). Being a rich source of similar platelets, PRP can perform healing of tissues and bone by using various cytokines and growth factors. Plasma therapy using platelets is a renowned procedure and is extensively used in other methods such as orthopaedics, dentistry and dermatology. Indications in dermatology that require PRP are wound healing, androgenetic alopecia,face rejuvenation etc. Various protocols are used for the preparation of PRP and although no fixed procedure exists, the principle methods include gathering of platelets in groups, which are 3 to 5 times greater than the physiological quality. This is followed by infusing this concentrated plasma in the tissue where recuperation is needed.

PRP is used in tissue repair due to the growth factors present and their efficiency to heal various injuries. Calcium chloride and thrombin are used to activate the platelets that are gathered in the PRP. PRP contains cytokines and growth factors that include:

  1. Keratinocyte growth factor
  2. Fibroblast growth factor
  3. Insulin-like growth factor 1
  4. Insulin-like growth factor 2
  5. Platelet-derived growth factor
  6. Epidermal growth factor
  7. Transforming growth factor


The effectiveness of PRP is being evaluated through research. The effectiveness is influenced by factors such as

  1. Area of the body that is treated
  2. Whether the illness is chronic or acute
  3. Health of the patient

There are two standard methods of preparation of PRP. In both the processes, the patient's blood (anticoagulated using citrate dextrose) is collected and passed through two centrifugation processes, which are designed to separate the concentrated PRP from the red blood cells and plasma deficient platelets. Production of PRPs vary according to different techniques and equipment.

Clinical Applications:
In humans, PRP has been used to treat different kinds of ailments such as androgenic alopecia, osteoarthritis, nerve injury, plantar fasciitis and chronic tendinitis. It is also used in plastic and oral surgery as well as for bone repair. Following 6 weeks of therapy, the patients are advised to rest. 6-12 weeks later, they are re-checked for improvement. In some cases, there might be a requirement of more than one injection. Most of the patients report that they are able to return to normal activities within 3 months.

All About Meniscal Tears

FFSEM, MFSEM, DIP - SEM GB & I, MCh - Orthopaedics, MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
All About Meniscal Tears

A meniscal tear is a typical injury occurring in the knee. The meniscus resembles a C-shaped plate (cartilage) that is rubbery in nature and pads your knee. Every knee contains two menisci, one each at the external and internal edge. The menisci helps in keeping your knee firm by adjusting your weight over the joint. A torn meniscus could keep your knee from working properly.

A meniscal tear is typically brought about by turning or twisting immediately, usually with the knee being twisted while the foot is firmly fixed. Meniscus tears occur in case one lifts heavy objects or during playing or other physical sports. The meniscus gets worn as you grow older. This can damage all the more effortlessly.

The symptoms of meniscal tears include:

  1. Swelling
  2. Pain in the knee
  3. A tendency of knee to 'lock' or get stuck
  4. Popping sensation during the injury
  5. Difficulty in straightening and bending of the knee

Although there might not be much pain initially, but as the inflammation occurs, severe pain will be felt. A thorough examination would be conducted by the doctor where he would evaluate your injury and details of the x-rays. In severe cases, MRI scans might be required.

Details about the location and size of the tear would affect the treatment. In case the tear is small, the outer portion of the meniscus, also known as the 'red zone' is capable of healing itself on account of its healthy power supply. On the other hand, the 'white zone' which consists of the inner two-third part of the meniscus does not have a good supply, thus rendering the tear occurring in this region is incapable of healing by themselves.

Surgery is not required for all meniscal tears. Nonsurgical treatment is sufficient if the knee is stable and non locking. Recovery can be sped up by performing the following actions on the knee:

  1. Ice should be applied regularly to limit swelling and it is advised to be continued till the pain is relieved.
  2. Elevating: This should be done using a pillow while sitting or lying down.
  3. Compressing: A neoprene type sleeve or an elastic bandage should be used to limit the swelling.
  4. Resting: Limit exercises to walks if the knee hurts. Crutches should be used to soothe the pain.
  5. Medications: Consuming anti-inflammatory medications

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4982 people found this helpful

All About Bankart's Lesion

FFSEM, MFSEM, DIP - SEM GB & I, MCh - Orthopaedics, MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
All About Bankart's Lesion

Bankart's lesion is condition of the shoulder joint, which is characterized by the tearing of the labrum (cartilage) from the shoulder socket called the glenoid fossa. In order to understand this, you need to understand the anatomy of the shoulder joint.

The glenohumeral joint is the portion of the shoulder where the tip of the upper arm (humerus) attaches itself to the scapula. The specific area of the scapula where the humerus is attached is known as the glenoid cavity. The labrum is a soft tissue that runs along the glenoid, its function being to stabilize the ball of the joint in the shoulder socket. It facilitates movement of the arm by ensuring congruence between the glenoid and the humerus bone.

The symptoms of Bankart's lesion are:

  1. You may experience popping or clicking sounds in the shoulder joint
  2. Any overhead movement may cause pain
  3. You may experience sudden pain during the night
  4. Decreases range of motions, leading to impaired functioning of the arm
  5. Unstable shoulders
  6. The shoulders may become weak

The causes which may lead to a Bankart's lesion:

  1. If your arms are outstretched during a fall
  2. In case you experience a direct blow on your shoulder
  3. Lifting heavy objects or a sudden pull
  4. Performing overhead activities repetitively such as fast bowling with a straight arm action in cricket

Treatment for Bankart's lesion: 
The condition is treated after the doctor performs a thorough diagnosis of the symptoms. Once the symptoms are diagnosed, anti-inflammatory medications are prescribed for pain relief. Hot or cold compresses may also be applied on the affected area to ease the pain. In severe cases, arthroscopic surgery is done to treat the condition.

Rehabilitation involves performing various external rotation exercises to strengthen the rotator cuff joint. Various stretches may be prescribed as well to improve the mobility and flexibility of the shoulder joint. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5318 people found this helpful
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