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Our medical care facility offers treatments from the best doctors in the field of Diabetologist, Endocrinologist.Our goal is to offer our patients, and all our community the most affordab......more
Our medical care facility offers treatments from the best doctors in the field of Diabetologist, Endocrinologist.Our goal is to offer our patients, and all our community the most affordable, trustworthy and professional service to ensure your best health.


07:30 AM - 10:00 AM


No.104/5, Ramlal Dutta Road, Landmark : Uttarpara Amarendra Vidyapith
Uttarpara Hooghly, West Bengal - 712232
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Doctor in Sankar's Diabetes Thyroid & Hypertension Clinics

Dr. Sankar Nath Jha

Diploma In Endocrinology, M.Sc - Endocrinology, Diploma In Diabetology
Book appointment and get ₹125 LybrateCash (Lybrate Wallet) after your visit
88%  (28 ratings)
6 Years experience
400 at clinic
₹350 online
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Offers quality care to patients with medical problems related to the endocrine glands and hormones
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Prolactinoma - Signs and symptoms Of It!

Diploma In Endocrinology, M.Sc - Endocrinology, Diploma In Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hooghly
Prolactinoma - Signs and symptoms Of It!

The body functions are controlled by hormones which are produced by various endocrine glands (named so because these glands secrete hormones directly into the body). There are various endocrine glands, and these are controlled by the master endocrine gland which is the pituitary gland.

The pituitary gland is attached to the base of the brain. It also produces prolactin which helps regulate milk production when a woman is breast-feeding. To a smaller extent, it also has some effect on other hormones.
Prolactinoma is a benign tumour of the pituitary gland which produces large amount of prolactin. The cells in the pituitary gland multiply to produce large amounts of prolactin. In people with prolactinoma, there are reduced amounts of oestrogen in females and testosterones in males.

Causes: Though the cause is unknown, a genetic connection believed to exist. Also, people who are hypothyroidic, pregnant, and/or breast-feeding have a higher chance of developing this condition. They can develop in men as well. Interestingly, this is the most common form of pituitary gland tumour.

Types: Depending on the size of the tumour, the tumour is of two main types—microprolactinoma (when the tumour measures less than 10 mm) and macroprolactinoma (when the tumour measures more than 10 mm).

Signs and symptoms: Though the most important function of prolactin is the regulation of breast milk production, it also has various other functions in both men and women. The symptoms, therefore, would depend on the gender and the age group.

Men: Reduced libido, erectile dysfunction, reduced fertility, and gynecomastia and sometimes even production of milk.

Women: Menstrual disorders, including lack of periods or irregular periods, reduced fertility, reduced libido, increased facial hair, and spontaneous leakage of milk from the breasts.

If teenagers are affected, there could be reduced growth and delayed puberty.
In addition to the above symptoms, as the tumour continues to grow, there could be pressure on the surrounding nerves, leading to headaches, blurred of vision, and even double vision. As the tumour grows, the normal pituitary functioning may be affected, and other hormones may not be produced and accordingly the symptoms would appear.

Treatment: One of the main reasons it gets diagnosed is infertility. When ruling out causes for infertility, prolactinoma is suspected and to rule this out blood tests are done. Increased amounts of the hormone would lead to undergoing MRI scans and other tests to confirm the diagnosis.

Once confirmed, the treatment would depend on the symptoms and the patient. It causes reduced amounts of oestrogen and testosterone, which is usually harmless. Unless required, some people can choose to go without any treatment. Hormone supplements can be used to restore the normal hormone levels. Dopamine antagonists can be used to suppress the production of prolactin from the pituitary gland.

3353 people found this helpful

Hypothyroidism - Risks Factors Of It!

Diploma In Endocrinology, M.Sc - Endocrinology, Diploma In Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hooghly
Hypothyroidism - Risks Factors Of It!

Do you have an extremely low reading of thyroxine or T4, it means that you are suffering from an under active thyroid disease called hypothyroidism. With this condition, your thyroid glands fail to make sufficient thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland releases hormones, which travel all over your bloodstream and affect all parts of the body. Thyroid controls how the cells of the body use energy from food via the metabolism process, which in turn affects the body’s temperature, heartbeat and burning of calories. Lack of thyroid hormones slows down the body’s functions, reduces your energy and the metabolism is disrupted.

Causes of hypothyroidism

The primary cause of this condition is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Thyroiditis refers to an inflammation of your thyroid gland. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disorder in which extra antibodies are produced which destroy the thyroid gland. Viral infections may also lead to thyroiditis.

Other causes of the condition are as follows:

  1. Radiation therapy to the neck region for the treatment of several cancers like lymphoma may damage the cells present in the thyroid gland. Hence, the gland cannot secrete hormones properly.
  2. Radioactive iodine treatment is undertaken by people having an overactive thyroid gland. Radiation destroys the thyroid gland cells and leads to hypothyroidism.
  3. Certain medicines used to treat heart problems, cancer and psychiatric diseases may affect the thyroid gland and lead to hypothyroidism.
  4. Surgeries undertaken for removing the thyroid also lead to hypothyroidism.
  5. Iodine is required by the thyroid gland to produce hormones. A low amount of iodine in your diet and body may lead to hypothyroidism.

Risks factors of hypothyroidism

Usually women, especially older women are more likely to get hypothyroidism than men. The factors which determine if you are at a risk of acquiring the condition are as follows:

  1. Race
  2. Age
  3. Premature graying of hair
  4. Autoimmune disorders like type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, vitiligo, celiac disease, Addison’s disease and many more.
  5. Bipolar disorder
  6. Turner’s syndrome
  7. Down’s syndrome

The symptoms of hypothyroidism are as follows:

  1. Changes in menstrual cycle
  2. Constipation
  3. Hair loss and dry hair
  4. Fatigue and tiredness
  5. A slow heart rate
  6. Depression
  7. An increased sensitivity towards cold
  8. Swelling of the thyroid gland or goiter
  9. Gaining weight unusually or great difficulty in losing weight
  10. Carpal tunnel syndrome

If you observe the symptoms of hypothyroidism, you should consult a doctor who will prescribe several blood tests, such as the thyroid stimulating hormone test and the T4 or thyroxine test. Based on the results, a treatment method is adopted.

Adrenal Insufficiency (AI) - Know Causes And Treatment Of It!

Diploma In Endocrinology, M.Sc - Endocrinology, Diploma In Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hooghly
Adrenal Insufficiency (AI) - Know Causes And Treatment Of It!

If you are experiencing pain in the muscles and joints, an enhanced craving for salt, symptoms of low glucose in the blood or low blood pressure, you could be suffering from adrenal insufficiency (AI). The outer layer or cortex of our adrenal gland produces three forms of steroid hormones. In adrenal insufficiency, the cortex fails to produce enough steroid hormones. Some people do not know that they have been affected with adrenal insufficiency until they experience a sudden worsening of symptoms. This is called an adrenal crisis.


The different types of adrenal insufficiencies occur because of different reasons. Primary AI is commonly caused by autoimmune diseases in which our body’s defence system destroys the body’s tissues. Bleeding in glands, genetic diseases and infections are other likely causes.

Secondary AI occurs because of problems with the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland produces a hormone named adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) because of which the adrenal glands produce cortisol. In the case of secondary AI, the pituitary glands stop sending ACTH to the adrenal glands, and cortisol is hence not produced. This may occur by taking certain prescribed medicines.


A patients’s medical symptoms and medical history are observed. The blood levels of cortisol, sodium, potassium and glucose are checked for the detection of AI. The adrenal glands and the pituitary gland are observed by imaging tests. X-rays, ultrasound, and CT and MRI scans may be required.


The treatment of adrenal insufficiency aims at ensuring proper levels of hormones in the body. You may require regular replacement of hormones for life. You have to take glucocorticoids for replacing the cortisol which your body does not provide anymore. Mineralocorticoids should be taken when the body does not produce aldosterone. Extra glucocorticoids may be required during times of intense stress such as a surgery or serious health conditions.

  1. Glucocorticoid helps the body in coping with stress, injury and illness. It helps in the regulation of blood glucose levels and blood pressure levels. It performs the function of cortisol.
  2. Mineralocorticoid helps in maintaining a proper balance of water and salt in our body. This is actually carried out by aldosterone.
  3. Adrenal androgens, which are weak male sex hormones, present in both men and women, help in the regulation of pubic and armpit hair growth in women.

If you experience any symptoms of adrenal insufficiency, it is recommended that you visit a doctor immediately. Early diagnosis will enable early treatment, which is beneficial for you.

3254 people found this helpful

What Is Diabulimia? Know Health Hazards Of It!

Diploma In Endocrinology, M.Sc - Endocrinology, Diploma In Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hooghly
What Is Diabulimia? Know Health Hazards Of It!

Diabulimia is a type of eating disorder in which patients of Type 1 diabetes intake less amount of insulin purposely, in order to lose weight. This disorder, however, is not a formal diagnosis. The disorder may be defined as disturbed eating behavior. 

Our body requires insulin for moving glucose from the blood to the cells. In type 1 diabetes patients, the pancreas stop producing insulin and glucose gets stored in our bloodstream. This causes extra stress on the kidney in getting rid of excess of sugar. The body gets devoid of glucose and the calories associated with it and a rapid loss in weight occurs. Patients develop binge eating,  with more emphasis on sugar and carbohydrate enriched foods. The excess sugar gets out of the body by urinating.

The symptoms of this disease are:

  1. Occurrence of hyperglycemia
  2. Developing a habit of eating more, but still experiencing weight loss
  3. The shift in weight may be dramatic
  4. The energy level is low
  5. Eating patterns turn unusual
  6. Binge eating
  7. Developing an obsession for food
  8. Enhanced awareness about body image
  9. Feeling anxious about the weight
  10. A delay occurs in sexual maturity or attaining puberty
  11. Occurrence of stress
  12. Hospitalization is required frequently for diabetic patients
  13. Exercising amount increases
  14. The patient tends to hide food
  15. There is a smell of ketones from the breath and urine of the patient
  16. Frequency of urination gets enhanced
  17. Malnutrition occurs signalled by hair loss or drying of skin

Health hazards of Diabulimia

  1. Diabulimia can cause a great amount of permanent effects on the body, irrespective of age.
  2. Patients with diabulimia have a risk of getting early comorbidities.
  3. Health issues similar to issues arising from diabetes are observed, but are more adverse in nature.
  4. Dehydration happens along with excess urination.
  5. The patient experiences fatigue and the level of concentration falls down.
  6. An electrolyte disbalance is caused.
  7. There may be risk of heart attack, stroke, retinopathy, neuropathy, gastroparesis.
  8. Vascular disorders, gum infections and infertility in women may also occur.
  9. In the most extreme cases, death occurs.


It has been proven by research that almost 30% of type 1 diabetes patients are the ones who abstain from or avoid using insulin in order to lose weight. This habit leads to the risk of many other fatal diseases which may be permanent in nature. Dibulimia is more common among teenage girls who suffer from type 1 diabetes and are generally obsessed with body image. Diabulimia is an eating disorder which leaves a patient at risk of acquiring many other severe diseases. It is advised not to neglect your insulin.

3303 people found this helpful

Cushing's Syndrome - Know Symptoms Of It!

Diploma In Endocrinology, M.Sc - Endocrinology, Diploma In Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hooghly
Cushing's Syndrome - Know Symptoms Of It!

Cushing’s syndrome occurs due to abnormally high levels of the hormone cortisol. This can happen for a variety of reasons. The most common cause is overuse of corticosteroid medications.


Your adrenal glands produce cortisol. It helps with a number of your body’s functions, including:

  1. regulating blood pressure and the cardiovascular system

  2. reducing the immune system’s inflammatory response

  3. converting carbohydrates, fats, and proteins into energy

  4. balancing the effects of insulin

  5. responding to stress

Your body may produce high levels of cortisol for a variety of reasons, including:

  1. high stress levels, including stress related to an acute illness, surgery, injury, or pregnancy, especially in the final trimester

  2. athletic training

  3. malnutrition

  4. alcoholism

  5. depression, panic disorders, or high levels of emotional stress

The most common cause of Cushing’s syndrome is the use of corticosteroid medications, such as prednisone, in high doses for a long period. High doses of injectable steroids for treatment of back pain can also cause this syndrome.

Other causes include:

  1. a pituitary gland tumor in which the pituitary gland releases too much adrenocorticotropic hormone, which is also known as Cushing’s disease

  2. ectopic ACTH syndrome, which causes tumors that usually occur in the lung, pancreas, thyroid, or thymus gland

  3. an adrenal gland abnormality or tumor

Symptoms of Cushing’s Syndrome:

The most common symptoms of this condition are:

  • weight gain
  • obesity
  • fatty deposits, especially in the midsection, the face and between the shoulders and the upper back (causing a buffalo hump)
  • purple stretch marks on the breasts, arms, abdomen, and thighs
  • thinning skin that bruises easily
  • skin injuries that are slow to heal
  • acne
  • fatigue
  • muscle weakness
  • increased thirst
  • increased urination
  • bone loss
  • depression
  • an increased incidence of infections

Women may also notice extra facial and body hair, as well as absent or irregular menstruation.

Men may also have:

Children with this condition are generally obese and have a slower rate of growth.

Insulin - Why It Is Important?

Diploma In Endocrinology, M.Sc - Endocrinology, Diploma In Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hooghly
Insulin - Why It Is Important?

The first and the most important thing to be cleared is what exactly insulin is. Now we all are well accustomed with the fact that we get the energy to do what we do by eating the food we eat. So how exactly is all this energy generated? That is exactly what is going to be explained in the briefest way possible.

Most carbohydrates contain a type of sugar known as glucose. After we finish eating, the carbohydrates break down into smaller sugar molecules called glucose inside the digestive tract. Pancreas is a gland, which is located somewhere behind the stomach and is the source of all the endocrine functioning. This gland produces a hormone named Insulin. When the glucose molecules are released into our bloodstream, this insulin helps the cells throughout our body to soak up these simple sugar molecules and use them for providing the body with energy. Now that our base is clear, let’s move on to the importance of insulin in our body.

Why it is important?

Insulin helps our body to absorb glucose and provides the body with all the energy to do what it does. Another really important task that insulin does is balance the glucose levels in our blood. As soon as there is extra glucose in our blood-stream, insulin gives a signal in which the excess glucose is stored in the liver for future use, i.e, in situations when blood sugar drops and the body needs an extra energy boost.

Occurrence of diabetes

In a certain turn of events, when the body refuses to use the insulin properly or in worse cases, the body fails to produce enough insulin, diabetes mellitus occurs. Diabetes can be of two kinds:

  • Type 1 - In this case, the immune system destroys all the insulin producing cells, thereby, ceasing the production of insulin. As such, insulin injections are mandatory to maintain blood sugar levels.

  • Type 2 - In this case, the body does not respond well to the instructions of insulin and the sugar level in the body is not regulated. The body in turn produces a lot of insulin in a desperate attempt to improve blood sugar levels. The patients can turn the situation over by changing their food habits and lifestyle and taking certain medications.

For people taking insulin treatment, it is good to note that insulin can be of rapid acting type, short-acting type, long-acting type and intermediate-acting type.

3066 people found this helpful

Gone through for annual health check up on 22-May-2017 at 11: 30 am in12 hours fasting. I got attached report where fasting sugar is 91 and post breakfast is 81 which seems not be correct. Kindly confirm I has taken cup of Tea and omlet of 2 egg.

Diploma in Endocrinology, M.Sc.- Endo, Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hooghly
Gone through for annual health check up on 22-May-2017 at 11: 30 am in12 hours fasting. I got attached report where f...
Yes. It may sometimes happen depending upon hours of fasting, activities etc. Don't worry Fasting and PP sugar reports r within normal limits.
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I have diabetics and I have taken insulin blood glucose level is under control before food 90 after food 1and half value 148 but I have blurry vision I have undergone eye examination no prob in nerves and eye but blurry vision is my problem I wear glass power -3 both side power continue for 4 years is ther any medicine for reduce complexity of blurred vision pls help me.

Diploma in Endocrinology, M.Sc.- Endo, Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hooghly
I have diabetics and I have taken insulin blood glucose level is under control before food 90 after food 1and half va...
Your blood sugar values are well within control limits according to american diabetes association good control means fasting sugar 70-130 mg/dl ppbs 70-180 mg/dl hba1c < 7 bp < 140/80 ldl-c < 100 check whether your blood pressure and ldl-cholesterol if all parameters are controlled then you need fundiscopiy- examination of your retina (inner membrane of eye) by an expeperienced ophthalmologist. Retinopathy if detected can be controlled/ treated by laaer therapy etc. And your vision will improve. All the best regards
1 person found this helpful
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