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Dr. Sanjay Kapoor - Orthopedist, Gurgaon

Dr. Sanjay Kapoor

90 (219 ratings)
M. Ch. (Orthopedic), MS - Orthopaedics, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), M...

Orthopedist, Gurgaon

21 Years Experience  ·  500 at clinic  ·  ₹250 online
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Dr. Sanjay Kapoor 90% (219 ratings) M. Ch. (Orthopedic), MS - Orthopaedics, Diploma In Orthop... Orthopedist, Gurgaon
21 Years Experience  ·  500 at clinic  ·  ₹250 online
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Avascular Necrosis Of The Hip is a condition that occurs when there is loss of blood to the bone....

Avascular Necrosis Of The Hip is a condition that occurs when there is loss of blood to the bone. Because bone is living tissue that requires blood, an interruption to the blood supply causes bone to die. If not stopped, this process eventually causes the bone to collapse.

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Good Afternoon!<br/><br/>I am Dr. Sanjay Kapoor, the consultant orthopedic surgeon in KK Health C...

Good Afternoon!

I am Dr. Sanjay Kapoor, the consultant orthopedic surgeon in KK Health Care Centre, Sec-5, Gurgaon. Today I will tell you about osteoarthritis of the knee. This is the normal knee joint. It has femoral bone, leg bone which is called as tibia bone and at the internal part one is medial and another one is known as lateral meniscus. So, what happens in arthritis is degeneration of this meniscus or washers. So, as the patient walking on his knee due to the degeneration, the bone starts to rub against each other. And the patient starts to have pain and difficulty in walking. So, the patient usually comes to my OPD, they complain of pain, restriction of movements of the knee, difficulty in climbing stairs and getting up from chairs.

Now we have to grade what type of arthritis patient is having. We divide arthritis into 3 stages. Mild, moderate and severe. In mild arthritis, there is minimal degeneration of the knee joint which can be easily tackled with medications, exercises, physiotherapy and restriction of your activities like sitting cross legs or climbing stairs and we usually advise the patient to not to sit on the floor. Then comes moderate arthritis where there are more degeneration and the space between the femoral and the leg bone they start to decrease and the patient starts to have more pain, more difficulty in climbing stairs and walking. Now again we have to see the condition of meniscus inside and the condition of the cartilage which is covering the bone.

Now, this assessment can be done by doing x-rays. Sometimes, even MRI also adviced. This can also be tackled with medications. Some kind of injections is also available which we put inside the knee joint which helps in extending of the cartilage, meniscus, and washers. Plus, regular exercises, weight control, the regular walk is advice for the patient. Now next comes severe arthritis in which cartilage and meniscus is totally worn out. The cartilage is totally gone and bone starts to rub against each other. So, the patient also develops some kind of deformities of the knee and he has severe difficulty in walking, in climbing stairs and doing day to day activities. In this kind of joint, we again do x-rays, MRIs and also we can do an arthroscopy in which we evaluate the joint.

Now, depending upon the age of the patient. If the patient is young, then we have surgeries available like one is know as high tibial osteotomy in which axis of the knee joint is changed so that the load which is coming on the joint is decreased and the patient can carry with the same joint for few more years. Then only one compartment, the medial compartment is involved in this arthritis unicompartmental arthroplasty option is also available for the patient. In this only one compartment is changed and the rest of the joint is not touched. The patient is very happy with that kind of joint. But if all the compartment of the knee is involved and severely degenerated than we give the option of total knee replacement. It is also having an excellent result for the patient.

As a message to the general public is if they control their weight, regular exercises and they avoid sitting cross legs, minimal climbing of stairs and take proper care of the knee joint and as soon they start to have the complaint of knee joint, they should contact to the doctor as early as possible. So, that the problem can be tackled right away with medications and exercises. Because if they will try to postpone then usually patient comes at the stage when there is very little to do with the help of medicines and exercises. Then we have to take surgical interventions. For any orthopaedic problems or any joint-related problems you can visit at our hospital, KK Health Care Centre, Sec-5, Gurgaon. Also, you can book an appointment with Lybrate.

Thank You.

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Personal Statement

Dr Sanjay Kapoor (M.B.B.S-D-ortho- M.S.,M.Ch (USA) is a Senior Consultant Joint Replacement & Sports Injury Surgeon CUM Managing Director of K.K Healthcare Centre Gurgaon India. He is ......more
Dr Sanjay Kapoor (M.B.B.S-D-ortho- M.S.,M.Ch (USA) is a Senior Consultant Joint Replacement & Sports Injury Surgeon CUM Managing Director of K.K Healthcare Centre Gurgaon India. He is Specialist in Hip Replacement Knee replacement spine( laminectomy- disc removal- nerve decompression) He Has successfully operated more than 15000+ patients from all over India- USA UK- Australia-Nepal-Pakistan- Bangladesh- Dubai- Saudi Arabia-Iraq-Iran- Nigeria- Zaire and other African countries. He is invited all over to perform and teach orthopedics surgery to young surgeons in India by various Medical Colleges.Received Global Health Care Excellence Award 2014 For Best Orthopaedic Surgeon In Gurgaon. He Has Attended And Organized More Than 300 Sports Medicine- Arthroscopy- And Joint Replacement Workshops & Seminars At Leading Centres You can book an instant appointment with Dr. Sanjay kapoor on www.lybrate.com
More about Dr. Sanjay Kapoor
Dr. Sanjay Kapoor is a trusted Orthopedist in Sector-5, Gurgaon. He has helped numerous patients in his 21 years of experience as a Orthopedist. He is a qualified M. Ch. (Orthopedic), MS - Orthopaedics, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS . He is currently practising at KK Health Care Centre in Sector-5, Gurgaon. He has earned excellent reviews by 16 patients. You can book an instant appointment online with Dr. Sanjay Kapoor on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified Orthopedists in India. You will find Orthopedists with more than 42 years of experience on Lybrate.com. Find the best Orthopedists online in Gurgaon. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

Info

Education
M. Ch. (Orthopedic) - USAIM - 2014
MS - Orthopaedics - International University of Health & Science - 2008
Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho) - Sardar Patel University - 2006
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MBBS - Manipal College of Medical Science - 1997
Languages spoken
English
Hindi
Professional Memberships
Indian Orthopaedic Association

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KK Health Care Centre

238, Sector 5, Landmark: Near Mother DairyGurgaon Get Directions
  4.5  (219 ratings)
500 at clinic
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6 Signs Your Core Muscles Are Week!

M. Ch. (Orthopedic), MS - Orthopaedics, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS
Orthopedist, Gurgaon
6 Signs Your Core Muscles Are Week!

The core muscles, mainly concentrated around the abdomen, hips, lower back, trunk, and glutes, are indeed a powerhouse that gets you going. The stronger the core muscles, the fitter you stay. Without a proper core strength, a lot of the day to day activities including lifting or bending gets affected. Certain health conditions can weaken the core muscles. But how to know if the core muscles are weak? There are many signs and symptoms associated with weak core muscles.

Mentioned below are some important signs that may be an indication of weak core muscles.

  1. For your posture to be correct, the spine and pelvis need to be stable: The muscles of the lower back and the abdomen does exactly that, ensuring a steady and correct posture. However, when the core muscles weaken, they are unable to provide stability to the spine and the pelvis resulting in a poor posture. Left unattended, poor posture, in turn, can trigger a myriad of complications and discomfort.
  2. The body loses its balance: As already mentioned, the core muscles go a long way in stabilizing the body and helping you to maintain the body balance. You can perform a small test to know if your balance is affected. Close your eyes and stand on one foot. Repeat the procedure with the other foot as well. If you have a developed core, you will be able to hold the position for at least 10 seconds, if not more (both the legs).
  3. A pain concentrated to the lower back: Do not ignore a lower back pain. It could be an indication of your core muscles not being strong enough, especially the ones adjacent to the spine. The weak muscles fail to provide the necessary support to the discs and the vertebrae resulting in pain (mild to severe depending on the severity of the condition) and discomfort. Timely medical intervention may help improve the condition.
  4. Weakness throughout the body: The strong core muscles are an indication of a healthy and fit body. When the muscles start to lose its strength, the entire body gets affected. A person finds it difficult to even lift things. Doing even a small and regular work leaves a person weak and tired.
  5. You can also perform the Hollowing Test to check your core strength: Sit in a comfortable position. Starting breathing in and out. As you breathe out or exhale, try to pull your stomach inwards towards the spine for at least 10 seconds. Unable to pass this test (can't hold the position for 10 seconds) indicates weak core muscles.
  6. You can also try the plank test: Get yourself in a push-up position with the entire body resting on your elbows, arms, and toes. The hip should be level and steady. Failing to stay in this position for 50 seconds is indicative of weak core muscles

Severe Back Pain & Associated Signs - Why Consult A Doctor?

M. Ch. (Orthopedic), MS - Orthopaedics, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS
Orthopedist, Gurgaon
Severe Back Pain & Associated Signs - Why Consult A Doctor?

Back pain is very common these days and can happen to anyone. The reasons for the same are also plenty, it could be because of infection of the spine, sleep disorders, bad mattress, awkward movement, lifting something, bad posture, standing for long and bending down to name a few. So, here are some things that might be increasing your risk of back pain:

  • When you get older, the back pain starts to increase gradually.
  • Poor physique. Back pain is highly common in people who are not fit.
  • Being overweight or obese can increase your risk of getting back pain.
  • Back pain can also be hereditary because of problems like ankylosing spondylitis that usually runs in generations.
  • Some types of arthritis or cancer might also cause back pain.
  • If you have a job that requires a lot of lifting, pushing or deals with a lot of bending or weights, chances are that you are more likely to have back pain.

Here are some causes that might be a reason behind that back pain:

There will come a time when you will witness certain symptoms and you might need to see a doctor. These symptoms are as follows:

Back pain can be diagnosed in many ways. To do the same, your doctor will take your medical history and also some physical tests. These tests include:

  • X rays
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan
  • Blood tests.

The cause of your back pain might not be visible in these medical tests at times. A lot of times you will not even know why you are going through that back pain. It can also get better at times without undergoing any sort of treatment.

Here are a few domestic ways with which you can treat the back pain:

  1. Hot and cold packs: This is the most basic and most common treatment for many problems and injuries in your body. Be it any kind of pain, ice packs can help give a momentary relief.
  2. Exercise: The moment you stretch or exercise, you can feel the pain go away so you must understand how important exercising can be for problems like back and neck pain.
  3. Home remedies: Home remedies like ginger, turmeric and aloe Vera are natural stimulants and anti-oxidants. These help in pain relief as well. You can put them in your food or even your tea, depending upon your taste buds.
3758 people found this helpful

Neck Pain - 5 Ways To Get Relief From Pain!

M. Ch. (Orthopedic), MS - Orthopaedics, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS
Orthopedist, Gurgaon
Neck Pain - 5 Ways To Get Relief From Pain!

Do you suffer from neck pain? Do you sit for long hours without backrest and are used to terrible pains in the neck at the end of the day? Neck pains are very common in people of all age. Though they have various reasons for developing, their solutions can be sometimes the same. If you are suffering from neck pain, then you can try these simple methods and ease it.

  1. Drink lots of water: This is quite interesting. Not many know that a person is born with their spinal cord made of eighty percent water. As we age, the water content reduces and the spinal discs regenerate. For those who have neck pains originating from the spinal cord, they should particularly drink lots of water to maintain a hydrated body.
  2. Use Mobile Phones Cautiously: Sometimes we are unconscious of the fact that we support our mobile phones with our neck to keep our hands free. This puts a strain on our neck causing it to ache very often. In fact, it also affects the muscles of the neck. This can be a serious cause of chronic neck pain and thus it is advised that one keeps track of how they are holding and using their phones, especially during long conversations.
  3. Visit a PhysiotherapistVisiting a physiotherapist is one of the earliest treatments that you can undertake to get quick and easy neck pain relief. The physiotherapists have lots of tricks up their sleeves to provide a quick remedy for your pains. Their treatment also helps in strengthening the neck muscles apart from reducing pain.
  4. Ice-Therapy: Usually when it comes to pains, we think of using a hot water bag to soothe the pain. But, interestingly, at times ice-therapy might also help in reducing pains. You can take some ice cubes, crush them and put them in the bag and hold it against the affected area or use an ice bag directly. This helps in calming the muscles and reducing your discomfort.
  5. Acupuncture: It is a very advanced and critical form of alternative treatment. Acupuncture must always be undertaken by professionals. Administered in the correct manner, it would help you. But if something goes wrong it can lead to dire consequences.

Thus, these are some of the quick and easy ways to reduce your neck pain discomfort. However, it is recommended that if the pain persists one should go and visit a doctor.

2 people found this helpful

Avascular Necrosis Of The Hip

M. Ch. (Orthopedic), MS - Orthopaedics, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS
Orthopedist, Gurgaon
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Avascular Necrosis Of The Hip is a condition that occurs when there is loss of blood to the bone. Because bone is living tissue that requires blood, an interruption to the blood supply causes bone to die. If not stopped, this process eventually causes the bone to collapse.

3534 people found this helpful

Joint Pain - Tips To Manage It At Home!

M. Ch. (Orthopedic), MS - Orthopaedics, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS
Orthopedist, Gurgaon
Joint Pain - Tips To Manage It At Home!

People who suffer from arthritis are more likely to experience osteoarthritis symptoms. The intensity of the feeling of knee pain in winter is often linked to barometric pressure. In winter, there is a reduction in the pressure exerted by the air around us. This drop in pressure can cause the tissues around the joints to swell resulting in increased pain. The other possible cause of knee pain in winter can be explained from the influence of heat. Fluid in tissues becomes more viscous during winter. As a result of this increased viscosity, the elasticity of the muscles decreases, resulting in winter aches and pains. 

Some scientists believe that the higher pain intensity in winter is to be more of a psychological thing. Seasonal affective disorder is more during winter, and people suffering from mental depression seem to sense more pain during winter as the weather restricts outdoor activities. Improper intake of food also causes knee pain in winter due to undigested material. Even though winter arthritis is uncomfortable, the following tips help to make the joints work better and make you withstand the season easier.

Tips to Manage Joint Pain in Winters

  1. Physical activity in winter can reduce winter aches and pains and enhance overall health benefits. Low impact activities like aerobics, swimming in a heated pool, weight training, and riding a stationary bicycle can reduce stiffness, increase the blood flow, and support the knees. Thus, winter arthritis can be well managed by doing exercises.
  2. Diet also plays a vital role. Eating a balanced diet that comprised of low saturated fat, lean proteins, more fiber, and refined carbs helps to improve body functions during the winter. Drinking water throughout the day helps to reduce winter aches and pains. It is essential to consume easily digestible foods like vegetables. Consuming vegetables like carrots and cucumbers that have diuretic properties can help to eliminate waste products from the body.
  3. Vitamin D deficiency may worsen osteoarthritis. It is necessary to take a supplement vitamin D or ensure to make your diet is vitamin-D rich. Fish oil is a potent source of omega 3 fatty acids. Increase your intake of milk, a rich source of protein and calcium that help to strengthen the bones. Exposing the body to sunlight help to obtain vitamin D.
  4. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin and ibuprofen can be used to reduce inflammation and pain. Injecting a viscous substance can decrease the friction of the bones and ease the condition.

Home Remedies for Knee Pain in Winters

  1. Wrap the inflamed knees with blanched cabbage leaves. This can cool down inflamed knees.  Aloe vera also helps to reduce inflammation.
  2. Comfrey (symphytum officinale) can act as an anti-inflammatory agent. Create a compress using mashed root or comfrey tea soaked bandages can also be used to reduce inflammation.
  3. Applying an ice-pack can help to reduce swelling and alleviate winter aches and pains. While applying ice-pack, ensure to cover the entire knee. Applying a bag of frozen peas to the area also works well. While using ice or heat therapy, make sure to do them carefully as over agressive and over doing it, can cause problems. 
  4. Steam therapy also helps to reduce pain in your knees. Soak your knee in a steaming hot water for 15 minutes. Applying hot water bag also can relieve knee pain in winter effectively.
  5. Winter aches and pains all over the body can be relieved by administrating massage therapy by a professional.
  6. Avoid applying strain or pressure on your knees. Take adequate amount of rest to reduce pain and swelling.

These are basic guidelines to help you. Contact your doctor for further management.

3518 people found this helpful

How To Treat Perthes Disease In Children?

M. Ch. (Orthopedic), MS - Orthopaedics, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS
Orthopedist, Gurgaon
How To Treat Perthes Disease In Children?

The hip joint is a ball and socket joint made up of the round head of thigh bone (femoral head) with the cup shaped socket (acetabulum) of the pelvis and Perthe’s Disease is an affliction of the hip joints in growing children. It is much more common in boys than girls, and occurs most commonly in children aged between 4 to 10 years. The cause of this problem is still unidentified.

In Perthes disease, changes affect the femoral head which can be seen on X-ray. These changes occur in three stages over 18 months to 2 years:

  1. The blood supply to part of the femoral head is disturbed, causing loss of bone cells.
  2. Softening and collapse of the affected bone
  3. Re-establishment of the blood supply, repair and remodeling of the femoral head.

Limping is the most common symptom. The limp may become more persistent and pain may develop. Examination of the child by the orthopaedic surgeon generally shows restriction of hip movement. The nature of Perthes disease is variable. Severity depends on the child’s age, and the extent of femoral head involvement. Older children, girls, and those with greater involvement of the femoral head are likely to require more complex treatment. Treatment aims to reduce pain and stiffness, and prevent femoral head deformity.

All children need regular review by the orthopaedic surgeon through the duration of the disease. Not all children require active treatment. Many will make a good recovery with only symptomatic treatment. This may involve restriction of activity such as running and high impact sports. Swimming is encouraged. Some children may require exercise in slings and springs, or the application of plaster casts to the lower limbs. Some children will require surgical management.

Children with Perthes Disease are otherwise healthy, but may be affected by physical restrictions. By middle age, one third of those affected have no symptoms, one third have intermittent hip pain, and one third would develop arthritis requiring treatment.

Loss Of Flexibility - Can It be A Sign Of Osteoarthritis?

M. Ch. (Orthopedic), MS - Orthopaedics, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS
Orthopedist, Gurgaon
Loss Of Flexibility - Can It be A Sign Of Osteoarthritis?

As you age, the cartilage cushioning your joints starts wearing down, causing the bones to rub against each other. This causes osteoarthritis, which is a type of degenerative disease caused. The rubbing of the bones causes inflammation of the joints. The joints of the arms and legs along with the lower back are most commonly affected by this condition.

Here are some common symptoms, which indicate that you are suffering from osteoarthritis:

1. Pain and tenderness: An aching back, knees, neck and hip with severe pain are some of the most common symptoms of osteoarthritis. The pain caused during the early stage of arthritis is classified into tenderness and pain. A sharper pain may be felt while moving the affected joint in a certain way. Tenderness is the discomfort experienced when the joint is pressed along with visible swelling in the affected area.

2. Joint stiffness: Joint stiffness is another early symptom of osteoarthritis. It refers to the wooden feeling, which makes a person feel slow and sluggish. The urge to rest or go to bed should be resisted. Warming up the joints with gentle exercise or moving around cause relief. It also helps in reducing the stiffness and you can continue your regular activities with more ease.

3. Abnormal sensations: When the cartilage wears down, the rubbing of the bones against each other may lead to some abnormal sensations. Grating of the joints is common in people with osteoarthritis. One may feel that their joints are cracking or clicking while moving.

4. Loss of flexibility: People who are in their early stages of osteoarthritis may face difficulty with moving the areas which are affected. This joint stiffness and pain may lead to a loss of flexibility or loss of range of motion. Range of motion refers to the extent up to which one can move his joints normally. In case you are not being able to bend your knee fully or as far as you would have done it normally, you might be experiencing osteoarthritis.

Loss of flexibility occurs slowly and gradually. A person may hurt his back unusually during a football game or may experience a stiff back in the morning after waking up. This gets more intense with time. In the later stages, you may experience joint pain even while resting.

In case you experience any symptoms of osteoarthritis, you must consult a doctor immediately. The doctor will provide you with a plan aimed at managing and getting a quicker relief from the pain caused due to osteoarthritis. Several over-the-counter medicines, braces for supporting affected joints and range of motion exercises are also effective ways of managing osteoarthritis. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3468 people found this helpful

Surgical & Non-Surgical Treatment For Rotator Cuff!

M. Ch. (Orthopedic), MS - Orthopaedics, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS
Orthopedist, Gurgaon
Surgical & Non-Surgical Treatment For Rotator Cuff!

Rotator cuff is the name given to four muscles and their tendons, which keep your arms in your shoulder sockets, allowing you to lift your arms and do day-to-day stuff like combing your hair, cutting vegetables etc.

The shoulder joint is a very important joint of the body and this is why any tear that happens in the rotator cuff can be devastating.

Causes

Tears can happen in rotator cuff due to a number of factors like injury and degeneration due to age. Tears that happen due to an injury to the shoulder are called acute. Degenerative tears are tears that happen due to degeneration of the tendon over time.

Common causes of degeneration are lack of proper blood circulation, which impedes the rotator cuff’s ability to repair itself. Repetitive stress is another cause where we stress the tendon by repeating the same shoulder motions again and again while playing games like tennis, cricket etc. and doing jobs that require us to extend our arms upwards a lot. Lifting heavy objects can also lead to tears.

Symptoms

Chronic shoulder and arm pain are good reasons for you to see your doctor. If you suffer from pain in your shoulder at rest, while sleeping on the affected shoulder or pain while lifting and lowering your arm, then there is no time to wait.

The doctor will do a physical examination by moving your arm in different directions. He may follow it up with X-rays and MRI to check how big the tear is in your rotator cuff.

Treatment

Once confirmed that you indeed have a rotator cuff tear, your doctor will start the treatment. The goal of any treatment is to reduce pain and make your shoulder joint work properly again.

Nonsurgical Treatments: 

Nonsurgical treatments include rest, using of a sling to protect the shoulder and modifying your daily activities. This means you may not be able to do activities that cause shoulder pain. Your doctor can also prescribe pain and anti-inflammatory medicines. Strengthening and physical therapy bring up the rear of this type of treatment.

What you must remember is that nonsurgical treatment relieves pain and improves function in the shoulder, but does not improve shoulder strength. The size of your tear may also increase over time.

Surgery

Surgery, which attaches the rotator cuff to your bone, is done if you suffer from continuous pain and symptoms over a year or so. If you have a large tear, conservative treatments will not work and surgery will have to be resorted to. 

If you have been suffering from chronic shoulder or arm pain, waiting and watching is definitely not an option. You must visit an orthopedic surgeon at the earliest. Remember, if treatment is not started soon enough, your rotator cuff tear will get larger and will require only surgery. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3393 people found this helpful

Osteoarthritis Of The Knee

M. Ch. (Orthopedic), MS - Orthopaedics, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS
Orthopedist, Gurgaon
Play video

Good Afternoon!

I am Dr. Sanjay Kapoor, the consultant orthopedic surgeon in KK Health Care Centre, Sec-5, Gurgaon. Today I will tell you about osteoarthritis of the knee. This is the normal knee joint. It has femoral bone, leg bone which is called as tibia bone and at the internal part one is medial and another one is known as lateral meniscus. So, what happens in arthritis is degeneration of this meniscus or washers. So, as the patient walking on his knee due to the degeneration, the bone starts to rub against each other. And the patient starts to have pain and difficulty in walking. So, the patient usually comes to my OPD, they complain of pain, restriction of movements of the knee, difficulty in climbing stairs and getting up from chairs.

Now we have to grade what type of arthritis patient is having. We divide arthritis into 3 stages. Mild, moderate and severe. In mild arthritis, there is minimal degeneration of the knee joint which can be easily tackled with medications, exercises, physiotherapy and restriction of your activities like sitting cross legs or climbing stairs and we usually advise the patient to not to sit on the floor. Then comes moderate arthritis where there are more degeneration and the space between the femoral and the leg bone they start to decrease and the patient starts to have more pain, more difficulty in climbing stairs and walking. Now again we have to see the condition of meniscus inside and the condition of the cartilage which is covering the bone.

Now, this assessment can be done by doing x-rays. Sometimes, even MRI also adviced. This can also be tackled with medications. Some kind of injections is also available which we put inside the knee joint which helps in extending of the cartilage, meniscus, and washers. Plus, regular exercises, weight control, the regular walk is advice for the patient. Now next comes severe arthritis in which cartilage and meniscus is totally worn out. The cartilage is totally gone and bone starts to rub against each other. So, the patient also develops some kind of deformities of the knee and he has severe difficulty in walking, in climbing stairs and doing day to day activities. In this kind of joint, we again do x-rays, MRIs and also we can do an arthroscopy in which we evaluate the joint.

Now, depending upon the age of the patient. If the patient is young, then we have surgeries available like one is know as high tibial osteotomy in which axis of the knee joint is changed so that the load which is coming on the joint is decreased and the patient can carry with the same joint for few more years. Then only one compartment, the medial compartment is involved in this arthritis unicompartmental arthroplasty option is also available for the patient. In this only one compartment is changed and the rest of the joint is not touched. The patient is very happy with that kind of joint. But if all the compartment of the knee is involved and severely degenerated than we give the option of total knee replacement. It is also having an excellent result for the patient.

As a message to the general public is if they control their weight, regular exercises and they avoid sitting cross legs, minimal climbing of stairs and take proper care of the knee joint and as soon they start to have the complaint of knee joint, they should contact to the doctor as early as possible. So, that the problem can be tackled right away with medications and exercises. Because if they will try to postpone then usually patient comes at the stage when there is very little to do with the help of medicines and exercises. Then we have to take surgical interventions. For any orthopaedic problems or any joint-related problems you can visit at our hospital, KK Health Care Centre, Sec-5, Gurgaon. Also, you can book an appointment with Lybrate.

Thank You.

3388 people found this helpful

Hi, Mujhe arthritis ki problem hai is wajah mere body mein bahut gathe ho gaye hai. Main yeh janana chahta hoon kya mein bhi blood donate kar sakta hoon arthritis ki problem mai?

M. Ch. (Orthopedic), MS - Orthopaedics, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS
Orthopedist, Gurgaon
Hi, Mujhe arthritis ki problem hai is wajah mere body mein bahut gathe ho gaye hai. Main yeh janana chahta hoon kya m...
You should not donate blood if you have: Autoimmune diseases, such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, thyrotoxicosis Been infected by HIV or are at risk of getting HIV (e.g. Have had sexual contact with an HIV-positive person or have multiple sex partners) Previous history of drug abuse (either oral or intravenous) Serious chronic illnesses, such as diseases of the heart or lung (those with well-controlled asthma can still donate blood) Ever had Hepatitis B or C Previous or current history of cancer (depending on the type of cancer and successful treatment) but you should check with the blood bank and expalin them all the traetment details.
1 person found this helpful
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