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Dr. Rakesh Chopra

Oncologist, Gurgaon

Dr. Rakesh Chopra Oncologist, Gurgaon
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I pride myself in attending local and statewide seminars to stay current with the latest techniques, and treatment planning....more
I pride myself in attending local and statewide seminars to stay current with the latest techniques, and treatment planning.
More about Dr. Rakesh Chopra
Dr. Rakesh Chopra is a popular Oncologist in Sector-51, Gurgaon. You can meet Dr. Rakesh Chopra personally at Artemis Medicare Services Pvt. Ltd in Sector-51, Gurgaon. You can book an instant appointment online with Dr. Rakesh Chopra on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has top trusted Oncologists from across India. You will find Oncologists with more than 35 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Oncologists online in Gurgaon and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Artemis Medicare Services Pvt. Ltd

Sector 51, Gurgaon, Haryana. Land Mark : Near Unitic Siber Park, GurgaonGurgaon Get Directions
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What are the symptoms of cancer and precautions to avoid that disease and is there any treatment?

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist, Faridabad
Cancer presents as uncontrolled growth of cells Leading to symptoms like lumps or growth, Ulceration, abnormal bleeding from Anywhere, weight loss, altered bowel habits, difficulty in swallowing, change in voice etc. Treatment is done by surgery, chemotherapy radiation therapy or combination of all.
41 people found this helpful
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I lost somebody close last year after his death I feel very guilty and my aim is that after this nobody die because of cancer.

M.Ch - Surgical Oncology, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Oncologist, Delhi
I can understand. the first step towards your goal is to spread awareness regarding this disease, and ask people to get screened regularly
15 people found this helpful
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Please would tell all symptoms for liver cancer and lung cancer and also what is causes and how we protected thaks.Please tell.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Loss of appetite with weight, coughing, vomitting, yellow skin/ urine, abdominal pain are few symptoms of lung and liver cancer and for preventing it - avoid any triggering factor, take folic acid regularly, eat a healthy diet, always be stress free, exercise regularly.
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I want to know the stages of cancer cell. Means how the cell effected and become a cancer cell?

MS ( General Surgery)
Oncologist, Mandsaur
The cell is the fundamental unit of life. It is the smallest structure of the body capable of performing all of the processes that define life. Each of the organs in the body, such as the lung, breast, colon, and brain, consists of specialized cells that carry out the organ's functions such as the transportation of oxygen, digestion of nutrients, excretion of waste materials, locomotion, reproduction, thinking, etc. To assure the proper performance of each organ, worn out or injured cells must be replaced, and particular types of cells must increase in response to environmental changes. For example, the bone marrow increases its production of oxygen-carrying red blood cells sevenfold or greater in response to bleeding or high altitude. Certain white blood cells are produced more rapidly during an infection. Similarly, the liver or endocrine organs frequently respond to injury by regenerating damaged cells. Reproduction of cells is a process of cell division. The division of normal cells is a highly regulated process. The cell growth, inheritance and containment is controlled by its DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). DNA is a highly complex molecule manufactured in the cell nucleus and serves as the cell's" brain. DNA is the blueprint for everything the cell does. In a human cell, the DNA is arranged in 46 distinct sections called chromosomes. They are arranged in pairs, 23 chromosomes from each biological parent. Together, the 46 chromosomes contain more than 100, 000 genes. A gene is a segment of DNA that determines the structure of a protein, which is needed for development and growth as well as carrying out vital chemical functions in the body. Like the chromosomes, genes are arranged in pairs — one gene from the mother and one from the father. Each gene occupies a specific location on a chromosome. Through a number of biochemical steps, each gene tells a cell to make a different protein. Some genes instruct the cell to manufacture structural proteins, which serve as building blocks. Other genes tell the cell to produce hormones, growth factors or cytokines, which exit the cell and communicate with other cells. Still other genes tell the cell to produce regulatory proteins that control the function of other proteins or tell other genes when to turn" on" or" off. When a gene is turned on, it manufactures another complex molecule called ribonucleic acid (RNA), which contains all the information the cell needs to make new proteins. Cells divide only when they receive the proper signals from growth factors that circulate in the bloodstream or from a cell they directly contact. For example, if a person loses blood, a growth factor called erythropoietin, which is produced in the kidneys, circulates in the bloodstream and tells the bone marrow to manufacture more blood cells. When a cell receives the message to divide, it goes through the cell cycle, which includes several phases for the division to be completed. Checkpoints along each step of the process make sure that everything goes the way it should. Many processes are involved in cell reproduction and all these processes have to take place correctly for a cell to divide properly. If anything goes wrong during this complicated process, a cell may become cancerous. A cancer cell is a cell that grows out of control. Unlike normal cells, cancer cells ignore signals to stop dividing, to specialize, or to die and be shed. Growing in an uncontrollable manner and unable to recognize its own natural boundary, the cancer cells may spread to areas of the body where they do not belong. In a cancer cell, several genes change (mutate) and the cell becomes defective. There are two general types of gene mutations. One type, dominant mutation, is caused by an abnormality in one gene in a pair. An example is a mutated gene that produces a defective protein that causes the growth-factor receptor on a cell's surface to be constantly" on" when, in fact, no growth factor is present. The result is that the cell receives a constant message to divide. This dominant" gain of function gene" is often called an oncogene (onco = cancer). The second general type of mutation, recessive mutation, is characterized by both genes in the pair being damaged. For example, a normal gene called p53 produces a protein that turns" off" the cell cycle and thus helps to control cell growth. The primary function of the p53 gene is to repair or destroy defective cells, thereby controlling potential cancerous cells. This type of gene is called an anti-oncogene or tumor suppressor gene. If only one p53 gene in the pair is mutated, the other gene will still be able to control the cell cycle. However, if both genes are mutated, the" off" switch is lost, and the cell division is no longer under control. Abnormal cell division can occur either when active oncogenes are expressed or when tumor suppressor genes are lost. In fact, for a cell to become malignant, numerous mutations are necessary. In some cases, both types of mutations — dominant and recessive — may occur. A gene mutation may allow an already abnormal cell to invade the normal tissue where the cancer started or to travel in the bloodstream (metastasize) to remote parts of the body, where it continues to divide. A normal cell can become damaged in different ways. A cell can become abnormal when part of a gene is lost (deleted), when part of a chromosome is rearranged and ends up in the wrong place (translocation), or when an extremely small defect occurs in the DNA, which results in an abnormal DNA" blueprint" and production of a defective protein occurs. Abnormal cell division can also be caused by viruses. In this case, genes may be normal, but the protein may not function normally because the cell contains a cancer-producing virus. How a specific cancer cell behaves depends on which processes are not functioning properly. Some cancer cells simply divide and produce more cancer cells, and the tumor mass stays where it began. Other cancer cells are able to invade normal tissue, enter the bloodstream, and metastasize to a remote site in the body. In summary, cancer cells have defects in normal cellular functions that allow them to divide, invade the surrounding tissue, and spread by way of vascular and/or lymphatic systems. These defects are the result of gene mutations sometimes caused by infectious viruses.
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I am 62 years old, 2 & 1/2 yrs ago I had been suffering from prostate problem in which cathedral was used for 10-12 days, due to this process I cought uti and thereafter all bones related problem aroused (knee joint pain & lowe back pain) etc. Although no treatment for ortho problems could have been done, after a gap of around 2 & 1/2 yrs. I started to get medicine for knee joint pain but still urine flow obstruction starts & I have to stop the medicine for ortho & get the medicins for urine like prostina & flow dart+. What should I do, could not understand, may please advise.

Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), MS - Urology, MBBS
Urologist, Ahmedabad
Dear Please get urine examination done to see if you are left with residual infection. Also see that you have usg done with postvoid residual urine, full bladder volume and wall thickness on full bladder with size of prostate. If you are constipated also solve that because passage of hard motions results in fissure giving you same complaints which will not respond to flow dart +. So let me see the reports and then only I can give you correct advice.
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Mild prostatomegaly 3.9 x 3.6 x 3.3 cm (25, 8 grams) what precautions to follow ?

BHMS
Homeopath,
U had any problem of dribbling micturition? best treatment is to go for biopsy n lap. Surgery. Take tab urimax 0.4 mg 1 hs if you have any inconsistency of urination. Do you have any drug allergy or any k/c/o htn/dm?
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Hello Dr. Can my wife take cervical cancer vaccine during breastfeeding. My son is 10 months old now and she will turn 30 by next year. We heard that vaccine to b taken before 30 years. Pls recommend?

MBBS, MD - Medicine, MD - Oncology
Oncologist, Delhi
Dear lybrate-user, as such there is no harm in having cervical cancer vaccine, but why are you in so much hurry. You have to take such precaution unless there is severe indication or there are severe predisposing factors for cervical cancer formation. It is not a strict indication that cancer vaccine should be taken before 30 yrs. It can be taken at any age, but at the age of 30 cervix is more exposed to the insults, you can vaccinate your wife at your convenience.
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1.My mother is a case of acute copd how to control n maintain gud health to her by naturally n medical .2 my elder sister is a case of breast cancer stage 3 (carcinoma of breast) 3 chemo n radiations over now she is under tamoxifen 20 mg pl help me in these cases how to control naturally so that it should not reoccur in future. Pl suggest. Thank u.all.

Post Doctoral Research (Ph.D.) (A.M) (Oncology), Integrative Oncology for Physicians (MSKCC, N.Y, USA), Doctor of Natural Medicine (N.D/ N.M.D), Ayurveda (I) Cert., Advanced Strategic Management (APSM), B.E (Computer Sc. & Engg.), Clinically Relevant Herb-Drug Interactions (CME) - (Cine-Med Inc. USA)
Alternative Medicine Specialist, Bhubaneswar
Hi lybrate-user, I appreciate you seeking help for both your mother and elder sister. As regards elder sister's case, it is not possible to comment on the chances of a recurrence given the short description of the issue. Nevertheless, from a dietary standpoint, it is advisable to go for low glycemic foods that is rich in leafy greens and also appropriate seasonal fruits. Simultaneously, being on Tamoxifen, foods like soy, tangerine, grape fruit, genestein supplements etc all are best avoided. An integrative treatment with alternative medicines can improve clinical outcomes. Again, given the acute case of COPD in your mother's case, it is always advisable to take emergency medical help suitably first and do as recommended. You can connect with all relevant reports and treatment history for both, for further naturopathic/ integrative traction as would deem appropriate contextually.
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I have been diagnosed with fibrolamellar variant of hepatocellular carcinoma. What are my chances.

MD - Radiothrapy, DNB
Oncologist, Mohali
sir don't worry ' i need yor reports age and size of tumor treatments today are very good,Yt,anthra emb.srs,and new dgs all in combination give a standing fight against HCC kindly send me a consultatiton so that you are not misguided
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Can women get colon cancer? Would drinking more water help with my indigestion? Could I still have gall stones if I'm a healthy young male? I have constipation and bloody stool, is this alarming? What are the symptoms of liver disease?

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
women can get colon cancer. 2) drinking more water help with my indigestion 3) you may ahve gallstones 4 ) for constipation take Lactulose syrup Symptoms of liver diseases include weakness and fatigue, weight loss, nausea, vomiting, and yellow discoloration of the skin (jaundice).
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Dear sir, What is symptoms of cancer in the age of 55 to 60 in females and how we identity it.

M.Ch - Surgical Oncology, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Oncologist, Delhi
Common cancers affecting women of this age are breast ovary cervix colon and lung breast painless lump, recent onset chances in skin, nipple discharge ovary abdominal dissension and fullness, bloating cervix abnormal vaginal discharge our bleeding colon blood in stools or change in bowel habits lungs persistent cough or breathlessness.
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My father is suffering from cancer after kemo also he is serious, he is in a death part.

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist, Faridabad
Dear sir, please let us know what kind of cancer your father is suffering from. Probably he is in advanced stage of disease so he needs best supportive care to reduce his pain and discomfort. Please give him adequate feeds through oral /intravenous or through Ryle's tube. Give him proper nursing care like cleaning, changing position to avoid bed sores, medications for symptomatic relief and be close and show your love and affection for emotional support. If general condition improves you can try with more treatment if indicated.
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He is suffering from hypotonic bladder and the prostate is 37 from past 1 year he is taking selodol d4 /d8 and urotone for clear passage of urine regularly otherwise urine discharge stops. Also in the sonography report there is retention of130 ml. Doctors are also not confident about operating the prostate and not sure that after operation urine discharge will be proper sir please help.

MS
General Surgeon, Panipat
Hypotonia or lazy bladder is condition when brain does not get information to empty the bladder due to many condition prostatic and other infection can cause it. please consult an experienced urologist and learn some exercise Which help in improving hypotonia it may improve till that time continue with the treatment under guidence of urologist.
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What is symptoms of blood cancer. How to protect from it. And what are solution for it.

MD Radiation Oncology, ESMO Certified Medical Oncologist, DM Medical Oncology (Pursuing)
Oncologist, Mumbai
Blood cancer is a wide term and includes various types of leukemias. The common symptoms include repeated infections and severe weakness. Some may have enlarged spleen causing a swelling in left side of upper abdomen. Due to reduced platelets, there may be bleeding from different parts of the body including bleeding from nose and with stool. Hemoglobin is usually reduced severely. The treatment includes chemotherapy and in some cases, bone marrow transplantation. Some blood cancer like cml requires oral treatment. Maintaining healthy life is the only thing which can be done to protect from all sorts of cancer.
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Benefits of Having Orange In Your Diet

M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Benefits of Having Orange In Your Diet

#1 Boosts Immunity

Oranges is an excellent source of vitamin c. A single medium-sized orange can fulfil about 72% of your daily requirement for vitamin c. Since vitamin c plays a crucial role as an antioxidant by protecting your body against the damage caused by free radicals generated in the body. It therefore reduces inflammation in immune related conditions like rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Although debatable, researchers suggest that vitamin c also plays an important role in strengthening immune responses of the body, protecting against recurring cold and cough or any other common infections. Here are 11 ways to include oranges in your diet.


 

#2 Helps prevent ageing of skin

There's a reason why oranges are popularly used in the beauty industry. Several beauty products including face packs, masks and creams that are available contain orange extract as a key ingredient. That's because vitamin c present in oranges also helps prevent skin damage, by eliminating free radicals. Vitamin c, being involved in synthesis of collagen, an important component to maintain skin's overall appearance and texture, prevents premature aging and wrinkling of the skin. Apart from vitamin c, oranges are packed with vitamin a that help keep the skin membranes healthy. Here are 8 fruit packs you can make at home for beautiful skin.


 

#3 Protects the eyes

Vitamin a in oranges helps keep mucus membranes in the eyes healthy. Available in the form of carotenoid compounds like lutein, beta carotene and zeaxanthin, vitamin a is protective against age-related macular degeneration, a vision-related condition that causes blindness. Besides, it also plays an important role in allowing your eyes to absorb the light. You may also read tomatoes- natural remedy for good vision.


 

#4 Help prevents heart disease

This is yet another health benefit of oranges which is attributed to its vitamin c level. Free radicals generated during various reactions taking place in the cells can trigger oxidation of cholesterol, causing the oxidised molecules to aggregate and stick to the walls of the arteries. This leads to build up of plaques that eventually block the arteries, causing heart attack, coronary artery disease or even stroke. Vitamin c in oranges takes care of these free radicals and neutralises them, thus playing a role in preventing heart disease. Besides they also contain flavonoids like hesperidin that lowers cholesterol level and prevents the arteries from getting blocked.


 

#5 Helps brain development

Folate/folic acid or vitamin b9 present in oranges promote brain development and keep the vital organ in mint condition. In fact, these nutrients also make orange a healthy fruit for pregnant woman as it prevents the baby from having neurological disorders later. Oranges also contain phytonutrients called polyphenols that play a role in development of learning and memory functions of the brain.


 

#6 Helps prevent cancer

Oranges contain a compound called d – limonene that has been shown to play an important role in preventing various types of cancer like lung cancer, breast cancer, skin cancer, etc. Additionally, the antioxidants and vitamin c help promote the body’s immunity which helps in fighting cancer cells. Oranges are highly fibrous fruits, which contributes to its cancer-protecting effect. A study revealed that about 10 to 15 per cent of colon cancer cases are caused by mutations in the dna. These mutations can prevented by consuming vitamin c rich sources like oranges. Here are some other health benefits of vitamin c you should know


 

#7 Pevents constipation

Oranges are a very good source of soluble and insoluble fibre, which helps keep your stomach and intestines healthy by preventing problems like irritable bowel syndrome. The fibre content in them adds bulk to the digested food and reduces transit time of feces, preventing constipation and straining.


 

#8 Improves sperm quality

Death is inevitable, but our legacy may live on through our offspring. The antioxidants and vitamin c present in most fruits, including oranges improves the quality and motility of your sperm thus keeping you fertile. Another vitamin called folic acid also is an essential nutrient for maintaining healthy sperms that you can obtain from oranges. It also protects the sperm from genetic damage, which might lead to birth defects.


 

#9 Great for diabetics

The rich fibre content of oranges has the ability to keep a track of sugar levels in the body, preventing diabetes. It is also a good option for those who are diabetic. Also worth mentioning is that good oranges have a sweet taste, and since diabetics aren’t allowed to eat sweets or other sugary foods, they can eat oranges to tingle their taste buds.


 

#10 Prevents hair loss

Orange has high vitamin c content which is required for producing collagen which, in turn, is responsible for keeping the tissues in your hair together. Nobody likes bald patches on their head, and eating oranges can ensure that you do not have to part with your lovely hair as you grow older.

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