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Dr. Pushpa Sethi

Gynaecologist, Gurgaon

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Dr. Pushpa Sethi Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
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I'm dedicated to providing optimal health care in a relaxed environment where I treat every patients as if they were my own family....more
I'm dedicated to providing optimal health care in a relaxed environment where I treat every patients as if they were my own family.
More about Dr. Pushpa Sethi
Dr. Pushpa Sethi is one of the best Gynaecologists in New Gurgaon, Gurgaon. She is currently practising at Dr Pushpa Sethi's Clinic in New Gurgaon, Gurgaon. You can book an instant appointment online with Dr. Pushpa Sethi on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified Gynaecologists in India. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 32 years of experience on Lybrate.com. Find the best Gynaecologists online in Gurgaon. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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I want to conceive baby and my menstruation cycle goes only 2 days. I have tried last 2 months. Please suggest me how to conceive.

DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), PGDHHM, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
I want to conceive baby and my menstruation cycle goes only 2 days. I have tried last 2 months. Please suggest me how...
you can try during ovulation period which is 8th day to 18th day of your menses.this is the fertile period when there is maximum chance for conceiving.
3 people found this helpful
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Hi I am 28 years old and I am sixth month pregnant woman. I got tested lost month hiv and I got positive and again tested in Vijaya diagnostics and again got positive. Doctor said you should confirm by Western blot method and go to ictc centres you and your husband both go for test. We went to ictc Gandhi hospital and tested by three methods I got positive and my husband got hiv negative. Doctor said to my husband after three months again go for test. Can I go for Western blot method after three months? Is there any chance to get hiv negative result? My cd4count is 626. Based on this at what stage I have hiv? Tell me pls I am totally blank and depressed.

MBBS, PG Diploma in HIV Medicine
General Physician,
Hi I am 28 years old and I am sixth month pregnant woman. I got tested lost month hiv and I got positive and again te...
Western blot is confirmatory test for HIV. Nowadays they are using it to know the type of HIV. If you found positive for HIV in all three rapid tests then it's most unlikely to get negative result in western blot. You have mentioned that Your husband is negative but that doesn't mean he is not infected. He needs to be tested for HIV again after 3rd, 6th and 12th month provided the first test result is negative.. because it's difficult to diagnose HIV in window period You need to be started on anti Retroviral Therapy (ART) immediately irrespective of the cd4 count to decrease the HIV transmission to the newborn.. and for your health too
2 people found this helpful
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We are trying for child from last 1 year ,but still not succeed, my wife is band her legs after intercourse for 15 min , but no results or coming. please help what to do in this.

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynecology, Fellowship in Infertility (IVF Specialist)
Gynaecologist, Aurangabad
We are  trying for child from last 1 year ,but still not succeed, my wife is band her legs after intercourse for 15 m...
Hi Raj, don't worry about pregnancy as you are Young age is on your side. Please get basic infertility workup done for both husband and wife. Fallopian tube status has to be checked. Please share details of clinical history and investigations so as to guide you how you can plan naturally.
1 person found this helpful
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Hello Dr. I am suffering from breast pain for few days my left breast is paining and there are some lump also I have one year baby also Is anything dangerous? Should I feed her milk or not? Is it safe for my baby or not?

MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Kanpur
Hello Dr. I am suffering from breast pain for few days my left breast is paining and there are some lump also I have ...
Pain in breast in young age is usually physiological so don't worry, you should be cautious for the lump, you need to be examined by surgeon and mammography and fnac to be done, then lump should be removed surgically and sent for examination, feeding to baby depends type of milk coming from breast if it is pus don't feed but suction pump is needed then, by the time take some pain killer and use comfortable breast support.
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My wife started taking oral contraceptive on 10today .we had sex after that each day but did not ejaculate in her vagina .will she get pregnant?

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynecology, Fellowship in Infertility (IVF Specialist)
Gynaecologist, Aurangabad
hi lybrate user, if she is taking pill properly and no ejaculation in vagina so the chances of getting pregnant will be less.But remember even single drop of the semen can give pregnancy .
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Have been recently married and no issues in sex for two months initially. Recently there is a gap of one month due to infection in foreskin . What would be the ideal time period for pregnancy result? Whether this gap will be a breaker!

Certification in Robotic surgery in Gynecology, MRCOG (LONDON), Fellowship in Gyn Endoscopy, MD - Gynaecologist & Obstetrician, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Have been recently married and no issues in sex for two months initially. Recently there is a gap of one month due to...
If you want a pregnancy the ideal time is between 10th to 20th day of a woman's cycle if her periods are regular.
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Endometriosis: Signs and Symptoms You Might Be Suffering From It!

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology - Obstetrics & Gynecology
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
Endometriosis: Signs and Symptoms You Might Be Suffering From It!

Endometriosis is an often painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus — the endometrium — grows outside your uterus. Endometriosis most commonly involves your ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining your pelvis. Rarely, endometrial tissue may spread beyond pelvic organs.

With endometriosis, displaced endometrial tissue continues to act as it normally would — it thickens, breaks down and bleeds with each menstrual cycle. Because this displaced tissue has no way to exit your body, it becomes trapped. When endometriosis involves the ovaries, cysts called endometriomas may form. Surrounding tissue can become irritated, eventually developing scar tissue and adhesions — abnormal bands of fibrous tissue that can cause pelvic tissues and organs to stick to each other.

Endometriosis can cause pain — sometimes severe — especially during your period. Fertility problems also may develop. Fortunately, effective treatments are available.

Symptoms

The primary symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain, often associated with your menstrual period. Although many women experience cramping during their menstrual period, women with endometriosis typically describe menstrual cramp that's far worse than usual. They also tend to report that the pain increases over time.

Common Signs and Symptoms of Endometriosis may include:

  • Painful periods (dysmenorrhea). Pelvic pain and cramping may begin before your period and extend several days into your period. You may also have lower back and abdominal pain.

  • Pain with intercourse. Pain during or after sex is common with endometriosis.

  • Pain with bowel movements or urination. You're most likely to experience these symptoms during your period.

  • Excessive bleeding. You may experience occasional heavy periods (menorrhagia) or bleeding between periods (menometrorrhagia).

  • Infertility. Endometriosis is first diagnosed in some women who are seeking treatment for infertility.

  • Other symptoms. You may also experience fatigue, diarrhea, constipation, bloating or nausea, especially during menstrual periods.

The severity of your pain isn't necessarily a reliable indicator of the extent of the condition. Some women with mild endometriosis have intense pain, while others with advanced endometriosis may have little pain or even no pain at all.

Endometriosis is sometimes mistaken for other conditions that can cause pelvic pain, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or ovarian cysts. It may be confused with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a condition that causes bouts of diarrhea, constipation and abdominal cramping. IBS can accompany endometriosis, which can complicate the diagnosis.

When to see a doctor

See the doctor if you have signs and symptoms that may indicate endometriosis.

Endometriosis can be a challenging condition to manage. An early diagnosis, a multidisciplinary medical team and an understanding of your diagnosis may result in better management of your symptoms.

Causes

Although the exact cause of endometriosis is not certain, possible explanations include:

  • Retrograde menstruation. In retrograde menstruation, menstrual blood containing endometrial cells flows back through the fallopian tubes and into the pelvic cavity instead of out of the body. These displaced endometrial cells stick to the pelvic walls and surfaces of pelvic organs, where they grow and continue to thicken and bleed over the course of each menstrual cycle.

  • Transformation of peritoneal cells. In what's known as the "induction theory," experts propose that hormones or immune factors promote transformation of peritoneal cells — cells that line the inner side of your abdomen — into endometrial cells.

  • Embryonic cell transformation. Hormones such as estrogen may transform embryonic cells — cells in the earliest stages of development — into endometrial cell implants during puberty.

  • Surgical scar implantation. After a surgery, such as a hysterectomy or C-section, endometrial cells may attach to a surgical incision.

  • Endometrial cells transport. The blood vessels or tissue fluid (lymphatic) system may transport endometrial cells to other parts of the body.

  • Immune system disorder. It's possible that a problem with the immune system may make the body unable to recognize and destroy endometrial tissue that's growing outside the uterus.

Risk factors

Several factors place you at greater risk of developing endometriosis, such as:

  • Never giving birth

  • Starting your period at an early age

  • Going through menopause at an older age

  • Short menstrual cycles — for instance, less than 27 days

  • Having higher levels of estrogen in your body or a greater lifetime exposure to estrogen your body produces

  • Low body mass index

  • Alcohol consumption

  • One or more relatives (mother, aunt or sister) with endometriosis

  • Any medical condition that prevents the normal passage of menstrual flow out of the body

  • Uterine abnormalities

Endometriosis usually develops several years after the onset of menstruation (menarche). Signs and symptoms of endometriosis end temporarily with pregnancy and end permanently with menopause, unless you're taking estrogen.

Complications

Infertility

The main complication of endometriosis is impaired fertility. Approximately one-third to one-half of women with endometriosis have difficulty getting pregnant. Endometriosis may obstruct the tube and keep the egg and sperm from uniting. But the condition also seems to affect fertility in less-direct ways, such as damage to the sperm or egg. Inspite of this, many women with mild to moderate endometriosis can still conceive and carry a pregnancy to term. Doctors sometimes advise women with endometriosis not to delay having children because the condition may worsen with time.

Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer does occur at higher than expected rates in women with endometriosis. Although rare, another type of cancer — endometriosis-associated adenocarcinoma — can develop later in life in women who have had endometriosis.

Diagnosis: To diagnose endometriosis and other conditions that can cause pelvic pain, the doctor will ask you to describe your symptoms, including the location of your pain and when it occurs.

Tests to check for physical clues of endometriosis include:

  • Pelvic exam. During a pelvic exam, the doctor manually feels (palpates) areas in your pelvis for abnormalities, such as cysts on your reproductive organs or scars behind your uterus. Often it's not possible to feel small areas of endometriosis, unless they've caused a cyst to form.

  • Ultrasound. A transducer, a device that uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of the inside of your body, is either pressed against your abdomen or inserted into your vagina (transvaginal ultrasound). Both types of ultrasound may be done to get the best view of your reproductive organs. Ultrasound imaging won't definitively tell the doctor whether you have endometriosis, but it can identify cysts associated with endometriosis (endometriomas).

  • Laparoscopy. Medical management is usually tried first. But to be certain you have endometriosis, the doctor may advise a surgical procedure called laparoscopy to look inside your abdomen for signs of endometriosis.

While you're under general anesthesia, the doctor makes a tiny incision near your navel and inserts a slender viewing instrument (laparoscope), looking for endometrial tissue outside the uterus. He or she may take samples of tissue (biopsy). Laparoscopy can provide information about the location, extent and size of the endometrial implants to help determine the best treatment options.

Treatment for endometriosis is usually with medications or surgery. The approach you and the doctor choose will depend on the severity of your signs and symptoms and whether you hope to become pregnant.

Generally, doctors recommend trying conservative treatment approaches first, opting for surgery as a last resort.

Pain medications

The doctor may recommend that you take an over-the-counter pain reliever, such as the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or naproxen (Aleve, others), to help ease painful menstrual cramps.

If you find that taking the maximum dose of these medications doesn't provide full relief, you may need to try another approach to manage your signs and symptoms.

Hormone therapy

Supplemental hormones are sometimes effective in reducing or eliminating the pain of endometriosis. The rise and fall of hormones during the menstrual cycle causes endometrial implants to thicken, break down and bleed. Hormone medication may slow endometrial tissue growth and prevent new implants of endometrial tissue.

Hormone therapy isn't a permanent fix for endometriosis. You could experience a return of your symptoms after stopping treatment.

Therapies used to treat endometriosis include:

  • Hormonal contraceptives. Birth control pills, patches and vaginal rings help control the hormones responsible for the buildup of endometrial tissue each month. Most women have lighter and shorter menstrual flow when they're using a hormonal contraceptive. Using hormonal contraceptives — especially continuous cycle regimens — may reduce or eliminate the pain of mild to moderate endometriosis.

  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (Gn-RH) agonists and antagonists. These drugs block the production of ovarian-stimulating hormones, lowering estrogen levels and preventing menstruation. This causes endometrial tissue to shrink. Because these drugs create an artificial menopause, taking a low dose of estrogen or progestin along with Gn-RH agonists and antagonists may decrease menopausal side effects, such as hot flashes, vaginal dryness and bone loss. Your periods and the ability to get pregnant return when you stop taking the medication.

  • Progestin therapy. A progestin-only contraceptive, such as an intrauterine device (Mirena), contraceptive implant or contraceptive injection (Depo-Provera), can halt menstrual periods and the growth of endometrial implants, which may relieve endometriosis signs and symptoms.

  • Danazol. This drug suppresses the growth of the endometrium by blocking the production of ovarian-stimulating hormones, preventing menstruation and the symptoms of endometriosis. However, danazol may not be the first choice because it can cause serious side effects and can be harmful to the baby if you become pregnant while taking this medication.

Conservative surgery

If you have endometriosis and are trying to become pregnant, surgery to remove as much endometriosis as possible while preserving your uterus and ovaries (conservative surgery) may increase your chances of success. If you have severe pain from endometriosis, you may also benefit from surgery — however, endometriosis and pain may return.

The doctor may do this procedure laparoscopically or through traditional abdominal surgery in more extensive cases.

Assisted reproductive technologies

Assisted reproductive technologies, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) to help you become pregnant are sometimes preferable to conservative surgery. Doctors often suggest one of these approaches if conservative surgery doesn't work. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.

4034 people found this helpful

My vagina hole is slightly big but I don't has sex with anyone then how its possible?

MBBS
Sexologist, Panchkula
Your vagina hole is slightly big. This can be possible. This could be due to weak pelvic floor muscles.
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M 20 year old. Last month I got period twice day was bcz I took I pill twice. So doctor prescribed me novaleon medicine. Nw dis month I didn't get periods. N m a smoker also.

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Ludhiana
M 20 year old. Last month I got period twice day was bcz I took I pill twice. So doctor prescribed me novaleon medici...
Sometimes after taking IPILL ,periods gets distuirbed for 1-2 months.So dont worry it will be normal but avoid taking these kind of medicines as these have some serious health hazard.
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We are planning for a baby. We are not taking any precautions while having sex. Need to know from past two months her periods are regular. Please suggest best time and conditions for conceive and what all things need to be taken care off. Pls suggest.

MBBS
General Physician, Cuttack
We are planning for a baby. We are not taking any precautions while having sex. Need to know from past two months her...
Try to have frequent sex during the period of ovulation which is around mid cycle(14th to 16th day). This will increase chance of pregnancy.Get yourself and wife investigated for infertility after consulting Gynecologist
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My wife tested prega news after seven days of her period date and it was positive and all the feelings she experienced during these days were also related to pregnancy but today after 9 days her periods started. I am confused what is happening and what should we do now. Please help us.

DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
My wife tested prega news after seven days of her period date and it was positive and all the feelings she experience...
Hello,lybrate user, It reveals,she is not pregnant, menstrual blockage might have been due to stress. You may go for re- checking of the fact,please. Tk care.
1 person found this helpful
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Hi my baby is 10 months old and continue eating cerelac in the morning, rice, boiled/cooked vegetables at noon, sometimes fruit in the afternoon again cerelac in the evening but she doesn't have her food at night. Though doctor suggest to feed 4-5 times and rice twice a day. I have started poha with water/hand made breads in between. What are the essentials we can provide to keep her healthy? Her body weight is 7.5 kgs till now. At night she never wake-up to eat. If we force her that also not going to work. Please suggest, thanks.

MBBS
General Physician, Chandigarh
Hi my baby is 10 months old and continue eating cerelac in the morning, rice, boiled/cooked vegetables at noon, somet...
Whatever you are eating at home you have to introduce the baby to all those things slowly over a period of time making sure that you introduce one new thing at a time and start the next one after about two weeks so that the child gets accustomed to it and it is not necessarily to give her only boiled food you can give him normal homemade food initially in smaller quantities and then slowly increasing it also try not yo give her junk food or readymade foods you can wean the child now from cerelac to normal food.
1 person found this helpful
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Hi doc my wife is pregnant less than a month now. Is it safe to travel in bike in this period ? Is it safe to have intercourse now?

MD - Alternate Medicine, DNHE, BHMS
Homeopath, Ahmedabad
Hi doc my wife is pregnant less than a month now. Is it safe to travel in bike in this period ? Is it safe to have in...
At least for first 3 to 4 months, she needs to take care for both bike travelling and intercourse, as its delicate period.
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Brain Size - How It Is Related With Intelligence?

DM - Neurology, MD - Medicine, MBBS
Neurologist, Gurgaon
Brain Size - How It Is Related With Intelligence?

The relationship between intelligence and brain size, both among people and between various species, has never been precisely well defined. People often believe that their outstanding psychological capacities must mean that they are superior to all animals as far as brain size is concerned. However, it is not true since whales and elephants have much bigger brains than humans and humans have the same brain-to-body mass proportion as mice do.

Here are a number of ways by which the brain size can be determined:

  1. Encephalization remainder: Since it would be against human instinct to admit loss and defeat, researchers have created a measure to determine the brain size called the encephalization remainder. It is the proportion of actual brain mass with respect to the anticipated cerebrum mass for the animal’s size (based on the suspicion that bigger animals require somewhat less brain matter with respect to their size, compared to little animals). By this metric, human beings prove to be the best, with an EQ of 7.5 outperforming the dolphin's 5.3 and the mouse's 0.5.
  2. IQ testing: Without a solitary and evident method for measuring intelligence, some improved tests like IQ (Intelligence Quotient) are by and large acknowledged as a moderately decent working device. IQ estimations are not without issues, and there is a great deal of criticism about their significance. IQ testing uses government sanctioned tests, for example, the WAIS–III (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale). The normal IQ is somewhere around 90 and 110. The scores beneath the normal may demonstrate changing degrees of pathology, for example, marginal intellectual function, or mental hindrance of different severity. Over the normal range is regularly connected with knowledge, splendour, talent, or genius. However, as with computers of a few eras, size and intellect do not precisely relate. Present day portable computers weighing around one or two kilogrammes can store more data and perform a greater number of assignments than supercomputers from the 1980s that used to possess expansive structures. This is a contrast amongst quantity and quality. Numerous scientists now hold the view that it is not the whole brain, which is bigger in a human with a higher IQ, yet rather certain zones that are denser and might be bigger. A fascinating late revelation is that these ranges can be expanded in size and enhanced in usefulness during the course of our life.
  3. NeuroplasticityIt refers to the dynamic procedure of repair and maintenance that our brains are continually experiencing. We are conceived with around hundred billion neurones, yet lose around two hundred thousand a day to a procedure called pruning. As we develop and grow, pathways in the brain that are not required are detached, and the neurones pass on. However, in a compensatory procedure, new neurones are delivered and more detailed associations are built up between neurones that are more dynamic. This is the procedure of de-cluttering, in which our brains develop to work at most extreme effectiveness. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Neurologist.
2824 people found this helpful

We have sex without any protection all is going fine intercourse time is also enough for both but still she is not getting pregnant we have tried almost 5-7 times but still same and we are now around 20-21 years can you help me please let me know any possible reasons if their is any?

Diploma in Diabetology, Pregnancy & Diabetes, Hypertension, Cardiovascular Prevention in Diabetes ,Thyroid
Sexologist, Sri Ganganagar
We have sex without any protection all is going fine intercourse time is also enough for both but still she is not ge...
For female; yes, you know pregnancy can only occur if we do sex on ovulation day. You must note that ovulation (egg formation) occur once only in a month. We have to calculate that day which is usually 14 th day in 28 day cycle. Simultaneouly you have to take tab. Folvite daily. For male check your semen analysis from good laboratory. You can frankly discuss on line with me.
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Sir, I want to know that one of my friend is having a lump on her right breast and she is just 22 year old, kindly suggest me what to do.

DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), PGDHHM, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Any lump in the breast should not be ignored. It is suggested that you may please get the same examined by a doctor and follow his/her advise.
2 people found this helpful
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How to over come pcod. I am taking medicine ovacare myo for the last 1mnth but still am facing scanty period and couldn't conceive. please help.

MBBS, AFIH, PGDMLS, MD-HRM, MD-HM
General Physician, Gurgaon
How to over come pcod. I am taking medicine ovacare myo for the last 1mnth but still am facing scanty period and coul...
Takes time. Regular Walk Drink more water Regular sex No junk food No calorie rich items like cold drinks, chocolates etc Avoid hormonal medicines
3 people found this helpful
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He has prostate 21g he is feeling good during time but night time he is feeling pain around the back what should he eat and drink and best medicine for to get rid of this pain.

BPTh/BPT, MPTh/MPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
He has prostate 21g he is feeling good during time but night time he is feeling pain around the back what should he e...
Extension Exercises  x 15 times x twice daily - lying on tummy, take left arm up for 3 seconds, then bring it down, right arm up for 3 seconds, bring down. Bring right leg up, hold for 3 seconds, bring it down. Then right leg up and hold for 3 seconds and bring it down. Repeat twice a day- 10 times. Bhujang Asana – Lie flat on your stomach, keeping the palms out, bend the neck backward, take a deep breath and while holding it for 6 seconds, raise the chest up. Release breath and relax your body. Repeat the exercise 15 times twice daily. Core Strengthening Exercises- Straight Leg Raised With Toes Turned Outward, repeat 10 times, twice a day. Back Stretching- lie flat, pull one of the knee forward to chest, hold for 3 seconds, then bring the other knee forward to the chest and again hold for 3 seconds. Then pull both knees towards the chest and hold for 3 seconds. Repeat 10 times each exercise twice a day.   Do the cat/cow stretch. Get on all fours, with your arms straight and your hands directly under your shoulders; your knees hip-width apart.
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The harmful effects of lemon and honey on your teeth

BDS
Dentist, Mumbai
The harmful effects of lemon and honey on your teeth
Lemon + honey +wrong timing = weight loss + sensitive teeth.

Lemon (acid) and honey (sugar) is a lethal combination to weaken your teeth's enamel temporarily.
If you brush immediately after ingesting lemon honey then you tend to wear off weakens enamel which will make your teeth sensitive.

Hence as a dentist I would suggest either brush before consuming lemon honey or wait for atleast 1 hour before brushing.
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