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Dr. Pooja Arora Lal

MBBS

Gynaecologist, Gurgaon

1 Years Experience
Dr. Pooja Arora Lal MBBS Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
1 Years Experience
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Personal Statement

My experience is coupled with genuine concern for my patients. All of my staff is dedicated to your comfort and prompt attention as well....more
My experience is coupled with genuine concern for my patients. All of my staff is dedicated to your comfort and prompt attention as well.
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MBBS - . - 2016

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115/12, Street No-3, Krishna Colony, Gurgaon Get Directions
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Hello doc! I want to know till how long can a sperm live in vagina or uterus after intercourse. Want to know till how long can a female conceive after sexuàl intercourse. Is it possible to conceive after 6 months of the intercourse when you had periods for those 6 months continuously. thanks in anticipation!

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Noida
Hello doc! I want to know till how long can a sperm live in vagina or uterus after intercourse. Want to know till how...
Hello, Sperm stays alive only for 72 hrs. if she had menses for 6 months already then she is not pregnant at all, at least not with your child.
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I'm 5th week pregnant. My doctor ask me weekly injection" maintain 250 (hydroxyprogesterone caproate 250mg) I am here for 2nd opinion is it right.?

DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
I'm 5th week pregnant. My doctor ask me weekly injection" maintain 250 (hydroxyprogesterone caproate 250mg) I am here...
This is usually given if there is any complications expected like bleeding during pregnancy or if patients had repeated abortion in past. Why is it given to you please tell.
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My age is 31, what should be the necessary steps to take for me and my husband for a healthy baby?

MBBS, DGO, MD, Fellowship in Gynae Oncology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
My age is 31, what should be the necessary steps to take for me and my husband for a healthy baby?
You need not to do anything extra. Just follow a healthy lifestyle. And proper nutritious diet in take. Get all the basic investigation done during pregnancy.
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Zika virus

Advanced Aesthetics
Ayurveda, Gulbarga
Zika virus

Key facts

  •  Zika virus disease is caused by a virus transmitted by aedes mosquitoes.
  •  People with zika virus disease usually have a mild fever, skin rash (exanthema) and conjunctivitis. These symptoms normally last for 2-7 days.
  •  There is no specific treatment or vaccine currently available.
  •  The best form of prevention is protection against mosquito bites.
  •  The virus is known to circulate in africa, the americas, asia and the pacific.

Introduction

Zika virus is an emerging mosquito-borne virus that was first identified in uganda in 1947 in rhesus monkeys through a monitoring network of sylvatic yellow fever. It was subsequently identified in humans in 1952 in uganda and the united republic of tanzania. Outbreaks of zika virus disease have been recorded in africa, the americas, asia and the pacific.

  •  Genre: flavivirus
  •  Vector: aedes mosquitoes (which usually bite during the morning and late afternoon/evening hours)
  •  Reservoir: unknown

Signs and symptoms

The incubation period (the time from exposure to symptoms) of zika virus disease is not clear, but is likely to be a few days. The symptoms are similar to other arbovirus infections such as dengue, and include fever, skin rashes, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise, and headache. These symptoms are usually mild and last for 2-7 days.

During large outbreaks in french polynesia and brazil in 2013 and 2015 respectively, national health authorities reported potential neurological and auto-immune complications of zika virus disease. Recently in brazil, local health authorities have observed an increase in zika virus infections in the general public as well as an increase in babies born with microcephaly in northeast brazil. Agencies investigating the zika outbreaks are finding an increasing body of evidence about the link between zika virus and microcephaly. However, more investigation is needed before we understand the relationship between microcephaly in babies and the zika virus. Other potential causes are also being investigated.

Transmission

Zika virus is transmitted to people through the bite of an infected mosquito from the aedes genus, mainly aedes aegypti in tropical regions. This is the same mosquito that transmits dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever.

Zika virus disease outbreaks were reported for the first time from the pacific in 2007 and 2013 (yap and french polynesia, respectively), and in 2015 from the americas (brazil and colombia) and africa (cape verde). In addition, more than 13 countries in the americas have reported sporadic zika virus infections indicating rapid geographic expansion of zika virus.

Diagnosis

Zika virus is diagnosed through pcr (polymerase chain reaction) and virus isolation from blood samples. Diagnosis by serology can be difficult as the virus can cross-react with other flaviviruses such as dengue, west nile and yellow fever.
Prevention

Mosquitoes and their breeding sites pose a significant risk factor for zika virus infection. Prevention and control relies on reducing mosquitoes through source reduction (removal and modification of breeding sites) and reducing contact between mosquitoes and people.

This can be done by using insect repellent; wearing clothes (preferably light-coloured) that cover as much of the body as possible; using physical barriers such as screens, closed doors and windows; and sleeping under mosquito nets. It is also important to empty, clean or cover containers that can hold water such as buckets, flower pots or tyres, so that places where mosquitoes can breed are removed.

Special attention and help should be given to those who may not be able to protect themselves adequately, such as young children, the sick or elderly.

During outbreaks, health authorities may advise that spraying of insecticides be carried out. Insecticides recommended by the who pesticide evaluation scheme may also be used as larvicides to treat relatively large water containers.

Travellers should take the basic precautions described above to protect themselves from mosquito bites.

Treatment

Zika virus disease is usually relatively mild and requires no specific treatment. People sick with zika virus should get plenty of rest, drink enough fluids, and treat pain and fever with common medicines. If symptoms worsen, they should seek medical care and advice. There is currently no vaccine available.
Who response

Who is supporting countries to control zika virus disease through:

  •  Define and prioritize research into zika virus disease by convening experts and partners.
  •  Enhance surveillance of zika virus and potential complications.
  •  Strengthen capacity in risk communication to help countries meet their commitments under the international health regulations.
  •  Provide training on clinical management, diagnosis and vector control including through a number of who collaborating centres.
  •  Strengthen the capacity of laboratories to detect the virus.
  •  Support health authorities to implement vector control strategies aimed at reducing aedes mosquito populations such as providing larvicide to treat standing water sites that cannot be treated in other ways, such as cleaning, emptying, and covering them.
  •  Prepare recommendations for clinical care and follow-up of people with zika virus, in collaboration with experts and other health agencies.
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I am a newly married. Want to use alternative for condoms, I am married and my wife gets rashes while using them. Want to know about safe daily pills for my wife that can be used and how to use them without side effects. Want protection for at least two years.

BAMS
Sexologist, Nashik
I am a newly married. Want to use alternative for condoms, I am married and my wife gets rashes while using them. Wan...
Condoms r best for newly marries couple. Ipills or Oral contraceptive pills have many sideeffects in ladies. So its better to use condoms.
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I am having 4th day of my periods. N today I had an unprotected sex with my partner. So when should I take I pill. What are the effects of taking I pill once in 2 months when I have an unprotected sex. What are its future effects. N having unprotected sex during periods. Is it okk or it is harmful to us? Plzz ans me what are the future side effects of taking I pill n having unprotected sex. please ans me as soon as possible.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Ayurveda
Sexologist, Pune
I am having 4th day of my periods. N today I had an unprotected sex with my partner. So when should I take I pill. Wh...
i pill or any medicine will leads to hormonal imbalance , which result in altering your menstrual cycle,its timing, flow of bleeding , other symptoms, frequent use of this tablet will create problem during pregnancy,better to do protected sex with use of condom...
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On 5th november, my boyfriend masturbated, wiped his hands thoroughly with tissue after an orgasm and fingered me about 20 minutes later. He said his hands were completely dry. My last period was on 18th october. Is there any chance I could be pregnant? I have irregular periods, and have been pretty stressed out for the past 2 weeks because of final exams and excessive traveling. I have some cramps and feel a bit nauseous. Also, I have not been exercising for the past month while I used to do so every day. I used to have polycystic ovaries. Thank you.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Ayurveda
Sexologist, Pune
On 5th november, my boyfriend masturbated, wiped his hands thoroughly with tissue after an orgasm and fingered me abo...
no chance of pregnancy,dont worry. Use warm water for drinking,take healthy ,warm food,fresh fruits,dry fruits,take proper rest,sound sleep,do yoga,pranayam,keep cleanliness of private body parts. avoid chilled water,cold drink, foods kept in fridge,oily,spicy,outside food,water, avoid late night works, travelling ,overexertion during menstruation. best luck..
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I had sex with my boy friend just after the next day from my last period. I also took emergency contraceptives after two days from intercourse. Now I am bleeding in just 11 day from my last period. There is any chance of pregnancy.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
I had sex with my boy friend just after the next day from my last period. I also took emergency contraceptives after ...
Chance of pregnancy seems unlikely. ... it may be due to the tablets u took. If the bleeding continues longer, consult again
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MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Agra
Increase the intake of milk and milk products which contain high levels of calcium during the third month of your pregnancy as the baby's tooth buds are developing at this point.
18 people found this helpful

I just had some alcohol yesterday, and now planning for baby. Should we go ahead.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
I just had some alcohol yesterday, and now planning for baby. Should we go ahead.
There is no risk involved in planning a baby after having alcohol. Only if woman drinks more than 90 ml alcohol per day then only it has minute risk of baby developing fetal alcohol syndrome. Alcohol during pregnancy is usually to be avoided as after getting drunk she is at risk of getting herslf injured and her baby also.
1 person found this helpful
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Picking Your Nose Secretly - Can It Be Harmful for Your Body?

MD - General Medicine, MBBS
General Physician, Jaipur
Picking Your Nose Secretly - Can It Be Harmful for Your Body?

Do you have a habit of secretly picking your nose? This is a very common bad habit, which many people carry out, in spite of it being a habit which is frowned upon. There is a certain amusement that people seem to enjoy about picking the nose. However, on top of being a very unhealthy and unhygienic habit, it is harmful for the body as well.

Why should you stop picking your nose?

Picking your nose is quite dangerous for your body. Your fingers contain many harmful germs, which are transmitted into your nostrils when you are digging into your nose. A specific germ known as Staphylococcus aureus can live in the front part of your nose. Combining the habit of nose picking along with the germs, may lead to the development of abrasions. These abrasions can bleed and promote more germs. As a result, the crust and irritation increase the more you keep on picking your nose. Based on where you are and what you have touched with your hands, some seriously dangerous germs may enter your body, causing health hazards and complications.

Children are notorious by nature and it is very common among children to pick their nose resulting in nose bleeding. The blood supply to the nose is quite vigorous in nature and there are five arteries that reach to the front part of the nose or Kisselbach’s plexus. When an abrasion takes place, there are chances of severe bleedings, due to damage to these fragile arteries.

Other reasons

  1. Picking your nose may lead to the development of pimples in the nose hair follicles.

  2. In case a small pimple in the nose develops into a boil, the infection may travel to the brain through your bloodstream.

  3. In case you are suffering from cold and your sinus is blocked, picking your nose may lead to the development of sinusitis. This happens because of the introduction of various bacteria present beneath your fingernails into the nose. They may proceed to the sinus cavity from your nose. Due to insufficient drainage, the bacteria will multiply and cause a sinus infection.

  4. Picking your nose on a regular basis makes your nose a breeding group of dangerous germs. If you do not wash your hands after picking your nose, these germs may be transmitted to others.

If you feel some irritation in your nose or feel a constant stuffiness, you should use a tissue paper to soothe your nostrils. Avoid using your fingers for picking and if the irritation lasts even after cleaning it, you should consult a doctor.

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My girlfriend is pregnant and I don't want that we have sex before 15 days tell me medicine so that she could have periods.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Noida
My girlfriend is pregnant and I don't want that we have sex before 15 days tell me medicine so that she could have pe...
Hello, please visit your gynecologist for ultrasound first and then advise on termination of pregnancy.
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Hello, I gave birth via c sec ; days back.I get breast milk but irrespective of how much time i give feed he is not satisfied and top feed needs to be given.Please help me?

DCH, MBBS (MAMC)
Pediatrician, Delhi
One should give exclusive breast feed to baby till 6mth of age. Milk production is a reflex process, more suking at breast will produce more milk. If u give top feed, baby will stop sucking at breast and milk production will decrease. So avoid top milk and give more of breast milk.
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Are You Chewing Your Food Enough? + 4 Reasons Why You Must!

FELLOWSHIP IN ADVANCED LIVER SURGERY AND LIVER TRANSPLANTATION, FELLOWSHIP IN HEPATOBILIARY AND LIVER TRANSPLANT SURGERY, MASTER OF SURGERY, MBBS
Gastroenterologist, Ahmedabad
Are You Chewing Your Food Enough? + 4 Reasons Why You Must!

How to Identify You're not Chewing Your Food Enough?

Are you always in hurry while eating or multitask while chewing your food? Then it is highly probable that you don’t chew your food enough. A recent survey revealed that on an average people chew their food only 6 six times before swallowing, which is far less than enough. Chewing food for an adequate amount of time is necessary for a healthy digestive system and can help you avoid lots of health problems.

Here’s why you should chew your food properly.

So what happens to your body when you don’t chew your food enough?

Mastication is the name given to the process of chewing food. Mastication, if not done properly, can lead to various health problems like-

1. Incomplete digestion: Digestion starts in the mouth itself and chewing has a significant role in it. The salivary glands are stimulated to release an alkaline enzyme, called ptyalin, by chewing.  This enzyme combines with carbohydrates to initiate the process of the conversion of food into simpler sugars by splitting. Not chewing food properly may be a causative agent for digestive problems like gas, bloating, and diarrhoea to name a few.

2. Increased threat of bacterial overgrowth: If food is not chewed properly it cannot be completely broken down by the digestive system. The partially digested portion of food may result in increased amount of bacteria in the colon, leading to stomach infections.

3. Bad oral health: If you don’t chew food enough, plaque build-up in your mouth may increase, which can further lead to tooth decay. This is because improper chewing means lesser amount of saliva secretion, and more chances of accumulation of unbroken food particles in the mouth, causing cavity.

4. Lesser nutrient absorption: When you don’t chew your food properly, larger food particles don’t break into smaller ones. This makes absorption of vitamins, minerals and other nutrients difficult for your body when they pass through the intestines.

Indications that you don’t chew your food properly

If you don’t chew food for an adequate amount of time, your body begins to give warning signs. This can affect your health significantly, and the following symptoms show if you don’t do it properly.

1. Frequent digestive problems: If you are frequently experiencing digestive problems like acid reflux, constipation or heartburn then there are good chances that the problem is inadequate chewing of food.

2. Weight gain: One of the reasons behind weight gain may be consuming too many calories without realising. This can happen when you eat fast, which indicates that you don’t crush and grind your food properly inside your mouth.

3. Recurrent mood swings: Researchers are of the opinion that improper chewing of food gives rise to digestive problems, which in turn may often ruin your mood.

How many times should you chew each bite?

Researchers of Ohio State University are of the opinion that you should chew each mouthful of food for a minimum of 30 times. However, they mentioned that chewing softer food like potatoes for 5 to 10 times is enough.

'Consult'.

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Dear Dr. I have sex With my wife on 15 jan and her period came 1 day late from her period cycle that is 25 jan and now its 29 feb and still her period didn't happens We have take 2 times pregnancy test with preganews but its shows negative then why period is not happening Is she is pregnant doctor or something else? Doctor please help us.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Kolkata
Dear Dr. I have sex With my wife on 15 jan and her period came 1 day late from her period cycle that is 25 jan and no...
You have taken the tests too early. Wait for clear 7 days at least after the missed period, before you take the pregnancy test. Repeat it after 7 days if its negative. If still negative and there are no other symptoms, medicines can be given to bring periods after a check up.
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FRAS, MD - Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Alternative Medicine Specialist, Ernakulam
HOW TO PREVENT SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES ?

The best ways to avoid getting an STD are to abstain from any sexual contact and be in a monogamous, long-term relationship with an uninfected partner. To reduce the odds of getting STDs:
Ask your partner if he or she has an STD.
Ask partners to be tested before sexual activity.
Use condoms.
Avoid sexual activity if your partner has signs of an STD.
Be aware of symptoms and get regular checkups with your health care provider.
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I am 7 week pregnant and on scan my fetal heart rate is 119 bpm. Is this normal? and my thyroid is 5.15 is there any complications? please suggest me.

MBBS (Gold Medalist, Hons), MS (Obst and Gynae- Gold Medalist), DNB (Obst and Gynae), Fellow- Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility (ACOG, USA), FIAOG
Gynaecologist, Kolkata
I am 7 week pregnant and on scan my fetal heart rate is 119 bpm. Is this normal? and my thyroid is 5.15 is there any ...
Heart rate is ok. But thyroid should be controlled. Otherwise it can affect both mother and specially the baby.
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Which type of fruits and vegetables to be eaten by the pregnant lady. And the pregnancy age is 4 months.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Which type of fruits and vegetables to be eaten by the pregnant lady. And the pregnancy age is 4 months.
All kind of fruits can be eaten during pregnancy including papaya, contrary to the general belief. All fruits provide good amount of fibre and vitamins. Vegetables also specially green leafy vegetables which provides folic acis and fibre. Along with tat full glass of milk twice a day will supplement calcium and most important is protein diet which will be supplied via nonveg or pulses or mushroom
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