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Dr. Nitin Kumar  - Cardiologist, Gurgaon

Dr. Nitin Kumar

90 (22 ratings)
CCT - Cardiology (UK), MRCP (UK), FHEA (UK), MBBS

Cardiologist, Gurgaon

16 Years Experience  ·  800 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
Book appointment and get ₹125 LybrateCash (Lybrate Wallet) after your visit
Dr. Nitin Kumar 90% (22 ratings) CCT - Cardiology (UK), MRCP (UK), FHEA (UK), MBBS Cardiologist, Gurgaon
16 Years Experience  ·  800 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
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Namaskar,<br/><br/>I am Dr. Nitin Kumar, Cardiologist. Aaj me cardiovascular health ke bare me ap...

Namaskar,

I am Dr. Nitin Kumar, Cardiologist. Aaj me cardiovascular health ke bare me apko btaunga. Jab patient hmare pass aate hain to investigation ke baad pta chalta hai ki unhe heart ka problem hai. Isme kuch modifiable risk factors hain and kuch non-modifiable. Non-modifiable me risk factor hai family history. Agar family me koi disease run kr rhi hai to ho skta hai ki vo problem hume bhi ho skti hai. Another risk is environmental factors. Peak pollution me agar koi Delhi me reh rha hai to on an average vo 9 cigarettes smoke kr rha hai each day. Modifiable risk factor ko control kia ja skta hai like lifestyle modification. Physical exercises are very important.

Brisk walk is important. Diet is a very important factor. Smoking karne se heart disease ka risk kayi gunna badh jata hai. Cancers ka risk bhi smoking se kafi badh jata hai. Smoking increases the risk of atherogenesis. Ye aage jake heart attack me convert ho skta hai. Sugar and BP hai to medicines time pe lena bhut important hai. After the age of 35, visit the doctor for routine check-ups. Drs suggested test timely krate rehna chaiye. Prevention is better than cure. In spite of all agar koi problem aati hai to doctors are always available for your help.

Thank You!

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Personal Statement

Hello and thank you for visiting my Lybrate profile! I want to let you know that here at my office my staff and I will do our best to make you comfortable. I strongly believe in ethics; a......more
Hello and thank you for visiting my Lybrate profile! I want to let you know that here at my office my staff and I will do our best to make you comfortable. I strongly believe in ethics; as a health provider being ethical is not just a remembered value, but a strongly observed one.
More about Dr. Nitin Kumar
Dr Nitin Kumar is a consultant cardiologist currently based at Venkateshwar Hospital in Dwarka, New Delhi. After his MBBS graduation from Pune, he pursued further training in the United Kingdom for over 13 years. This initially involved working and training in General Medicine and completing his MRCP(UK) in 2008 following which he chose to super specialise in Cardiology. This involved working and training at different elite cardiology tertiary care centres across United Kingdom and completing a structured super speciality program in Cardiology and achieving his certificate of completion of training in cardiology in 2015 (CCT - Cardiology -UK) from the prestigious Bristol Heart Institute in Bristol, United Kingdom. ​ He has authored multiple international publications in peer reviewed journals along with authoring various book chapters and has been a presenter and faculty at various national and international level meetings. He also has a keen interest in medical education and was formerly a Teaching Associate at the Newcastle Medical University and also a MBBS examiner for the University.He obtained the Fellowship of Higher Education Authority of UK(FHEA- UK) during his attachment with the Newcastle University.

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Education
CCT - Cardiology (UK) - Royal College of Physicians, United Kingdom - 2015
MRCP (UK) - Royal College of Physicians, United Kingdom - 2008
FHEA (UK) - Newcastle University United Kingdom - 2011
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MBBS - Bharti Vidyapeeth Medical College, Pune, India - 2003
Languages spoken
English
Hindi

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Plot No- 668/SP, Opposite Artemis Hospital, Sector-52, Opposite Arzoo ApartmentGurgaon Get Directions
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Plot- 28, Sector-12A,DwarkaDelhi Get Directions
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Alcohol & Heart Disease - Everything You Should Be Knowing!

CCT - Cardiology (UK), MRCP (UK), FHEA (UK), MBBS
Cardiologist, Gurgaon
Alcohol & Heart Disease - Everything You Should Be Knowing!

Harmful Effects of Alcohol on Heart-- 

  1. Excessive alcohol intake leads to increase in cholesterol and BP which are risk factors for heart attack or blockages. 
  2. Excessive alcohol intake leads to alcohol induced cardio-myopathy or weakening of heart muscle. 
  3. Excessive alcohol intake is also a risk factor for developing irregular heart rate called Atrial Fibrillation

Recommended daily alcohol intake value - 

Men - Upto 2 glasses/day 

Women - 1 glass/day (studies have shown that even small amount of alcohol intake in women is very harmful) A drink is one 12 oz. beer, 4 oz. of wine, 1.5 oz. of 80-proof spirits, or 1 oz. of 100-proof spirits. Binge drinking should be ABSOLUTELY avoided. 

Red wine - There is no clear cut data to prove that red wine has some cardioprotective properties. A few small studies have suggested so, but as of now there is no clear cut answer. 

Alcohol and Aspirin - If you are on aspirin and take alcohol then you have higher chances of developing gastric ulcers and erosions. Hence you should try to reduce drinking if you do. If you do not drink then there is no need for you to start drinking as drinking alcohol does not provide any major benefit.

2970 people found this helpful

Sleep Apnea - How Is It Related To Heart Failure?

CCT - Cardiology (UK), MRCP (UK), FHEA (UK), MBBS
Cardiologist, Gurgaon
Sleep Apnea - How Is It Related To Heart Failure?

We're all guilty of making fun of snorers, but sometimes this snoring can be a symptom of sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a condition where breathing is not continuous and may start and stop many times while asleep. This affects the quality of your sleep and in turn can affect many aspects of your health including your cardiovascular health. Here's how:

High Blood PressureWhen a sleep apnea patient's breathing stops, the oxygen levels in the blood also suddenly fall. This can increase your blood pressure. High blood pressure means that the heart muscles need to work harder to pump blood through the body.

Cardiomyopathy: As a result of high blood pressure, the heart walls may become thicker and the heart muscles become stiffer. This is known as Cardiomyopathy. As this condition worsens, the heart becomes weaker and is unable to maintain a regular rhythm. This can eventually lead to heart failure.

Arrhythmia: An irregular heartbeat is also known as Arrhythmia. This may also be related to the changes in the heart's structure that follow the drop in blood oxygen levels. In many cases, Arrhythmia has no visible symptoms and can often go undiagnosed. This can result in the formation of blood clots in the atria which can lead to a stroke.

Sleep apnea is easy to diagnose. If the doctor feels that you show symptoms of sleep apnea, you may be asked to stay on the hospital overnight and undergo a sleep evaluation. This tests a variety of body functions including brain activity, eye movements, heart rate, breathing patterns and blood oxygen levels.

Treatment for sleep apnea depends on the causes for this condition. If you are overweight, regular exercise and a change in diet can help you lose the excess weight and cure sleep apnea. Similarly, if your sleep apnea is triggered by an allergy, treating the allergy can help cure the sleep apnea. Other forms of treatment for sleep apnea may include:

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP): This is a machine which pumps air into the body through a nasal mask. By keeping the pressure in the machine higher than normal air pressure the upper airway passages are kept open and hence the quality of your sleep is improved. An auto CPAP machine can modulate the air pressure such that it is higher when you inhale and lower when you exhale.;

Oral devices: Your doctor may suggest oral devices that allow you to keep your mouth open while you sleep. This is easier to use than CPAP machine but less effective. Surgery is the last resort when it comes to treatment for sleep apnea.

3120 people found this helpful

Heart Attack - Knowing The Signs Of It!

CCT - Cardiology (UK), MRCP (UK), FHEA (UK), MBBS
Cardiologist, Gurgaon
Heart Attack - Knowing The Signs Of It!

Heart attacks often show some visible signs for concern. While many may not face the chest-clutching moment, there are other symptoms that are hard to miss. In fact, some heart attack symptoms are not even related to the chest. People suffering from cholesterol, diabeteshigh blood pressure or above the age of 60 should especially be more careful about these symptoms. Here is a list of few alarming signs and symptoms of a heart attack:

  1. Discomfort in the chest: This is the most visible and common signs of a heart attack. A blocked artery can lead to a heart attack with symptoms such as tightness, pressure and intense pain in the chest. The discomfort typically last for a minute or longer. It must be kept in mind that a heart attack is entirely possible without feeling any pain whatsoever.
  2. Heartburn, nauseastomach pain and indigestionMany people reportedly face these symptoms before a heart attack. It is more likely for a woman to face these symptoms compared to a man. These conditions can happen in isolation as well. But a combination of these symptoms to a person suffering from blood pressure, high cholesterol should be taken seriously.
  3. The pain slowly shifts to the arm: This is another classic example of a heart attack. A symptom that starts from the left side of the body and radiates down. Even a constant and dull pain in the arm has resulted in heart attacks for many patients.
  4. Feeling of light-headedness: A sudden feeling of lightheadedness along with an acute chest pain is a very good sign of a heart attack. This symptom necessarily indicates that the blood pressure of the person has suddenly decreased and the heart is not able to pump enough blood.
  5. Jaw or throat pain: Jaw or throat pain by itself is nowhere related to the heart. Going by common beliefs, it can arise from sinus, muscular issue or simply a cold. Medical science states otherwise. If an ongoing chest pain spreads towards jaw or throat, it can well be an ensuing heart attack. Seeking immediate medical attention is necessary in such cases.

Heart Attack & Cardiac Arrest - Did You Know The Difference?

CCT - Cardiology (UK), MRCP (UK), FHEA (UK), MBBS
Cardiologist, Gurgaon
Heart Attack & Cardiac Arrest - Did You Know The Difference?

heart attack and Cardiac Arrest may sound like terms that have the same medical meaning. They are not. While a heart attack occurs when the flow of blood to the heart is blocked, a cardiac arrest occurs when the heart stops to beat. You might want to know the causes behind the conditions and the symptoms and signs that one may experience. Read on to know about them.

What is a heart attack and what is a cardiac arrest?
When the flow of blood towards the heart gets blocked, a heart attack occurs. This may be due to a clot in the arteries or plaque buildup on the walls of the arteries. A sudden cardiac arrest occurs when the affected individual's heart malfunctions as well as it stops to beat all of a sudden.

Thus, it is evident that heart attack is actually a circulation problem whereas cardiac arrest is an electrical problem. During a heart attack, blood rich in oxygen is not allowed to reach a particular part of the heart because of a blocked artery. If quick treatment is not done for reopening the blocked artery, then that specific section of the heart which receives nourishment from that artery tends to die.

In cardiac arrest, as the heart stops beating unexpectedly, so organs like brain, lungs, etc. also stop receiving blood. It results in a sudden fall in blood pressure as well as the circulatory system tends to collapse. Usually, the affected individual loses consciousness because the flow of blood to the brain decreases. Death might follow if emergency treatment is not carried out immediately.

Quite like the conditions are different, the symptoms are also different. Here are some of the most common symptoms of both heart attack and sudden cardiac arrest. It will assist you in understanding that both these health issues are different.

Symptoms of a heart attack:
Pressure or pain in abdomen or chest, trouble breathing, sweatingdizziness, chest tightening feeling, pain that spreads to arm or jaw, losing unconsciousness, heart palpitation, etc. are some of the basic signs. According to studies, nearly one-thirds of the heart attack patients do not undergo chest pain during heart attacks.

Particularly women experience atypical symptoms other than the ones that are mentioned above. Few of them include gastric pain, vomitingnausea, breathing problem without any chest pain, getting unconscious, etc.

Symptoms of Cardiac Arrest:
Collapse, dizziness, trouble in breathing, chest pain, blue discoloration of face, etc. are the most common sudden cardiac arrest's signs. A huge number of people who experience cardiac arrest do not experience any symptoms at all.

Though both heart attack and cardiac arrest are linked to each other some way or the other, yet they are different. However, both the conditions need immediate medical assistance, an absence of which may prove fatal.

2794 people found this helpful

Cardiovascular Health

CCT - Cardiology (UK), MRCP (UK), FHEA (UK), MBBS
Cardiologist, Gurgaon
Play video

Namaskar,

I am Dr. Nitin Kumar, Cardiologist. Aaj me cardiovascular health ke bare me apko btaunga. Jab patient hmare pass aate hain to investigation ke baad pta chalta hai ki unhe heart ka problem hai. Isme kuch modifiable risk factors hain and kuch non-modifiable. Non-modifiable me risk factor hai family history. Agar family me koi disease run kr rhi hai to ho skta hai ki vo problem hume bhi ho skti hai. Another risk is environmental factors. Peak pollution me agar koi Delhi me reh rha hai to on an average vo 9 cigarettes smoke kr rha hai each day. Modifiable risk factor ko control kia ja skta hai like lifestyle modification. Physical exercises are very important.

Brisk walk is important. Diet is a very important factor. Smoking karne se heart disease ka risk kayi gunna badh jata hai. Cancers ka risk bhi smoking se kafi badh jata hai. Smoking increases the risk of atherogenesis. Ye aage jake heart attack me convert ho skta hai. Sugar and BP hai to medicines time pe lena bhut important hai. After the age of 35, visit the doctor for routine check-ups. Drs suggested test timely krate rehna chaiye. Prevention is better than cure. In spite of all agar koi problem aati hai to doctors are always available for your help.

Thank You!

2910 people found this helpful

Benefits of Smoking Cessation

CCT - Cardiology (UK), MRCP (UK), FHEA (UK), MBBS
Cardiologist, Gurgaon

Heart Palpitations - Most Common Reasons Behind It!

CCT - Cardiology (UK), MRCP (UK), FHEA (UK), MBBS
Cardiologist, Gurgaon
Heart Palpitations - Most Common Reasons Behind It!

Heart palpitations’ is a clustered term that denotes any fluttering, pounding or rapid sensation of the heart. The common triggers include excessive stress, medications, vigorous exercises, and very rarely, an underlying medical condition. Normally, though worrisome, heart palpitations aren’t very serious. However, in certain cases, if the palpitations are caused due to an underlying medical condition such as arrhythmia or ventricular tachycardia, you might want to get your condition reviewed as early as possible.

Common symptoms:

  • Skipping beats
  • A feeling of pounding of the heart
  • Fluttering

You could feel the above sensations even in the neck, or the throat; the chest, being the most common of them. Heart palpitations can happen irrespective of you being overly active or simply at rest, lying down or seated.

Make sure that you are consulting a doctor in any of the following cases:

  • If the palpitations are followed by pain or considerable discomfort/tightness in the chest
  • Spells of fainting
  • Mild, moderate or severe breathing troubles
  • Dizziness

The most common causes of heart palpitations include:

  • Strong response to anxiety or stress
  • Vigorous exercises
  • Over consumption of nicotine or caffeine
  • Hormonal imbalances, associated with menopause or pregnancy
  • A stimulant called pseudoephedrine, that is present in several cough and cold medications
  • Asthma medications that contain stimulants

In certain cases, conditions such as hyperthyroidism or arrhythmia could be at the bottom of one’s heart palpitations. Tachycardia (excessive fast heartbeats) and bradycardia (unusually slow heartbeats) are the most common types of arrhythmia.

Possible complications:

  1. Fainting
  2. Stroke
  3. Heart failure
  4. Cardiac arrest

Treatment
In maximum cases, heart palpitations don’t usually require medical intervention. The doctor might ask you to avoid the possible triggers which might have caused them in the very first place. In case of palpitations caused by other underlying medical conditions such as arrhythmia, the focus will be on correcting the very anomaly. Cut down on smoking and limit alcohol consumption, along with other stimulants if they have been the cause. Manage stress and make sure to not let anxiety and stress get the better of you; for this, you always have meditation and yoga at your disposal. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2781 people found this helpful

What To Do If You Have Suffered From Coronary Artery Disease?

CCT - Cardiology (UK), MRCP (UK), FHEA (UK), MBBS
Cardiologist, Gurgaon
What To Do If You Have Suffered From Coronary Artery Disease?

Coronary artery disease, also known as coronary heart disease or CHD, is a kind of disease in which a wax-like substance called plaque, builds up in the coronary arteries.

Function of Coronary Artery
The task of coronary arteries is to supply oxygen rich blood to the heart muscles. When there is the growth of plaque in these arteries, the condition is termed as atherosclerosis. Plaque builds up over the years, and it hardens or ruptures with time. When plaque gets hardened, it narrows the coronary arteries and thus disrupts the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscles causing coronary heart diseases. Millions of people are diagnosed with heart diseases, nowadays.

Though it is true that living with a heart disease is not easy, it is not impossible either. Many people are successfully leading a happy life in spite of having such diseases. With some major changes in your lifestyle, food habits and with the help of exercises and a healthy diet, it is possible to enjoy a happy life, irrespective of your diseases. 

Here are six ways that would help you to lead a better life, even if you have been diagnosed with coronary artery disease.

  1. Lifestyle changes: This is the first point that needs to be kept in mind if you are a CAD patient. Lifestyle changes are essential to make for a better health and life. Smoking and drinking have to be given up completely. It is advised to avoid secondary smoke, as much as possible.
  2. Exercises: This is the next important activity that needs to be a part of your daily routine to lead a healthy life. Consult with your doctor about the types of exercise that would suit your conditions. Some common exercises that would help are walking, jogging, and swimming, for at least 30 minutes at the most. Choose whichever activity you like doing. The motive of exercises is to get your heart-rate up.
  3. A Heart healthy diet: Get a chart prepared for your diet by a dietitian or by your doctor. This will keep your disease from getting worse. Stick to a heart-healthy eating plan, which consists of foods that can lower your risk of heart attack, stroke, etc. Include more fruits, vegetables, and other high fibre foods in your daily diet. Go for foods that are low in saturated fats, trans-fats, and cholesterol. Try to include fish into your diet.
  4. Maintain a healthy weight: Being overweight or obese aggravates any disease. So it is important to keep your body weight perfect.
  5. Taking medicines as prescribed: It is important to take medicines regularly and as prescribed by the physician.
  6. Keeping tensions, anxiety to a minimum: These will make the situation worse if you are CAD patient. So try to keep tension and anxiety away and lead a healthy life. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2863 people found this helpful

I am suffering high bp 100/160. Not taking any medicine. Please advice how to reduce bp naturally.

CCT - Cardiology (UK), MRCP (UK), FHEA (UK), MBBS
Cardiologist, Gurgaon
I am suffering high bp 100/160. Not taking any medicine. Please advice how to reduce bp naturally.
This stage is beyond natural control. Low salt diet, exercise will help but you need to be on medications otherwise you will end up damaging your organs.
1 person found this helpful

High Blood Pressure - Factors That Can Possibly Increase Your Risk!

CCT - Cardiology (UK), MRCP (UK), FHEA (UK), MBBS
Cardiologist, Gurgaon
High Blood Pressure - Factors That Can Possibly Increase Your Risk!

The heart is a muscular organ that pumps blood to the entire body through a network of arteries and veins. This network contains big vessels which branch out further to supply blood to the distant organs. There is, therefore, some pressure that the heart and thereby the vessels need to exert to push the blood through these vessels. This is known as blood pressure, and normal pressure levels range from 90-140(systolic)/60-90(diastolic) mm of Hg. However, due to various reasons, this pressure could be more, which is one of the first signs of heart disease

Causes of increased blood pressure: 

  1. Thickening of the blood vessels. With age, the elastic blood vessels naturally turn rigid and less elastic, so there is more pressure required to push blood. It is natural for people over 55 years of age to have higher readings of blood pressure. This is known as primary hypertension (HTN) 
  2. Narrowed blood vessels. This happens due to cholesterol accumulation along the walls of the blood vessels. Faulty dietary habits along with sedentary lifestyle have increased the incidence of hypertension due to this condition, known as atherosclerosis. Critical atherosclerotic narrowing of renal arteries lead to renovascular HTN that is one of the commonest of secondary HTN. 

Other Causes of secondary hypertension are: 

  1. Kidney problems 
  2. Thyroid hormone disorders 
  3. Congenital heart defects 
  4. Chronic alcohol abuse 
  5. Adrenal gland tumours 
  6. Chronic use of medications like birth control pills, pain killers, etc. 

Unidentified and uncontrolled hypertension can be silent and can lead to more severe conditions like heart attack and stroke. India is fast becoming the new hypertension capital of the world. Some of the common risk factors are: 

  1. Age 
  2. Family history 
  3. Being obese or overweight 
  4. Sedentary lifestyle 
  5. Smoking 
  6. Alcohol consumption 
  7. Excessive salt intake 
  8. Stress levels 
  9. Ethnic background 

Symptoms: 

  1. Hypertension can go undetected for years together, but if there are risk factors like diabetes and high cholesterol, it is advisable to periodically monitor blood pressure. 
  2. Headaches, nosebleeds, and shortness of breath should not be ignored. These can be the first warning signs of hypertension, and if detected early, preventive measures can be taken. 
  3. If there are co-morbid risk factors, it is advisable to constantly keep a check on BP readings. 

Management: 

This includes a combination of diet and lifestyle modifications. 

  1. Quit smoking and alcohol: Of the many wonders quitting smoking can do, reducing BP readings is just one. The improvement would be almost instantaneous. Quit or else reduce alcohol and see dramatic improvements. 
  2. Weight management: Through a combination of diet and exercise, ensure that weight is brought under control. Set a target BMI (Below 26 kg/m2) and work towards it religiously. 
  3. Diet: Reduce salt, increase potassium, increase vitamin D, eat a heart-healthy diet, and see the hypertension readings improve. Please find attached and reviewed copy for health tip for posting.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2762 people found this helpful
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