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Treatment of Bronchiectasis
Treatment of Cough
Treatment of Asthma
Treatment of Tuberculosis
Treatment of Pneumonia
Treatment of Lung Cancer
Treatment of COPD
Treatment of Sleep Apnea
Treatment of Fungal Infections
Treatment of Blood in Cough
Treatment of Interstitial Lung Disease
Treatment of Pleural Disease
Treatment of Respiratory Failure
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The inflammations of the lining in the bronchial tubes, which are responsible for carrying air from and to your lungs are known as bronchitis. It is a respiratory disease and more than a million cases are reported each year. Bronchitis requires medical diagnosis by your healthcare provider and can be chronic or acute. Cold or other respiratory infections can cause acute bronchitis whereas smoking leads to chronic bronchitis. Acute bronchitis usually lasts for few days but with persistent cough. Whereas, chronic bronchitis can be responsible for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Symptoms of bronchitis:
The symptoms common to both acute and chronic bronchitis are given below:
- Cough which may form mucus
- Body aches and breathlessness
- Headaches, blocked nose and sinuses
- Fever with chills
The diagnosis of bronchitis is done by your doctor who will ask you about your cough. Some other questions may include your medical history, about smoking or whether you have had cases of flu or cold recently.
Treatment for bronchitis:
Your doctor will mainly recommend pain relievers and cough syrup along with warm air to breathe mainly at indoors. However your doctor may prescribe the following medications in cases of severe bronchitis:
- Cough medicine: These medicines will help to remove mucus and irritants from your lungs. Medicines may not be able to suppress the symptoms completely but will give you relief from pain.
- Bronchodilators: Which clears out the mucus by opening your bronchial tubes.
- Mucolytics: These helps loosen mucus in the airways and help to cough up sputum.
- Oxygen therapy: It will help to improve the oxygen intake when you face difficulty in breathing.
- Therapy: Pulmonary program will include a therapist who would work to improve your breathing.
- Medicines: Using anti inflammatory medicines to reduce damage to your lungs tissue and to also avoid chronic inflammation.
Prevention of bronchitis:
Acute and chronic bronchitis can be reduced by the following measures; however, they cannot be completely prevented:
- Avoiding dust, smoke, and air pollution. You can always wear a mask when you are on the road or in traffic.
- Washing your hands often to avoid germs and infections.
- Avoiding smoking as it can cause harmful damage to your lungs.
Silicosis is a lung disorder that develops as a result of exposure to dust, which has silica (chemical compounds) content. Silicosis significantly makes you prone to other serious health disorders. It is an incurable disorder and a prescribed dosage of medications in the form of cough syrups or antibiotics can help in the regulation of the symptoms. Inhalers are also useful to clear the blocked air passages. In extreme cases, the doctors might suggest a transplant of the lung to eradicate silicosis.
Causes: Silicosis is caused primarily due to a long- term exposure (usually 5-15 years) to silica. But a short-term exposure (for a few weeks or months) can also result in silicosis, which tends to worsen considerably as time progresses, if not diagnosed in its early stages. Silica is a natural dust particle, which is found in abundance in rocks, sand, bricks or concrete. Once silica gets into your body through inhalation, these particles tend to damage the tissues of the lungs by inflicting minor incisions. This considerably disfigures the lungs, thereby making the whole process of breathing rather troublesome. Long-term exposure to silica might further lead to lung cancer. People who work in mines, glass or asphalt manufacturing industries, iron and steel industries and construction sites are at increased risks of developing this condition.
Symptoms: The Symptoms of Silicosis begin mildly, but tend to worsen with time. The symptoms of Silicosis are as follows:
- The initial symptoms include severe weariness, repeated instances of coughing and experiencing trouble while breathing. These symptoms usually recur as time progresses.
- In the latter stages of silicosis, the symptoms gradually worsen accompanied by severe pain in the chest along with fever, night sweat and sudden loss of body weight.
Silicosis might make you susceptible to other infections related to the respiratory systems such as tuberculosis.
Prevention: In order to prevent Silicosis, you should wear suitable protective gear and a respirator on your face while working in a place which has risks of silica exposure.
Im suffering from dry cough for last two weeks. Whenever the cough is out from mouth, pain in the chest. So, suggest what should I do?
Pulmonary diseases are some of the most commonly experienced health conditions all over the world. Millions of people suffer due to various causes including genetics, smoking, pollutants and infection. Now lungs are one of the most important and complex organs of the body. They are the apparatus through which oxygen enters and carbon dioxide gets expelled.
Lungs expand and contract on a constant basis to ensure that we can breathe properly. Let us find out more about lung or pulmonary diseases.
- Asthma: This is one of the most common and potentially fatal conditions that affect children and adults. It grips the airways formed by the bronchi which branch off into smaller tubes from the main trachea that holds them. This condition causes inflammation, and even spasms, which can lead to wheezing and breathlessness. The main triggers of asthma attacks include allergies, infections and pollutants that may escape into the airways.
- COPD: This is also known as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder. It is an umbrella term used for various lung conditions that cause breathing difficulties due to an obstruction of the airways. Chronic bronchitis is one of the conditions that falls under COPD, and is usually characterised by persistent, hacking coughs.
- Cystic Fibrosis: This is another condition that affects the airways by causing poor passage of mucus from the bronchial tubes. This condition is a genetic one where the mucus that gathers eventually becomes a lung infection.
- Pneumonia: This is a condition that causes an infection in the alveoli, which are the tiny tubes that the airways branch into. These are air sacs that can catch myriad infections like pneumonia.
- Tuberculosis: This is also a kind of pneumonia, which is caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. This condition usually attacks the air sacs of the lungs and can be a potentially fatal disease if it is not treated on time. The patient will require immediate hospitalisation.
- Pulmonary Edema: This condition is caused by fluid leaks from the tiny blood vessels into the surrounding air sacs within the lungs. It can also be caused due to heart failure as well as back pressure which falls on the lungs. Direct injury to the lungs can also lead to this condition.
- Lung Cancer: This is a fatal disease which can be found in any part of the lungs. It has many forms and the type as well as the location usually determines the kind of treatment option that will be followed.
- Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: When the lungs suffer a sudden injury which is usually caused by a bout of serious illness, it is called ARDS. Treatment involves the use of life support ventilation.
Bronchitis can be described as the inflammation of the bronchial tubes. It can be caused by a bacterial or viral infection or can be the result of an allergy. The latter is known as allergic bronchitis. This may be triggered by exposure to pollen, smoke, pollution, tobacco or dust. Symptoms usually disappear within a few weeks. However, chronic bronchitis can last for months at a stretch.
Common symptoms associated with allergic bronchitis are coughing, expectoration of yellow or greenish mucus, pressure in the chest, fever, and fatigue. Smokers have the highest risk of allergic bronchitis. Passive smokers also have a high risk of suffering from this condition. People who are exposed to a lot of air pollution or those who work in coal mines, farms and textile factories also have a high risk of allergic bronchitis. Women particularly those above the age of 45 years are at a high risk. The existence of any preexisting allergies can also aggravate allergic bronchitis.
Treatment for this condition aims at opening the airways by relaxing the bronchial muscles. Bronchodilators can be very effective in treating this type of breathing issue. These medicines are administered through an inhaler. There are two types of bronchodilators; short-acting bronchodilators that work quickly and long-acting bronchodilators that work at a slower rate but remain effective for longer. Steroids may also be prescribed to reduce the inflammation and swelling in the bronchial tubes. These are also administered through an inhaler.
In severe cases, the blockage in the bronchial tubes can cause oxygen levels in the body to dip drastically. In such cases, oxygen therapy may be needed. This involves delivering pure oxygen into the lungs through a respirator.
Patients who have difficulty sleeping at night because of breathing issues can benefit from a humidifier. The warm air helps loosen mucus in the bronchial passages and makes it easier to breathe.
Allergic bronchitis can be prevented to an extent. Quit smoking and maintain distance from people who smoke is the best thing you can do. In addition, always ensure that your work area is well ventilated especially if your work involves chemicals of any kind. Wearing a breathing mask when outdoors can help on days when the pollution levels are high. Alternatively, avoid stepping outdoors on days when the pollen levels and pollution levels in the air are high. Allergy shots can also help reduce the frequency of such attacks. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!