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As the nomenclature appears to indicate, Arrhythmia is a condition where the heartbeat of the affected person does not conform to the rhythm it is designed for. But there are cases of Arrhythmia where the normal heartbeat is available as well. The underlying causes of the condition can be many, including a disorder in the coronary artery and the person having suffered a heart attack or undergone a heart surgery. The irregular heartbeat is medically referred to as fibrillation.
The fact is Arrhythmia manifests itself in different types. They are as below:
- Atrial fibrillation: This is one of the most common forms of Arrhythmia and the condition is described as irregular beating of the arterial chambers. Atrial fibrillation is observed more in older people than the younger ones. The quivering of the chambers while contracting is described as fibrillation. There are cases where the heartbeat rate reaches 350 per minute.
- Atrial flutter: There is actually a fine difference between Atrial flutter and Atrial fibrillation. While in the former, the quivering appears to follow a pattern, in the latter, it is random and sporadic. In both the conditions, the pumping of blood through the arteries is irregular, which is a risky condition for the patient. The rate of heartbeat in the case of patients suffering from Atrial flutter can be as high as 250 to 350 per minute. There can be rare instances of people having both these conditions.
- Supraventricular and Ventricular tachycardia: In both these cases, the person suffers rapid heartbeat. In the case of the ventricular tachycardia, the underlying cause is said to be some abnormal electrical impulse and could be triggered by a scar suffered from an already occurred heart attack. In the case of the Supraventricular tachycardia, the heartbeats can be accelerated at rates of 200 beats per minute. Besides these, there are also Long QT syndrome and Bradycardia. Bradycardia is a condition where the rate of heartbeat is slow but the condition itself is not considered very serious by the specialists.
Complications Arising from Arrhythmia
As described the disease Arrhythmia basically relates to irregular heartbeat. And, this automatically results in reduced pumping of blood into the system. This process can lead to situations where sufficient blood does not reach the brain and that can lead to the person suffering a stroke. Depending on the individual cases strokes can sometimes lead to death as well.
The other two types, bradycardia and tachycardia described above, meaning slow or rapid pumping of the heart, can lead to a failure of the heart unless timely treatment is administered. There is also a school of thought, which seems to suggest there is a link between the fibrillation type Arrhythmia and the onset of Alzheimer’s. Consult an Expert & get answers to your questions!
Sir or madam, I am getting pain in the middle of the heart my age is 19 female why I am getting pain I do not know down on my neck side of the breast tell me.
I have blood pressure problems at least one months which medicine is best suitable to remove the diseases?
Hello concern doctor's, 3 months ago I started having breathing shortness which let me taken diagnosis so far like digital xray on chest, haematology test, spirometry test, ecg and all reports came out normal but chest specialist doctor gave me medicines like doxolin, superia, clarinova, asthakind, abflo sr, telekast tablet. It somehow relieved the seriousness but did not cured me completely. After probably 2 months from my first check up, I feel tightness on my throat and lungs together and went to ENT doctor and given me esokem 40 mg tablet and its been 3 days already I took the medicines but do not find much difference. I usually experienced more tightness on my throat and chest right after having food which gives me difficulty to breath so, can anyone help me out which doctor do I need to go to and what diagnosis can help ruled out the actual problems?
My weight is around 100 , I have sitting job use to sit 10 to 15 hrs during work. I had a problem of high blood pressure recently and doctor gave me amlopolphine atenolol 5 mg but I started to feel pain in my heart after using this medication and when I stopped taking the medicine my heart pain went away no I worry which medicine I should take if I get high blood pressure.
Since last 2-3 days I am having a constant fear of death. The thought revolves around heart attack. Though I did ecg last month which came out fine. Just sinus tachycardia. For sometime I feel fine and again the thought comes and feel anxious. The heart rate is 110 to 115. What could be reason for this. I am very scared.
My mother is suffering from a low bp problems and stomach pain everyday. So please help me in this problem. Thanks.
Sir, I am 38Y Male. 90 KGs. Fasting 100, PP 156. BP remains normal at 130/80. Walk 100 min per week. Father Diabetic. HbA1C 6.0. Would I require medication or I can help myself by mere lifestyle changes? I have stopped rice and very less sugar intake now. I have discomfort in knee in the form of little pain (May be due to Vit D Deficiency). Any tests you recommend? Thank you for your guidance.
2 months before, After a sleepless night due to feeling of chest tightness I had sudden increase in heart beats in morning. Doctor given restyl tablet & its got controlled. ECG, Echo, stress test are normal. cholesterol was 132. Now again same thing happened & got controlled by starpress XL & chlorofit. Again ECG is normal. In between I am always having feeling of tightness of left chest, left arm, left shoulder, left upper back, chest rib pain, fullness of stomach & mild pain chest muscle. I have started exercise but still this tightness feeling comes & go all the day & night time. I was very healthy person & rarely fell sick in a year. Please suggest me permanent solution to treat this condition as I feel worry if again same thing will happen.
High blood pressure or hypertension is a condition caused when the force of the blood against the arterial walls exceeds drastically than what it normally is. A blood pressure reading exceeding 140/90 over a prolonged period of time is considered to be ‘high blood pressure’ or diagnosed as ‘hypertension’.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is characterized by extremely high levels of blood glucose (blood sugar) in the body, either due to the insufficient secretion of insulin by the pancreas or reduced sensitivity of the body to insulin. This makes your body unable to break down the sugars. At first glance, these two conditions seem completely unrelated, but, according to certain studies, the two conditions do have similar outcomes and could be inter-dependent.
According to the American Diabetes Association, the combination of hypertension and type 2 diabetes is particularly lethal and can significantly raise a person's risk of having a heart attack or stroke. Having type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure also increases your chances of developing other diabetes-related diseases, such as kidney disease, and retinopathy (eye blood vessels), which may cause blindness. There is substantial overlap between diabetes and hypertension, reflecting substantial overlap in their etiology and disease mechanisms. Genetic structure, Obesity, inflammation, oxidative stress, and insulin resistance are thought to be the common pathways. A prospective cohort study in the United States reported that type 2 diabetes mellitus was almost 2.5 times as likely to develop in subjects with hypertension as in subjects with normal blood pressure.
In the Hong Kong Cardiovascular Risk Factor Prevalence Study, only 42% of people with diabetes had normal blood pressure and only 56% of people with hypertension had normal glucose tolerance. There are many minor lifestyle changes that can lower your blood pressure and blood sugar. A brisk walk for 30 to 40 minutes every day, or any aerobic activity can make your heart healthier. In addition to lowering blood pressure and blood sugar, physical activity can strengthen the heart muscle and may reduce arterial stiffness. You may need minor modifications in your diet like, cutting out sugar salt, high-fat meats etc. You can take several servings of vegetables, low-fat dairy products, leans meats and fish or meat substitutes, fruits, whole (not processed) foods, whole-grain pastas, breads, and brown rice etc. While some people can improve their type 2 diabetes and hypertension with lifestyle changes, most require medication.
Depending on their overall health, some people may need more than one medication to reduce their risk. Consult your doctor to choose best possible medicines for your diabetes and / or blood pressure control.