The word Gastroenterology is a combination of three Greek words which coarsely translates into reason for stomach suffering. Considered by most experts as a subspecialty of internal medicine, gastroenterology mostly deals in disorders affecting the gastrointestinal tract or the digestive system of the human body. Studying the movement of food through the gastrointestinal tract, working of the liver, learning about the process of digestion, how the nutrients are absorbed by the body and how the waste products are got rid of are among the primary focus areas of gastroenterologists. The specialty mainly involves evaluation, diagnosis and ways to manage and treat disorders associated with the digestive tract. Common diagnostic procedures associated with gastroenterology include colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy and upper endoscopy. One needs to complete at least 7 years of schooling to become a gastroenterologist.
Treatment of gastroenterologists can be opted by patients experiencing signs of disorders such as cancer in the colon, stomach, liver or pancreas, ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, constipation, ulcerative colitis, or various types of malabsorption disorders etc. Common symptoms associated with these diseases can be pain in the abdomen, issues of the stomach, hard or loose stool, digestive problems like heartburn, unreasoned weight loss etc. Exams such as Colonoscopy and colonography are also performed by these experts. Their course of treatment often depend upon such findings.
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The physician who treats diseases related to the gastrointestinal tract and the liver is known as a gastroenterologist.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT GASTROENTEROLOGIST?
A gastroenterologist treats nutritional problems, gastroesophageal reflux, commonly known as heartburn, diseases of the gallbladder and the biliary tract as well as Irritable Bowel Syndrome(IBS).
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF GASTROENTEROLOGIST?
A gastroenterologist provides comprehensive and high quality treatment for patients who suffer from gastrointestinal ailments.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE GASTROENTEROLOGIST FOR
Experienced gastroenterologists are qualified to perform medical surgeries on the various organs of the digestive tract like the esophagus, stomach, both the intestines, liver, rectum etc.
DID YOU KNOW?
It takes approximately 15 years of educational and experimental experience for a person to qualify as a gastroenterologist.
Colorectal Surgery: How To Be Sure You Really Need it
Colorectal surgery is performed to repair damages that occur in the organs of the anus, rectum, and colon. The damage that takes place in these organs can be the result of problems with lower GI like diverticulitis (a condition wherein pouches known as diverticula in the colon wall become inflamed), cancer and inflammatory bowel disease (a group of intestinal disorders that bring about inflammation of the GI). Who needs this surgery? In general, colorectal surgery is an essential treatment option for ulcerative colitis, colorectal cancer, Crohn's disease (an inflammatory bowel disease that gives rise to inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract) as well as certain diverticulitis cases. In such cases, the intestinal tract undergoes major reconstruction. There are also other bowel problems that may require surgery but not of a serious nature and these are anal fissures, hemorrhoids, bowel incontinence and rectal prolapse. Most of the surgical procedures will aid in repairing tears, get rid of blockages, or make tighter sphincter muscles (muscles that surround openings in the body). Colorectal surgery is also performed in cases of pelvic floor disorders like rectocele (a condition in which the rectum bulges towards the vagina) and perineal hernia (a hernia that involves the pelvic floor). At the same time, injury, ischemia or compromised blood supply and obstruction may require the performance of bowel surgery as well. Scar tissue and masses can form within the rectum, clogging the organ and preventing the normal discharge of feces from the body. Problems like ulcerative colitis (an inflammatory bowel disease that leads to the development of ulcers in the colon as well as inflammation of the area) and diverticulitis can give rise to perforations in the rectum. Surgery is suggested in instances when drugs fail to treat the problem of ulcerative colitis. Likewise, in the case of recurrent instances of perforations or complications in diverticulitis, surgery may be required to remove the portion of the colon affected.