Infectious diseases are disorders caused by organisms — such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Some infectious diseases can be passed from person to person. Some are transmitted by bites from insects or animals. And others are acquired by ingesting contaminated food or water or being exposed to organisms in the environment.read more
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Dr. Ruby Bansal provides answers that are well-reasoned. Thanks..I will keep taking amoxicillin now..m adapting to this antibiotic..but couldn't take it in even timings..so is that an issue?..n can I take tea while m treating this issue?
The general acceptance is that, when someone suffers from Sexually Transmitted Disease or STD, the risk of getting affected by HIV increases for that particular person. This is true for both biological as well as for behavioral reasons.
HIV is one of the diseases which are caused as a result of sexual transmission. Before knowing the exact link between HIV and STD, understanding what the two concepts exactly are, would be beneficial.
Let us now look at the two concepts in detail:
- As already mentioned earlier, STD basically stands for Sexually Transmitted Disease. This is used to refer to a condition that gets passed from one person to another by way of sexual contact.
- A person can develop a Sexually Transmitted Disease if anyone has unprotected sex either in the vagina, anal or orally with someone, who is already carrying a STD.
- Sexually Transmitted Disease can also be sometimes called as a Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) or even as Venereal Disease.
- Still, this does not mean that sex is the only medium through which sexually transmitted diseases get transmitted from one person to another. On the basis of specific diseases under this, one can also get plagued by infections while sharing needles as well as breastfeeding.
Now, we will discuss the symptoms of STD in men and women, which would give a clear picture as to how do they differ between the two sexes:
Symptoms in Men -
- Though there is a possibility that Sexually Transmitted Diseases may not come up with any kind of symptoms, still certain diseases under this do have some obvious symptoms.
- Among men, some of the common symptoms include:
- Discomfort or Pain experienced while having sex or at the time of urination.
- Men could also notice sores, bumps or rashes on or close to the penis, testicles, anus, buttocks, thighs and even mouth.
- There could be unusual discharge or even bleeding from the penis.
- Testicles might get swollen or they could cause a lot of pain.
- Discomfort or pain suffered at the time of having sex or while urinating.
- Rashes or sores around the vagina, thighs, anus or mouth.
- Unusual kind of discharge or bleeding from the vagina
- Itchy feeling in or just around the vagina.
Types of STDs
HIV happens to be one of the STDs. Other diseases include:
Now, let us talk about HIV in detail:
HIV is a kind of virus that tends to damage the immune system. The immune system primarily helps the human body in fighting against infections and different kinds of diseases. HIV that is untreated causes infection and also goes on to kill CD4 cells, which are a kind of immune cell known as T cells.
Some of the early symptoms include:
- Aches and Pains
- Lymph nodes getting swollen
- Sore throat
- Feeling of nausea
Though these symptoms getaway within a month people can even carry HIV without having serious or any kind of symptoms that persist and live for many years.
Some of those symptoms are:
The relation between STD and HIV
Research suggests that Sexually Transmitted Diseases like Gonorrhea and Syphilis not only look to provide HIV very easy access to cells and tissues of the body that are vulnerable but also STD co-infection can actually lead to an increase in the infections of the person with HIV, hence making them more probable towards transmitting the virus to others.
People, who are already suffering from Sexually Transmitted Diseases, can increase their susceptibility towards HIV through a number of ways. They are as follows:
- Some kind of Sexually Transmitted Diseases can lead to open wounds or ulcers to get formed in the genital area. These kinds of wounds can provide the virus called HIV, a direct entry into a person’s blood.
- Certain diseases that are sexually transmitted, do not result in having open wounds but the presence of the infection itself can cause one’s body to have an increase in the concentration of CD4 T-cells in the genital region.
- The fact has been well established that increase in the concentration of these CD4 T-cells can give HIV with quite a favorable target for spreading the infection.
- People, who are infected with a Sexually Transmitted Disease or STD, also have quite heavy concentrations of HIV in the liquids of semen and also in the vaginal fluid. This leads to an increase in the possibility of HIV transmission.
- A study has even proved that Men having got infected with HIV and Gonorrhea, have HIV, at least 10 times more in their seminal fluid than those who are only infected with HIV.
Some of the major concerns are Sexually Transmitted Diseases like Infective Syphilis, Gonorrhea, and Herpes, with the strong evidence getting established regarding the fact that Chlamydia can also lead to an increased risk of HIV among women.
Infectious diseases are disorders caused by organisms — such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Some infectious diseases can be passed from person to person. Some are transmitted by bites from insects or animals. And others are acquired by ingesting contaminated food or water or being exposed to organisms in the environment.
Weight reduction tips for people who can't exercise or walk much. With health problems like sprain. Also who have muscle weakness.
There are a number of lifestyle ailments that plague people around the world. Cardiovascular diseases, high cholesterol, hypertension and diabetes are just a few of them. Diabetes means your blood sugar level, called glucose, is too high. Blood glucose is the main kind of sugar found in your blood and is supposed to be your main source of energy. Glucose originates from the food that you eat and is additionally made in your liver and muscles. Your blood supplies glucose to the rest of your body's cells to use as a source of energy.
Your pancreas are situated between your stomach and spine. It assists with absorption of glucose from food and discharges a hormone called insulin, into your blood. Insulin helps your blood transport glucose to all your body's cells. In some cases your body doesn't make enough insulin or the insulin doesn't work the way it ought to. Glucose then stays in your blood and doesn't reach your cells.
The signs and symptoms of diabetes are as follows:
- Being extremely thirsty
- Urinating regularly
- Feeling hungry
- Feeling tired
- Getting thinner without attempting
- Wounds that mend gradually
- Dry, bothersome skin
- Feeling of pins and needles in your feet
- Losing sensation in your feet
- Hazy vision
Type 1 diabetes is found mostly in youngsters. In type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin or enough insulin because of the the body's vulnerable immune system. It protects you from contamination by getting rid of bacteria, infections, and other destructive substances.
Treatment for type 1 Diabetes:
- Taking regular injections of insulin
- Medicines as prescribed by the specialist
- Healthy food choices
- Being physically active
- Controlling your circulatory strain levels. Circulatory strain is the pressure of blood flow inside your veins.
- Controlling cholesterol levels
Type 2 diabetes can influence individuals at any age. It is known to affect moderately aged and elderly individuals. People who are overweight and inert are more prone to type 2 Diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes normally starts with insulin resistance, a condition that happens when fat, muscle and liver cells do not utilise insulin to supply glucose to the body's cells to draw energy. Accordingly, the body needs more insulin to help glucose enter the cells. At such an instance, the pancreas start producing more insulin. Over the long haul, the pancreas do not make enough insulin when glucose levels increase, for example, after meals. If your pancreas can no more make enough insulin, you should treat your type 2 diabetes.
Treatment for type 2 Diabetes:
- Utilising diabetes prescriptions
- Settling on solid food decisions
- Being physically active
- Controlling your circulatory strain levels
- Controlling your cholesterol levels
- Weight loss is the most important if you are overweight. Avoid junk food and sugar, exercise regularly and take medicines on-time.
- Regular follow-up to a physician is important
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