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Dr. Rakesh Kumar  - Neurologist, Ghaziabad

Dr. Rakesh Kumar

88 (28 ratings)
DM - Neurology, MD - Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surg...

Neurologist, Ghaziabad

19 Years Experience  ·  500 - 600 at clinic
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Dr. Rakesh Kumar 88% (28 ratings) DM - Neurology, MD - Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine ... Neurologist, Ghaziabad
19 Years Experience  ·  500 - 600 at clinic
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Epilepsy is a common neurological condition characterized by recurrent seizures. In many cases, t...

Epilepsy is a common neurological condition characterized by recurrent seizures. In many cases, the exact cause is not known. Some people have inherited genetic factors that make epilepsy more likely to occur.

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Strokes are brain attacks. They occur when the blood supply to the brain becomes blocked. Its act...

Namaskar!

Mai Dr. Rakesh Kumar, MBBS, MD, DM, Neurology profession, Consultant Neurologist, Yashoda Hospital and Brain Clinic. Aaj apko stroke ke bare me kuch btaunga. Iska mukhye lakshan achanak sharir ke kisis hisse me kamjori aa jana ya achanak lgatar ulti shuru ho jana. Lagatar chakkar aate rehna ya gambhir or bayankar sir me dard hona stroke ke lakshan ho skte hain. Basically stroke 2 parkar ka hota hai. Ek ischemic stroke joke dimag me khoon ki kami ki vjha se hota hai or dusra hemorrhagic stroke joki dimag me khoon ki adhik matra yani nus fatne ki vjha se hota hai. Stroke ke mukhye karan diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, alcohol ka sewan ya fir smoking ya fir kbhi sharir me chot lgi ho ya fir brain ki nason me abnormal parivartan ho.

Yadi hum upchar ke bare me charcha kren hemorrhagic stroke yanike, dimag ki nus fatne ka mukhye upchar hai, patient ko bharti kra jaye or yadi hemorrhage chota ho to OPD me treat kia ja skta hai. Admit krne ka baad uske blood pressure ko bhali bhanti control kia jata hai. Or hemorrhage ki vjha se jo bhi complications ho rhen hain jaise hath-pair me koi kami aa jaye to uski physiotherapy ki jaye. Usko khane peene me kami aa rhi ho to uska dhyan rkha jaye. Anyatha pneumonia ho skta hai. Kisi bhi ghav ka proper ilaj kia jaye. Yanike jo bhi complications hon use thik kia jaye. Ischemic stroke yanike dimag me khoon ki kami ke bare me to ye dimag ki nason me khoon ki kami ki vjha se hota hai. Ye blockage chahe vo heart se gya ho, chahe veh galle ki nason se gya ho, ya dimag ki nason me ho, vo khoon ko bnad kar deta hai. Aise patients ko turant bharti kraya jana chaiye. Or unka CT scan krana chaiye.

Or CT scan se ye dekhna chaiye ki dimag me koi bleeding to nhi hai. Iske baad ek special injection lgaya jata hai joki kewal 4.5 hours me hi lgaya ja skta hai. Yadi 4.5 hours se jyada ho gya ho to or bhi vidhi hai jaise khoon me direct injection lgane ka ya fir surgery ke dwara us clot ko remove kia ja skta hai. Yadi hum bachav ke bare me charcha kren to sabse pehle humko niyamit roop se vayayam krna chaiye. Khane me namak ki matra ko kam rkhna chaiye, sugar or blood pressure ka proper ilaj krana chaiye or samay rehte doctor se check-up krna chaiye. Cholesterol ka ilaj krana chaiye. Isis parkar smoking, alcohol ya or koi bad habit ho to use avoid krna chaiye. Quki ilaj hi stroke ka sarawotam ilaj hai.

Dhanywad!

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Personal Statement

To provide my patients with the highest quality healthcare, I'm dedicated to the newest advancements and keep up-to-date with the latest health care technologies....more
To provide my patients with the highest quality healthcare, I'm dedicated to the newest advancements and keep up-to-date with the latest health care technologies.
More about Dr. Rakesh Kumar
Dr. Rakesh Kumar is a renowned Neurologist in Vasundhara Sector-12, Ghaziabad. He has had many happy patients in his 19 years of journey as a Neurologist. He is a qualified DM - Neurology, MD - Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery . You can visit him at Brain Clinic in Vasundhara Sector-12, Ghaziabad. He has received 14 excellent reviews from his patients who are happy with his treatment. Book an appointment online with Dr. Rakesh Kumar and consult privately on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has an excellent community of Neurologists in India. You will find Neurologists with more than 40 years of experience on Lybrate.com. Find the best Neurologists online in Ghaziabad. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

Info

Education
DM - Neurology - Nimhans Bangalore - 2012
MD - Medicine - KGMU Lucknow - 2006
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery - L.L.R.M. Medical College Meerut - 1999
Languages spoken
English
Hindi
Awards and Recognitions
Head of Stroke Unit In Yashodha Multisuperspeciliaty Hospital Ghaziabad With Extensive Experience In Thrombolysis In Stroke Patients
NN GUPTA, Gold Medal In Best Paper Presentation In Medicine
Professional Memberships
Indian Academy of Neurology
Mmeber of Physician of India
Member of IMA

Location

Book Clinic Appointment with Dr. Rakesh Kumar

Brain Clinic

L-163, Near Ambedkar Park, Opposite Domino Plaza & Bank of Baroda, Pratap Vihar, Sector-12Ghaziabad Get Directions
  4.4  (28 ratings)
500 at clinic
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Yashoda Hospital

3rd M, Nehru Nagar, Near Nehru StadiumGhaziabad Get Directions
  4.4  (28 ratings)
600 at clinic
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Epilepsy

DM - Neurology, MD - Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Neurologist, Ghaziabad
Play video

Epilepsy is a common neurological condition characterized by recurrent seizures. In many cases, the exact cause is not known. Some people have inherited genetic factors that make epilepsy more likely to occur.

2562 people found this helpful

Migraine - Identifying The Early Signs!

DM - Neurology, MD - Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Neurologist, Ghaziabad
Migraine - Identifying The Early Signs!

Headaches and migraines can vary drastically depending on their duration, specific symptoms and the person they are affecting. The more you know about your specific type of headache or migraine, the better prepared you will be to treat them—and possibly even prevent them. The two types of migraine are- 

  1. Migraine without aura: The majority of migraine sufferers have Migraine without Aura. 
  2. Migraine with aura: Migraine with Aura refers to a range of neurological disturbances that occur before the headache begins, usually lasting about 20-60 minutes.

Symptoms of migraine vary and also depend on the type of migraine. A migraine has four stages: prodrome, aura, headache and postdrome. But it is not necessary that all the migraine sufferers experience all the four stages.

Prodrome: The signs of this begin to appear a day or two days before the headache starts. The signs include depression, constipation, food cravings, irritability, uncontrollable yawning, neck stiffness and hyperactivity.

Migraine Aura: Auras are a range of symptoms of the central nervous system. These might occur much before or during the migraine, but most people get a migraine without an aura. Auras usually begin gradually and increase in intensity. They last for an hour or even longer and are 

  • Visual: Seeing bright spots, various shapes, experiencing vision loss, and flashes of light
  • Sensory: Present in the form of touch sensations like feeling of pins and needles in the arms and legs
  • Motor: Usually related with the movement problems like the limb weakness
  • Verbal: It is related with the speech problems

Headache: In case of a migraine attack one might experience:

  • Pain on both sides or one side of the head
  • Pain is throbbing in nature
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Sensitivity to smells, sound and light
  • Vision is blurred
  • Fainting and lightheadedness

Postdrome: This is the final phase of the migraine. During this phase one might feel fatigued, though some people feel euphoric.

Red flags that the patient may be having underlying serious disorder not migraine

  1. Onset of headaches >50 years 
  2. Thunderclap headache - subarachnoid haemorrhage 
  3. Neurological symptoms or signs 
  4. Meningism 
  5. Immunosuppression or malignancy 
  6. Red eye and haloes around lights - acute angle closure glaucoma 
  7. Worsening symptoms 
  8. Symptoms of temporal arteritis

These patients require CT scan / MRI or CSF examination. Most Migraine patients do not need these tests. 

Diagnosis of Migraine: Usually migraines go undiagnosed and thus are untreated. In case you experience the symptoms regularly then talk to the doctor, who evaluates the symptoms and can start a treatment. You can also be referred to a neurologist who is trained to treat the migraines and other conditions. During the appointment the neurologist usually asks about the family history of headaches and migraines along with your symptoms and medical history.

The doctor might advise for some tests like:

  1. Blood Tests: These reveal problems with the blood vessel like an infection in the spinal cord and brain.
  2. CT scan: Used to diagnose the infections, tumors, brain damage, and bleeding that cause the migraines.
  3. MRI: This helps to diagnose the tumors bleeding infections, neurological conditions, and strokes.
  4. Lumbar Puncture: For analyzing infections and neurological damages. In lumbar puncture a thin needle is inserted between the two vertebrae to remove a sample of the cerebrospinal fluid for analysis.

Treatments

Migraine treatments can help stop symptoms and prevent future attacks.

Many medications have been designed to treat migraines. Some drugs often used to treat other conditions also may help relieve or prevent migraines. Medications used to combat migraines fall into two broad categories:

  • Pain-relieving medications. Also known as acute or abortive treatment, these types of drugs are taken during migraine attacks and are designed to stop symptoms.
  • Preventive medications. These types of drugs are taken regularly, often on a daily basis, to reduce the severity or frequency of migraines.

Your treatment strategy depends on the frequency and severity of your headaches, the degree of disability your headaches cause, and your other medical conditions.

Some medications aren't recommended if you're pregnant or breast-feeding. Some medications aren't given to children. Your doctor can help find the right medication for you.

2687 people found this helpful

All You Need To Know About Epilepsy

DM - Neurology, MD - Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Neurologist, Ghaziabad
All You Need To Know About Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a neurological disease which is characterised by recurring epileptic seizures. These seizures can be brief or can persist for prolonged periods. Vigorous episodes which last long can result in physical injuries such as broken bones. 

Causes of Epilepsy

The cause of this condition isn’t very evident; however, most medical practitioners attribute epileptic seizures to brain injury, tumours, infections in the brain or birth defects. Some doctors believe that epilepsy is caused due to genetic mutations and is an outcome of abnormal activity of cells in the brain. Other causes for this condition can be alcohol or narcotics withdrawal and electrolyte problems.

Symptoms

  1. Repeated seizures
  2. Impaired memory
  3. Bouts of fainting
  4. Short spans of blackout
  5. Sudden bouts of blinking and chewing
  6. Panic
  7. Inappropriate repetitive movements

Types of Seizures

A seizure, also known as fit, is usually a brief episode characterised by uncontrollable jerking movement and loss of awareness due to abnormal neuronal activity in your brain. A collective occurrence of these seizures causes epilepsy.

There are three types of seizures an epileptic person usually encounters:

  1. Idiopathic: This kind of seizure has no apparent cause
  2. Cryptogenic: The doctors believe that there is a cause for the seizure but cannot detect it
  3. Symptomatic: These seizures occur due to a reason.

Treatments

  1. Medication: Medication is the most common treatment in case of epilepsy. Drugs taken on a regular basis can stop the seizure partially. But in very severe cases, they seem to have no effect at all.
  2. Surgery: For symptomatic seizures which are caused due to abnormal brain function, surgery can be a way to get rid of seizures. In some minor cases, nerve stimulation in the brain and special diets can be prescribed to control the epileptic seizures.

Five facts about epilepsy you need to know:

  1. Epilepsy is not psychosis or madness and can be treated easily 
  2. Popular celebraties with epilepsy include Aristotle, Alfred Nobel, Alexander the great, Sir Isaacs Newton, Martin Luther and Julius Caesar etc. 
  3. Women with epilepsy can have a normal pregnancy 
  4. Newer medicines for epilepsy are effective and very safe 
  5. Surgery can cure epilepsy in some patients.
3297 people found this helpful

Is There An Association Between Brain Size And Intelligence?

DM - Neurology, MD - Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Neurologist, Ghaziabad
Is There An Association Between Brain Size And Intelligence?

When it comes to the brain and the IQ, is bigger the better? Does size really matter? Is there really a connection between the size of your brain and intelligence? With the help of findings by neurologists 
and scientists, we seek to find out!

1. Ailments and the Brain

Scientists have found that children with autism have a brain that has grown in a disproportionate manner in the very first year of their life. This prevents the child from making connections with normal behaviour. On the other hand, children and adolescents who suffer from Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD have shown signs of having a much smaller brain size. Many scientists have shown that the size of the brain shrinks as we age, and this does not have any visible effect on our cognitive abilities.

2. It's all Relative

The size of the brain does not really have a bearing on the way a person's cognition gets shaped. Even large mammals like elephants and whales are finally hunted and tamed by humans who have smaller brains in comparison. The brain is made up of billions of neurons which need to function properly. It may be seen that scientists consider the brain mass in relation with the rest of the body so as to speculate about the cognitive abilities of the person. Why is this required? Large animals need a well functioning and proportionate brain size to control and run their organs with proper cognition for satisfactory results, which is what we humans seem to have done.

3. Neanderthal Brains

Historically, the earliest man or the Neanderthals are said to have had larger brains than we do. These people are believed to have brains that are at least 10% larger than the brains that we have in our modern times. The shape of their brain was different too. They were also heavily muscled people which had a bearing on the size and shape of the brain and bodies as well as the lean tissue within the brain. They also survived very successfully for a period of over 200,000 years, which obviously points to some form of elevated cognition, as per many scientists.

4. Animals

While animals with small brains like lizards and reptiles do not perform too well on IQ tests, the animals with bigger brains like elephants and dolphins perform much better. But the medium sized brains of monkeys, lemurs and other animals are said to perform in the best manner. The correlation between the body size and the brain does not seem to hold good here, as per various researches.

So the verdict as per medical science and research stands divided!

2809 people found this helpful

Brain Stroke - Things You Must Know!

DM - Neurology, MD - Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Neurologist, Bangalore
Brain Stroke - Things You Must Know!

A brain stroke can affect anyone at any point of time when the supply of blood to the brain is interrupted. It can threaten major physical functions and can prove to be fatally dangerous at times. The brain stem which is placed right above the spinal cord controls the breathing, heartbeat and levels of blood pressure. It is also in charge of controlling some elementary functions such as swallowing, hearing, speech and eye movements.

What are the different types of strokes?

There are three main kinds of stroke: ischemic strokes, hemorrhagic strokes and transient ischemic attacks. The most common type of brain stroke is the ischemic stroke is caused by narrowing or blocking of arteries to the brain, which prevents the proper supply of blood to the brain. Sometimes it so happens that the blood clot that has formed elsewhere in the body have travelled via the blood vessels and has been trapped in the blood vessel which provides blood to the brain. When the supply of blood to a part of the brain is hindered, the tissue in that area dies off owing to lack of oxygen. The other variant of brain stroke is termed as hemorrhagic stroke is caused when the blood vessels in and around the brain burst or leak. Strokes need to be diagnosed and treated as quickly as possible in order to minimize brain damage.  Remembering the F.A.S.T. acronym can help with recognizing the onset of stroke (Face, Arms, Speed, Time - explained below). 

What are the common symptoms of a brain stroke?

The symptoms of the brain stroke are largely dependent on the area of the brain that has been affected. It can interfere with normal functioning, such as breathing and talking and other functions which human beings can perform without thinking such as eye movements or swallowing. Since all the signals from the brain as well as other parts of the body traverse through the brain stem, the interruption of blood flow often leads to numbness or paralysis in different parts of the body.

Who is likely to have a stroke?

Anyone is at a risk of developing brain stroke although ageing is directly proportional to the risk of having a stroke. Not only that an individual with a family history of brain stroke or transient ischemic attack is at a higher risk of developing stroke. People who have aged over 65 accounts for about 33 percent of all brain strokes. It is important to point here that individuals with high blood pressure, high blood sugar, cholesterol, cancer, autoimmune diseases and some blood disorders are at a higher risk of developing brain stroke.

There are a few factors which can increase the risk of developing stroke beyond any control. But there are certain lifestyle choices as well which aids in controlling the chances of being affected by stroke. It is crucial to refrain from long-term hormone replacement therapies as well as birth control pills, smoking, lack of physical activity, excessive use of alcohol and drug addiction. A brain stroke is a life-threatening medical condition, and when an individual has symptoms that resemble that of stroke, it is crucial to seek immediate medical help.

Treatment for stroke

  1. Treatment depends on the type of stroke.
  2. Ischemic strokes can be treated with 'clot-busting' drugs.
  3. Hemorrhagic strokes can be treated with surgery to repair or block blood vessel weaknesses.
  4. The most effective way to prevent strokes is through maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

What is TPA?

TPA is a thrombolytic or a “Clot Buster” drug. This clot buster is used to break-up the clot that is causing a blockage or disruption in the flow of blood to the brain and helps restore the blood flow to the area of the brain. It is given by intravenous (IV). This can be given only within 4.5 hrs of the onset of symptoms

Time is brain

  1. Remember Every second Loss means brain cells die.
  2. Rush to the nearest Stroke Centre whenever you experience such symptoms.
  3. U can save the brain cells dying if you reach within 4.5 hrs by the CLOT BUSTER. 

Endovascular procedures 

Another treatment option is an endovascular procedure* called mechanical thrombectomy, strongly recommended, in which  trained doctors try  removing a large blood clot by  sending a wired-caged device called a stent retriever, to the site of the blocked blood vessel in the brain

Stroke prevention

The good news is that 80 percent of all strokes are preventable. It starts with managing key risk factors, including 

  1. High blood pressure,
  2. Cigarette smoking,
  3. Diabetes
  4. Atrial fibrillation and
  5. Physical inactivity.
  6. More than half of all strokes are caused by uncontrolled hypertension or high blood pressure, making it the most important risk factor to control. 

Rehabilitation

The best way to get better after a stroke is to start stroke rehabilitation ("rehab"). In stroke rehab, a team of health professionals works with you to regain skills you lost as the result of a stroke.

2679 people found this helpful

Can Moderate Alcohol Consumption Improve Brain Function?

DM - Neurology, MD - Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Neurologist, Ghaziabad
Can Moderate Alcohol Consumption Improve Brain Function?

It is common belief that alcohol consumption is a social menace and is injurious to health. It is the third leading lifestyle causes of death in the United States and takes a toll on the health care costs of the country. Many organs like the liver, kidney, heart, and brain are affected in people who are addicted to alcohol. However, it has been proven that alcohol consumption in minor amounts can have beneficial effects on the human body including the heart.

The side effects depend on a number of factors listed below.

  • Type of alcohol consumption (social or habitual drinker)
  • Amount of alcohol consumed
  • Frequency of drinking
  • Age, gender, and genetic predisposition of the person to develop alcohol-related diseases
  • Family history of alcoholism and its related diseases
  • Age at which the person started drinking
  • The number of years that a person has been consuming alcohol
  • Overall health condition of the person
  • Exposure to alcohol as a fetus

Like the adage goes, anything in excess is bad. It is not necessary that a habitual or social drinker who consumes a drink or two per week would end up with these issues. In fact, if recent studies are to be believed, mild to moderate intake of alcohol does have a benefit to overall health.

  • The cardiovascular benefits are the most prominent. Red wine and beer, in particular, are shown to provide benefits against cardiovascular damage in the long run. This could be due to the antioxidant properties of red wine. Alcohol itself (ethanol or ethyl alcohol) also has a positive effect. Some varieties of beer, porter and stout varieties in particular, are also shown to be beneficial. The anti-inflammatory properties and antiatherogenic (effect on plaque formation in the blood vessel) are what contribute to these positive effects.
  • There is evidence to show that cholesterol profile is improved (good cholesterol increase) and clotting function is improved in people who have mild alcohol consumption.
  • The insulin sensitivity is also better, leading to better control of sugar levels.
  • Light alcohol consumption also is believed to reduce the risk of hemorrhagic stroke. However, heavy alcohol consumption is believed to increase the risk of stroke and other cerebral events.
  • Limited alcohol use is also linked with reduced risk of dementia. Heavy consumption leads to faster memory decline.
  • The key to note is that these benefits are only when the alcohol consumption is mild to moderate. In excess, the negative effects of alcohol are well established and numerous. Some of the most significant ones being cirrhosis of the liver and cancers of various organs including mouth, liver, larynx, oesophagus, colon, breast, pancreas, etc. To reduce these effects, alcohol screening and brief counselling to reduce habituation are helpful.
3 people found this helpful

Stroke: Causes & Symptoms

DM - Neurology, MD - Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Neurologist, Ghaziabad
Play video

Namaskar!

Mai Dr. Rakesh Kumar, MBBS, MD, DM, Neurology profession, Consultant Neurologist, Yashoda Hospital and Brain Clinic. Aaj apko stroke ke bare me kuch btaunga. Iska mukhye lakshan achanak sharir ke kisis hisse me kamjori aa jana ya achanak lgatar ulti shuru ho jana. Lagatar chakkar aate rehna ya gambhir or bayankar sir me dard hona stroke ke lakshan ho skte hain. Basically stroke 2 parkar ka hota hai. Ek ischemic stroke joke dimag me khoon ki kami ki vjha se hota hai or dusra hemorrhagic stroke joki dimag me khoon ki adhik matra yani nus fatne ki vjha se hota hai. Stroke ke mukhye karan diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, alcohol ka sewan ya fir smoking ya fir kbhi sharir me chot lgi ho ya fir brain ki nason me abnormal parivartan ho.

Yadi hum upchar ke bare me charcha kren hemorrhagic stroke yanike, dimag ki nus fatne ka mukhye upchar hai, patient ko bharti kra jaye or yadi hemorrhage chota ho to OPD me treat kia ja skta hai. Admit krne ka baad uske blood pressure ko bhali bhanti control kia jata hai. Or hemorrhage ki vjha se jo bhi complications ho rhen hain jaise hath-pair me koi kami aa jaye to uski physiotherapy ki jaye. Usko khane peene me kami aa rhi ho to uska dhyan rkha jaye. Anyatha pneumonia ho skta hai. Kisi bhi ghav ka proper ilaj kia jaye. Yanike jo bhi complications hon use thik kia jaye. Ischemic stroke yanike dimag me khoon ki kami ke bare me to ye dimag ki nason me khoon ki kami ki vjha se hota hai. Ye blockage chahe vo heart se gya ho, chahe veh galle ki nason se gya ho, ya dimag ki nason me ho, vo khoon ko bnad kar deta hai. Aise patients ko turant bharti kraya jana chaiye. Or unka CT scan krana chaiye.

Or CT scan se ye dekhna chaiye ki dimag me koi bleeding to nhi hai. Iske baad ek special injection lgaya jata hai joki kewal 4.5 hours me hi lgaya ja skta hai. Yadi 4.5 hours se jyada ho gya ho to or bhi vidhi hai jaise khoon me direct injection lgane ka ya fir surgery ke dwara us clot ko remove kia ja skta hai. Yadi hum bachav ke bare me charcha kren to sabse pehle humko niyamit roop se vayayam krna chaiye. Khane me namak ki matra ko kam rkhna chaiye, sugar or blood pressure ka proper ilaj krana chaiye or samay rehte doctor se check-up krna chaiye. Cholesterol ka ilaj krana chaiye. Isis parkar smoking, alcohol ya or koi bad habit ho to use avoid krna chaiye. Quki ilaj hi stroke ka sarawotam ilaj hai.

Dhanywad!

2809 people found this helpful

Dealing With An Alzheimer Patient: How Can You Help?

DM - Neurology, MD - Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Neurologist, Ghaziabad
Dealing With An Alzheimer Patient: How Can You Help?

Alzheimer's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that causes a degradation and eventually death of the brain cells. People with Alzheimer's disease suffer from a memory loss. There is also a progressive decline in the cognitive capacity of the brain.Today, Alzheimer's disease and dementia have become almost synonymous with old age. It is a heartbreaking experience to see aged people with Alzheimer's disease. They have little or no memory of the present time, of their loved people or the things around them.

The Alzheimer's disease starts off as a mild condition and then gradually progresses through stages. In this article, we will discuss the different stages associated with Alzheimer's disease.

  1. The first stage: This stage shows no significant changes in the affected person. Thus, without any diagnostic tests (such as a PET scan), it will be difficult to detect the condition in the initial stage.
  2. The second stage: This stage brings about some changes in the person. The person might misplace things or may even forget words (something that is often brushed aside as a small problem). However, this seldom interferes with their daily activities. Like the first stage, this stage, in most cases, goes unnoticed.
  3. The third stage: This is the stage that brings about visible changes in the person concerned such as

    • The person experiences difficulties in trying to organize things.
    • They forget things they have read, or heard just a few seconds back.
    • In some cases, the person may not be able to recollect a person's name they have just met.
    • Some people may end up repeating the same question over and over again.
  4. The fourth stage: This stage marks a further decline in the mental health. The person gets forgetful about himself or herself. They also start mixing up with the dates and months or makes major goof up while cooking (misses out on ingredients).
  5. The fifth stage: The mental deterioration reaches a step further. The person slowly starts forgetting about the present, such as their address, the time of the day, their profession and even phone numbers.
  6. The sixth stage: The problem is getting worse. Hallucination is slowly setting in. The person is starting to forget people and their faces, mixing one identity with another.
  7. The seventh stage: The final and unfortunately, the worst stage. The person stops talking to people, eating, or even walking. They stay confined to their world, oblivious of their immediate surrounding.

Dealing with an Alzheimer patient

  • In addition to the treatment and medication, a person with Alzheimer's disease needs the love, care, and support of their close and dear ones. Isolating them will only worsen the situation.
  • It may not be easy to deal with an Alzheimer's patient as the disease progresses, but do not be rude to them. Give them the confidence.
  • Always keep a paper containing their name, address and emergency contact number in their wallet.
  • People after the age of 50 should undergo regular health check ups.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2779 people found this helpful

What Are The Possible Causes Of Parkinson's Disease?

DM - Neurology, MD - Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Neurologist, Ghaziabad
What Are The Possible Causes Of Parkinson's Disease?

Parkinson’s disease is a disorder involving the nervous system. It can start with a mere tremor of one hand and advances to slow movement and stiffness. The face might show little no symptoms in the beginning but the speech might become slurred. With every passing day, the condition worsens. This condition has no permanent cure but the symptoms can be improved with proper medication.

What are the symptoms?
Some unmistakable symptoms include the following:

  • A sudden shaking of the limb. A sudden tremor of the hand is a very common symptom of this disease.
  • A stiffness of the muscles that can limit the range of motion and sharp pain.
  • The posture of the body might get compromised. Often balancing problems are witnessed among many patients.
  • There could be problems with speech leading to soft, slurry or quick speech. The speech in some cases can become monotonous devoid of inflexions.
  • Parkinson’s disease can lead to slow movement and makes performing of simple tasks difficult.
  • Patients often find writing very difficult

What are the possible causes of Parkinson’s disease?

  • Specific genetic mutation can lead to Parkinson’s disease in folks who have a family history of Parkinson’s disease. Certain variations of the gene increase the risk of this disease
  • Exposure to certain environmental factors or certain toxins can trigger Parkinson’s disease in an individual.
  • Certain cells in the brain known as Lewy bodies can trigger Parkinson’s disease.
  • A certain kind of protein cells within the brain known as alpha-synuclein can trigger the Parkinson’s disease in an individual

What are the risk factors?

  • Heredity: Having an immediate family member or a close relative suffering from Parkinson’s disease can increase the risk of getting this disease in an individual
  • Age: Although not a prime risk factor, but an individual over the age of over 60 have an increased risk of getting this disease
  • Toxins: Exposure to pesticide or certain herbicide increase the risk of Parkinson’s
  • Sex: Men are more likely to get Parkinson’s disease than women

What is the medication for Parkinson’s disease?

  • Carbidopa-levodopa: This is a natural chemical that gets passed to the brain and is converted to dopamine by the body. The benefits of this medication might reduce with increased symptoms.
  • Carbidopa-levodopa infusion: A popular drug in this category is known as the Duopa. It is administered directly into the small intestine in the form of gel through a feeding tube.
  • MAO-B inhibitors: Drugs from this group include rasagiline and selegiline. This is a powerful medicine. Many patient experiences hallucination during the initial days of consuming these drugs.
  • Anticholinergics: This medication is mainly used to counter tremors of the limbs in the early stage of the Parkinson’s disease.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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DM - Neurology, MD - Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Neurologist, Ghaziabad
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