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Dr. Pradyot Kumar Govil  - Neurosurgeon, Ghaziabad

Dr. Pradyot Kumar Govil

88 (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Mch - Neuro Surgery

Neurosurgeon, Ghaziabad

23 Years Experience  ·  700 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
Dr. Pradyot Kumar Govil 88% (10 ratings) MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Mch - Neuro Surgery Neurosurgeon, Ghaziabad
23 Years Experience  ·  700 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
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Personal Statement

Hello and thank you for visiting my Lybrate profile! I want to let you know that here at my office my staff and I will do our best to make you comfortable. I strongly believe in ethics; a......more
Hello and thank you for visiting my Lybrate profile! I want to let you know that here at my office my staff and I will do our best to make you comfortable. I strongly believe in ethics; as a health provider being ethical is not just a remembered value, but a strongly observed one.
More about Dr. Pradyot Kumar Govil
Dr. Pradyot Kumar Govil is an experienced Neurosurgeon in Indirapuram, Ghaziabad. He has been a successful Neurosurgeon for the last 23 years. He has done MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Mch - Neuro Surgery . He is currently practising at Gunjan's Gynae Clinic in Indirapuram, Ghaziabad. Save your time and book an appointment online with Dr. Pradyot Kumar Govil on Lybrate.com.

Find numerous Neurosurgeons in India from the comfort of your home on Lybrate.com. You will find Neurosurgeons with more than 34 years of experience on Lybrate.com. Find the best Neurosurgeons online in Ghaziabad. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

Info

Education
MBBS - LLRM Medical College Meerut - 1995
MS - General Surgery - KGMC Lucknow - 2000
Mch - Neuro Surgery - AIIMS New Delhi - 2007
Past Experience
Consultant at Yashoda Hospital Kaushambi
Consultant at Pushpanjali Crosslay Hospital
Consultant at Apollo Hospital
Languages spoken
English
Hindi
Awards and Recognitions
Fellow In Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore
Clinical Fellow,Southern General Hospital,Glasgow,U.K
Professional Memberships
Australian Orthopaedic Association (AO Spine)
Delhi Medical Council
Indian Medical Association (IMA)

Location

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Gunjan's Gynae Clinic

A-106, Rajhans Plaza Market, Kala Pathar Road, IndirapuramGhaziabad Get Directions
700 at clinic
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Yashoda Superspeciality Hospital

H-1, Kaushambi, Near Anand Vihar ISBT, GhaziabadGhaziabad Get Directions
700 at clinic
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Neurovascular Diseases: What You Need To Know?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Mch - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Ghaziabad
Neurovascular Diseases: What You Need To Know?

The term neurovascular disease refers to any kind of abnormality that can be observed in the blood vessels or in the blood supply to the spine or brain. The narrowing or shrinking of the arteries due to the plaque buildup also falls under this particular disease, which intervenes the normal blood flow to the brains, and makes the risk of stroke a more prominent one. If not treated at the right time in the right way, neurovascular diseases can not only cause disabilities in the adults, but may also be fatal.

Below are some of the common types of neurovascular diseases.

  1. Aneurysms: Aneurysms are a particular type of neurovascular disease where a vascular lesion or a balloon shaped abnormality manifests in the artery walls due to the walls' weakness or swelling. Vomiting, nausea and sudden headache of a severe kind are a few common symptoms of it.
  2. Arteriovenous malformation: When a defect is formed in the circulatory system which reduces the oxygen supply to the spinal cord and the brain, AVM or arteriovenous malformation occurs. While severe pain in the back is the main symptom of arteriovenous malformation in the spinal, headaches and seizures are common symptoms of the malformation in the brain.
  3. Arteriovenous fistulas: AVF or arteriovenous fistulas are nothing but some unnatural passageways in the vein and the arteries, encompassing the spinal cord and the brain. Here, the blood flows directly into a vein from the arteries through the fistulas, which gives rise to the blood bypassing the capillaries continuously.
  4. Carotid artery stenosis: When the carotid arteries, situated on the both sides of the neck and leads to the brain, starts to become narrower due to the plaque formation or the compositions of fatty deposits, the normal blood flow gets interrupted severely. Sometimes, mini-strokes or transient ischemic attacks are its first signs.
  5. Moyamoya disease: It’s comparatively a very rare condition where some blood vessels in the brains close due to blood clots. Some of its early warning signs are speech problems, weakness, limp paralysis and headaches.
  6. Cavernous malformation: Cavernous malformation refers to a neurovascular disease where not only the malformation occurs in the blood vessels, but they bleed too. Blood leaking from the affected blood vessels makes signs like seizures, vision loss or difficulties in swallowing, visible.
  7. Stroke: A stroke is a neurological event that happens all of a sudden, without any warning. As a result of it, often a new onset of different neurological symptoms becomes visible. Hemorrhagic stroke, transient ischemic attack, and cerebral infarction or ischemic stroke are three common types of strokes.

Neurovascular diseases are one of the main illness conditions that affect a considerable number of the population worldwide. Therefore, having a proper idea about the types and consulting with a doctor in case one suspects having any of the neurovascular diseases, is of crucial importance for leading a safe and healthy life.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3403 people found this helpful

How Restless Leg Syndrome Can Be Controlled?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Mch - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Ghaziabad
How Restless Leg Syndrome Can Be Controlled?

Restless leg syndrome is a condition where the nervous supply to the lower legs (and sometimes hands) is affected. The person has a constant urge to move the legs due to the tingly sensation or the pins and needles sensation and so this condition is called as restless legs syndrome (RLS). It is almost never a standalone condition and is often associated with other nervous system conditions.
It is a progressive condition and aggravates with time. The patient may experience episodes of this disease. Most people might experience this problem at night due to which a lot of patients complain of disturbed sleep and restlessness while sleeping.

While there is no permanent solution to this condition, there are various home remedies and techniques which can help control the condition. Read on to know more.

  1. Trigger agents: Some people are able to identify triggers like caffeine or chocolate which induce the condition. The first step would then be to avoid using these, especially before sleeping.
  2. Exercise: Any form of exercise, which gives a good workout for the leg muscles is recommended. This could range from a 30-minute brisk walk to stretches depending on the person’s overall health status. This is known to induce a good sleep, reduce muscle tension and relax the mood. Choose yoga, gym, cycling, or any form which suits your overall health and schedule.
  3. Massages:Hot or cold massages, often used alternately, can help in relaxing the muscles. This also helps in reducing tension and improving overall sleep. The ideal time for the massage is the evening so that RLS does not affect during nighttime.
  4. Diet: A diet rich in vitamins and minerals can prove to be helpful. This is because proper muscle and nerve function requires various minerals like zinc, potassium, calcium, sodium, etc. Diet rich in these helps in improving muscle and nerve function and thereby control RLS.
  5. Sleep pattern: Sound sleep practices like having an early dinner, a quiet room free of digital media, optimal temperature, and relaxing ambience helps in a better sleep. This has shown to reduce the incidence of RLS and evidence of sound sleep.
  6. Medications: RLS can also cause mild to moderate pain in the affected legs, and so pain killers can be used once in a while if the pain is not bearable. These should be used only rarely and continued use can lead to stomach ulcers and bleeding. The above mentioned nonmedical methods should be tried before trying medications. Anticonvulsants have been used to control RLS if pain killers alone are not adequate. In more severe cases, antiparkinson drugs are used with great success. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
3391 people found this helpful

Degenerative Disc Disease - Which Type Of Surgery is Beneficial?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Mch - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Ghaziabad
Degenerative Disc Disease - Which Type Of Surgery is Beneficial?

Degenerative Disc disease or DDD is a degeneration of the intervertebral discs in your spine. It’s not a disease as such but a sign of ageing of your spine. We know that our vertebral column is made up of vertebrae and these are strung together, so to speak, using discs to allow movement. The discs play an extremely vital role in the functioning of the vertebral column by cushioning the vertebrae and stopping them rubbing together which will narrow the spinal canal and impinge on the nerves and blood vessels travelling down. As we get older, the hydration within the discs tends to go and you end up with a drier, thinner disc, which is what DDD is. The DDD can strike anywhere, like the neck region and is known as cervical DDD or lower back region, where is it known as lumbar DDD.

Symptoms

  1. Pain in the part of the spine where the degenerated disc is
  2. Radiating pain into the legs /arms
  3. Weakness
  4. Loss of balance
  5. Sciatica pain
  6. Difficulty walking
  7. Muscle stiffness
  8. Nerve damage

Treatment
Since the condition is painful and the disc is inflamed, your doctor will prescribe you pain meds to bring the pain and inflammation under control.

  1. Spinal fusion surgery : In this surgery, two or more vertebrae in the vertebral column or back are fused or joined to treat DDD. This surgery helps to get rid of the bone and tissue that is narrowing the spinal canal and squeezing the spinal cord and nerves, thus reducing pain and improving function.
    • Approache
      • A number of approaches can be tried though the aim is to stop the motion at a painful vertebral segment, which in turn decreases pain generating from here.
      • One of them involves the surgeons forming a direct bony connection between the vertebrae surrounding the painful discs.
      • Common techniques include fusion of vertebrae approached from the front or the back of the vertebral column.
      • Sometimes surgeons decide to use intervertebral cages or metal screws to provide internal structural support while the bone fuses.
      • The aim is to allow a scaffold on which the bone tissue can grow.
  2. Artificial disc replacement surgery: This surgery involves replacing the painful disc in the vertebral column spine with an artificial disc. This preserves the normal motion of the spine, unlike a fusion. Also, the risk of wear and tear of other vertebrae is limited in this surgical option for DDD and is beneficial in pain reduction 
  3. Other changes that are required: 
    1. Physical therapy is a very important part of treatment for DDD. This works by stretching and strengthening the appropriate muscles through exercise to help take the pressure off the disc. Also, physiotherapy will take away the inflammation from around the affected disc.
    2. Lifestyle changes like becoming more active, avoiding sitting for long and stopping smoking and drinking as both of these dry out your inter-vertebral disc, are highly recommended.
    3. Usually, pain recedes substantially in DDD sufferers in a couple of month’s time, but DDD is by no means an easy condition to live with. It causes irreversible changes in your lifestyle, movement and your daily activities.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3293 people found this helpful

Sub-Arachnoid Haemorrhage - Factors That Can Put You At Risk!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Mch - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Ghaziabad
Sub-Arachnoid Haemorrhage - Factors That Can Put You At Risk!

A subarachnoid haemorrhage is a type of stroke and is caused by bleeding on the surface of the brain. Like all strokes, a subarachnoid haemorrhage is a very serious condition and can be fatal.

Symptoms
What is alarming is that a subarachnoid haemorrhage can happen without any warning signs. It usually happens when a person is engaged in physical activity such as straining himself like by lifting heavy objects, coughing, going to the toilet, or having sex.

  1. Sudden agonising headache which feels like a sudden hit on the head
  2. Stiff neck
  3. Feeling sick
  4. Sensitivity to light
  5. Blurred or double vision
  6. Slurred speech
  7. Weakness in one side of the body
  8. Loss of consciousness or convulsions

Causes
The main cause of subarachnoid haemorrhage is a brain aneurysm bursting. An aneurysm is a bulge in a blood vessel in the brain and is caused due to a weakness in the blood vessel wall.

  1. Smoking
  2. High blood pressure
  3. Alcoholism
  4. Inflammation of brain blood vessels
  5. People between 45 and 70 years more affected.
  6. Women are more prone to it
  7. Black people more affected

Treatment and diagnosis

  • Diagnosis of this type of stroke starts with a CT scan. This helps the doctor check for bleeding around the brain.
  • Once subarachnoid haemorrhage is confirmed or suspected, you're likely to be transferred to a neurosciences unit or an ICU.
  • Treatment usually means medication will be given to help prevent short-term complications like seizures and the aneurism that caused the haemorrhage in the first place.
  • This is followed by a procedure called clipping of the aneurysm. In this the aneurysm is located, following which the neurosurgeon seals it shut using a tiny metal clip that permanently clamps the aneurysm.
  • Sometimes the aneurysm is sealed by a procedure called Endovascular coiling in which a thin tube called a catheter is inserted into an artery in your leg or groyne and then guided through the network of blood vessels into your head and into the aneurysm. Platinum coils are then guided into the aneurysm sealing it so that it doesn’t burst again.

Complications due to a subarachnoid haemorrhage

Short-term complications are

  • Risk of further bleeding at the site of the aneurysm
  • Brain damage caused by a reduction in blood supply to it

Long-term complications are

  • Memory problems and problems in planning and concentration
  • Mood changes like depression

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3362 people found this helpful

CT Angiography Of Brain - Know Its Benefits!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Mch - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Ghaziabad
CT Angiography Of Brain - Know Its Benefits!

A brain computed tomography angiography (CTA) is a specialized neurologic CT scan, and it involves fast CT imaging while simultaneously injecting IV contrast into a vein in the arm. This procedure allows visualization of the specific vascular anatomy of the organs in the body. It can also be used to evaluate vessels or plan a surgery. Mostly it is used to identify a small aneurysm or arteriovenous malformation (abnormal communications between blood vessels) inside the brain.

  • A patient can expect the following things during the brain CTA examination:
  • The patient is asked to lie on the examination table.
  • If contrast is used, an automatic injection pump connected intravenously will release the contrast material at a controlled rate.
  • Although the movement of the table occurs slowly at first, it gains rapid momentum when the actual CTA is performed.
  • The patient may be asked to hold his/her breath during the scanning.
  • Any motion in the form of breathing or body movements can lead to artifacts on the images.

The entire CTA exam may be completed within a few seconds. However, the patient’s actual time in the room may be long. This delay can occur as the technologist takes his/her time to position the patient on the table, check or place an IV line, do preliminary imaging to verify the beginning and end points of the exam, and set up the scan and contrast injection settings based on the part of the body being imaged.

Benefits of brain CTA include the following:

  • The need for surgery may be eliminated by angiography; however if surgery remains necessary, it can be performed with much accuracy because of brain CTA findings. As the CTA is able to detect the obstruction of blood vessels, it allows for potentially corrective therapy.
  • The CTA may give precise anatomic detail than a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), particularly in cases of small blood vessels.
  • The CTA is faster, noninvasive, and has lesser complications than catheter angiography, which involves placing a catheter (plastic tube), (usually at the groin) into the patients’ major blood vessels and injecting a contrast material along with probable sedation or general anesthesia.
  • The CTA examination costs lesser than catheter angiography.No radiation remains in a patient's body after a CTA examination.

Risk factors for brain CTA

A small chance of cancer from excessive exposure to radiation History of allergy to X-ray contrast material Risk for kidney failure, as the contrast material could potentially further damage the kidney function in patients with pre-existing kidney disease

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3368 people found this helpful

Brain Tumor In Children - Understanding It In Detail!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Mch - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Ghaziabad
Brain Tumor In Children - Understanding It In Detail!

Though childhood brain tumor is a rare disease, still, many children of any age all over the world suffer from this condition. Unlike the brain tumors in adults, brain tumors in children is a bit different. Brain tumors are probably the most common form of solid tumors affecting children. However, having knowledge of the symptoms, probable treatment of the disease can help the parents in coping with the situation in a better way and taking the right decision at the right time.

What is a brain tumor?
A group of abnormal cell growth in the brain is referred to as a brain tumor. The types of brain tumor depend upon the structure of the tumor cells, their rate of growth, composition and several other characteristics. However, two most common types of brain tumor affecting children are primary and secondary. In primary brain tumor, the tumor cells develop in the brain, while in secondary, cancerous cells invade the brain from other parts of the body.

Symptoms that determine the presence of tumor may vary in every child. The variation is due to certain aspects including size of the tumor, the location of the tumor, how the tumor is affecting the brain, etc. Some of the most common symptoms of childhood brain tumor are severe headaches, occasional seizures, feeling of sickness and vomiting, eye problems such as blurred visions, feelings of drowsiness without any reason, etc. Some children suffering from brain tumour may also experience difficulty in maintaining balance when walking or behavioral changes in children.

Treatment
While for some, surgical removal of the tumor may be the only treatment solution, for some sessions of radiotherapy and chemotherapy turn out to be really helpful. To control or reduce the effects of the brain tumor symptoms, taking regular medications may also be necessary for the affected children. Doctor may devise the best treatment plan despending on the condition of a child. As the treatment completely depends on the severity of the problem.

Prognosis
Depending on the grade, location, and type of tumor as well as the treatment, the overall health of children can be determined. While a significant number of children often successfully recover from the brain tumor, for some, the treatment needs to be continued for many years. As the nervous system of a child is in its developing stage, sometimes, children may develop some kind of learning or behavioral or physical disability as a result of the brain tumor treatment. If a child has any of these symptoms mentioned above, his or her parents should consult a medical professional right away. The sooner it is diagnosed, the better are the chances for the child to recover from a brain tumor. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3204 people found this helpful

Spinal Cord Injury - Tips To Help You Recover!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Mch - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Ghaziabad
Spinal Cord Injury - Tips To Help You Recover!

A spinal cord injury involves damage to the spinal cord either from trauma, loss of the normal blood supply, or compression caused by a tumor or infection. These injuries can either be complete; wherein there is a complete loss of sensation and muscle function in the body, below the level of the injury or incomplete; wherein there is some remaining function below the level of the injury. In most cases, both sides of the body are affected equally.

Classification of the spinal cord injuries

  • High-cervical: It involves the topmost vertebrae in the spinal column, which can result in partial or full paralysis if the spinal cord is severed.
  • Low-cervical: Damage to this area can affect the function of the upper limbs.
  • Thoracic: It involves the center of the spinal column; damage to this area can impact the muscles and nerves of the trunk.
  • Lumbar: It is the commonest site of lower back pain; damage to this area can affect the lower back and limbs.
  • Sacral: Any trauma to the tailbone can cause damage to the nerves in the sacral part of the spine.

Several cases of spinal cord injury are treated with surgery. The two major goals of surgery involve relieving the pressure on the spinal cord and stabilizing the spine.

Quick recovery from spinal cord injuries

Damage to the spinal cord often causes inflammation of the surrounding tissues. A smooth and quick recovery can be achieved by promptly addressing the inflammation post-injury. Following tips can help regain a normal range of motion, promote fast healing, and eliminate pain:

  • Cold therapy: One of the best ways to treat inflammation is with cold application. The lower temperature causes constriction of blood vessels, which reduces the flow of blood to the injured area and helps control swelling. Additionally, a reduced body temperature around an injury slows down cellular metabolism and cell death, minimizing the amount of tissue repair required. Also, pain reduction by a brief deadening of nerve endings and lessening sensation in the affected area is achieved with cold application.
  • Ample rest: Overexertion has to be avoided during the recovery period to ensure that the body gets a lot of rest. Adequate rest needs to be supplemented with a healthy diet to provide the body with all the nutrients it needs for healing.
  • Physical therapy: Physical therapy is an important component of fast recovery in a spinal cord injury. Gentle strengthening and stretching exercises will help an individual regain range of motion, improve flexibility, and build the surrounding muscles to support the spine. It is advised to work closely with a physical therapist and follow their instructions for better results.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3084 people found this helpful