Hello friends, I'm Dr. Mukti Sethi. I'm a Consultant Gyenic specializing in life expectancy and infertility. I've done my graduation from GSV Medical COllege Kanpur, and my post graduation from Aligarh Muslim University. Today, on this session I'm going to talk on the subject which is a great cause of stress and anxiety among patients who are expecting pregnancy or area pregnant, that is early pregnancy loss. So early pregnancy loss, what exactly do we mean by early pregnancy loss. Early pregnancy loss is a loss of pregnancy during the first thirteen weeks of pregnancy, that is, the first trimester of pregnancy. It is commonly mentioned as miscarriage or spontaneous abortion.
So how many pregnancies lands into a pregnancy loss or what is the incidence of pregnancy loss? Around one in every five pregnancy, which is, unfortunately, a very high incidence rate, lands in a non-developmental form or loss of a pregnancy or a miscarriage. So what are the causes of this pregnancy loss? The most common cause, around 60% of the pregnancy loss, is due to are due to random chromosomal defects are seen during the process of fertilization. What is the process of fertilization? Fertilization is when the female's ova or egg combines with the sperm to form a fetus or a zygote. During the process, the mismatch of the chromosomes results in an abnormal chromosomal formula of the fetus. So these pregnancies won't be able to grow further and nature has its own process to curtail these pregnancies or abnormal pregnancies from growing. So these pregnancies are going to land in an abortion or miscarriage or missed abortion or blighted abortion that we generally see. So a big number, that is 60% is because of these chromosomal defects which we do not have any control over.
So coming over other causes, it might be a defect in the reproductive system of the female like a defect in uterus, fibroid or septa. Then coming over to infections, yes there are a set of infections that can be a cause of these pregnancy losses or abortion, like torch infections or tuberculosis. Then coming onto the hormonal causes, we have seen so many patients coming who have a thyroid problem or are diabetic. Again coming onto patients who are suffering from PCOD. So they have high chances of having an abnormal pregnancy or unhealthy pregnancy which might result in abortion. Then there are certain medical conditions or toxins, environmental conditions which might land a patient into a pregnancy loss. Now, what can an individual or a girl who is planning to get pregnant do to reduce the risk of having an abortion? First of all, you need to maintain a healthy lifestyle and then prelating, that is before getting pregnant always see a gynecologist or a consultant. There is a set of investigations that you people should go through- your blood group, your CBC, your diabolic sugars. You should go through these tests before planning a pregnancy. Next is a healthy lifestyle, certain vitamins like folic acid are extremely important. Taking them for 3-4 months before getting pregnant might reduce the risk of getting abnormal pregnancies like deformities seen in the fetus is considerably reduced. Then yes, coming over to the lifestyle that we see today, females planning to get pregnant should stop smoking, alcohol intake should be reduced or stopped if possible.
Then there are some general questions patients do ask me that should we stop coffee. Yes, you can take coffee but try to restrict it to two cups a day. Then any food or anything which can cause abortion is more of a myth. Generally, all foods like vegetables, fruits which god has created for us is quite healthy and generally do not result in any injury to the fetus. But still certain foods like Chinese or Ajinomoto, we do ask the patient to reduce the intake for the first trimester of pregnancy. Then there can be certain girls or females that are working in an environment which can be hazardous for the growing fetus like many of our staff that are woking with X-rays or chemical setups or factories which are there, also around fumes. So you need to be a little cautious about the environment where you are working so that there is no harm in the early fetus. So yes you can take certain steps to have a healthy pregnancy.
Now how can your doctor or your gynecologist help to reduce the risks? Very thorough check up with the doctor so that she would be able to diagnose any hormonal problems or any defects in the uterus, something which she can do about and that way she will surely be able to help you out. But again coming back to the point, the majority of pregnancy loss is due to chromosomal abnormality during the process of fertilization which are not in control of the doctor or the patient. So you need to be somewhat relaxed, nature has its way , and if there is something or some abnormality in the foetus then nature will not allow it to grow. But yes there are other causes in which you can or your doctor can help you out so that you have a healthy pregnancy. Now, how to know that you might be heading towards a pregnancy loss or towards an abortion. The main symptoms that the patient will complain about are spotting or bleeding or cramps. Patients come to us with a history of missing periods and there is an episode of bleeding. Now here I would like to say that all patients who have bleeding during the first trimester of pregnancy are not going to land in an abortion. But yes you need to be extra cautious, you need to see your doctor, your doctor would like to help with certain hormones or support with the hormones or pregnancy with the vitamins which might avert the abortion.
So the first symptom is pain and bleeding. Now all patients of bleeding will not land in an abortion but yes when you are having it you need to undergo certain investigations so that there is a diagnosis to know the problem. So how would your doctor diagnose that yes it is a case of abortion or missed abortion or a blighted one? A physical examination by the doctor, the general upper vaginal examination will guide the doctor towards the cause of bleeding. Doctor will ask or recommend a certain set of investigations like ultrasound and even beta HCG that is a blood test which will help to diagnose, and sometimes you know these tests need to be repeated, and at that moment of time patients tend to get very anxious that why the doctor is not able to answer my questions that it is a healthy pregnancy or not. Because sometimes the pregnancy needs to be of a certain duration to assess that yes it is going at par or not. So we have to repeat the investigations like ultrasound needs to be done after an interval of a week or ten days to see the difference in growth, has the baby grown in ten days or not, or to say with confidence that it is a growing pregnancy. Once the diagnosis of missed abortion or abortion has been made, now what is the treatment or what would be the next step. Sometimes a patient comes to us that it is a very early pregnancy, very small sac or she is bleeding, having a heavy flow like a periods flow. Then we would just ask the patient to wait and watch. Let her clear off with the periods and sometimes the pregnancy will be washed on its own and doctor would decide not to interfere with the natural process, and at times it is sufficient. But yes if the sac is a little larger in size or the bleeding is not that much in flow, or period is not there, the doctor might give some medicines to you so that there is proper flow and pregnancy is washed off.
But there might be certain cases which would require intervention by the doctor that is a surgical procedure or such an evaluation or dilation and then by the patient to remove whatever products of conception still remain. Even after medicines, sometimes you know all the products of conception won't be washed out then after a period of two weeks the doctor might advise you to go for another ultrasound to confirm that everything is clear and if still there are some fragments then surgical procedure might be advised to you. Generally, the next question is will it in any way harm the next pregnancy. No, it is not like that. Generally, these are safe procedures and very necessary at that period, therefore, you people are advised about it and they are not related to any long term consequences. So here we have discussed the treatment of early pregnancy loss. Generally, these people do quite well, have good chances of having a healthy pregnancy the next time they become pregnant. So my advice to you all doesn't get anxious, look for support from your doctor, from your family, with your partner. Decide well in advance before your next pregnancy.
If any of you need to consult me about this you are most welcome. You can get in touch with me through Lybrate.com or if you want to see me in your clinic I'm available at Indirapuram at Ghaziabad NCR. You can fix an appointment and see me personally and I hope this talk was useful for you.read more
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Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
Well Woman Healthcheck
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) Treatment
Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
Gynecology Laparoscopy Procedures
Pap Smear Procedure
Urinary Incontinence (Ui) Treatment
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Patient Review Highlights
Thanks to herI am totally satisfied with the results. Mukti Sethi has so much knowledge that for everything my family takes herreference. The entire Shanti gopal hospital was spotlessly, clean. I was amazed that otherdoctors before herwere not able to even diagnose my problem, but Mukti Sethi did it immediately and started the delay periods treatment for it. She is not just friendly, but also is very motivating. Due to my delay periods my daily activities were suffering.
A friend of mine referred to Dr Mukti Sethi as I was suffering from frequent heavy periods. In the very first sitting, she clearly told us the problem and the what the treatment procedure will be in future. Overall heavy periods treatment was very effective. She is very patient with all her patients. In the past i consulted so many doctors, but nobody was able to help me with my issue, but she has helped me immensely.
The problem was severe and unmanageable, as I was suffering from infertility, but Dr Mukti Sethi was able to handle it. No matter how critical be the situation, she is always very calm. It has been quite some time that i was suffering from infertility. One of my cousin's referred to Mukti Sethi. All the staff members were very helpful at Shanti hospital.
I was shocked to experience no periods. The entire Shanti hospital is very nicely designed. The staff was very attentive to my needs. I read about Dr Mukti Sethi on one of the social media platform. she has a very positive attitude towards all the patients. she has so much knowledge that for everything my family takes her reference.
I was suffering from acute pain during my periods about a month ago. I consulted a gynaecologist named Dr Mukti Sethi in Ghaziabad. She helped me alot to resolve the issue. I owe hera big thank for the treatment. She is really well experienced and a kind hearted gynaecologist.
I was suffering from stomach pain. But with the help of Dr Mukti's treatment for stomach pain, I am feeling so great. She is very patient with all her patients. Dr Shanti hospital had all the amenities, a patient requires. The entire Shanti hospital was spotlessly, clean.
So many doctors I consulted, but Dr Mukti's treatment was the best. She gave a hymenoplasty for my problem. I am happy with the way she treats her patients. I am quit benefitted with the traetment she provided. I owe her a big thank for this.
I am so much benefitted with her polycystic ovary synDrome treatment, that i am perfectly fine now. .Mukti Sethi has a very positive attitude towards all the patients. The friendliness of staff is the best in the Shanti gopal hospital.
Dr Mukti is very sweet and friendly. I found her to be very experienced and knowledgeable. She explained my problems and treatment in detail. My wife has undergone a safe delivery with her. Baby and mother both are healthy.
she is nice doctor. she treats her patient very careful. listen our problems and diagnosed in well manner. worth to recommend her.
Dr. Mukti Sethi provides answers that are very helpful. hi dr. plz share your conact no.for further information..
Dr. Mukti Sethi provides answers that are very helpful and practical. Doctor is very helpful ...
I have taken mtp kit 6 april because 8 week pregnancy bt cardiac activity not present in baby then Dr. Suggest me medical abortion nd done the abortion nd bleeding 8 days continue nd stop bleeding bt next cycle not come then check the pregnancy test nd pregnancy come in urine test I help you better suggestion for continue pregnancy or terminate the pregnancy which method please help me.
I am married since 9th April 2018, and I visited gynaecologist 3 days before and I undergone an ultrasound, there is lesion and cyst found in my ovary I am having pelvic pain and lower abdominal pain Where should I go for treatment, allopathic or homeopathic? Please suggest as it should be cure very early.
Hi. We are a couple and we had a intercourse a month back (unprotected) just once and my partner had her period on 6th of this month but she is not well and vomiting and fever and weakness and her body is changing a bit yet we didn't perform PT still. Is there any other form to get it confirm? As it's just a year of our marriage we are not ready for a baby yet so please help over this.
I am suffering from ovarian cyst and had cystectomy for endometrioma and m under medication oxygen d3 for last two months .when my periods will resume and when I can conceive?
I am 25 years unmarried women. I had an intercourse with my boyfriend before 2 weeks just the next of my menstrual cycle got completed and had an contraceptive pill with 30 hrs. After 8 days I again started with the cycle of 5 days. I consulted a gym she medicated me with gynedol liquid and Dexorange capsules. After 2 days of starting the medicines I felt to vomit but the next morning after brush it was a sour spit. Worried about why did it happen so?
I had sex with my partner using condom on 20 may according to me it was a protected sex but she thinks the condom was damaged while sex and some part of sperm entered into his vagina hole, she is to frightened. Now please tell me what to do that she will not be pregnant The periods date was 8 to 12 may Have we to wait till next period date or give me solutions to prevent the pregnancy as early as possible.
More than 15 percent of couples are infertile which means that they are unable to conceive even after repeated trials for a long span of time. In about half of these couples, male infertility plays a significant role. Male infertility is primarily caused by inadequate production of sperms, blockages leading to prevention of sperm delivery, and abnormal sperm function. And no single factor is responsible for this were injuries, illnesses, medications and also lifestyle choices play an important role in bringing about male infertility.
What are the causes of male infertility?
Male infertility is a complex procedure which can stem from some variables including:
- A varicocele happens when the veins that drain the testicle become swollen. This is one of the commonest causes of infertility among men and can be reversed with ease. Treating the condition can improve the number of sperms and their function while potentially boosting the chances to reproduce.
- Some infections may also interfere with a man’s ability to produce sperms and can also lead to scarring which blocks the way of the sperm. Even though severe infections can lead to permanent damage to the testicles, some of them can still be dealt with if diagnosed in time.
- Retrograde ejaculation is yet another cause of male infertility which takes place when semen mistakenly enters the bladder at the time orgasm. There are numerous causes behind this including prostate or urethra surgery, spinal injuries and high blood sugar. Some men with spinal cord injuries fail to ejaculate altogether even though there is an optimal production of sperm.
- Tumors and cancerous fibroids can directly affect the male reproductive system through various ways. In some instances, radiation, surgeries, and chemotherapy can affect male fertility as well.
What are the signs and symptoms of male infertility?
The main sign of male infertility is the inability on the part of the female to conceive. Besides this, there is no other symptom. But even though this is the generalized picture, other men may experience male infertility signs such as difficulty in ejaculating, meagre amounts of fluid ejaculation, reduction in sexual desire and inability to maintain an erection which is commonly known as erectile dysfunction. Other symptoms include pain and swelling in the testicle area, inability to smell, and respiratory infections. Some men also have abnormal breast growth, decrease in hair in the face and body and hormonal inability.
How is male infertility diagnosed and treated?
Infertility diagnosis is one of the most difficult challenges that a man can face. In most cases, medicines, surgeries, and alternative treatments can help in reducing the problem. In most cases, the main goal of the treatment is to help a woman conceive, and the treatment entirely depends on the cause of infertility. However, the treatment entirely depends on the cause of infertility. If diagnosed in time, most infertility issues in men can be solved. All one needs to do is visit a specialist and seek help to lead a healthy life.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a medical condition related to a woman?s endocrine system. Symptoms of PCOS include acne, irregular menstrual cycle and depression to name a few. The causes of PCOS have not been accurately identified so far, but researchers suggest that the following factors might contribute to the onset of the condition.
- Increased amount of insulin secretion: Women suffering from insulin resistance may get PCOS as their body is not able to effectively use this insulin, which results in increased insulin secretion by the pancreas. This, in turn, triggers more androgen (male sex hormone) production in the ovaries, making it difficult for the ovaries to ovulate.
- Lower inflammation levels: The white blood cells present in your body form resistance against infections through a response termed as inflammation. Women with lower inflammation levels are likelier to get PCOS as the decreased levels stimulate polycystic ovaries, thereby producing more androgens.
- Genetic factor: If you have a family history of PCOS, it?s highly probable that you may also get it as the disease is linked with your genes.
How To Live with PCOS
PCOS comes with numerous side effects like acne, obesity, infertility, excessive facial or body hair among others. There are certain lifestyle changes, which you may consider to manage PCOS and minimise its side effects.
- Change your diet: Opt for a low carbohydrate, low sugar diet to keep your insulin levels in control, as insulin is responsible for increasing the severity of PCOS symptoms.
- Try to maintain an ideal body weight: Obesity is known for worsening insulin resistance, and you can prevent this by regularly keeping your weight in check. You can practice some easy at-home exercise to reduce weight besides having a balanced diet.
- Get yourself checked regularly: Visit a doctor and get yourself checked regularly for potential health risks as PCOS is often associated with increased chances of diabetes, heart diseases, certain forms of cancer, hypertension, and high LDL (bad) cholesterol levels. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Uterine prolapse is a condition which occurs due to a weakness in the muscles and ligaments of the pelvic floor which are responsible for supporting the uterus. This condition results in the bulging out of the uterus from the vagina. The continuous stretching in the muscles of the pelvic floor due to the lifting of heavy things might initiate uterine prolapse. If you suffer from severe uterine prolapse, the doctors might suggest laparoscopic surgery to get rid of the pain. Lack of diagnosis might form infected ulcers in the pelvic regions.
The risk factors that can trigger a uterine prolapse are as follows:
- You are more prone to suffering from uterine prolapse as you age because aging causes a significant reduction in the estrogen (the hormone responsible for the overall development of the pelvic muscles) levels of the body.
- If your pelvic muscles and the adjoined tissues have suffered sustained damage during pregnancy or childbirth, you have a higher risk of suffering from uterine prolapse.
- Obesity, sustained episodes of constipation or coughing make you more vulnerable to uterine prolapse.
- In women, estrogen levels reduce significantly after menopause.
- A woman who has undergone vaginal childbirth multiple times can suffer from uterine prolapse.
- Having undergone surgery in the pelvic region and experiencing severe pain during excretion raises the risk levels even more.
The symptoms of uterine prolapse vary with the severity of the condition. If the prolapse is a minor one, there will be no symptoms. But severe uterine prolapse might bring with it the following symptoms:
- Severe pain in the lower back region along with significant problems during urination such as leakage of urine.
- Bulging out of tissues from the vagina.
- Recurrent instances of constipation and abnormal discharges from the vagina.
- Infection in the bladder and experiencing severe problems during sex intercourse.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
The moment a woman is known to be pregnant, there is a whole list she needs to follow in terms of food what is good vs what is bad, what to eat vs what to avoid, how much to eat and so on. Almost every member in the family and friend circle would have suggestions to provide, and the woman is left completely confused. Read on to get some of this clarified.
Myth #1: Eat for two people during pregnancy: While it is definitely true that a person needs to eat more during pregnancy, it is not essential to eat for two people. The growing baby does not need a full meal. What it needs are important nutrients to develop fully including iron, calcium, folic acid, etc. The mother needs to increase her food consumption, but only by about 250 to 300 calories. There is absolutely no need to eat for two people.
Myth #2: Eating papaya can lead to miscarriage: The green or raw papaya does have latex, which has properties similar to the miscarriage-inducing drugs. They increase the amount of oxytocin and prostaglandin, which induces miscarriage. However, a fully ripe papaya eases heartburn and constipation, which are common during pregnancy.
Myth #3: Consuming saffron throughout pregnancy makes the developing baby fair-skinned: This is another myth that is deep-rooted, and the obsession with fair skin is even more deep-rooted. Most mothers would be gifted small boxes of saffron and told to add it to milk and consume, so that the baby grows up fair. This is a complete myth with no truth to it at all. The baby’s skin colour is completely determined by genetics and is not influenced by the food consumed during pregnancy.
Myth #4: Ghee during pregnancy helps in normal delivery: Ghee is believed to bring about a lot of miracles during pregnancy. Some vouch for the fact that consuming ghee aids in normal delivery and passage of the baby through the uterus. Consuming ghee also is believed to improve uterine healing post-delivery. The truth is that ghee is loaded with saturated fats and may lead to unnecessary weight gain and hence is best avoided. A small amount is definitely advisable, but it will not help in either delivery or post-partum.
Myth #5: Eating fish during pregnancy is harmful: The only reason for avoiding fish is the increased level of mercury in some of them. While fish with higher levels of mercury are to be avoided, fish with low mercury levels are okay and are in fact useful for the baby’s brain and eye development. Since this differentiation requires knowledge about fish, they are usually avoided. Talk to your nutritionist to identify what is safe and what is not.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!