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It occurs when abnormal cells on your cervix (the lowermost part of uterus which opens into the vagina) grow out of control. It can be treated in early stages when it hasn’t spread to other parts of your body. However, treatment in later stages can be difficult.
The major cause of worry when it comes to cervical cancer is that, its symptoms are so general that most women tend to miss them.
Being aware about the common symptoms of Cervical Cancer can still be very helpful:
Persistent pain in the lower abdomen or pelvic area
Pain during intercourse
Abnormal vaginal discourse
What are the causes of Cervical Cancer?
Though, there are many strains of the HPV, and not all strains cause cervical cancer.
Diagnosis of Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer spreads sexually, so it’s important for women to undergo ‘Pap Smear’, a regular diagnostic test for early detection of this form of cancer. A pap smear is a cytological test in which cells from a woman’s cervix are taken and seen under a microscope. This test can identify changes in cervical cells before they become cancerous. It is recommended that sexually active women get a pelvic exam and a pap test every year to rule out malignancies in the cervix.
Treatment for Cervical Cancer
Treatment for cervical cancer depends on how much the cancerous cells have spread. It has several stages, and the treatment for most stages includes:
In some cases, both the ovaries and the fallopian tubes are also removed, if the cancer has spread upwards. This may result in a premature menopause.
Proper information and knowledge about this preventable yet fatal cancer should be spread among all females and especially, the young ones, who have not yet become sexually active. Also, do not indulge in unsafe sexual practices, use protective measures and make sure that you go for regular pap tests to protect yourself from this form of cancer.
What is Ovarian Cancer?
Ovarian cancer occurs in the cells of an ovary. It begins when abnormal cells in the ovary start to multiply rapidly and grow out of control to form a tumour. Generally, it is believed that ovarian cancer does not show any specific side effects until the tumour has spread to a later stage.
Nonetheless, in some of the cases, ovarian cancer may show early indications. The most commonly recognized symptoms of ovarian cancer include:
Feeling bloated constantly
Feeling full instantly
Ache in your gut or pelvis
- Problem in eating
Urinary issues, for example, an urgent need to urinate or urinating more frequently than usual
These symptoms are basic for a few women. It is very important for you to understand that these symptoms do not necessarily imply that you have ovarian cancer. The same number of other common and harmless conditions can bring about the same indications. Additionally, different reasons for these symptoms are significantly more common than ovarian cancer. These may include irritable bowel syndrome and urinary tract infections (UTIs). Unless, the early indications of ovarian cancer tend to follow a pattern, which is as follows:
They begin abruptly
They do not feel the same as your typical stomach-related or menstrual issues
They happen almost consistently and stay for long
Different signs and symptoms that affect a few women with Ovarian Cancer include:
Constant back pain
Immense pain during intercourse
Menstrual cycle changes
Fortunately, around 20% of women are diagnosed early, when the infection might be generally treatable. There is no complete screening test for early ovarian cancer. General pelvic examinations now and then, followed by ultrasound examinations or blood tests for cancer-related markers, have been routinely used for ovarian cancer screening. However, none of these tests are particularly effective when it comes to identifying ovarian cancer.
So it is wiser to go for a proper check-up, in case you start to notice any of these symptoms in your body. The sooner a medical professional knows about your condition, the better it will for carrying out timely treatment.
Undoubtedly, cancer is one of the most deadly diseases. It is a non-communicable chronic disorder, caused by uncontrolled growth of cells in the human body. Every year over 7 million people succumb to this disease across the globe and over 12 million people are diagnosed with it.
Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), estimated that India will observe over 8 lakh deaths and over 17 lakh new cancer cases annually by the year 2020.
There are some forms of cancer which show any noticeable symptoms only in the final stage, while there are certain other subtle symptoms which if paid attention to might save a life.
Here are some common signs of Cancer:
Unintentional or unexplained weight loss: This is one of the earliest noticeable symptoms of cancer and is particularly common in patients of lung and breast cancer. Weight loss has been observed in over 40% of cancer patients at the time of diagnosis. Consult a doctor if you have lost over 10% of your body weight over a period 6 months or less.
Wheezing: Particularly associated with lung cancer, which is also the most common form of cancer. When the airway in the lungs is pressed or narrowed by a tumor, it produces a wheezing sound when the person is breathing.
Frequent infections: Frequent infections and fever may be an indication that something is wrong with the internal body organs. Cancerous conditions such as leukemia or lymphoma could be a possible reason for this.
Reduced appetite: Cancer impacts the metabolic process of the body hence, often it results in a loss of appetite. This is particularly a symptom of colon, stomach, ovaries or pancreatic cancer.
Blood in stool or urine: Traces of blood while passing stool or urine could be a symptom of cancer. Though, this could also be attributed to many other infections and conditions however, it should be addressed immediately.
Night sweats: While night sweats can happen for many other reasons, it is also one of the many early warning signs of cancer.
Also, there are a few symptoms that are specific to both the human genders.
Cancer symptoms specific to men include:
Pain during ejaculation
Lump in testicles
Cancer symptoms specific to women include:
You must note that, early detection is the key to fight cancer and it greatly determines how successful the treatment will be. So, in case you experience any of these early symptoms get yourself diagnosed without any delay.
Both cancer and tumour are two very grave conditions that no one wants to get affected with. But life is not fair right? Every year, millions of people get affected by both these dreadful diseases and thousands of them also lose their lives.
A common misconception among people is that, cancer and tumor are the same medical condition. But that’s not so. They differ greatly from each other. In this article, let’s know the difference between the two.
What is Cancer?
Cancer happens when there is an abnormal growth of cells and they accumulate around normal cells which makes them difficult to function in the particular area, thus, affecting the whole system of the human body. Cancer can spread very quickly to other parts of the body and even make the organs dysfunctional.
What is Tumour?
A tumor is any abnormal mass of tissue or swelling. Just like a cyst, a tumor can form in any part of the body. It is not the same as cancer, although some may develop into cancers. However, it is not necessary that all tumors will be cancerous. There are two major types of tumours- malignant and benign, and benign tumors cannot spread.
What is the main difference?
Sometimes tumour and cancer are thought to be the same, but they are not, because cancer gives birth to innumerable new cells that block the function of the existing cells. But tumour does not give way to new cells but refers to an accumulation of cells abnormally in some part of the body thus, rupturing the healthy system.
Treatment for Cancer and Tumour
Treatment of both these medical conditions differs in many ways. A person suffering from cancer needs to take prescribed and scheduled chemotherapy, radiotherapy and other heavy dosage of medications. However, the treatment may differ depending upon the kind of cancer stage the patient is at and which part of the body has been affected.
Individuals suffering from tumour are treated differently. Since all tumours do not pose the threat of cancer, doctors often recommend to remove the tumour by extensive surgery depending upon its size and location.