Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified General Physicians in India. You will find General Physicians with more than 33 years of experience on Lybrate.com. Find the best General Physicians online in faridabad. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.
Book Clinic Appointment with Dr. Garima Sharma
Treatment of Migraine Treatment
Weight Management Treatment
Removal Of Stitches Procedure
Thyroid Problems Treatment
Dressings Of Wounds Procedure
Viral Fever Treatment
Thyroid Disorder Treatment
Stitching Of Wounds Procedure
Management of Surrogacy
Submit a review for Dr. Garima SharmaYour feedback matters!
Patient Review Highlights
great experience . Doctor garima is very helpful and supportive . She lights up your mood with the right advice always
Dr. Garima Sharma provides answers that are very helpful. Thanks meadum, your advice was very helped on behalf of my family i convey thanks to you once again meadum.
Dr. Garima Sharma provides answers that are very helpful. Thanks for your valuable feedback. I would definitely follow ur advice
I had very severe allergy in Nasal passage. Dr. Sharma's tips without a lot of medication helped me.
Dr. Garima Sharma provides answers that are knowledgeable. thank you for providing these solutions.
I found the answers provided by the Dr. Garima Sharma to be very helpful. Thanks
Dr. Garima Sharma provides answers that are very helpful. Thanks a lot doctor.
Very happy with how she explains and cares
Pre-diabetes is a warning sign for diabetes. In prediabetes, your blood sugar levels are higher than the normal, but still lower to be diagnosed as diabetes. Prediabetes is considered a major risk factor for diabetes.
What are the symptoms of prediabetes?
Symptoms of diabetes and prediabetes are almost same, as in both the conditions, sugar levels in blood are on a higher side. Few of the early signs are:
Feeling hungry or thirsty more often
An urge to pass urine most of the times
Fatigue and weakness
How to prevent prediabetes from developing into type-2 diabetes?
You must know that having prediabetes can double your chances of getting type-2 diabetes later in life, but what you may not know is that prediabetes is reversible. By following these three simple lifestyle changes you can delay the progression of diabetes or even prevent its risk.
Eat healthy: By eating a healthy and well-balanced diet, you can keep a check on your increased sugar levels. A well-balanced diet gives you all the essential nutrients, fiber, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants, that help to regulate your metabolism, thus avoiding increased blood sugar levels. Avoid unhealthy, junk and processed foods and focus more on eating grains, nuts, seeds, vegetables and fruits.
Adapt an active lifestyle: By including 30 minutes of physical activity in your daily routine for at least five times a week, you can reduce the chances of developing metabolic diseases like diabetes. It also helps to keep a check on your weight.
Maintain a healthy weight: Being overweight or obese is itself a major cause of metabolic disorders. Studies say that by maintaining a healthy weight or losing 5-7% of your weight, the risk of developing type-2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed.
Lifestyle changes are the best and easiest ways to reverse prediabetes. Other than this, monitor your blood sugar levels and go for regular check-ups so that the condition can be diagnosed and treated at an early stage.
Dietary supplements such as vitamins, minerals, and some other herbal supplements are known to be beneficial in health conditions like diabetes. However, it is important to understand that these supplements are an add-on to your daily medicines and not a replacement. Here are a few dietary supplements that you can include along with your diet:
Alpha-Lipoic Acid: Alpha-lipoic acid or ALA has an antioxidant property and is known to prevent cell damage and also lowers blood glucose levels. It also reduces the progression of diabetic neuropathy. Liver, spinach, broccoli, and potatoes are good sources of ALA. It is also available in the form of commercial supplements.
Chromium: Chromium is an essential trace mineral and is required for proper glucose metabolism. Adding chromium to your daily diet improves the effect of insulin and also aids weight loss. Sources of chromium are broccoli, grape juice, brewer’s yeast, dried garlic, dried basil, beef, red wine and commercial capsules/ tablets.
Coenzyme Q10: Coenzyme Q10, or CoQ10 is a vitamin-like substance and helps in metabolism of carbohydrates and blood glucose control. It is also considered good for heart health. CoQ10 is best available in the form of supplements and natural sources are limited to only meats and some seafood.
Magnesium: Magnesium is an important mineral that is required by the body in small quantities but still the daily requirement is not met, especially in diabetic people. It is important for normal functioning of heart, nerves, muscles, bones, glucose metabolism and making proteins. You can add green leafy vegetables, nuts, seeds, and some whole grains as a part of your daily diet requirement or it can be taken as tablets, capsules, or liquids.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Omega-3 fatty acids are polyunsaturated fatty acids. They are known to protect you against heart disease and stroke, which are very common in patients with diabetes. So, foods that are good in omega-3 are fish, fish oil, canola oil or soybean oil, some nuts and seeds like almonds, walnuts, wheat germ, sunflower and safflower seeds. It is also available in the form of capsules or gels.
The dietary supplements are generally safe to use, but some of them can cause a reaction with medications that you are already taking. So, before adding any of these supplements, talk to your doctor about it.
As you know uncontrolled diabetes can lead to various complications, diabetic mastopathy is one such rare complication. It is also known as diabetic fibrous mastopathy. In this condition, you may observe lumps or lesions around breast, which are mainly composed of fibrotic and inflammatory elements and are usually non-cancerous. The condition is more common in people with type-1 diabetes and maximum cases reported are in pre-menopausal women.
Symptoms of diabetic mastopathy
Main symptom of this condition is development of lesions or lumps in the breast. These lumps are usually hard, irregular and discrete. You may not experience any pain when you touch the lump. In some cases presence of these lumps can be felt on one side or both the breasts where as, in some cases, these lumps are not even detectable.
What are the causes of diabetic mastopathy?
The exact cause for diabetic mastopathy is still not clear but the possible reasons that can lead to it are:
An autoimmune reaction
Genetic factors such as human leukocyte antigen (HLA) type
Association with insulin therapy for long duration
Diagnosis & treatment of diabetic mastopathy
MRI or ultrasound are amongst the first examinations that your doctor will suggest, if something abnormal is identified to further check the condition. It is important for you to understand that lumps in diabetic mastopathy are very similar to breast cancer and can’t be differentiated just by manual examination or ultrasound. To understand the nature of lump and to rule out the possibility of breast cancer, it is important to undergo a biopsy. In this procedure, your doctor will remove few tissues from the breast through an invasive method and not a surgery, which will then be sent to the lab to analyse if it is benign or malignant in nature. This is the difference between breast cancer and diabetic mastopathy. In case of diabetic mastopathy lumps can be removed surgically.
If you had diabetic mastopathy and have got the lumps removed, there are still chances that the condition may reoccur. To find out if there are any new lumps you should follow up with your doctor.
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder and can impact any one. It has been observed worldwide, that diabetes in females often goes unnoticed and untreated. Diabetes in women is associated with greater risk of other complications like heart disease, blindness and depression.
Symptoms of diabetes in women
Other than the usual symptoms of diabetes like excessive feeling of thirst and hunger, frequent urination, there are a few more symptoms which are unique to women, such as:
Vaginal or yeast infections: Increased sugar in blood, triggers the growth of fungus. This might result in yeast growth and can cause infections like vaginal or oral yeast infections and vaginal thrush. These infections are common in women.
Urinary infections: Women are at a greater risk of urinary tract infections (UTI) than men. This further increases in case of diabetes because of bacterial growth in the urinary tract. Symptoms of UTI are painful urination or bloody or cloudy urine.
Female sexual dysfunction: High sugar levels can damage the nerve fibers, which is also called diabetic neuropathy. Damage to nerves results in loss of sensation and affects different parts of the body like hands, feet, legs. It also impacts the sensation in the vaginal area and can lower a woman’s sex drive.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): PCOS results from hormonal disorder. It can cause insulin resistance which may result in increased blood sugar levels. Common symptoms of PCOS are irregular periods, weight gain, acne and infertility.
Who is at risk of developing diabetes?
It is important to understand that anyone can get diabetes at any age, but there are several factors that put you at a greater risk for diabetes like family history, age, weight. Special risk factors for women are a history of:
Giving birth to a baby weighing more than 4 kilograms
Polycystic ovary syndrome
Following a proper lifestyle like eating a healthy diet and exercising daily can help to manage diabetes as well as prevent it.
A Pap smear test or a Pap test is used to check for any abnormal growth or changes of cells in the cervix. Your gynaecologist will advise you a Pap smear in case you are at risk of cervical cancer or if she finds something abnormal in your regular screening. This test help in early detection of cervical cancer which is important for an early diagnosis and a better treatment.
Tips to follow before going for a Pap smear
For better and accurate results, a Pap smear should be done in between periods. Your doctor will advise you to avoid the following things for at least two days prior to the test:
Use of feminine hygiene products like sprays or powders
Avoid vaginal medications, creams and suppositories
Use of tampons
Avoid having sexual intercourse
What are the reasons for an abnormal Pap smear result?
Results of Pap smear generally take around 2 weeks and in most cases the results are usually normal. But in some of the cases, the report may indicate about abnormal cervical cells. It is important for you to understand that abnormal cervical cells do not signify that you have cancer. There can be many other factors that may cause changes in cervical cells like:
Aging, especially, post menopause
Infections like yeast or bacterial infection
Next steps for an abnormal Pap smear
In case your result for Pap smear isn’t normal, your doctor will suggest further examination of your condition. Here is a list of tests that you might have to undergo, to know the exact reason for the abnormality of the cells.
Colposcopy: This test helps to locate the accurate site as well as the extent to which abnormal cells have spread. An examination of the vagina, cervix, and vulva is done.
Biopsy: In this test a small sample of the damaged or abnormal cells is taken and sent to the lab for further testing.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) test: HPV is one of the most common reason for change in cervical cancer and it is always recommended to go for this test.
There is no need to panic, even if the results of Pap smear are abnormal. It could also be because of other reasons which can be treated. So, it is best to follow the advise of your gynecologist in such a case.
Liver is an important organ of the body and is important for various functions like metabolism of food and drugs, and filtration of blood. Uncontrolled growth of defective or damaged cells in liver can result in liver cancer which impacts its functioning. Liver cancer can be classified into two categories, basis the origin of cancer:
Primary liver cancer: When the cancer starts from liver itself, it is called primary liver cancer.
Secondary liver cancer: It is called secondary because in this case, cancer starts in any other part of the body, but spreads to liver.
What are the symptoms of liver cancer?
Liver cancer is a silent cancer and symptoms can’t be experienced at an early stage. But in case you observe any these symptoms it could be because of liver cancer:
Pain and discomfort in abdomen
White chalky stools
Weakness and fatigue
Unintentional weight loss
An enlarged liver or spleen
Swelling or fluid build-up in the abdomen
Who is at risk of liver cancer?
The main cause of liver cancer is not known. However, there are certain factors that put you at a greater risk of developing liver cancer:
Age: More cases of liver cancer are reported in people over 50 years of age.
Consumption of alcohol: Daily consumption of alcohol increases your risk for liver cancer.
Liver cirrhosis: It is a condition in which healthy liver cells are replaced by scar tissue. It impacts the functioning of liver and increases the risk as well.
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: In this condition, there is an accumulation of fat in the liver, which is associated with increased risk.
Liver cancer is a serious condition. In case, if you are at an increased risk it is very important to understand the early signs and consult with your doctor.
Skin is made up of variety of cells and any abnormal growth of mutated or damaged cells can lead to skin cancer. It is amongst the most common type of cancer affecting people worldwide. Exposure to sun is considered as one of the main causes behind it.
Types of skin cancer
Skin cancer can be of different types depending upon which type of skin cell affected. Few of the most common types of skin cancer are:
1. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC): Basal cells are located at the bottom of the epidermis. Any abnormal growth of cells in this layer can lead to BCC. It is the most common form of skin cancer and usually starts around head, neck, and arms. The early signs are red, pale or pearly spots or lumps.
2. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC): Cancer of the outer layer of skin cells is called SCC. This is amongst the second most common type of skin cancer and is slow-growing cancer. Early signs of this cancer can be seen around rim of the ear, face and neck. This cancer gets aggravated by exposure to the sun.
3. Melanoma: It is the most serious, but less common form of skin cancer and is known for its rapid growth. This type of cancer usually starts to grow from a mole or a freckle that changes colour, size or shape overtime.
4. Actinic Keratoses (AK): Actinic Keratoses is a precancerous stage which may develop into SCC, if left untreated. Most cases are observed after 40 years of age. The condition gets worse by exposure to ultraviolet rays.
5. Lymphoma of the skin: It is also known as cutaneous lymphoma. In this type of cancer, a lymphoma, cancer in lymphs, starts to spread on the surface of the skin. The early signs appear as rashes or bumps on the skin.
All types of skin cancer are serious and spread aggressively. You should be careful and keep a check for early signs. In case you notice any changes in your skin, you should consult a doctor immediately.
Anxiety attacks are often triggered by stress, panic, fear or an emotional condition. During an anxiety attack, one of the signs that you might experience is increase in heart rate, which also causes temporary increase in blood pressure levels. This temporary increase in blood pressure is also called as labile hypertension. There is no reason to get worried if you have experienced an anxiety attack once or twice in life, but if these attacks are experienced frequently, then you should be more careful. Frequent anxiety attacks can lead to chronic hypertension.
How anxiety impacts blood pressure?
1. Anxiety is often linked with stress which causes increase in the level of adrenaline and cortisol hormones in blood. These hormones increase the heart beat thus, increasing the blood pressure levels.
2. If you have anxiety, your doctor may prescribe some antidepressants to lower anxiety levels. Some of these medicines can lead to increased blood pressure. So, please check with your doctor if you have history of hypertension or are at risk of suffering from it.
3. Anxiety often disturbs the sleep cycle, which can also increase blood pressure levels.
What are the factors that trigger hypertension and anxiety?
There are some factors that are common for hypertension and anxiety and can trigger the condition:
Poor eating habits
5 tips to control anxiety
Acupuncture: Acupuncture can help in lowering the level of anxiety, stress and blood pressure by increasing the flow of energy.
Meditation: It is another very effective way of channelising your energy. It helps in achieving emotional stability.
Deep breathing: It has lots of benefits like improving your energy levels, reduces stress and anxiety, lowers the heart rate. Additionally, It also helps in brain relaxation.
Reduce caffeine intake: Caffeine increases anxiety and hypertension. It can also disturb your sleep cycle which may also impact blood pressure levels.
Following these tips can help in reducing stress levels and can reduce the risk of anxiety attacks and chronic blood pressure.
Hypertension or high blood pressure is often related to poor lifestyle habits and it is always suggested to maintain a healthy lifestyle for the better management of blood pressure levels. Other than maintaining a healthy lifestyle, you can also opt for alternative therapies like acupuncture, which is a proven therapy to effectively manage hypertension.
What is acupuncture?
Acupuncture is an old traditional method, in which needles are inserted at some specific points of the body. This helps in stimulating the flow of energy, which results in natural healing. As per this traditional science, any obstruction or imbalance in the energy flow leads to disease or illness. Some of the factors that can cause blockage of energy are- stress, poor diet and any disease.
Acupuncture and its benefit in high blood pressure
Acupuncture can be helpful in treating a variety of acute and chronic conditions including hypertension. It regulates the blood flow which further helps in:
Lowering blood pressure levels
Preventing brain damage by reducing the neuron damage
How is acupuncture performed?
Primarily three different points are targeted in acupuncture to treat hypertension. In the process the position of needles are changed after every 5–10 minutes, with a slight thrust. A normal duration lasts for an average of 20 minutes. Acupuncture is considered to be safe and effective. Studies suggest that acupuncture when combined with medications, is more effective in lowering blood pressure levels than medicines alone.
Before taking any alternative treatment or therapy you should talk to your doctor about it.
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle can help in keeping blood pressure levels under control. This includes daily physical activity of 30 minutes and eating a healthy diet. For a better management of blood pressure levels, you can also add some herbal remedies that can be beneficial in controlling high blood pressure. Some of these remedies are:
1. Ginger & Cardamom: These spices are commonly found and used at home. Do you know that they can help in reducing the blood pressure levels? Yes, these spices are known to have some warm properties and can improve blood pressure.
2. Watermelon: Most people love watermelon but may not be aware that it can also lower the blood pressure levels. It contains citrulline which gets converted to L-arginine. L- arginine is a precursor to nitric oxide, which is known to relax the blood vessels, this helps in decreasing the blood pressure.
3. Lemon: Lemon contains vitamin C which helps in lowering blood pressure. It is also rich in antioxidants and helps in softening the blood vessels thus, increasing the blood flow. It also reduces the risk of cardiac problems.
4. Garlic: A commonly used spice to season the food. Other than adding flavour to your food, it can also lower your blood pressure and cholesterol levels. It helps in dilating the blood, making it thinner and also prevents any obstruction of arteries in blood flow, resulting in smooth blood flow.
6. Amla: Amla is being used traditionally for years in Ayurveda as a cure for many diseases including hypertension. There are many clinical studies that show daily consumption of amla can be helpful in lowering blood pressure. It is a rich source of vitamin C that helps in reducing the blood cholesterol levels.
You can always include these home remedies in your daily diet, as they are easily available and can help in lowering the blood pressure. But at the same time you should also continue with your medicines as prescribed by the doctor.#12;