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Dr. Prashant Mehta - Oncologist, Faridabad

Dr. Prashant Mehta

89 (32 ratings)
European Society For Medical Oncology certification, DM - Oncology, MD - Gene...

Oncologist, Faridabad

12 Years Experience  ·  900 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
Dr. Prashant Mehta 89% (32 ratings) European Society For Medical Oncology certification, DM -... Oncologist, Faridabad
12 Years Experience  ·  900 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
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Dr Prashant Mehta, is a renowned Medical oncologist, Hematoncologist and Bone marrow transplant specialist based in Delhi NCR. He also specializes in precision oncology and targeted ther......more
Dr Prashant Mehta, is a renowned Medical oncologist, Hematoncologist and Bone marrow transplant specialist based in Delhi NCR. He also specializes in precision oncology and targeted therapy for solid tumors, lymphomas and leukemias. He trained in Medical oncology, Hematoncology and bone marrow transplant at the apex Cancer centre in India, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi and has been certified by the prestigious European society for medical oncology for possessing excellent knowledge in the field of oncology. He worked as a consultant in the department of medical oncology, Hematoncology and bone marrow transplant, Artemis hospital,Gurgaon from 2015-2016 and is presently working in ASIAN hospital, Faridabad as a Consultant in Medical oncology and Hematology and spearheads the Bone marrow transplant program at ASIAN hospital. He treats his patients with empathy and understanding. He is transparent and thorough in his treatment plan and goal. Under his able leadership and with his perseverance and hard work his center has grown in leaps and bounds and is regarded as one of the best cancer centers in India and the world. He believes that cancer will be completely eradicated one day and dreams of a cancer free world. Patients are his priority and medicine is his life and his passion. His team at ASIAN hospital is state of the art in oncology, and at par with international standards. He not only offers appropriate chemotherapy but judiciously uses targeted therapy and biological agents to improve survival and maximize chances of cure wherever applicable. He believes in an indepth pathological analysis and a thorough immunophenotyping to confirm diagnosis. He uses molecular analysis judiciously to aid in treatment planning. The treatment plan is thorough, multidisciplinary, ethical, scientific and evidence - based.
More about Dr. Prashant Mehta
Cancer is become an epidemic today, people suffer from various types of cancer like leukaemia, bone cancer, skin cancer to name a few. Dr. Prashant Mehta from Delhi is a famous oncologist who treats patients with various types of cancers and provides permanent relief from cancer they are suffering. He has been certified by the European society for medical oncology for his excellent knowledge in oncology. Dr. Prashant Mehta is an alumnus of the famous Maulana Azad College. He has done postgraduate in medicine from Lady Hardinge Medical College. Dr. Prashant Mehta has worked in various institutions in the capacity of Associate Consultant, Consultant and Consultant and Unit Head. Some of the institutions that he has served are Artemis Hospitals, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, and Lady Hardinge Medical College. Dr. Mehta specializes in treatments like Treatment of Solid Cancers in Adults and Children (Breast cancer, Prostate Cancer, Lung Cancer, Ovarian Cancer , Colorectal Cancer , Renal Cell Carcinoma, Soft tissue Sarcomas , Melanoma, Ewing Sarcoma, Rhabdomyosarcoma), Treatment of hematolymphoid neoplasms and disorders (Leukemia, Lymphoma, Myeloma, Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Myelofibrosis)Bone Marrow Transplant/Stem cell transplantAcute Myeloid LeukemiaNK/T cell lymphomaDLBCL -ABC type, Heated Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC), Targeted therapy, Immunotherapy and Precision oncology. So much said about Dr. Mehta, all his patients have faith in his treatment and that is the reason for his popularity.

Info

Education
European Society For Medical Oncology certification - ESMO - 2015
DM - Oncology - All India Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi - 2014
MD - General Medicine - Lady Hardinge Medical College New Delhi - 2009
...more
MBBS - Maulana Azad Medical College New Delhi - 2006
Fellowship in Bone Marrow Transplant - Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, EUA - 2016
Past Experience
Consultant at Artemis Health Institute - Gurgaon
DM (Medical Oncology) In Department of Medical Oncology - January 2012-Dec 2014 at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
Senior Resident at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
Languages spoken
English
Hindi
Awards and Recognitions
Meghna Krishna Baweja Award
Professional Memberships
American Society of Clinical oncology(ASCO)
European Society for Medical oncology(ESMO)
Society of Medical oncologists of India (SOMOI)
...more
Member of Indian Cooperative Oncology Network (ICON)
Member American Society of Blood and Bone Marrow Transplantation
Indian Society of Oncology (ISO)

Location

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Asian Institute of Medical Sciences

Badkal Flyover Road ,Sector-21/AFaridabad Get Directions
  4.5  (32 ratings)
900 at clinic
...more
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Diagnosis and Treatment for Testicular Cancer

European Society For Medical Oncology certification, DM - Oncology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS, Fellowship in Bone Marrow Transplant
Oncologist, Faridabad
Diagnosis and Treatment for Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is a rare and serious disease in which malignant or cancer cells form in one or both tissues of testicles. It is the most common type of cancer in the males aged between 20 to 30 years. Testosterone and sperms are produced in the testicles of the males. Almost all testicular cancerous cells begin from germ cells. There are two types of germ cell tumors - Seminomas and Non-Seminomas respectively.

Seminomas and non-seminomas occur almost about equally. But a mixture of the two types of cells is treated as non-seminomas only. Further, the seminomas and non-seminomas are subdivided. The seminomas are divided into classical seminoma and spermatocytes-seminoma. And the non-seminomas are further divided into embryonal carcinoma, yolk sac carcinoma, choriocarcinoma and teratoma.

What causes testicular cancer?
The exact cause of testicular cancer is unknown. Researchers have not been able to find out the reason that causes it. However, there are certain risk factors that increase the chances of having testicular cancer. An undescended testicle might be the cause of testicular cancer. Abnormal testicle contributes to the risk factors of the disease. If anyone has had the disease previously in the family, then it increases the risk factor. Also, research shows that white people are 4.5 times at more risk for testicular cancer than black people.

What are the symptoms?
Some may experience no symptoms of it at all, while others have symptoms like aching, the swelling in the scrotum, and sudden weight gain. A lump might also be noticed on either side of the testicles if affected by this disease. Hence, if these symptoms are observed, it is important to get a diagnosis by a medical expert. The symptoms are not yet clearly stated by the researchers, but the above-mentioned symptoms are said to be prevalent in people with testicular cancer.Do not try any measures to diagnose on your own, refer to the concerned doctor as this is a serious disease.

How to diagnose testicular cancer?
If a person, experiences any of the above-mentioned symptoms, the person must seek the medical help immediately. The doctor will prescribe a few tests to diagnose the condition. The tests include an Ultrasound to get the image of Scrotum and testicles and a few blood tests to know the levels of tumor markers in the blood. If these tests confirm a lump then a surgery is done to remove the lump and further test if the lump is cancerous. Also, the type and the stage of the cancer is determined.

What are the treatment options?
Treatments are decided depending on the stage and type of cancer. The different treatment options available are Surgery to remove testicles, Surgery to remove the nearby lymph nodes, Radiation therapy, and Chemotherapy.

How Robotic Cancer Surgery Can Benefit You?

European Society For Medical Oncology certification, DM - Oncology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS, Fellowship in Bone Marrow Transplant
Oncologist, Faridabad
How Robotic Cancer Surgery Can Benefit You?

With the dawn of modern technology, the sight of robots performing a surgery is fast turning into a reality. Robotic surgery is one of the latest and greatest advancements in surgical cancer care. It is mostly sought for its unmatched levels of precision and control.

The da Vinci Robot, which is a widely used robotic surgery, employs the use of 3D modelling, touch screen controls, ultra-modern surgical attachments and other robotic tools. This surgical method is one of the greatest inventions in modern surgery that aims to provide greater control to the surgeon at all times. For patients, this means quicker recovery times, minimal scarring, lower complications and higher satisfaction.

Robotic cancer surgery can be performed under the following conditions:

  1. Prostate cancer
  2. Bladder cancer
  3. Gynaecologic cancer
  4. Endocrine cancer
  5. Lung cancer
  6. Gastrointestinal cancer

Benefits of robotic cancer surgery:

  1. Less scarring: The minimally invasive approach of robotic surgery contributes to minimal scarring. Instead of having a deeper incision of up to 5 or 6” on the skin, patients can have a series of small incisions or one relatively smaller incision, based on the nature of the surgery.
  2. Shorter hospitalization: With minimal incisions, postoperative care is speeded and pain is lessened. This surgery will not require the patients to stay for a prolonged period of time in the hospital. At the most, they tend to spend up to two nights in the hospital, if the situation demands so. As a result of this, within no time, you can get back to your normal life.
  3. Less drugs: With traditional surgery, typically a patient is administered a lot of painkillers to alleviate pain. However, with robotic surgeries, thanks to decreased postoperative pain after surgery, the patient will not need excessive painkillers to help them deal with pain.
  4. No blood loss: During traditional open surgery, patients tend to typically lose between 600cc to 1000cc of blood, depending on the area of treatment. As a result, postoperative transfusion of blood becomes a necessity. However, during robotic surgery, blood loss is usually 200cc or less and so there is no need for transfusions.
  5. Accuracy and precision: The 3D modelling techniques and other advanced tools employed by robotic surgery allows for better planning and accuracy, which is greatly needed in cancer surgeries. Especially in the case of prostate cancer, if the tumour is in a critical location, then a robotic surgery is handy to carry out the procedure, without damaging the important nerves of erections.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2893 people found this helpful

Can Cooking Cause Cancer: Know Why?

European Society For Medical Oncology certification, DM - Oncology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS, Fellowship in Bone Marrow Transplant
Oncologist, Faridabad
Can Cooking Cause Cancer: Know Why?

Are you aware of the link between air pollution and cancer? Air pollution refers to the mixture of several harmful substances, which lead to various serious health hazards on exposure. The primary sources of air pollution are man-made, including fumes from automobiles and the smoke from burning fuels. Desert dust, radon gas, and several other natural sources of air pollution are equally dangerous. Air pollution is classified into outdoor and indoor air pollution. It is highly associated with increased risks of developing cancer. Smoking is considered to be one of the major agents, which pollute the air and increase the chances of cancer to a large extent.

Outdoor air pollution

  1. Outdoor air pollution is strongly linked with cancer development.
  2. As every person is exposed to some form of air pollution, it has a more harmful effect on the whole population across the globe as a general threat.
  3. A certain part of outdoor air pollution referred to as PM 2.5, or solid dust particles, are highly responsible for the development of cancer.
  4. The chances of cancer increase with the increase in PM 2.5 levels in the air.

Indoor air pollution

  1. There are several sources of indoor air pollution that are closely associated with an increased risk of cancer.
  2. The sources include fuels used for heating homes and for cooking, radon, and tobacco smoke.
  3. Second hand smoke is another harmful indoor air pollutant that causes cancer.

Second hand smoke

  1. Secondhand smoke increases the risk of cancer development, along with the risk of developing other diseases such as stroke and lung disease.
  2. A lot of people all over the world get exposed to second hand smoke.
  3. A lot of deaths occur due to cancer because of second hand smoke exposure which is common every year, all over the globe.

Radon

  1. Radon is a natural radioactive gas, which is associated with increased risks of developing lung cancer.
  2. It is found at low levels outdoors. It may also build in high concentrations indoors.
  3. Although radon exposure does not pose a huge threat for cancer, a lot of radon-associated cancers develop due to exposure to radon, along with tobacco smoke.

Benzene

  1. This is a flammable liquid having no color and with a sweet odor.
  2. It is closely associated with the development of leukemia and cancers affecting other cells of the body.
  3. Cigarette smoking and tobacco smoke are major cancer causing elements that are found in the air commonly. Both of these are quite harmful. It is recommended that you not only quit smoking, but also keep away from passive smoking.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2760 people found this helpful

Risk Factors of Testicular Cancer: How To Get Rid of It?

European Society For Medical Oncology certification, DM - Oncology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS, Fellowship in Bone Marrow Transplant
Oncologist, Faridabad
Risk Factors of Testicular Cancer: How To Get Rid of It?

Testicular cancer is mostly witnessed among young adults in the age range of 24–35. It results from the growth of abnormal cells in the testes. It is not the most common type of cancer found in the body, but can pose a serious threat to an individual if not treated early. The cure rate is one of the highest among all kinds of cancer found in the body. This being said, the rate of cure is totally dependent on the stage of detection.

Risk Factors for Testicular Cancer
The historical trend of testicular cancer suggests that white men are prone to this type of cancer than their African, Asian and Latino counterparts. A person with a family history of testicular cancer of HIV is at higher risk of getting this disease. Some other risk factors include Klinefelter’s syndrome and cryptorchidism.

Protection from Testicular Cancer
There is no hard and fast rule of protection. It is suggested that the testicles get evaluated while routine medical check-up. A person with a family history of testicular cancer should opt for a periodic checkup after every three months. In case a patient has already recovered from testicular cancer, routine medical tests are a must to ensure non-recurrence.

Symptoms of Testicular Cancer
The common symptom is a swelling in the testicle. It feels like a thickening of the testicle and is mostly painless. Minor discomfort in the swelling region is often reported. Some other symptoms include back pain, ache in the scrotum and groin, change in the size of the testicle, bloating of the lower abdomen and heavy sensation of the scrotum. There is a rare form of this cancer, which produces a female hormone called estrogen in a man’s body. This disease results in a lack of sexual desire, lump in the affected area, etc. Even less serious testicular cancer might show these symptoms. An oncologist should be immediately consulted if one or more of these symptoms surfaces.

What are the treatment options?
Testicular cancer is mostly cured with the help of a surgery. A follow-up radiation and chemotherapy is suggested by doctors to destroy the surrounding cells. It is done to ensure that the cancer cells do not spread easily and the chance of recurrence is minimal. The rate of cure depends on early detection.

Does testicular cancer affect sexuality?
In most of the cases, testicular cancer is detected in one testicle. If this is the case, the other testicle produces all the hormones needed for sexual drive. It also does not affect sex drive, beard and muscularity. There is also a large section of patients who reported of a difficult sexual life after the surgery. There can be some discomfort in the scrotum as well. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2803 people found this helpful

All About Multiple Myeloma

European Society For Medical Oncology certification, DM - Oncology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS, Fellowship in Bone Marrow Transplant
Oncologist, Faridabad
All About Multiple Myeloma

Multiple myeloma is a type of blood cancer similar to lymphoma and leukemia. Normally, plasma cells make antibodies which are responsible for fighting off infectious diseases. With multiple myeloma, however, they release too much of a protein known as immunoglobulin. Due to the excess buildup of protein in the body, organ damage occurs. Multiple myeloma cannot be cured, it can only have its progression slowed down. Here is everything you need to know about multiple myeloma:

Causes:
Just like with other forms of cancer, the exact cause of multiple myeloma is not known. However, there are several risk factors which are responsible for increasing your chances of suffering from multiple myeloma.

Risk Factors:

  1. Age: Age poses as one of the most important risk factors. Being over 65 increases your chances of getting multiple myeloma, according to studies.
  2. Race: African-Americans are more likely to get multiple myeloma compared to other races.
  3. Genetics: Multiple myeloma is more likely to happen if a family member has it as well.
  4. Other Diseases: Solitary plasmacytoma, MGUS and other plasma related diseases make you more likely to develop multiple myeloma.

Symptoms: 

  • Bone pain or bone fractures
  • Fatigue
  • Increased vulnerability to infections
  • Increased or decreased urination
  • Restlessness – eventually followed by extreme weakness and fatigue
  • Confusion
  • Increased thirst
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite and weight loss
  • Impaired kidney function

Diagnosis: 

Your doctor may test you for multiple myeloma if a blood test reveals:

  1. Too much calcium in your blood (hypercalcemia)
  2. Anemia 
  3. Kidney problems
  4. High protein levels in your blood combined with a low albumin level (globulin gap)

Treatment:

There is no cure for multiple myeloma; however with good treatment you can resume normal activities. Here are the treatment options-

  1. Biological therapy: These are medications given in pill form which enhance the body's immune system; so that it can fight off myeloma cells.
  2. Targeted therapy: Targeted therapy is when cancerous cells are killed by targeting the abnormalities within them. These are given through a vein in your arm.
  3. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy kills all the cells which are growing at a rapid rate. These drugs can be given through injection or orally.
  4. Corticosteroids: Corticosteroids are medicines which regulate the immune system by controlling the inflammation in the body. Corticosteroids can be taken in pill form or even through injections.
  5. Stem Cells Transplant: An autologous stem cell transplant is recommended for all eligible and suitable patients of multiple myeloma under 65 yrs of age, who show a good response to initial therapy, as it has been proven to improve survival. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
2122 people found this helpful

All About Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

European Society For Medical Oncology certification, DM - Oncology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS, Fellowship in Bone Marrow Transplant
Oncologist, Faridabad
All About Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Non Hodgkin Lymphoma is when the cells in your lymphatic system become cancerous. The lymphatic system is responsible for fighting off diseases, which may attack your body. Initially, tumors develop from the lymphocytes in your body. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is much more common than the other type of lymphoma which is Hodgkin lymphoma. There are various types of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma; the most common of which are diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma. Here is everything you need to know about Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Symptoms
1. Swollen lymph nodes: A swollen lymph node in the neck, underarm and armpit which comes about without any pain is a very common symptom of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
2. Fever: When you have a sudden unexplained fever, it may be due to Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
3. Night sweats: Night sweats are simply when you sweat excessively in the night.
4. Fatigue: Feeling extremely tired can be due to Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
5. Weight loss: A sudden unexplained loss of weight is a very common symptom of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
6. Itchiness: An itchy skin is a rather serious indicator of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Causes
Just like other forms of cancer, it is not known what causes Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, but there are factors, which put you more at risk compared to others.

Risk factors
1. Immunosuppressive drugs: You are most likely to develop Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, especially after taking immunosuppressive drugs after a major organ transplant.
2. Bacteria and viruses: Certain bacterial and viral infections cause Non-Hodgkin lymphoma including the HIV and Epstein-Barr virus as well as the Helicobacter pylori bacteria.
3. Pesticides: Research suggests that overexposure to the pesticides which kill weeds increases your likelihood of developing Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
4. Age: Elder people are also more likely to suffer from Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Treatment
1. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy comprises of administering drugs to kill the cancerous cells, either through injection or orally which kill cancer.
2. Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy deals with radiation which is directed at the parts of your body affected by cancer.
3. Medications to enhance the immune system: There are many medications which fight off cancer by boosting the immune system. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a hematologist.

2112 people found this helpful

Causes and Symptoms of Ewing's Sarcoma

European Society For Medical Oncology certification, DM - Oncology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS, Fellowship in Bone Marrow Transplant
Oncologist, Faridabad
Causes and Symptoms of Ewing's Sarcoma

Collectively grouped under the Ewing sarcoma family of tumors, Ewing's sarcoma is the second most common form of bone cancer, which is commonly seen in children and adolescents. Very rarely is it experienced in adults above the age of 30.

Typically forming in the bones of the chest, pelvis, head, back or trunk and in the long bones of the arms and legs, Ewing's sarcoma is believed to originate in certain kinds of primitive cells. When it begins to affect similar kind of cells found outside the bone, it is usually called an extraosseous Ewing's sarcoma.

Causes
1. Similar to all types of Ewing tumors, Ewing's sarcoma is generally caused by an alteration in a certain cell compelling a gene named EWS found on chromosome no. 22 to move over to a DNA section on any one of the surrounding chromosomes resulting in the activation of the EWS gene.
2. While it is not a hereditary condition, it usually occurs after childbirth, but no substantial evidence has been found as to why it happens so.

Symptoms
Symptoms of Ewing's sarcoma may include:
1. Swelling and pain especially in the arms, legs, back, chest or pelvis
2. Swelling accompanied by joint immobility
3. A bone breaks having no apparent cause
4. Swelling which may or may not be accompanied by a warm, tingling sensation
5. Fever resulting from unknown causes
6. Lumps or bumps which do not subside over time
7. Abnormal weight loss
8. High levels of fatigue
9. Tumors which have spread over to the lungs may cause shortness of breath
10.Tumors spread over to the spine may cause weakness or even paralysis.

Because the symptoms of Ewing's sarcoma can hardly be distinguished from symptoms caused by other infections or injuries, an early diagnosis is absolutely necessary for a successive treatment. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an oncologist and ask a free question.

1968 people found this helpful

6 Tips to Reduce the Risk of Cancer

European Society For Medical Oncology certification, DM - Oncology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS, Fellowship in Bone Marrow Transplant
Oncologist, Faridabad
6 Tips to Reduce the Risk of Cancer

We live in an age where every single individual, more or less, is exposed to the risk of cancer. It is probably an unfavorable lifestyle we lead that deprives us of good health. This might alarm many but considerable changes in lifestyle can help you realize cancer as a preventable disease. Cancer does not only make you undergo severe suffering but it also affects your friends and family. The pallor of misery spreads wider than you think.

  • Abstain from tobacco: Consuming raw tobacco or smoking tobacco can be equally detrimental to your health. Tobacco increases your chances of contracting the disease. As is known, passive smoking can also affect your health adversely. Tobacco can be the potential cause behind cancer of the mouth, throat, larynx, lungs, oral cavity and even the pancreas. It might harm your kidneys and cervix. It is upon you to quit tobacco at the earliest possible. One should also try and persuade friends and relatives to give up smoking.
  • Drink alcohol in moderation: Complete abstinence from alcohol might not be possible if you have already been ushered into your work- life. The society might require you to be an occasional drinker. It is important to drink in moderation. Crossing the limit can propel consequences as serious as cancer of the stomach, pancreas, liver and the heart.
  • A balanced and nutritious diet: Deciding on a plant- based diet or a Mediterranean diet can aid your fight against the risk of cancer. A Mediterranean diet will involve green leafy vegetables, lots of fresh fruits, whole grains, mixed nuts, legumes and also the use of extra- virgin olive oil. Fish can be a safe bet but red meat should be avoided. One must also try to avoid processed meat as they tend to make you prone to the risk of cancer.
  • Immunization: Hepatitis B and HPV or Human papilloma virus vaccines are extremely necessary to protect you against the sexually transmitted types of cancer.
  • Sun protection: Caring for your skin doesn't arise from vanity. Skin cancer is one of the most prevalent kinds of cancer; the chances of this disease can be restricted by remaining in shade especially during midday, by wearing covered clothes and by using a good sunscreen lotion repeatedly while outside.
  • Exercise diligently: Did you think it was okay to have weaker muscles and bulging layers of fat? If yes, you probably have grown numb to the inadequacies you face in result. Unchecked fat can lead to obesity which further complicates health conditions. Metabolic activity differs from person to person. Regular exercising can help regulate metabolism according to the needs of your body. Physical exercise protects you against the risk of breast and colon cancer. Moderate or vigorous physical activity for 150 to 75 minutes a week respectively can reduce the risk of cancer. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
1874 people found this helpful

All about Neuroblastoma

European Society For Medical Oncology certification, DM - Oncology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS, Fellowship in Bone Marrow Transplant
Oncologist, Faridabad
All about Neuroblastoma

Most commonly occurring in children aged 5 or younger, Neuroblastoma is a type of cancer developing from immature nerve cells most often found in and around the adrenal glands. However, it is not limited and can develop in several other areas of the body, like the chest, neck, spine and different areas of the abdomen where nerve cells can be found in clusters.

Symptoms:
Depending upon the area of the body affected, signs and symptoms may include:

1. Neuroblastoma in the abdomen:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea, constipation or other changes in bowel movements
  • A lump of mass under the skin which is anything but tender

2. Neuroblastoma in the chest:

  • Chest pain
  • Wheezing
  • Visible changes in the eyes, such as drooping eyelids or unequal pupil size

3. There are other signs and symptoms caused by neuroblastoma. These may include:

  • Lumps of tissue found under the skin
  • Bruise-like dark circles visible around the eyes
  • Fever
  • Proptosis (a condition in which eyeballs seem to protrude from the sockets)
  • Back pain
  • Bone pain
  • Unexplained weight loss

Causes: Neuroblastoma typically originates in neuroblasts. These are immature nerve cells formed by the fetus as part of the development process. Eventually, neuroblasts convert into fibres and nerve cells which then make up the constituents of the adrenal gland. Normally, they either mature or gradually disappear. Others, which neither mature nor disappear, form tumors.

Complications:
A number of problems may result out of neuroblastoma, including:

  1. Metastasis or spread of the cancerous cells
  2. Spinal cord compression
  3. Paraneoplastic symptoms, such as rapid eye movement or difficulty with eye coordination
  4. Abdominal swelling
  5. Diarrhea

Treatment:
Depending on the child's age, the stage of the cancer, or the types of cells involved, the treatment plan varies accordingly:

  1. Surgery - However, this depends on the size and location of the tumor. Tumors growing near vital organs are too risky to remove
  2. Chemotherapy - involves the use of chemotherapy drugs
  3. Radiation therapy - involves high energy beams, like X-rays
  4. Stem cell transplant or autologous stem cell transplant in case of high-risk neuroblastoma
  5. Immunotherapy - involves drugs which stimulate the immune system to destroy cancerous cells
2058 people found this helpful

All About Ovarian Cancer

European Society For Medical Oncology certification, DM - Oncology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS, Fellowship in Bone Marrow Transplant
Oncologist, Faridabad
All About Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is referred to as the cancer of the ovaries. The ovaries are a component of the female reproductive system. There are two ovaries located on either side of the uterus in a woman's body. Ovaries which are the organs responsible for producing egg cells also produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone. Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer which often goes undetected until it has spread all the way to the pelvis and the abdomen. However, it is also very difficult to treat the condition in its later stages which is why diagnosing ovarian cancer quickly is quintessential. Here is everything you need to know about ovarian cancer;

Symptoms:

  1. No symptoms at first: Usually, in its early stages ovarian cancer does not cause any symptoms.
  2. Abnormal bloating: Bloating is when your abdomen swells due to excess fluid or gas inside. Abnormal bloating is more frequently associated with irritable bowel syndrome or even constipation is a common symptom of ovarian cancer.
  3. Feeling full quickly: This is also an associated symptom which has often been mistaken for constipation or irritable bowel syndrome.
  4. Weight loss: This is one of the more common signs of ovarian cancer.
  5. Discomfort in the pelvis area: This symptom occurs towards the later stages of ovarian cancer after it has already spread.
  6. Constipation: Constipation is a symptom of ovarian cancer as well.
  7. Frequent urination: This is yet another symptom which is a sign of ovarian cancer.

The symptoms of ovarian cancer are often mistaken with that of irritable bowel syndrome and constipation.

Causes: As with other forms of cancer, it is still very unclear what exactly causes ovarian cancer.

Treatment:

  1. SurgerySurgery most commonly involves removing large parts of the female reproductive system which includes the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, the uterus as well as the lymph nodes. The surgeon will also try and remove as many cancer cells as possible from the abdomen and pelvic areas.
  2. ChemotherapyChemotherapy is usually done after surgery. It is usually performed so that the rest of the cancer cells are killed off. Chemotherapy drugs can be injected directly into the vein, abdominal cavity or sometimes even both.
3293 people found this helpful
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