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After exceeding all expectations in 2017, the Indian Women’s Cricket Team is making India proud once again with their extraordinary and remarkable performance in ICC Women's World T20, 2018-19.
As everyone knows, the Indian Women’s Cricket Team reached the finals in England in 2017 but missed the chance of lifting the trophy by a whisker. Everyone in the team from Punam Raut, Smriti Mandhana, Veda Krishnamurthy, Deepti Sharma, Harmanpreet Kaur, to skipper Mithali Raj, etc. played a crucial part in India’s journey to the 2017 Women’s CWC final.
In the ongoing ICC Women’s Cricket World Cup 2018, Indian players are performing phenomenally with their skills in batting, bowling and fielding. Harmanpreet Kaur, India’s captain, is the only cricketer to have scored a T20 century in the ongoing series. Poonam Yadav, one of the best spinners in the Indian team, took 8 wickets for India in this series until now. Also, RP Yadav is performing astoundingly and has taken 7 wickets for India so far. India is also one of the top rankers for highest team runs in the ICC Women’s Cricket World Cup 2018.
These players work hard to be fit and perform well in the matches.
How Do Indian Women Cricketers Keep Themselves Fit?
The Indian Women’s Cricket Team members train hard. Their ability with direct throws and agility has increased remarkably over the years. Apart from net sessions, they undergo various exercises and training that help build stamina, power and agility. Some of them are listed below:
Cricket is a sport that requires building strength, flexibility and stamina. Bowling, Sprinting, or hitting may look effortless, but they require a lot of stamina building and strength building workouts. Weight training and compound training like burpees, lunges, squats, pull-ups, push-ups, etc. help to build stability, enhance flexibility, better posture, and strength.
Endurance Training like HIIT, sprinting, functional training, circuit training, cycling, biking, jump squats, jogging, etc. helps to increase energy levels, prevent injuries, and improve performance.
Core exercises help maintain consistent performance and delivery. It ensures the overall balance of the body and helps in fast recovery from injuries. Some of the Core trainings are planks, crunches, Russian twists, leg raises, sit-ups, alternate superman, trunk rotation, hanging leg raises, etc.
Flexibility plays an important role in cricket. Flexibility helps in fielding, lessen the chances of injuries, remove stiffness and tension in the muscles.
Their Diet Plan includes:
5-8 meals a day.
More lean protein.
Vegetable and Fruit based Carbohydrates.
Balanced amount of fat.
Enough water to keep the body hydrated.
High-calorie sweets, processed foods, fried foods, and red meats are avoided.
Most Common Injuries Sports Persons Suffer From
These high-intensity training regimens come with their own fair share of sports-related injuries. Some of the Common injuries’ women sportsperson may suffer are:
Rotator Cuff Injury
Lower Back Pains
How Can Women Cricketers Keep These Injuries at Bay?
To avoid injuries, women cricketers need to take some preventive measures while playing the cricket, like one should always wear a helmet, mouthguard, shoes, protective gear, body padding including leg pads, forearm guards, gloves, etc.
Sports and fitness are very important for women. Not only it keeps them physically healthy but provides mental exercise as well. They can choose a fitness regime to follow based on their own comfort level. And if they participate in some sports, it is important to wear the necessary safety gear.
A few days ago, Nick Jonas, Priyanka Chopra's fiance, took to Instagram to reveal that he was diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes 13 years ago. The famous singer went on to explain that since he has always been working out and eating right to manage the disease. It is a heart-warming message and is a timely reminder that Type 1 Diabetes should be diagnosed on time so that medication can manage its symptoms.
What is Type 1 Diabetes?
It is a chronic condition, which is also called juvenile diabetes because it manifests only in children when the pancreas produce little to no insulin. Without insulin (a hormone), sugar cannot enter the cells and energy cannot be produced.
It is estimated that around 97,700 children in India are diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes every year.
When should you consult a doctor for Type 1 Diabetes?
If your child shows the following symptoms, it could be Type 1 Diabetes:
Frequent urge to urinate
Rapid weight loss
Vaginal yeast infection in girls
The feeling of always being hungry
What are the risks associated with Type 1 Diabetes?
The complications arising out of Type 1 Diabetes can have a severe and debilitating effect on the body in the long run:
Heart Diseases: Type 1 Diabetes can make a person more susceptible to cardiovascular problems like coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, heart attack, stroke and atherosclerosis (constricting of the arteries).
Kidney damage (Nephropathy): Type 1 Diabetes attacks the kidney’s filtering system, which can lead to kidney failure or end-stage kidney disease.
Nerve damage (Neuropathy): Type 1 Diabetes damages the walls of the blood vessels of neurons especially in the legs. This results in tingling sensation in the toes. Eventually, a person might lose all feeling in the legs.
Eye damage: Type 1 Diabetes can damage the retina to cause blindness. It can also cause cataracts and glaucoma.
Pregnancy-related complications: Type 1 Diabetes is dangerous for both the mother and the baby. The risks of miscarriage, stillbirth and birth defects go up significantly if the mother has type 1 diabetes.
Management of Type 1 Diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes has no cure. Type 1 Diabetes can be life-threatening unless it is meticulously managed every day of your life. Consult a doctor and dietician to chalk out a course that will help keep the effects of diabetes under check.
Since the body does not produce sufficient insulin, insulin supplements in the form of injects are needed. You will have to undergo insulin therapy all throughout your life
You need to monitor your blood glucose level every day. You can buy a glucometer to check your blood sugar level at home.
The super food that you must include in your diet are - beans, leafy vegetables, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, fish with omega 3 fatty acid, whole grains and citrus fruits. Always avoid alcohol and cigarettes.
Regular exercising can help manage glucose levels and ward off diabetes-related complications. Some exercises that you should incorporate in your daily regime are- aerobic exercises like running, swimming, cycling. If you are not up to rigorous exercises, you should at least walk for 30 minutes every day.
Type 1 Diabetes can be fatal but with proper medication, diet and exercise, you can go on to live a long healthy life.
Celebrities all around the world have a huge fan base on their social media accounts such as Instagram, Facebook, YouTube and Twitter. But recently, it has been reported that numerous celebrities are quitting social media and taking a break from it to focus on their mental health.
Such celebrities include Selena Gomez, Justin Bieber, Kim Kardashian and many other world-famous icons. Ariana Grande and Ed Sheeran are also on this list alongside one of the biggest YouTube icon Lily Singh aka Superwoman.
But why is it so?
Different people have their own opinions. But most of them are of the belief that such world-class celebrities are quitting social media because they want to bring a balance to their mental health. The world of the internet and social media can at times become very suffocating, pressurizing and overwhelming as well. So, to stay away from such negative attributes, these celebrities are avoiding social media platforms. Let us find out how this trend of quitting social media is related to mental health.
How social media can have a negative impact on mental health?
Social media undoubtedly has brought the world closer and now people can connect with each other very easily without any hassles. But, we cannot miss out on the negative impact it has on the people also. Here are some very negative ways by which people including the celebrities can be a victim of it.
Cyberbullying - Cyberbullying is one of the most dangerous sides of social media. Teenage boys and especially girls can be a victim of cyberbullying. As a result of such bullying an individual can be affected with depression, anxiety and even develop suicidal tendencies.
Negative Memories - Social media can be a great platform to cherish memories with your close ones. But the same platform can also be used to trigger memories which are disturbing, embarrassing or depressing to remember. Many people, thus tend to get depressed or suffer from anxiety when they see such memories.
Hamper Reputation - Social media can be used to hamper the reputation and good name of a person very easily. A viral photo or video of any individual or individuals can be used to damage the reputation one has built. Many a time fake news, pictures and other media can be used to target a person and bring their name down. It is very much common nowadays and even with celebrities as well.
So, as you can see that social media can seriously affect the mental health of a person whether he or she is a common individual or a celebrity. Social media can bring anxiety, depression, embarrassing situations and many other negative aspects to a person's life.
As a result, they tend to suffer from a disturbed mental health which can also take a toll on their physical fitness or health. So, if you are facing such a situation or want to avoid any of these to affect your life, it is better that you stay away from social media for the time being and focus on a positive development of yourself.
Infamous for pollution, Delhi comes in the list of the top 10 most polluted cities on Earth. So, you need to take care of yourself as well as everyone you love. The environment is hazardous.
Where a satisfactory PM 2.5 (Fine Particles) count is between 50-100 micrograms per cubic meter, Delhiites are living in an average of 300-450 pollution level, which comes under the severe condition. Uneasy breathing, eye irritation, coughs and headaches are a few examples of living in such a polluted environment. Not only outdoors, but the indoor environment is also not good either.
According to a survey, breathing in such a polluted environment is somewhat similar about smoking 20 cigarettes a day. So, even if you are not a smoker, you are having 20 cigarettes without touching one. Air pollution is even more dangerous to kids and elders. No matter if they stay at home, school, some park, etc., the pollution level is near about similar and dangerous.
Industrial waste, crackers, chemicals, dust, wood burning, paints, household cleaning chemicals, etc., are the reasons for outdoor and indoor pollution.
While the condition is severe, there are 11 simple ways to reduce the risk and clean the environment around you:
- Avoid Morning Walks: Morning walk is good for health but not in the dense smoggy environment. It is observed that the climate is most hazardous in the morning time. You can enjoy the morning sleep in your bed and can go for a walk during the evening or some other time when smog is minimal.
- Good Quality Anti-Pollution Mask: While going outside, always wear good quality anti-pollution/anti-smog mask. Ordinary clothes or medical masks are useless. They are not able to filter out tiny particulate matters (PM). Use a mask that has filters for PM 2.5.
- Jaggery Consumption: Jaggery is very good for detoxing your lungs and gut. You can eat jaggery everyday. Use it in tea, coffee, milk and with any other meals as a replacement of sugar.
- Healthy Food Consumption: Consume healthy foods. Foods rich in Vitamin C (Broccoli, Spinach, Turnip Greens, etc.), omega 3 (Soybeans, Walnuts, Flaxseeds, etc.), and magnesium (seafood, black beans, etc.) are useful to reduce the impact of bad environment on health.
- House Ventilation: An exhaust system in a house can be helpful to clean the indoor air. Install chimney in kitchen and exhaust fans in the bathroom or storeroom to get rid of bad air. Keep windows and doors closed in the early morning. Allow fresh air circulation from 3 PM to 5 PM.
- Avoid Chemical Based Cleaners: Air fresheners, floor cleaners, scented candles, etc., contain chemicals and these increase indoor pollution. Avoid using them. Instead, use natural products for cleaning and scenting purposes.
- Stop Smoking: This is obvious if you want a healthy life and care for you and everyone you like and love.
- Avoid Construction Works: Construction work increases particulate matter in the environment. drilling, painting, etc., should be avoided wherever and whenever possible to prevent output door pollution.
- Air Purifying Appliances and Plants: Air purifiers are must nowadays to control indoor pollution. It’s good to children, aged people and everyone else at home.
- Use Water Spray While Dusting: Yes! Dusting releases small particles in the air, even when you use vacuum cleaners. To avoid this, you can use a few water sprays on carpets and on other things before you start dusting. This will make the dust settle down and prevent it from releasing into the air.
- Use Public Transport: Using public transport would be a great help to control air pollution. So, try to use buses, metro, or carpooling for travelling wherever possible.
All the 11 tips mentioned above are to safeguard you from pollution, both indoor and outdoor. We need to decrease carbon footprints so that this article becomes irrelevant in the future. For short distances, use bicycles. Don't burn plastic, crackers or anything unnecessary. Be aware of this serious condition and also help others understand it and encourage them to decrease their carbon footprint, so that the future gets better.
This is our city and we are responsible for its past, present, and future.
Here in India, the one festival everybody looks forward to is Diwali. This is when the whole country lights up. Every house is decked up with diyas and fairy lights. The lights signify vanquishing of darkness that plagues everybody’s lives.
Diwali is the time when everybody set their differences aside and come together to celebrate the festival of lights. Firework stalls pop up in every alley and you will see people of all ages flocking to these stalls and marvelling over the brightly wrapped crackers.
Why should you indulge in sweets this Diwali?
The one thing that goes hand in hand with the festivities is Mithai. The very word ought to make you drool. Memories of helping our grandmothers prepare traditional goodies on the occasion of Diwali are intertwined with our lives. We would descend onto sweet shops to purchase select sweets and later on wrap them up with our parents, all ready to be parcelled off to friends and family.
Besides, Mithai has a feel-good factor. It can instantaneously lift anybody’s spirit. This Diwali bond with your family over some scrumptious Mithai and let it work wonders as it brings you even closer to your loved ones.
But over the last few years, Mithai has faced a concerted attack from health care professionals. Today our vocabulary is sprinkled with words like ‘calorie-count’, ‘binging’, ‘food-guilt’ or ‘weight gain’. We are refraining from indulging in Mithai and divesting Diwali one of its chief attractions.
But do we really need to fear Mithai? Several renowned dieticians have convincingly debunked the myth that Mithai is toxic for the body.
Are sweets nutritious?
Sweets, when consumed in excess, are not good for the body. If consumed in moderation, they benefit the body. Remember, not all sweets are good for you. It is best to opt for homemade sweets because they are prepared using quality ingredients, and hygiene is scrupulously followed.
Moreover, homemade sweets are low on the glycaemic index (ranking of carbohydrates in foods based on how they affect the blood sugar level.). Food with a low glycaemic score keeps your blood sugar in check. What lowers the glycemic index is the presence of ghee, pulses, coconut, millets - the ingredients chiefly used to prepare sweets like laddie, gulab jamuns, barfis, kaju katilis, etc.
In addition, steer clear from western-style sweets like cupcakes, doughnuts, pastries are extremely harmful to your body as they are made from refined sugar, flour, and additional fats that deposit transfats in different parts of the body. Transfats are responsible not only for weight gain but also for a host of heart ailments.
If you are diabetic, should you forego the pleasure of biting into your favourite Mithai?
There is no need to despair. You do not have to curb your sweet tooth if you are diabetic. Replace sugar with healthier options like jaggery, honey or dates. They too have a low glycemic score and additionally contain vitamins and minerals that can actually boost your health. Or you could prepare desserts with fruits, low-fat milk and sugar substitutes.
But don’t consume too many sweets:
Too much of a good thing is never beneficial for your health. Now that you know that home prepared sweets are good for you, don’t go overboard with them. Limit yourself to 4 or 5 sweets a day during the festive season.
Even if you binge on sweets during Diwali, you can counter the harmful effects of sweets by exercising and following a strict diet once the festivities are over.
Things you should keep in mind while choosing the right mithai shop:
Of course, you can dip into a sweet shop to buy your favourite mithai. Many people do not have the time or patience to prepare sweets at home. But exercise some caution before you head towards your chosen sweet shop-
Read the online reviews of a shop. You can learn a lot about the quality of the sweets sold from the reviews of people who had purchased sweets from there.
Buy from renowned shops where the quality of ingredients is not an issue. Big brands generally follow stringent checks to ensure that their products are of high quality.
Avoid purchasing sweets from dingy or grimy stores because they may reuse the cooking oil for preparing mithai as well as use substandard ingredients. This can lead to indigestion problems.
Mithai is integral to celebrating Diwali. Do not deprive yourself of the joys of sharing a delectable Mithai just because Mithai has been facing a lot of flak. Mithai, when consumed in moderation, has health benefits. Ensure that you keep track of your diet to avoid going overboard.
Air Pollution has been the most concerning topic nowadays. The presence of chemicals in the air cause not just global warming but also affect the quality of our life. The winter season along with Diwali festival is coming up and people are going to encounter fog and pollution together, which can cause hazardous health effects. You must have heard about smog which is also a type of air pollutant. We become the victim of this every Diwali season.
Just like every year, we are going to put our faces into this smog. The smog is going from bad to worse. This may cause some serious issues to our lungs. People find it difficult to breathe in this air as the smog causes headache and other health problems such as mucus, burning sensation and redness in our eyes. Even minor exposure can lead to great health issues. It is dreadful for children and old people with respiratory diseases.
Our most lovable festival has already brought up joy among families. With this happiness, our health gets upset hearing words like pollution in the air. Crackers are also playing a role in this.
Thankfully, there is a Magical Lung Tea to protect yourself from this pollution. This is a homemade tea that can save you from many health problems.
About The Lung Tea:
The aforementioned ‘Magic Lung Tea’ can be prepared at home easily using herbs and spices which you may easily find in your kitchen. The herbs like ginger, cardamom, cinnamon, etc., will help you prepare this tea. It can purify your lungs and boost your health.
How To Make The Lung Tea?
To prepare this tea, you need to gather all your ingredients like ginger, cinnamon, garlic, Tulsi and jaggery (to add little sweetness). Then, boil 2 cups of water for 10 minutes. After that, add these herbs to boiled water, stir and then sip it. It will not just help to protect the lungs, but also provide other health benefits like relief in cough, cold and swelling of the glands.
How Does It Keep You Safe From Air Pollution?
It has been an ancient knowledge that certain herbs are very useful for our body. Using Ginger juice once or thrice a day can cure your breathing problems like cold, cough, and infections. Cinnamon helps you in fighting bacterial and fungal infections. Raw garlic can cure lung infections. You may also drink garlic tea. Tulsi is rich in antioxidants. Drinking Tulsi tea can cure your respiratory illness and save you from the effects of smog. Jaggery is one of the best cleansing ingredients which you can use easily. It cleans the intestines and food pipe also.
Some Other Food Items That Help In Fighting Air Pollution:
Walnut: It is a rich source of Omega-3 fatty acids. It is very helpful and can be taken anywhere. It helps in fighting asthma and respiratory conditions. It keeps your lungs healthy.
Spinach: It lowers the risk of lung cancer. It detoxes the body from all pollutants.
Turmeric: It is rich in curcumin. You can use turmeric with honey. It has been in use since many years to clean and purify lungs.
Tomatoes: Tomatoes also work effectively to keep your respiratory system protected from illness.
Other Ways To Combat Air Pollution This Diwali:
Diwali lights up our houses and puts everyone into a delightful mood. Make sure you are not ruining your health and becoming a victim of pollution. In addition to the home remedies mentioned above, you may try other ways too to stay safe.
Don't use crackers to raise pollution. Decorate your home, bring it to the light.
Save the environment, do eco-friendly activities on this Diwali.
Check daily air pollution levels before stepping out of home or workplace.
Cover your nostrils by wearing a suitable mask.
Add more food in your list that beats air pollution, and boosts immunity.
Don’t roam outside unless it is necessary.
Reduce the usage of private transport. Use public transport as much as possible.
Clean your home properly to prevent yourself from dust particles.
Plant more trees around you.
Reduce industrial pollution.
Diwali is the favourite festival for most of us. It brings happiness. To experience this joy, one has to make sure that he/she stays fit. Using home remedies are an easy and effective option. Do give a shot to this Magical lung tea which can help you remain safe even when air pollution is high.
Be safe this Diwali!
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) report, out of 194 countries, India recorded the highest death rate of children below five years due to indoor and outdoor air pollution. This report also estimated that India has the second highest death rate overall due to air pollution, after Nigeria.
Another report, titled, "Air Pollution and Child Health", estimated that in 2016 approximately 100,000 children (below 5 years) died due to respiratory complications caused by outdoor and indoor air pollution.
According to WHO, about 98% of children below 5 years are exposed to PM 2.5 pollutants in India that exceed normal pollutant levels. These small particles are capable of entering the bloodstream and cause many acute lower respiratory diseases.
This study also estimated that high levels of Polycyclic Aromatic, Carcinogenic Compound and Hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been seen in the sample of women's breasts. This is one of the reasons behind pollutants entering bodies of lactating children.
Diseases Caused Among Children Due to Air Pollution
The report also stated that most of the children who are exposed to these pollutants have respiratory diseases like Leukaemia, Retinoblastoma, Otitis Media, Asthma, Nutritional Deficiency, Vitamin D Deficiency, etc. WHO reports have also established that exposure to these pollutants can lead to many behavioural disorders such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder, insulin resistance, and obesity.
- Deficiency of Vitamin D: Children who are continuously exposed to air pollutants are at risk of deficiency of Vitamin D. Deficiency of Vitamin D caused many diseases and lower the nutritional level of the body.
- Weak Immune System: Exposure to pollutants can even affect the immune system. High pollutants can alter the ability of the Immune System and lead to disturbance in the Hormonal System.
- Asthma: One of the main problems that occur in adults as well as children due to pollution is Asthma. It lowers the breathing rate of children.
- Pneumonia: Inhaling air with pollutants can block the nasal passage and cause Pneumonia.
- Leukaemia and Retinoblastoma: Exposing a high concentration of pollutants may also lead to many serious issues like Leukaemia (Blood Cancer) or Retinoblastoma (Eye Cancer).
- Lung and Brain Development: Weak immune systems and nutritional deficiencies can also affect the development of organs like Lung and Brain. High pollutant concentration in bloodstream may destroy nerve cells and lead to many behavioural disorders.
How to Protect Children from Air Pollution?
There are many ways to protect children from air pollution. It is also very important to protect the mother if the child is infant.
Some of the air pollution prevention methods are listed below:
- Less use of vehicles. Prefer walking or cycling
- Maximize the use of renewable energy
- Grow plants in houses and surroundings
- Use protection mask while stepping out of the house
- Keep the environment neat and clean
- Routine checkup of lactating mother and child
- Reduce the usage of plastics
- Stop stubble and garbage burning
It's a major cause of concern that India has recorded the highest number of child deaths due to pollution in 2016. We need to come together as a country and start following sustainable practices so as to reduce this menace of pollution and provide a healthy environment for our children.
The air quality in Delhi has deteriorated way too much before the arrival of Diwali festival. The worst air quality was recorded this season on Sunday, 28th Oct’18 as a thick haze covered the national capital.
The Air Quality Index of the national capital was recorded at 381 which indicates an alarming situation. As per the Central Pollution Control Board, an AQI between 0 to 50 is a 'good' condition, while 51 to 100 is 'satisfactory' and 200 is categorised as 'moderate'. From 201 to 300, the air is considered 'poor', and from 301 to 400, it turns into 'very poor'. When the AQI comes anywhere between 401 and 500, it is called a 'severe' condition, and unfortunately, Delhi is very close to breaching this mark.
The authorities have attributed the following reasons for this drastic dip in air quality index:
- Construction dust
- Vehicular pollution
- Stubble burning in Punjab and Haryana
Diseases Caused by Pollution
This situation can cause several respiratory diseases and cardiac problems, which are mentioned below:
- Asthma: Asthma is one of the most common diseases that is caused by external and internal air pollution. In this chronic disease, inflammation and blockage occur in the air passage of lungs. Asthma is caused by the Sulphur, Oxides, Nitrates, Particulate Matter, etc.
- COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease): Another chronic disease which is caused by air pollution is COPD. In this disease, the Alveoli, Air Sacs, and Air Passage become inflamed. People who work in mines, docks or quarries are most likely affected by this disease.
- Lung Cancer: Presence of various carcinogens in the air may cause serious issues like pulmonary or lung cancer. In this disease, an uncontrolled growth of cells reduces the amount of oxygen in the lungs. It also affects the functionality of the lungs.
- Cardiovascular Diseases: Breathing polluted air for a long time may lead to heart problems. Pollutants such as Nitrogen oxide, Carbon Monoxide, and Ozone mixed with bloodstream may damage the functionality of heart and lead to cardiovascular disease.
- Threat to Pregnant Women and Newborns: Air pollution adversely affects the health of pregnant women. Breathing polluted air by pregnant women weakens the immune system of the unborn child.
Prevention of the above mentioned conditions:
- You can use an N95 mask: The N95 mask is a protective respiratory mask, designed specifically to filter airborne particles. It may prevent you from inhaling minute particles that the air carries by acting as a protective barrier. It can significantly reduce your risk of contracting respiratory illnesses. Simply wear this mask over your nose and mouth while travelling. You can easily purchase it from your local pharmacy or at certain popular online stores.
- Avoid travelling during the hours of heavy pollution: Traffic blocks, which tend to spike air pollution levels, are common during office hours in metropolitans and megacities. To guard yourself against the harmful impact of fuel and smoke emissions, you can choose to travel either just before or after the office rush hours.
- Breathe in the fresh morning air: If you open the windows of your home every morning, it encourages the flow of fresh air. This allows all the settled dust particles and indoor pollutants to ventilate, thereby decreasing the level of pollutants in your home. This way you can breathe in fresh and pure air, as it is less contaminated during the early hours of the morning. Also, you can try placing an air purifier at home as it may trap contaminants through its replaceable filter, ensuring the quality of the air you breathe at home is healthy and free of pollutants.
- Exercise at the right time: If you work out at the time of day when pollution levels are high, polluted air is drawn into your lungs at a higher rate since cardio-vascular exercises entail heavy and deep breathing. So, it’s a good idea to pick your workout time wisely. Just after sunrise is an ideal time since the pollution levels are at the lowest.
- Consume food and beverages rich in antioxidants: Researchers have found that vitamin C deficiency may cause breathing and immunity-related problems. Regular consumption of berries, tomatoes, carrots, broccoli, apples, plums, green tea, oranges, pomegranates, and lemon among other foods may help you in naturally overcoming health impacts of air and smoke pollution. These foods and beverages can help your body build a strong immune system. They may also prove to be powerful antioxidants that help prevent the onset of respiratory diseases.
Individual Steps To Decrease Pollution:
- Awareness of air pollution
- Use minimum number of firecrackers
- Plant as many trees as possible
- Use less electricity (conserve energy)
- Curb unbridled industrialization
- Reduce the use of personal vehicles
- Reduce the use of polyethene bags
- Do not burn the garbage and dump it at its fixed place
The air quality is likely to dip further as people will indulge in bursting crackers during Diwali festivities. The Supreme Court, however, has put a restriction on the timing of burning crackers (from 8 PM to 10 PM) and the national capital has also got a 72-Hour Pollution Forecast System recently, but it is no one but the people themselves who can keep the pollution under check. So, please follow the above mentioned measures to keep yourself and your loved ones safe.
The lure of quick weight loss, muscle building or better sexual enjoyment may land one in trouble, according to a study on dietary supplements published in JAMA Open. The study pointed out that most dietary supplements sold in India contain one or more than one pharmaceutical ingredients that are banned in the U.S.
Most of these supplements are designed for weight loss, muscle building or enhancement of sexual enjoyment. The study reveals that the banned components in these supplements may cause serious health hazards.
The Problem Causing Ingredients:
In the US context, 776 dietary supplements have been found to contain unapproved or banned ingredients such as sildenafil, sibutramine, synthetic steroids etc., which may precipitate conditions like stroke, kidney malfunction etc. The survey was carried out over a period of 10 years from 2007 to 2016. Yet U.S. regulators say that they have been able to test only a portion of the dietary supplement market.
How Are Indians At Risk?
In the Indian context, the problem may be much bigger, since most of these banned substances are easily available here. One can get such substances through physical as well as online stores. There are no guidelines or regulations to control the manufacture and sale of dietary supplements in India. There is no authority for sampling and testing dietary supplements. If consumption is any indicator, the dietary supplement market in India is poised to grow to about $10 billion in the foreseeable future. Rising disposable income and changing lifestyles are adding to the demand for such formulations. Without any control or regulation, the spread of dietary supplements containing banned ingredients is likely to abate a variety of maladies.
What Steps Have Been Taken By FSSAI?
However, off late, Indian authorities like the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) have taken note of the increasing sales and consumption of dietary supplements. The organization is working towards strengthening the packaging norms for such products. Yet this is not the real job of regulators. Regulators like FSSAI need to sample and test these products to ascertain that there are no banned ingredients.
Nevertheless, the organization does not yet have neither the regulatory mandate nor the required infrastructure to conduct such tests.
How Are Companies Exploiting The Rules?
If the absence of regulatory framework and infrastructure is one reason for the present state of affairs regarding product sampling, the other reason is the overlap between the functions of DCGI (Drugs Controller General of India) and FSSAI. While DCGI is tasked with regulating drugs and medicines, food supplements come under the purview of FSSAI. Companies often tweak their formulations to circumvent DCGI oversight and launch products as food supplements. This saves them the hassle of going through the oversight of DCGI.
However, this imperils the common man.
It is time that food safety is given top priority at par with drug safety and sampling and testing to be carried out on all food supplements. It should not be left to common man to know if a supplement contains a banned substance; instead, such supplement should not be allowed to come to the market at all.
An emergency action plan has been devised for air pollution in Delhi. The Central Pollution Control Board has launched the Air Quality Prediction System that would forecast the air condition of the next 72 hours. This system would forecast for various areas and localities of Delhi and neighbouring regions like Ghaziabad, Gurgaon, Rohtak, etc.
This pollution forecast system is based on the real-time observation of air quality using satellites. Satellites measure details of Aerosols like SO2, NO2, Dust, and particulate matter (PM10 and PM 2.5).
People can access air quality early warnings through the media corner of the CPCB website. It includes large-scale alerts on air pollution that may occur in Delhi.
How Is 72-Hour Pollution Forecast System Beneficial?
This new 72-hour Pollution Forecast System not only helps the general population prepare for bad-air days but also help enforcement agencies to gear up to take defensive action and warnings. For example, enforcement agencies may decide in advance to implement the Odd-Even system for cars, or put a halt on construction activity, or other remedial measures.
Diseases Caused by Pollution
Most respiratory diseases are caused by air pollution, some of which are:
Asthma: Asthma is one of the most common diseases that is caused by external and internal air pollution. In this chronic disease, inflammation and blockage occur in the air passage of lungs. Asthma is caused by the Sulphur, Oxides, Nitrates, Particulate Matter, etc.
COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease): Another chronic disease which is caused by air pollution is COPD. In this disease, the Alveoli, Air Sacs, and Air Passage become inflamed. People who work in mines, docks, or quarries are most likely affected by this disease.
Lung Cancer: Presence of various carcinogens in the air may cause serious issues like pulmonary or lung cancer. In this disease, an uncontrolled growth of cells reduces the amount of oxygen in the lungs. It also affects the functionality of the Lungs.
Cardiovascular Diseases: Breathing polluted air for a long time may lead to heart problems. Pollutants such as Nitrogen oxide, Carbon Monoxide, and Ozone mixed with bloodstream may damage the functionality of Heart and lead to cardiovascular disease.
Threat to Pregnant Women and Newborns: Air pollution adversely affects the health of pregnant women. Breathing polluted air by pregnant women weakens the immune system of unborn child.
How Can We Work Individually Towards Reducing the Pollution
- Awareness about air pollution
- Plant as many trees as possible
- Use less electricity (conserve energy)
- Curb unbridled industrialization
- Reduce the use of personal vehicles
- Reduce polyethene bags
- Reduce indoor pollution
- Do not burn firecrackers.
- Use less machines for cleaning.
- Do not burn the garbage and throw garbage at its fixed place.
Delhi is one of the most polluted cities in the world and both short-term, as well as long-term measures, are required to improve the situation. 72-Hour Pollution Forecast System is the step in the right direction. It will help residents know in advance about upcoming pollution days and also increase general awareness of this issue.