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Alexander Eye Centre

Ophthalmologist Clinic

Civil Line Road, Palarivattom Ernakulam
1 Doctor
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Alexander Eye Centre Ophthalmologist Clinic Civil Line Road, Palarivattom Ernakulam
1 Doctor
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Customer service is provided by a highly trained, professional staff who look after your comfort and care and are considerate of your time. Their focus is you....more
Customer service is provided by a highly trained, professional staff who look after your comfort and care and are considerate of your time. Their focus is you.
More about Alexander Eye Centre
Alexander Eye Centre is known for housing experienced Ophthalmologists. Dr. T A Alexander, a well-reputed Ophthalmologist, practices in Ernakulam. Visit this medical health centre for Ophthalmologists recommended by 70 patients.

Timings

MON-SAT
09:00 AM - 07:00 PM

Location

Civil Line Road, Palarivattom
Ernakulam, Karnataka - 682025
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Doctor in Alexander Eye Centre

Dr. T A Alexander

MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist
39 Years experience
Available today
09:00 AM - 07:00 PM
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Usher Syndrome - What Should You Know?

M.B.B.S, MS ENT, MRCS Ed ENT, Fellowship Golf
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Usher Syndrome - What Should You Know?

Usher syndrome is a genetic disorder that is characterized by complications in vision and hearing; the most common of them being partial/complete loss of hearing and retinitis pigmentosa. Retinitis pigmentosa is characterized by progressive deterioration of the retina, resulting in deprivation of peripheral vision and subsequent night blindness.

The symptoms and its rate of progression usually vary among people. Usher syndrome is classified into three types:

  • Type 1: In this type, children are born with balance issues and hearing loss problems. The symptoms of night blindness and loss of peripheral vision associated with ‘Retinitis Pigmentosa’ only appear in the early stages of adolescence.
  • Type 2: In type 2, children are born with moderate to mild hearing loss problems. Retinitis Pigmentosa develops soon after the child reaches adolescence.
  • Type 3: In type 3 Usher Syndrome, children are usually born with normal hearing skills, however, loss of hearing and Retinitis pigmentosa occur soon after puberty.

Causes
Hearing loss in Usher syndrome occurs when the nerve cells that are present in the cochlear (inner ear’s spiral cavity) are affected by genetic mutation. A similar problem occurs in the cells of the retina leading to loss of vision. These cells allow conversion of light into electrical signals for the brain to interpret them. Both the parents need to pass the mutated gene to the child for it to be affected. If the child has only one gene, then he/she rarely develops the symptoms.

Treatment
This disorder does not have any prescribed course of treatments. The vision loss that occurs in this disorder can be slowed down by nutritional therapy. This therapy involves providing the body with essential amounts of vitamin A which can help in reducing vision loss. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1 person found this helpful

Cornea - 5 Problems That Can Affect It!

MBBS, DNB (Ophthalmology), ROP
Ophthalmologist, Coimbatore
Cornea - 5 Problems That Can Affect It!

The cornea is the transparent layer of the eye that acts as a protective shield. The cornea, in combination with the sclera, protects the eyes from various harmful microorganisms and particulate matter, including the harmful UV radiations (to some extent). The cornea is made up of three important layers, the Endothelium, Stroma, and the Epithelium.

  1. Endothelium: The inner layer of the cornea, the endothelium helps to maintain a clear vision by removing the excess fluid absorbed by the stroma. The mitochondria-rich single celled layer functions more like a pump.
  2. Stroma: The middle corneal layer is extremely thick (~90% of the total corneal thickness) and composed mainly of proteins and fluids. Like the endothelium, the stroma, too, plays a pivotal role in the normal eye vision.
  3. Epithelium: Being the outermost layer, the epithelium functions as a defensive shield, protecting the eyes from harmful germs, bacteria and any matter that can harm the eye. Most importantly, the epithelium absorbs the essential nutrients and oxygen (present in the tears). The cornea, thus, plays a pivotal role in the normal vision of the eye. However, an injury or an infection can interfere with the corneal functioning, affecting a person's vision as well as giving rise to other complications (the eyes may appear itchy, watery and red. There may also be light sensitivity).

Some of the common cornea problems include

  1. Keratitis: Injury or microbial (bacteria, virus or fungi) infiltration of the cornea can trigger this condition resulting in corneal infection and inflammation. Some of the symptoms characteristic of keratitis include extreme light sensitivity, blurred vision. The inflammation can also result in redness, pain (moderate to severe) and watery eyes. Antifungal, antiviral or steroidal eye drops may provide relief from the associated symptoms.
  2. Shingles (Herpes Zoster): This condition mainly affects people who have suffered from chickenpox. In some cases, the virus though inactive may still be present in the body (in the nerves). However, at a later period, certain factors may trigger its activation. Once active, the virus can affect different parts of the body, including the cornea. Shingles can cause corneal soreness and inflammation. Old people and those with a weak immunity are more likely to suffer from shingles. People with shingles may benefit from the administration of steroidal (tropical) and antiviral eye drops.
  3. Ocular Herpes: This is a viral infection triggered by Herpes Simplex Virus I (HSV I) or Herpes Simplex Virus II (HSV II) resulting in herpes of the cornea. The condition gives rise to corneal inflammation and sores. Here too, the patient can get some relief by using antiviral or steroidal eye drops.
  4. Keratoconus: This is a degenerative disorder of the cornea that results in thinning of the cornea. The condition can also alter the corneal shape, resulting in swelling, pain, and loss of vision (partial to complete, particularly the night vision).
  5. Fuchs' Dystrophy: This is a corneal dystrophy whereby the corneal endothelial cells break down at a slower rate than usual. As a result, the stroma may be waterlogged resulting in swelling and blurred vision.

I want you to tell some home remedies to remove specs. I am suffering from short sightedness. I want to remove just my specs.

BAMS
Ayurveda, Thrissur
I want you to tell some home remedies to remove specs. I am suffering from short sightedness. I want to remove just m...
Ayurveda has potential treatment to enhance the power of the eye especially incase of short sight. I would like to know your age and also the power of your specs. Please check the internet for details on treatment called nethra tharpanam. This is of great effect. Provided you do it with a good physician. Medicated ghee is used ,considering the prakrithi of the patient and the power of the glasses, and after the treatment medications has to be followed. In the mean time .regularly doing eye exercises is of great use to strengthen the eye muscles and to prevent further progression of the specs power. 1/2 tsp of pure thriphala churnam powder made to a paste with honey and taken at bedtime is of great use for the eyes.
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Pre-surgery Testing - Know The Importance!

MBBS, MS
Ophthalmologist, Navi Mumbai
Pre-surgery Testing - Know The Importance!

Any patient who needs to undergo cataract surgery must be evaluated in a thorough manner so as to establish the requirement, appropriateness, expected surgical problems, expected benefits and co-morbid conditions having an influence on cataract surgery.

The preoperative assessment consists of--

A test for your existing glasses prescription:

It is useful for your cataract surgeon to know your existing glasses prescription in cases where there is a high refractive error (people who are very short or long sighted), in order to plan to correct this error after cataract surgery.

A full ocular examination: This includes looking at-

  • The eyelid anatomy and inflammation.
  • The state of the tear film, dry eye changes could make surgery difficult
  • The presence of abnormalities in the cornea that could make visualisation of the cataract difficult during surgery.
  • The amount of dilation the iris undergoes with dilating drops.

The type of cataract. Soft cataracts can be aspirated. Hard cataracts need more ultra-sound energy and surgical time to break up and remove. White cataracts may need trypan blue staining to visualize the capsule.

The measurement of intra-ocular pressure. With this test, we aim to exclude glaucoma and ensure optimal control of immediate pre-operative and intra-operative eye pressures often with extra eye drops that temporarily lower eye pressure.

Biometry Tests

This is a simple pre-operative measurement. It calculates the correct power of artificial intra-ocular lens. They will be implanted into your eye once your cataract is removed.

Corneal Topography

This is a test to map out the corneal curvature in greater detail. It is used prior to premium IOL Implantation like Toric IOLS either monofocal or multifocal , to ensure avoid postoperative refractive errors. This extra test is only required if the biometry readings show larger than normal differences in keratometry readings.

Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)

This test allows detailed visualisation of the macula (the central sensitive part of the retina used for fine vision). If the ophthalmologist suspects any macula changes that may prevent a patient from visual improvement after cataract surgery, he always suggest optical coherence tomography.

Blood Pressure Measurements

It is very important to know your blood pressure measurements before your cataract operation. The risk of having a bleed at the back of your eye during cataract surgery (supra-choroidal haemorrhage) is very small (1 in 10000). But is higher if you have uncontrolled blood pressure.

Blood Sugar Measurements in Diabetic Patients

Cataract surgery itself does not affect your blood sugar measurements if you are diabetic. A routine checkup of blood sugars in diabetics before cataract surgery is done and the surgery if often delayed if the levels were greater than 20mmol/L as the risk of post-operative infection is higher. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3 people found this helpful

I am 53 years old female. I use spectacles for reading and to see far distance. I want to get rid of specs. I do not want lenses. What is the next option and how safe is it?

BAMS
Ayurveda, Thrissur
I am 53 years old female. I use spectacles for reading and to see far distance. I want to get rid of specs. I do not ...
With age your body and organs start deteriorating. Eye exercises will help avoiding the power from increasing in future. And maintaining the health of the eyes. Far sight lense is a part of aging. Use them only for the purpose of reading. Which is always better. To avoid further weakening and strain for the eyes. Massaging your eyelids with pure cows ghee for 5 mins and then rinsing it with Luke warm water in the mornings ,everyday will enhance the blood circulation of the eyes and give strength to the eye muscles and keep away dark Circles and wrinkles. Taking 1 tab of thriphala capsules of himalaya brand will be good suppliment for eyes. 1 tablet a day after breakfast.
1 person found this helpful
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For last two weeks I have been feeling dryness in both my eyes. When I close my eyes, it becomes difficult to some extent to open the eyes. The eyes are felt heavy unlike in normal situation. Earlier, I had problems of tears in both eyes. I took eye drop "Genteal" on specialist's advice. That problem has mostly been solved. I have got eye drop "Refresh Tears" with me. Can it be taken now for my present problem? Your valuable advice is solicited. Thank you.

BAMS
Ayurveda, Thrissur
For last two weeks I have been feeling dryness in both my eyes. When I close my eyes, it becomes difficult to some ex...
The problem seems to be of dry eye. Refresh tears are artificial year drops. May be used when needed. Best is to use kseerabala101 drops. Which you may buy from. Any ayurveda shops. Apply a drop of the medicated ghee on you finger tips and use it to massage around your eyes at bed time. Morning after waking up wash eye and face with Luke warm water. Do this regularly. From a month. Also you may use ophthacare eye drop which is ayurveda ,but available at all shops as it is a himalaya brand medicine, instead of refresh tears .u can use ophthacare 1 drop I each eye, whenever you feel irritation or dryness or burning like ,twice or thrice a day. Another thing you should remember to do is to frequently blink your eye. Because in dry eye people the blinking of eye is also usually less. So remind yourself to blink your eyes often.
1 person found this helpful
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My husband is suffering from diplopia. He is diagnosed with thyroid orbitopathy. He is a hypothyroid patient who once had already suffered from hyperthyroid graves disease. He was treated by radioiodine therapy 3 years back. His diplopia problem is not improving even with prism classes and eye patch. What can we do?

MBBS, FCPS - Medicine, DNB - General Medicine (I)
Endocrinologist, Pune
My husband is suffering from diplopia. He is diagnosed with thyroid orbitopathy. He is a hypothyroid patient who once...
There are many options available to control the complications. Medication and or surgery may be offered after looking in details, Timely treatment may help in some way.
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Sir, mujhe last 3 years se blurred vision ki problem h but clear nahin ho pa rha h please suggested me.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Sir, mujhe last 3 years se blurred vision ki problem h but clear nahin ho pa rha h please suggested me.
I will suggest you to get your eyes checked through a ophthalmologist and follow up with reports and if refractive error is present than we can treat your blurred vision by spectacle.
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I am 19 years old. N I have pain and itching in my eyes. What should I do so that I can get rid of it.

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
I am  19 years old. N I have pain and itching in my eyes. What should I do so that I can get rid of it.
Hi lybrate-user. Usually the symptoms at this age suggest either allergic or because of dryness of eyes. In allergic condition you will need to take Homoeopathic treatment. In dryness take some care like if you travelling through bike wear helmet. Don't over use mobile and computer Keep habit of blinking eyes frequently. Give hot and cold compression by hands on eyes. And see if there are numbers. By Consulting an eye specialist.
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I feel my eyes stressed these days. I work on laptop and I am also not able to take full sleep due to these.

BHMS, MD - Homeopathy, Special Course
Homeopath, Rajkot
I feel my eyes stressed these days. I work on laptop and I am also not able to take full sleep due to these.
It's a common problem but you have to very careful about it don't keep on laptop for more than half hour continues because it create progressively refractory error. Regards.
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