Tonsils are the two lymph nodes located on each side of the back of the throat. They function as a defense mechanism to prevent the body from infection. When the Tonsils become infected, the condition is termed as Tonsillitis. While Tonsillitis can occur at any age, it is most often diagnosed in children from preschool age through their mid-teens. Some of the common signs and symptoms of Tonsillitis include swollen tonsils, fever and sore throat, among others. A virus, such as the common cold or by a bacterial infection, can cause tonsillitis. An Endocrinologist diagnoses Tonsillitis based on a physical examination of the throat and often, the doctor may also take a throat culture by gently swabbing the back of the throat. A mild case of Tonsillitis does not necessarily require treatment but Treatment for Tonsillitis largely consists of antibiotics or a tonsillectomy, surgery to remove the tonsils. However, Tonsillectomy is only recommended for people who experience chronic Tonsillitis. Tonsillitis is highly contagious and to decrease the risk of getting Tonsillitis, it is recommended to stay away from people who have active infections. Tonsillitis cure is very important and doctors normally recommend getting lots of rest, using throat lozenges, avoiding smoke, drinking plenty of fluids, and using a humidifier to moisten the air in the home to cure Tonsillitis.