Hearing loss is a problem experienced by individuals of all age groups. In fact, it is one of the most common chronic disabilities. Hearing loss can be of two types. While, sensory neural loss of hearing cannot be resolved, the conductive loss can usually be remedied with medication or surgical procedure. Reconstructive surgery of the middle ear is recommended when medication cannot resolve the problem. Middle ear bones may be damaged from infection, trauma, and cholesteatoma or other medical conditions. Reconstructive surgery aims to replace perforated and damaged structures within the ear to restore normal hearing. The procedure is usually carried under general or local anesthesia and the surgery may last for 30 minutes to an hour depending on the nature and severity of damage. The surgeon makes an incision behind or in front of the ear. Tissue from the ear is used to repair any hole in the eardrum. A synthetic bone or part of the individual's own bone may be used for repairing damaged bones. As with any surgery, there are risks associated with anesthesia, bleeding during or after the operation and infections. Besides, the patient may experience dizziness but it is usually temporary and subsides with time. In rare cases, the facial nerves passing through this region are affected resulting in weakening of muscles of the face. An alternative way to improve your child's hearing is to use a hearing aid. But, this does not resolve the problem it only reduces the effect of the symptoms.