Doctors in Sri Balaji Action Medical Institute
Treatment of Red Eyes
Back Pain Treatment
Treatment of Depression
Treatment of Cold Cough
Treatment of Dark Circle
Treatment of Eye Pain
Treatment of Neck Pain
Treatment & Management of Stress
Treatment of Ear Pain
Treatment of Sneezing
Treatment of Anxiety
Treatment of Sinusitis
Management of Abortion
Treatment of Mood Disorder
Treatment of Mouth Sores
Treatment of Flu
Treatment of Conjunctivitis
Treatment of Allergic Rhinitis
Coughing Treatment & Management
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Sir, Mane or wife ne 2 april ko sex kia tha or unka period time 13 ko rehta hai, 13 ko periods aye par bleeding bs ek din hui. kya wo pregnant ho skte hai?
The role of parents in language development of children is a primary one. Basically, it will be a one way communication as babies will not respond but that should not deter you from speaking to them. It has been shown that talking to children early on helps them to talk faster and learn more words. The number of words a child hears is directly proportional to the amount of vocabulary he/she will be able to master.
6 ways to help your baby learn speaking:
1. Let them listen a lot
Children learn speaking by listening first. So more and more words they will listen, so do they will speak. Make sure your child comes in contact with children in the peer group and plays with them. Many words they will learn with the help of their friends.
2. Read a book
You should start to read to your child as early as possible. The type of book is not as important as you may use various touch and feel books such as graphic novels. Initially, you may start with board books and then move on to picture books and finally to story books. It helps in increasing the child's vocabulary.
3. Talk as much as you can
Part of a child's ears and brain that respond to sound are developed since birth, so even though talking to your baby may not make much sense, talking to them enhances their development of speech. The infant absorbs the words which facilitates speaking.
4. Look for cues
If the child is interested in something such as a book or a toy, then engage with the child on that subject. Encourage him/her to ask questions and interact as much as possible. These interactions help in enhancing the child's language skills.
5. Limit television
Using television to teach vocabulary to your child is not as effective as talking directly. The primary reason is that characters in television do not react to your child's cues. This does not allow the child interact which results in reduced language learning.
6. Treat ear infections early
It is important to treat ear infections early as this causes hearing problems which in turn delays language learning. Consulting a pediatrician to get treatment for ear infections of your child is advisable. You should see to it that the child is being administered medications at regular intervals.
In an age where robots are the next big step into the future, robot-assisted surgeries are gradually on the rise. While the very thought of a robot operating on you can be slightly uncomfortable, this technique is medically proven to be of great use.
For patients suffering from end-stage renal disease, Robot-Assisted Kidney Transplant or ‘RAKT’ is the most preferred mode of treatment. It requires high-end facilities but is way more advanced than open surgeries.
What is the Method used in Robot-Assisted Kidney Transplant?
Unlike open surgery, the incision made in this process is minimal (approx 7cm). Robotic arms having human-like fingers and movements are used to remove the damaged organ and install the donor’s kidney into the abdominal cavity. Out of all the robotic arms, one holds a camera which gives a clear 3D view of the operation site. All these processes are controlled by a highly expert surgeon from the console of a computer. The surgeon uses his skills to control and manipulate the movements of the robot and make detailed incisions.
Robotic transplant of the kidney has many advantages over the conventional surgical method.
• The robotic hands are able to make better and précised incisions compared to a human. This is especially useful when the operation site is narrow and requires a smooth dissection.
• For patients who have reached the final stage of renal disorders, traditional open surgery may not be very successful. In that case, RAKT is a better solution that increases the chances of survival.
• This technique is safer for obese patients for whom open surgery is not applicable.
• In the robotic transplant method, there is minimal blood loss and scarring.
• The recovery period is short.
• Possibilities of postoperative complications are reduced.
Risks of a Robot Assisted Transplant:
There are certain risks associated with this kind of machine-dependent process –
• The possibility of damage to nearby organs.
• Development of a hernia.
• Trapping of excess carbon dioxide in the abdomen.
• Nerve compression.
However, there are no fatal consequences of a robotic kidney transplant.
Things to Remember before Opting for a Robotic Kidney Transplant:
Before undergoing such a procedure you should carefully consider the following points –
• Choose a hospital with high-end robotic facilities and latest technology lab.
• Since a highly expert surgeon is required for this operation, make sure to check the success rate of the surgeries performed by him.
The trend of getting robotic kidney transplant has become prevalent in India with successful operations taking place in Delhi, Gujarat and Maharashtra.
Recurrent miscarriage is a condition when there has been three or more successive pregnancy losses. It is different from infertility as, infertility is the inability to conceive.For many cases, cause of a recurrent miscarriage has not always been found. A number of factors can cause recurrent miscarriages of which some are treatable.It may not always be possible to identify a cause for recurrent miscarriage in a couple even after extensive research and treatment procedures. Some of the common causes of recurrent miscarriage are described below:
Incompatible chromosomes can result into pregnancy losses. When an egg and a sperm meet, of which one of them is faulty, they can't line up properly resulting into chromosomal abnormality. Such conditions lead to miscarriages.
2.Uterine abnormalities or Incompetent cervixes
Miscarriages occur if the uterus is abnormally shaped since the embryo is not properly implanted or even if it gets implanted, it may not get sufficient nourishment to survive. If the woman has a weak cervix, it cannot hold the developing embryo, leading to miscarriage.
Under rare cases, the embryo itself is not accepted by the body. Antiphospholipid antibodies are antibodies which attack self-tissues such as embryos and prevent them from building up. This leads to miscarriages.
4.Untreated thyroid problems
Conditions such as thyroid or uncontrolled diabetes result in uterine conditions which make it tough for the embryos to survive.
5.Polycystic ovary syndrome
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome tend to have high levels of male hormones which result in irregular menstruation and ovulation. This can prevent the lining of the endometrium from maturing that is required for holding the embryo.
There may be presence of a number of micro-organisms inside the reproductive tract that may be harmless for the person. But there may be certain bacteria lined up in the reproductive tract which can prevent development of embryo, thus leading to miscarriages.
Smoking and drinking are harmful lifestyle habits which may increase chances of miscarriages to a great extent. It is always advised to avoid smoking or drinking when you wish to conceive. Other lifestyle conditions, such as working in certain environments like hospital environments, farms, laboratories, etc, may lead to miscarriages; however, the exact reason has not been identified yet.
Menstrual disorders are caused by a variety of factors and affect every woman in a different manner. In most cases, it manifests itself in the form of fluctuations in menstrual flow and irregularity in the monthly cycle. Certain disorders are not too severe and can be easily alleviated. Others are more complicated and require the immediate attention of a gynaecologist.
As mentioned, there are different specific causes of different kinds of disorders resulting from a range of factors such as hormone levels, functioning of the central nervous system, health of the uterus, etc.
Fluctuating hormone levels in the body have a direct impact on the menstrual cycle. These fluctuations can be caused by dysfunction in the pituitary gland, thyroid gland or adrenal gland. It can also be a result of a malfunction in either or both ovaries and the secretion of hormones originating there.
- Anatomic problems
One-fourth menstrual disorders are caused by problems of the anatomy. These include various gynaecological issues like the presence of uterine fibroids and polyps, reduced uterine contractile strength, adenomyosis (intrusion of uterine tissue into the muscular wall of the uterus), a uterus with an excessively large surface area, and endometrial cancer.
- Clotting irregularities
Abnormality in clotting is a cause of heavy menstrual bleeding in women. It leads to exceeding blood loss from minor cuts and gashes and makes one easily prone to bruising. This may also include medical conditions such as thrombocytopenia (platelet dysfunction) and Von Willebrand disease.
- Medications and supplements
There is a wide range of medications and nutritional or hormonal supplements which often cause menstrual disorders in women and lead to fluctuations in the menstrual cycle. These include medicines such as aspirin, ibuprofen, estrogen pills, Vitamin E supplements etc.
- Miscellaneous factors
These are comparatively rare and require a greater degree of medical attention. It includes conditions such as cervical cancer, ovarian tumors, liver and kidney diseases, uterine infections, extreme psychological stress, obesity, etc. Incidents such as miscarriages and unsuspected pregnancies are also known to cause abnormal menstrual bleeding.
Knee replacement is a surgery wherein an artificial joint is used to replace a diseased, damaged or worn out knee. This surgery is common among people who fall in the age group of 60-80, but recent trends seem to suggest that younger people are opting for this surgery as well. The lifetime of the artificial knee joint is around 20 years, provided the knee is well cared for.
Most common reason is “high grade osteoarthritis” due to wear and tear of the knee joint. The pre-hospital study of the Knee joint is mandatory and would decide what kind of Replacement is suitable to the patient. If there is diabetes or hypertension associated with this, then it should be controlled well before undergoing surgery. Hemoglobin of at least 10 gm% is required.
If the mobility in your knee joint is reduced leading to impaired functioning of the knee joint, then you might need a knee replacement surgery. You may experience pain while walking, sitting and, in some cases, resting as well.
Some of the common reasons why you may opt for this particular surgery are:
- Gout, where, small crystals are formed inside the joint.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis, an autoimmune disorder, wherein the immune system of the body attacks the body’s healthy tissues.
- Hemophilia, wherein, the blood ceases to clot normally.
- Injuries to the knee.
- Disorders that cause unusual bone growth (bone dysplasias).
- Death of bone in the knee joint following blood supply problems (avascular necrosis).
- Knee deformity with pain and loss of cartilage.
- Unusual growth of bones in the knee joint.
Knee replacement surgery is classified into:
- Partial Knee Replacement: In this surgery, only one part of the joint is replaced.
- Total Knee Replacement: Total knee replacement surgery involves replacement of both sides of the knee joint.
The usual hospital stay period is around 2-3 days after the surgery is completed. Initially, you will require the help of crutches to walk for at least 2 months. You may also be asked to do gentle knee strengthening exercises. It may take up to It takes 3 weeks to start performing activities of home. It may take three months to recover completely from a knee replacement surgery.
In today's fast-paced world, the number of cases of teenagers with serious mental health problems like anxiety disorders has quadrupled. An anxiety disorder affects the thinking, feelings as well as the behaviour of a young person. It's important to seek professional help if one sees any of the warning signs of anxiety disorder in a youngster. Most of the normal anxiety issues are short-lived and the feelings may last for a few hours. However, an anxiety problem becomes an anxiety disorder when anxious feelings are very intense, severe and last for weeks or months. They start interfering in a youngster's ability to socialise, learn and daily activities.
Aviophobia: Fear of flying, also known as aviophobia, is an Anxiety Disorder classified as a situational Specific Phobia. The person with a fear of flying, heights has a continuing and excessive fear triggered by flying or the thought of flying or heights. Typically, flying is avoided or endured with intense anxiety, which may take the form of a panic attack.
Claustrophobia: Claustrophobia is a fear of being in an enclosed space. Thus, being trapped in a lift scare to those who have such phobia. Also, travelling through a tunnel or metro makes people anxious if you have claustrophobia. Sufferers can often feel distressed just with the thought of being in a bus, train or plane. Usually, any small, enclosed space would trigger a panic attack especially if you felt trapped.
The problem with this way of thinking is it spreads to other places. Subways, lifts, small rooms are the classic scenario but the person's intense fear is not restricted just to these places. The fear and the panic can be experienced in any place where the person perceives confinement, closeness or trapped feeling.
If an anxiety disorder in a youngster is ignored and left untreated, it can have long-term consequences on mental health and hamper development. The first step is to talk with the youngster and others who might be able to help like a general practitioner, school counsellor, family members or other parents. Identification of a teenage anxiety problem is difficult as youngsters are good at hiding their feelings and thoughts. They are able to mask those feelings with aggressive behaviour or withdrawal.
Young people might be diagnosed with more than one type of anxiety disorder. Social phobia or social anxiety disorder occurs when one develops an intense fear of being judged or embarrassed in public. Excessive worry about everyday situations is called generalised anxiety disorder. Panic disorder is repeated, unexpected panic attacks where one encounters panic in a situation where most people wouldn't be afraid. Excessive fear of being separated from home or a loved one is a separation anxiety disorder.
There are many things that one can do to support the youngster mentally and reduce the risk. Strong family support and relationships have shown to help protect youngsters from anxiety disorders. Seeking professional help early for the youngster is the best thing one can do when symptoms are seen or the youngster is experiencing severe anxious feelings which are interfering with his normal activities.
One must not ignore or dismiss youngster's fears. Encourage him gently to do things that make him anxious but do not push him to situations that he does not want to face. Also, praise him for doing things he's anxious about. Refer the youngster as brave and not anxious or shy. Set up a role model for him by managing your own stress and anxiety. Professional help for an anxiety disorder is vital for youngster's healthy development. Psychological treatment concentrates on strategies to help youngsters cope up with anxiety. Anti-depressants drugs are used to reduce the symptoms of anxiety disorders. One should also stop or reduce consumption of caffeine products such as coffee, tea, cola, energy drinks and chocolate.
If you’ve had unprotected sex, that is, sex without using contraception, or think your contraception might have failed, you can use emergency contraception. There are different types of emergency contraception.
- The emergency intrauterine device (IUD).
- An emergency contraceptive pill with the active ingredient ulipristal acetate (UPA).
- An emergency contraceptive pill with the hormone levonorgestrel. There are different brands.
Emergency contraception can be very effective, but it’s not as effective as using other methods of contraception regularly. The emergency IUD is the most effective emergency contraception.
An emergency contraceptive pill needs to be taken as soon as possible after sex to have the best chance of working.
Emergency contraception is not required for the first 21 days after giving birth.
Does emergency contraception cause an abortion?
No. Emergency contraception may stop ovulation (releasing an egg), fertilisation of an egg, or a fertilised egg from implanting in the uterus (womb). It prevents pregnancy and is not abortion.
How will I know if my emergency contraception has worked?
Do a pregnancy test to make sure you’re not pregnant if:
- You haven’t had a normal period within three weeks of taking an emergency contraceptive pill or having the emergency IUD fitted
- You started a method of hormonal contraception soon after using emergency contraception; you should do a test even if you have a bleed.
A pregnancy test will be accurate if the test is done three weeks after the last time you had unprotected sex.
Am I protected from future pregnancy?
You can continue to use the IUD as your regular contraceptive method if you want to. It will be highly effective at preventing pregnancy. The emergency contraceptive pill won't continue to protect you from pregnancy. If you have unprotected sex again you’re at risk of pregnancy. Seek advice – you may need emergency contraception again.
Can I take the emergency pill more than once in a menstrual cycle?
You can take the same type of emergency pill more than once in any menstrual cycle if you need to, but it may not be possible to take a different type of pill in the same cycle.
Emergency contraceptive pills aren’t as effective as using other methods ofcontraception regularly. It’s important to start an effective method of contraception after using the emergency contraceptive pill.
Are you one of those couples who has been diagnosed with infertility? Then you would know that it is impossible for people on the outside to understand the level of suffering and struggle you go through. You make desperate efforts to overcome the problem, but with technology advancements, there are procedures that can help deal with the condition effectually. IVF or In Vitro Fertilization is a medical fertilization process where an egg is combined or fertilized by a sperm outside of the living organism or the body or ‘in vitro’ environment.
In IVF, which is a kind of ART or Assisted Reproductive Technology, once the embryo or embryos are formed, they are transferred into the uterus. Since its invention, IVF has helped over millions of couples conceive and enjoy complete happiness.
- Couples can have a baby despite having Infertility issues: Whether a couple suffers from low sperm counts, any damage or issues with the fallopian tubes or the uterus, endometriosis, irregular ovulation or any other infertility problems, IVF still makes healthy and successful pregnancy possible. With having a reliable success record, the advanced technology of IVF is also safer.
- IVF boosts the chance of healthy pregnancy as well as a healthy baby: PGD or Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis being possible in IVF, it not only makes pregnancy possible but also ensures the health of the child. This diagnosis helps in identifying whether the embryo has any chromosomal deficiencies or not before it is implanted inside the uterus.
- IVF lets couples have more control over WHEN they want a baby: While to get pregnant naturally, couples have to try for years, IVF lets couples have more control over the time when they want a baby. Be it the gap between the two or more children or planning the birth of a child at a certain time or getting pregnant at the right time, IVF offers everything and makes it rather easy.
- IVF lets couples enjoy more options of having babies: When it comes down to having babies, IVF simply gives aspiring parents more options. From allowing women the chance to have children even after menopause, to storing the sperm and eggs for future use, IVF helps people in materializing their dream of having children in every possible way.
- IVF also lets same-sex couples and single women to have babies: IVF has made it possible for single women and same-sex couples to have children of their own. Yes, it is IVF, which gives such people the opportunity to become parents with the help of donor sperms or donor eggs. Especially, for those who fail to acquire satisfactory results through IUI, IVF turns out to be the next best option for potential patients to fulfil their dream of becoming parents.
One must also remember that opting for IVF doesn’t always mean success as the ultimate accomplishment of this assisted reproductive technology depends on various factors, such as health and quality of the eggs, the fertility of the sperm and a healthy uterus that can carry the embryo successfully. Consult with an IVF specialist in case you lack any of the necessary variants, as IVF still may have a solution for you.
Forensic psychiatry is generally identified as a specialized offshoot of psychiatry, dealing with the calculated treatment and evaluation of mentally disordered offenders in secure hospitals, prisons and in the community. This branch of psychiatry requires an in-depth understanding and thorough knowledge of the connection between legality and mental health. Patients are generally those with personality dysfunctions, mental illness, psychopathic disorders, organic brain damage, learning disability and other conditions such as histories of abuse and traumatic experiences as well as substance abuse and misuse.
Nature of the work-
The most important prerequisite of this branch of psychiatry is a secure and safe environment where the subjects are liable to legal restrictions. Evaluation and assessment may vary from highly secured hospitals and prisons to low secure units and community based services. Forensic psychiatrists must have a thorough knowledge of civil, criminal and case law because of their frequent dealings with criminal justice agencies and the courts. An important component of forensic psychiatry is risk assessment and evaluation. Forensic psychiatrists must be fluent and adept at handling patients during emergencies or routine situations. Moreover, they should be calm, composed and professional in their dealings especially with patients who display instability or violent and aggressive behavior.
The probation service, the prison service, and the courts generally rely on forensic psychiatrists for expert advice, precisely because of their familiarity with preparing reports for mental health review tribunals and criminal justice agencies.
- Quintessentially, the obligatory role of a forensic psychiatrist requires:
- Ability to treat others with understanding and respect
- Ability to work flexibly
- Emotional resilience along with the ability to empathize with patients
- Anticipation and an inherent initiative to work in challenging situations
- Good communication skills
- A scientific and analytic approach and assessment
- Good leadership qualities